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Obesity essay

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Obesity essay

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bbrc cover letter Contact details for submission. All animal experiments should comply with the ARRIVE guidelines and should be carried out in accordance with the U.K. Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act, 1986 and associated guidelines, EU Directive 2010/63/EU for animal experiments, or the National Institutes of obesity essay, Health guide for the care and use of Laboratory animals (NIH Publications No. 8023, revised 1978) and the authors should clearly indicate in the manuscript that such guidelines have been followed. Submission declaration and verification. Services! Only in exceptional circumstances will the Editor consider the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors after the manuscript has been accepted. While the Editor considers the request, publication of the manuscript will be suspended. If the manuscript has already been published in an online issue, any requests approved by obesity, the Editor will result in a corrigendum. This journal is who inspired you essay, part of our Article Transfer Service. Essay! This means that if the Editor feels your article is collateral interest, more suitable in obesity essay one of our other participating journals, then you may be asked to consider transferring the article to who inspired, one of those. If you agree, your article will be transferred automatically on your behalf with no need to reformat.

Please note that your article will be reviewed again by the new journal. More information. Obesity! Subscribers may reproduce tables of contents or prepare lists of articles including abstracts for internal circulation within their institutions. Permission of the Publisher is required for resale or distribution outside the institution and for all other derivative works, including compilations and translations. Factory Essay! If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included, the author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and credit the source(s) in the article. Elsevier has preprinted forms for use by authors in these cases. For open access articles: Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete an 'Exclusive License Agreement' (more information). Permitted third party reuse of open access articles is essay, determined by the author's choice of user license. Who Inspired! As an obesity essay author you (or your employer or institution) have certain rights to reuse your work. More information.

Elsevier supports responsible sharing. Find out how you can share your research published in Elsevier journals. Role of the thesis model essay, funding source. Elsevier journals comply with current NIH public access policy. Funding body agreements and policies. Elsevier has established a number of agreements with funding bodies which allow authors to comply with their funder's open access policies. Some funding bodies will reimburse the author for the Open Access Publication Fee. Details of existing agreements are available online. • Articles are made available to subscribers as well as developing countries and obesity patient groups through our universal access programs. • No open access publication fee payable by model, authors. • Articles are freely available to both subscribers and the wider public with permitted reuse. • An open access publication fee is payable by authors or on their behalf, e.g. by their research funder or institution. Regardless of how you choose to publish your article, the journal will apply the same peer review criteria and acceptance standards.

For open access articles, permitted third party (re)use is defined by the following Creative Commons user licenses: Lets others distribute and copy the article, create extracts, abstracts, and other revised versions, adaptations or derivative works of or from an article (such as a translation), include in a collective work (such as an obesity essay anthology), text or data mine the thesis essay, article, even for commercial purposes, as long as they credit the obesity, author(s), do not represent the author as endorsing their adaptation of the article, and do not modify the article in who inspired you essay such a way as to damage the author's honor or reputation. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND) For non-commercial purposes, lets others distribute and copy the article, and to essay, include in a collective work (such as an anthology), as long as they credit the author(s) and provided they do not alter or modify the article. The open access publication fee for this journal is USD 2200 , excluding taxes. Learn more about Elsevier's pricing policy: http://www.elsevier.com/openaccesspricing. Authors can share their research in a variety of different ways and Elsevier has a number of who inspired, green open access options available. We recommend authors see our green open access page for further information. Authors can also self-archive their manuscripts immediately and enable public access from obesity essay their institution's repository after an embargo period. Essay About Abroad! This is the version that has been accepted for obesity essay, publication and which typically includes author-incorporated changes suggested during submission, peer review and in rubric 3 to 5 page essay editor-author communications. Embargo period: For subscription articles, an appropriate amount of time is needed for journals to deliver value to subscribing customers before an article becomes freely available to obesity essay, the public. This is the embargo period and it begins from the date the article is formally published online in its final and fully citable form.

Find out more. This journal has an embargo period of 12 months. The Elsevier Publishing Campus (www.publishingcampus.com) is an online platform offering free lectures, interactive training and professional advice to support you in publishing your research. The College of Skills training offers modules on who inspired you essay how to prepare, write and structure your article and explains how editors will look at your paper when it is submitted for obesity, publication. Use these resources, and collateral assignment of beneficial interest more, to obesity essay, ensure that your submission will be the best that you can make it. Please write your text in professional paper writing good English (American or British usage is essay, accepted, but not a mixture of these). Authors who feel their English language manuscript may require editing to eliminate possible grammatical or spelling errors and to conform to correct scientific English may wish to collateral interest, use the English Language Editing service available from Elsevier's WebShop. BBRC is essay, a rapid communications journal.

As such, the decision to publish an article rests entirely with the handling Editor. There is no need for authors to suggest an Editor. Manuscripts are assigned to members of the Editorial Board based on expertise. This Editor may accept the manuscript as it is, send it to a colleague for review, or reject it. Requests for revisions are rare. Should the Editor request revisions, the manuscript will be treated as a new submission. How long does the thesis model essay, review process take? Authors of manuscripts can expect an accept or reject decision normally within 2 weeks of receipt. Publication will then take place immediately unless the author has, upon obesity submission, requested an embargo.

This section includes invited mini reviews, commentaries, and views on relevant subject matter, not simply short papers. Authors should only submit a manuscript for this section if invited by an Editor. In the cover letter authors should indicate that they are submitting a manuscript for the Mini Reviews section, and the name of the commissioning Editor. The authors of mini reviews may, if they wish, include a limited number of annotated references. Two hypothetical examples follow: [1] J.Y. Smith, S.S.

Doe, A novel retinoid-response gene set in vascular smooth muscle cells, J. Biol. 280 (2000) 5-8. [A very concise review of recent findings.] [2] J.Y. Rubric Grade 3 To 5 Page Essay! Black, R.J. Blue, Magnetic field exposure induces DNA degradation, Biol. Acta 120 (2001) 20-29. Essay! [The first study presenting detailed information on the enzyme activity.] Use of thesis essay, wordprocessing software. To avoid unnecessary errors you are strongly advised to use the spell-check and grammar-check functions of essay, your wordprocessor. Manuscript size and professional term services length.

Submissions should be organized as follows: Manuscript text: Abstract Keywords Introduction Materials and Methods Results Discussion Acknowledgements References Figure/Table Legends Figures/Tables Supplementary Material. State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the obesity, results. Provide sufficient detail to grade 3 to essay, allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by essay, a reference: only relevant modifications should be described. Results should be clear and concise. This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature. Essential title page information. • Author names and affiliations. Please clearly indicate the given name(s) and family name(s) of thesis model, each author and check that all names are accurately spelled. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names.

Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address of essay, each author. • Corresponding author. Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Rubric Grade 3 To 5 Page Essay! Ensure that the e-mail address is given and that contact details are kept up to date by the corresponding author. Obesity Essay! • Present/permanent address. If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a 'Present address' (or 'Permanent address') may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at essay which the author actually did the work must be retained as the obesity, main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes. Although a graphical abstract is optional, its use is encouraged as it draws more attention to the online article. The graphical abstract should summarize the contents of the article in a concise, pictorial form designed to capture the essay about abroad for higher, attention of a wide readership. Graphical abstracts should be submitted as a separate file in essay the online submission system. Image size: Please provide an assignment of beneficial interest image with a minimum of 531 × 1328 pixels (h × w) or proportionally more.

The image should be readable at a size of 5 × 13 cm using a regular screen resolution of 96 dpi. Preferred file types: TIFF, EPS, PDF or MS Office files. You can view Example Graphical Abstracts on obesity essay our information site. Authors can make use of Elsevier's Illustration Services to ensure the best presentation of their images and in accordance with all technical requirements. Highlights are mandatory for this journal. Essay About Going Abroad For Higher Education! They consist of a short collection of bullet points that convey the core findings of the article and should be submitted in essay a separate editable file in thesis model essay the online submission system.

Please use 'Highlights' in the file name and include 3 to 5 bullet points (maximum 85 characters, including spaces, per obesity bullet point). You Essay! You can view example Highlights on our information site. Define abbreviations that are not standard in this field in a footnote to be placed on the first page of the article. Essay! Such abbreviations that are unavoidable in the abstract must be defined at their first mention there, as well as in the footnote. Collateral Assignment Of Beneficial Interest! Ensure consistency of obesity, abbreviations throughout the article. Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. Who Inspired! List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.). List funding sources in this standard way to obesity, facilitate compliance to funder's requirements: Funding: This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health [grant numbers xxxx, yyyy]; the Bill Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, WA [grant number zzzz]; and the United States Institutes of about going for higher, Peace [grant number aaaa].

It is not necessary to include detailed descriptions on the program or type of grants and awards. When funding is from a block grant or other resources available to a university, college, or other research institution, submit the obesity, name of the institute or organization that provided the funding. If no funding has been provided for the research, please include the following sentence: This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. Wasp Essay! Standards for obesity, Reporting Enzymology Data (STRENDA) This journal follows the recommendations of the STRENDA ( St andards for R eporting En zymology Da ta) Commission of the Beilstein-Institut for the reporting of model, kinetic and equilibrium binding data. Detailed guidelines can be found at (http://www.strenda.org/documents.html) or in obesity essay this pdf file. All reports of kinetic and binding data must include a description of the identity of the catalytic or binding entity (enzyme, protein, nucleic acid or other molecule). This information should include the origin or source of the molecule, its purity, composition, and other characteristics such as post-translational modifications, mutations, and any modifications made to facilitate expression or purification. Who Inspired! The assay methods and exact experimental conditions of the obesity, assay must be fully described if it is thesis model essay, a new assay or provided as a reference to previously published work, with or without modifications.

The temperature, pH and pressure (if other than atmospheric) of the assay must always be included, even if previously published. In instances where catalytic activity or binding cannot be detected, an estimate of the limit of detection based on the sensitivity and error analysis of the assay should be provided. Ambiguous terms such as not detectable should be avoided. Obesity! A description of the software used for data analysis should be included along with calculated errors for all parameters. Assignment! First-order and second-order rate constants: see pdf for obesity, full instructions. Footnotes should be used sparingly.

Number them consecutively throughout the article. Many word processors can build footnotes into the text, and this feature may be used. Otherwise, please indicate the who inspired you essay, position of obesity, footnotes in who inspired the text and obesity essay list the footnotes themselves separately at the end of the article. Do not include footnotes in the Reference list. Whilst it is thesis essay, accepted that authors sometimes need to manipulate images for clarity, manipulation for purposes of deception or fraud will be seen as scientific ethical abuse and will be dealt with accordingly. Essay! For graphical images, this journal is applying the following policy: no specific feature within an who inspired image may be enhanced, obscured, moved, removed, or introduced. Adjustments of obesity, brightness, contrast, or color balance are acceptable if and as long as they do not obscure or eliminate any information present in the original. Nonlinear adjustments (e.g. changes to gamma settings) must be disclosed in the figure legend. You Essay! • Make sure you use uniform lettering and sizing of your original artwork. • Embed the obesity, used fonts if the application provides that option. • Aim to use the following fonts in your illustrations: Arial, Courier, Times New Roman, Symbol, or use fonts that look similar. • Number the illustrations according to their sequence in thesis the text. • Use a logical naming convention for your artwork files. • Provide captions to illustrations separately.

• Size the illustrations close to the desired dimensions of the obesity, published version. • Submit each illustration as a separate file. You are urged to visit this site; some excerpts from the detailed information are given here. If your electronic artwork is created in term paper a Microsoft Office application (Word, PowerPoint, Excel) then please supply 'as is' in the native document format. Obesity! Regardless of the essay abroad for higher education, application used other than Microsoft Office, when your electronic artwork is finalized, please 'Save as' or convert the images to essay, one of the following formats (note the resolution requirements for line drawings, halftones, and thesis model line/halftone combinations given below): EPS (or PDF): Vector drawings, embed all used fonts. TIFF (or JPEG): Color or grayscale photographs (halftones), keep to a minimum of 300 dpi. TIFF (or JPEG): Bitmapped (pure black white pixels) line drawings, keep to a minimum of 1000 dpi. TIFF (or JPEG): Combinations bitmapped line/half-tone (color or grayscale), keep to obesity, a minimum of 500 dpi. Model Essay! • Supply files that are optimized for screen use (e.g., GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG); these typically have a low number of pixels and limited set of colors; • Supply files that are too low in resolution; • Submit graphics that are disproportionately large for the content. Please make sure that artwork files are in an acceptable format (TIFF (or JPEG), EPS (or PDF), or MS Office files) and with the correct resolution. If, together with your accepted article, you submit usable color figures then Elsevier will ensure, at obesity no additional charge, that these figures will appear in color online (e.g., ScienceDirect and other sites) regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in paper services color in the printed version.

For color reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from Elsevier after receipt of your accepted article . Please indicate your preference for obesity, color: in print or online only. Further information on the preparation of you essay, electronic artwork. Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title ( not on obesity the figure itself) and a description of the illustration.

Keep text in essay the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and obesity abbreviations used. Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and you essay personal communications are not recommended in obesity essay the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either 'Unpublished results' or 'Personal communication'. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the interest, reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list. This journal encourages you to cite underlying or relevant datasets in your manuscript by citing them in obesity essay your text and including a data reference in your Reference List. Data references should include the following elements: author name(s), dataset title, data repository, version (where available), year, and term paper global persistent identifier. Add [dataset] immediately before the reference so we can properly identify it as a data reference. The [dataset] identifier will not appear in your published article. Please ensure that the words 'this issue' are added to obesity, any references in the list (and any citations in the text) to other articles in the same Special Issue. Most Elsevier journals have their reference template available in many of the most popular reference management software products. These include all products that support Citation Style Language styles, such as Mendeley and Zotero, as well as EndNote. Using the word processor plug-ins from these products, authors only need to select the appropriate journal template when preparing their article, after which citations and bibliographies will be automatically formatted in the journal's style.

If no template is yet available for this journal, please follow the format of the sample references and citations as shown in writing services this Guide. Users of Mendeley Desktop can easily install the reference style for this journal by clicking the following link: When preparing your manuscript, you will then be able to select this style using the Mendeley plug-ins for Microsoft Word or LibreOffice. Text: Indicate references by number(s) in square brackets in essay line with the about going abroad, text. The actual authors can be referred to, but the reference number(s) must always be given. Example: '. as demonstrated [3,6]. Barnaby and Jones [8] obtained a different result . ' List: Number the references (numbers in square brackets) in the list in the order in which they appear in the text. Reference to a journal publication: [1] J. van der Geer, J.A.J. Hanraads, R.A. Obesity! Lupton, The art of writing a scientific article, J. Essay! Sci.

Commun. 163 (2010) 5159. Reference to a book: [2] W. Strunk Jr., E.B. White, The Elements of Style, fourth ed., Longman, New York, 2000. Obesity Essay! Reference to a chapter in an edited book: [3] G.R. Mettam, L.B. Adams, How to prepare an electronic version of your article, in: B.S. Jones, R.Z.

Smith (Eds.), Introduction to the Electronic Age, E-Publishing Inc., New York, 2009, pp. 281304. Reference to factory essay, a website: [4] Cancer Research UK, Cancer statistics reports for the UK. http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/aboutcancer/statistics/cancerstatsreport/, 2003 (accessed 13 March 2003). Reference to a dataset: [dataset] [5] M. Oguro, S. Imahiro, S. Saito, T. Nakashizuka, Mortality data for Japanese oak wilt disease and surrounding forest compositions, Mendeley Data, v1, 2015. Essay! https://doi.org/10.17632/xwj98nb39r.1. You must also list a minimum of 3 authors associated with a cited work before using et al. in each of your references. Journal names should be abbreviated according to the List of Title Word Abbreviations. Below are a number of 3 to 5 page essay, ways in which you can associate data with your article or make a statement about the availability of your data when submitting your manuscript. If you are sharing data in one of these ways, you are encouraged to cite the essay, data in your manuscript and reference list. Please refer to the References section for more information about data citation.

For more information on depositing, sharing and using research data and other relevant research materials, visit the collateral assignment of beneficial interest, research data page. If you have made your research data available in a data repository, you can link your article directly to obesity, the dataset. Elsevier collaborates with a number of wasp, repositories to link articles on ScienceDirect with relevant repositories, giving readers access to underlying data that gives them a better understanding of the research described. There are different ways to link your datasets to your article. When available, you can directly link your dataset to your article by providing the relevant information in the submission system. For more information, visit the database linking page. For supported data repositories a repository banner will automatically appear next to your published article on ScienceDirect. In addition, you can link to relevant data or entities through identifiers within the text of your manuscript, using the following format: Database: xxxx (e.g., TAIR: AT1G01020; CCDC: 734053; PDB: 1XFN).

This journal supports Mendeley Data, enabling you to deposit any research data (including raw and processed data, video, code, software, algorithms, protocols, and methods) associated with your manuscript in a free-to-use, open access repository. Before submitting your article, you can deposit the relevant datasets to essay, Mendeley Data . Please include the DOI of the deposited dataset(s) in grade 5 page your main manuscript file. The datasets will be listed and directly accessible to readers next to essay, your published article online. You have the option of converting any or all parts of your supplementary or additional raw data into one or multiple data articles, a new kind of article that houses and describes your data. Essay! Data articles ensure that your data is actively reviewed, curated, formatted, indexed, given a DOI and essay publicly available to all upon publication. You are encouraged to wasp, submit your article for Data in Brief as an additional item directly alongside the revised version of your manuscript. If your research article is accepted, your data article will automatically be transferred over to Data in Brief where it will be editorially reviewed and published in the open access data journal, Data in Brief . Please note an open access fee of 500 USD is payable for publication in Data in Brief . Full details can be found on the Data in Brief website.

Please use this template to write your Data in Brief. You have the option of converting relevant protocols and methods into one or multiple MethodsX articles, a new kind of article that describes the essay, details of customized research methods. Many researchers spend a significant amount of time on developing methods to essay, fit their specific needs or setting, but often without getting credit for this part of their work. MethodsX, an open access journal, now publishes this information in order to make it searchable, peer reviewed, citable and reproducible. Obesity! Authors are encouraged to submit their MethodsX article as an essay about for higher education additional item directly alongside the revised version of their manuscript. If your research article is accepted, your methods article will automatically be transferred over to MethodsX where it will be editorially reviewed. Please note an open access fee is payable for publication in MethodsX.

Full details can be found on the MethodsX website. Please use this template to prepare your MethodsX article. To foster transparency, we encourage you to state the availability of essay, your data in your submission. This may be a requirement of your funding body or institution. If your data is grade 3 to 5 page, unavailable to access or unsuitable to post, you will have the opportunity to indicate why during the submission process, for example by stating that the research data is obesity, confidential. The statement will appear with your published article on ScienceDirect. For more information, visit the Data Statement page.

It is factory essay, hoped that this list will be useful during the obesity, final checking of an about education article prior to sending it to the journal's Editor for obesity essay, review. Please consult this Guide for collateral assignment interest, Authors for obesity, further details of rubric grade 3 to essay, any item. Ensure that the following items are present: One Author designated as corresponding Author: • Full postal address. • Telephone and fax numbers. All necessary files have been uploaded. • All figure captions. • All tables (including title, description, footnotes) • Manuscript has been spellchecked and grammar-checked • References are in the correct format for this journal. • All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in obesity essay the text, and vice versa. • Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the term writing, Web) • Color figures are clearly marked as being intended for color reproduction on the Web (free of charge) and in print or to essay, be reproduced in color on the Web (free of charge) and in black-and-white in rubric grade print.

• If only color on obesity the Web is required, black and white versions of the figures are also supplied for printing purposes. For any further information please visit our customer support site at you essay service.elsevier.com. If preferred, you can still choose to annotate and obesity upload your edits on the PDF version. Services! All instructions for proofing will be given in the e-mail we send to authors, including alternative methods to the online version and PDF. We will do everything possible to obesity, get your article published quickly and essay accurately. Please use this proof only for checking the obesity, typesetting, editing, completeness and correctness of the text, tables and figures. Significant changes to the article as accepted for publication will only paper writing be considered at this stage with permission from the obesity, Editor. It is professional writing, important to obesity essay, ensure that all corrections are sent back to us in one communication. Please check carefully before replying, as inclusion of any subsequent corrections cannot be guaranteed. Proofreading is collateral assignment of beneficial, solely your responsibility. Home About About Careers Elsevier Connect Information for essay, Authors Editors Librarians Reviewers Store Books and Journals Author Webshop Solutions RD Solutions Research Intelligence Clinical Solutions Education Solutions Research Platforms All Solutions Support Center.

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Pose terrasse composite Castorama Dixi Blooma sur lambourdes et plots. Alors voila, l'idee est de poser une terrasse en lame composite sur lambourde et plots sur un terrain brut (sans semelle). Pourquoi ? Ben pour poser un salon de jardin dessus pour prendre l'apero bien sur . La terrasse va englober la baie vitree et la porte fenetre ci-dessous, soit 4 metres 40 sur 3 metres 60. Ce qui nous donne une superficie de terrasse de 15.84 m? Les lames de terrasses composite anthracite. Les lames utilisees sont des lames de terrasse composite Blooma anthracite 220 x 14,5 cm en promotion a 27,90 euros le m? chez Castorama : Les plots de fixation des lambourdes. Les plots sont des plots plastiques que j'ai achete chez bricodepot.

Il existe des plots beton mais qui pour le coup ne sont pas reglables. L'avantage des plots beton c'est qu'ils ne bougeront pas dans le temps. Leur inconvenient, ben ils sont pas reglables. Les lambourdes sont des lambourdes premier prix de chez Casto : Elles sont en pin autoclave de classe IV et pas 3 comme indique sur le site. Les clips de fixation permettent d'assembler les lames composites entre elle en les fixant sur les lambourdes de telle sorte que les lames ne sont pas percees. La fixation se veut discrete sans toutefois etre invisible ! Afin d'eviter la repousse d'herbe ou autre sous votre terrasse, il faut poser un film geotextile sous votre terrasse. Il vous faudra egalement une visseuse devisseuse, un niveau, un maillet et de l'huile de coude, beaucoup d'huile de coude. Le film de la pose de la terrasse en image. La premiere etape est donc d'enlever les graviers et de decaisser le terrain le plus de niveau possible pour eviter de galerer ensuite pour avoir une terrasse a peu pres de niveau.

Meme si les plots reglables permettent de gommer les imperfections du terrain. Par chance, je n'ai pas eu beaucoup de travail a faire, les anciens proprietaires avaient deja aplani le terrain pour leur propre terrasse. Une fois le terrain prepare, vous pouvez d'ores et deja preparer vos lambourdes. Essay. J'ai choisi d'utiliser des lambourdes en pin autoclave de classe 4. A noter que les lambourdes composites ne peuvent etre utilisees que sur un sol beton ou une chappe. Paper. Enfin c'est ce que m'a dit le vendeur Casto qui m'a conseille. J'ai decide de visser directement les plots sur les lambourdes afin qu'ils ne bougent pas quand on obesity essay, les met. La mise en place d'un film geotextile n'est pas obligatoire mais fortement conseille. You Essay. En plus ce n'est pas ce qui fait gonfler le plus le budget! Il est temps de poser les lambourdes, a 30 cm les unes des autres.

La couleur anthracite etant happeuse de chaleur, elle peut bouger avec la temperature et il est imperatif de respecter cette distance d'entre lambourdes a 30cm. Il est temps maintenant de mettre de la terre ou du sable sur les plots pour que ca ne bouge pas trop. Evitez toute fois la terre pour ne pas que de l'herbe vienne s'installer sous la terrasse. Les lames viendront se placer sur les lambourdes de la facon suivante : Les lames etant espacees de 5 mm assure par les clips de fixation : La suite de la pose se passe de commentaires. Je vous laisse decouvrir la suite en image : Et voila, ne reste plus que la finition et la pose d'une tonnelle mais ca, c'est dans un prochain article! Combien coute cette terrasse composite ? Alors voila le detail (prix de 2012) 20 lambourdes castorama a 4,20 euros piece : 84 euros. 48 lames de terrasse blooma castorama a 8,90 euros piece (promotion de l'epoque) : 427,20 euros. 80 plots reglables plastique BricoDepot a 2,39 euros piece : 191,20 euros.

8 boites de clips castorama a 15,90 euros piece : 127,20 euros. 1 voile geotextile castorama a 17,90 euros piece. Cela nous donne un total de 847,50 euros pour une terrasse composite sur lambourde de 4,40 m * 3,60 m soit un peu moins de 16m? Prix au m2 d'une terrasse composite. Le prix d'une telle terrasse composite revient a 53,50 euros du metre carre ! Et si on obesity essay, parlait des finitions de terrasse ? Comment vieillit une terrasse composite ? Je vous propose de voir ce que donne le temps sur une terrasse en bois composite. Cette terrasse a-t'elle bougee, et-elle tachee. Thesis Essay. ? Et si nous rajoutions une tonnelle sur cette terrasse ? Une terrasse c'est bien, c'est joli mais orientee plein sud et meme en bretagne, s'il n'y a pas d'ombre c'est pas le top ! N'hesitez pas a commenter ou poser des questions! Pour finir, le resume diaporama des photos de ce reportage en mode video.

Selection de lames de terrasse et accessoires. Jardin et Maison souhaite vous remercier de votre fidelite en vous offrant un cadeau . Pour l'obtenir, c'est tres simple, il suffit juste de noter l'article que vous venez de lire en donnant de une a 5 etoiles ci-dessous ! Une fois la note donnee, le cadeau apparaitra comme par magie ! Notez cet article et repartez avec votre cadeau : Une question ou un commentaire sur ce que vous venez de lire ? Cliquez ici pour reagir. Participez au succes de notre site en nous aidant a nous faire connaitre en partageant cet article avec vos amis ! Soumis par elodie.ribaud le Mardi 28 aout 2012. Bonjour et merci pour ce reportage photo. Mon mari et moi voulons nous lancer dans la pose d'une terrasse de ce genre et j'avais une petite question : Quelle est la distance entre les plots sur les lambourdes? J'ai vu dans votre reportage qu'il y'en avait 6 par lambourdes mais j'aimerai savoir combien de centimetre il faut entre chaque plots? Merci d'avance de votre reponse et de votre travail! Soumis par Christophe le Mardi 28 aout 2012.

Bonjour Elodie et merci de nous avoir rejoint! Effectivement, bonne question, je m'apercois que je ne l'ai pas mis dans le reportage. La distance entre les plots des lambourdes est d'environ 60 cm. Les lambourdes du reportage font 3,60 m (1 entiere de 2,40m + la moitie d'une 1,20m) J'ai donc profite de la jointure des 2 lambourdes pour y visser un plot qui sert de liant aux deux lambourdes. Essay. en plus ca evite le cote porte a faux!

J'ai aussi alterne les demi lambourdes, ce qui me permet d'avoir un decalage et equilibrer un peu la charge! Soumis par Steph72 (non verifie) le Lundi 25 mars 2013. Bonjour et merci pour ce beau reportage. J#039;ai l#039;intention de sauter le pas pour metre en place une terasse de ce type mais j#039;aimerais savoire si les lammes composite blouma sont de bonne qualite? Soumis par Christophe le Mardi 26 mars 2013. Cela va faire bientot un an thesis que nous avons installe cette terrasse et je dois dire que pour le moment, j'en suis tres satisfait. Je n'ai pas constate aujourd'hui de deterioration des lames blooma, seule une peliculle de mousse est apparue mais rassurez-vous, elle partira sans probleme au karcher.

Cette annee, c'est halucinant comment la mousse s'est infiltree partout meme sur les murs de la maison, en meme temps, vu le temps splendide que l'on a eu, ca ne me surprend qu'a moitie! Une info sur ce type de lame composite (les blooma de Casto mais je pense que c'est la meme chose pour les autres marques) c'est la facilite pour elles de se gorger d'eau. Par contre des le moindre coup de soleil, elles sechent rapidement, le cote anthracyte y est surement pour quelquechose! En esperant avoir repondu a votre interrogation! Soumis par Ymerej (non verifie) le Mardi 26 mars 2013. bravo pour votre terrasse et ce reportage qui en aidera plus d#039;un j#039;en suis sur ! L#039;an dernier a la meme epoque quand je cherchais a savoir comment monter la mienne, j#039;aurais ete bien inspire de tomber sur votre post. Pour ma part, je suis parti sur des lames de terrasses Blooma de chez Casto egalement mais sur la gamme superieure (26 de largeur et 3 d#039;epaisseur) car la reference que vous avez utilise n#039;etait plus en stock ce jour-la. Obesity Essay. et il y avait 2 mois d#039;attente. Essay. le vendeur m#039;a fait un bon prix (35ˆ / m? au lieu de 49ˆ : http://www.castorama.fr/store/Lame-de-terrasse-composite-anthracite-220-. Essay. ). Par contre, la ou je suis agace c#039;est qu#039;a l#039;epoque le vendeur m#039;avait defendu de mettre des lambourdes en bois avec ces lames composites sous pretexte que le garantie ne prenait pas en charge en cas de probleme (car pas les memes materiaux). You Essay. or cette annee ils font de la pub meme en magasin avec des lambourdes en bois + lames composites. Du coup, je suis parti sur des lambourdes composites (plus cher) reposant sur des dallettes beton de 40x40. Obesity. j#039;aurais bien aime utilise des plots plastiques comme vous. Collateral Assignment Of Beneficial. pas chers et beaucoup plus pratiques pour les mettre de niveau mais les lambourdes composites sont beaucoup plus souples et cela necessite donc d#039;avoir peu de portance (il y aurait fallu beaucoup beaucoup de plots genre tous les 20-30 cm sur chaque longueur de lambourde). Bref, nous nous en sommes sortis quand meme mais c#039;etait je pense plus complique que vous.

J#039;avais aussi fait un reportage photo l#039;an dernier qui se trouve ici : http://www.forumconstruire.com/construire/topicpost-2289949.php#2289949 : n#039;hesitez pas a aller voir et poster vos commentaires. Par contre, juste une petite remarque pour embellir encore plus votre terrasse, il aurait ete bien vu de faire une rangee de lames sur 2 croisee (comme nous avons fait sur la notre) c#039;est a dire : Rangee 1 : __ __. Rangee 2 : _ __ _. Rangee 3 : __ __. cela necessite de decouper a la scie circulaire 1 lame sur 4 mais le rendu est vraiment plus sympa et cela evite d#039;avoir un ecartement pile au milieu de la terrasse tout le long ^^ Soumis par Christophe le Mardi 26 mars 2013. Merci beaucoup d'avoir pris le temps de poster votre commentaire, tres instructif! C'est marrant que le vendeur vous ait defendu l'utilisation des lambourdes en bois, moi lors de la demande de devis aupres de Castorama, le vendeur m'a deconseille fortement d'utiliser des lambourdes composite qui selon lui etaient destinees uniquement a une installation sur dalle beton ou bien une ancienne terrasse (genre carrelee). En regardant vite fait sur le net, j'avais aussi vu que les lambourdes composites etaient utilisees uniquement lors de ces conditions la! Et puis franchement, le budget n'est plus du tout le meme quand on obesity, part sur ce genre de montage. Il m'a aussi conseille des plots betons et des lambourdes bois classe IV.

J'ai longuement hesite mais au final, j'ai fini par prendre des plots plastiques, j'espere qu'a long terme ils tiendront! Par contre pour ce qui est de la mise en place, c'est vraiment tres tres pratique! Par contre quand je vois ce que vous avez fait, je pense que dans le temps il y a de grande chance que votre installation tienne mieux que la mienne! Vous avez completement raison au niveau de la mise en quinconce des lames, j'y ai pense au depart et je n'ai pas voulu m'embeter a decouper les lames. Collateral. Mais c'est clair que cela est beaucoup plus joli! Ca rend super bien ce que vous avez fait! En plus elle est entouree de chaque cote, ce qui facilite la finition. Essay. J'avoue que je ne suis pas satisfait de la finition de la mienne, difficile de faire les bordures!

Vous avez utilise quoi, ce sont des rochers ou de gros graviers? Je vois egalement que vous avez mis des leds, comment avez vous proceder, est ce que cela rend bien? En tout cas, grand bravo pour votre travail, ca rend vraiment tres tres bien. Soumis par Steph (non verifie) le Jeudi 25 avril 2013. Entierement d'accord ! Par souci d'esthetique, ca aurait mieux de croiser les lames, quitte a faire un peu de decoupes.

Dommage. Soumis par Ymerej (non verifie) le Mardi 26 mars 2013. Merci pour vos compliments ! Comme quoi. on model, entend tout et n#039;importe quoi de la part des vendeurs Casto (et sur le net aussi) car tous les avis se contredisent (et c#039;est vrai dans n#039;importe quel domaine de bricolage : cuisine, terrasse, jardin etc.). + gros galets (achetes chez Casto aussi mais je ne suis plus sur du lien, je pense que ce sont celles-ci http://www.castorama.fr/store/Galets-decoratifs-Bianco-carrera-25-kg-pro. Obesity Essay. ). Ca a quand meme un certain cout pour faire tout le tour (et encore on wasp factory essay, avait seulement 2 cotes nous) mais le resultat est sympa, surtout l#039;ete quand le soleil tape sur le blanc du marbre, ca fait plutot classe.

Toutefois, je ne suis pas encore totalement satisfait alors nous avons achete des finitions anthracite(a angle droit dont je ne retrouve plus le lien sur Casto mais sont vendus juste a cote des lames composites en magasin) pour le cote ou les trous (alveoles) des lames sont visibles (pour l#039;autre cote, on essay, laisse juste les galets car pas de trous visibles et de toute facon c#039;est cote lauriers). on grade 3 to 5 page essay, ne les as pas encore posees mais ca ne serait tarder (on attend juste qu#039;il fasse beau un WE lol). Essay. Et cela evitera qu#039;une souris prenne l#039;idee de se faufiler dans un des trous pour y crever (comme l#039;an dernier :) Concernant les LEDs (http://www.castorama.fr/store/Lot-de-10-spots-exterieurs-a-encastrer-Abs. Who Inspired You Essay. ), je ne regrette pas du tout, c#039;est vraiment chouette la nuit tombee. Obesity Essay. par contre, idem, attention aux rongeurs et a bien proteger les fils au maximum. Collateral Assignment. sous la terrasse ca va, les fils peuvent etre laisses nus s#039;ils sont inatteignables par les rongeurs mais ceux qui etaient entre la terrasse et la maison, facilement accessible par n#039;importe quelle bebete ont ete ronges, il a fallu refaire les branchements en passant les fils dans une gaine (heureusement pas eu besoin de demonter la terrasse, enfin juste la premiere lame pour y planquer le boitier de derivation dessous) L#039;inconvenient de ces LEDs cependant, si une ou plusieurs lachent, vous ne pouvez pas les changer sans tout demonter la terrasse. Essay. donc on factory, croise les doigts pour qu#039;elles tiennent le plus longtemps possible car je n#039;ai vraiment pas envie de m#039;amuser a ce petit jeu. PS : ces LEDs ne sont normalement pas destinees a etre encastrees au sol (dixit un vendeur Casto) et pourtant ca fait 1 an obesity qu#039;elle brave le froid et la pluie. Soumis par Christophe le Mardi 26 mars 2013. Ouais, c'est bien ce qui me semblait qu'il fallait qu'elles soient reliees electriquement. Professional. et comme je n'ai pas anticipe de passer l'electricite sous ma terrasse je suis b.

Aujourd'hui j'ai mis des spots solaires mais bon ca eclaire pas grand chose, j'aurai du y penser avant! En tout cas ca doit vraiment faire sympa de nuit!! Soumis par Shook (non verifie) le Mardi 26 mars 2013. Et merci pour ce petit reportage. Essay. J#039;ai juste une question, en quoi sont faites les lambourdes ? Soumis par Christophe le Mardi 26 mars 2013. Elles sont en pin autoclave de classe IV et pas 3 comme indique sur le site. On verra a l'usage et comment ca tient dans le temps! L'autre solution, ce sont les lambourdes composite comme le signalait Ymerej plus haut, son reportage est d'ailleurs tres instructif : http://www.forumconstruire.com/construire/topicpost-2289949.php#2289949. Soumis par Magali (non verifie) le Jeudi 4 avril 2013.

Bonjour, je suis actuellement en train de poser ces memes lames mais couleur rouge et sur plots beton casto ; entre 2 averses je suis enfin parvenue a mettre mes 44 plots de niveau, pfiou ! J#039;ai donc un question : je vois que comme moi vous n#039;avez pas mis de double lambourdage au milieu, la ou les lames se rejoignent (moi non plus car les plots casto ne le permettent pas pfff ! ) ? Ma question est la suivante : vous n#039;avez donc utilise qu#039;un seul clip pour recevoir les 2 lames ? Les clips casto (j#039;ai les meme que vous) me paraissent bien peu larges pour assurer le maintien de 2 lames, surtout que c#039;est a cet endroit que le phenomene de dilatation joue a plein. Essay. J#039;avais au depart pris des clips inox brico depot mais ils forcent terriblement pour rentrer sur le bord de la lame, du coup j#039;ai change ; pour m#039;apercevoir que non seulement ceux de casto ne sont PAS en inox mais en plus qu#039;ils ont plus petits. En tous cas bravo pour votre realisation et votre reportage, fort agreable a parcourir ! Soumis par Christophe le Vendredi 5 avril 2013. Tout d'abord merci pour votre temoignage et pour les compliments, ca fait toujours plaisir. Pour repondre a votre question, en fait j'ai mis 2 clips pour retenir les 2 lames. J'en ai mis un pour retenir les lames entre elles et un en bout de lames. En fait comme les bout de lames sont creux, on obesity essay, peut arriver a passer un clips entre les deux bouts de lames. Je ne suis pas sur d'etre tres clair en fait. Model Essay. Je vais essayer de vous le montrer sur une photo. Dans le rond bleu, j'ai mis le clips comme d'habitude et dans le rond rouge, j'en ai mis un autre (a 90° par rapport a l'autre)

Sinon, on essay, m'a deja fait la remarque et je la trouve appropriee, ca serait a refaire, je croiserai les lames, ca fait plus joli! Vous etes sure que les clips casto ne sont pas en inox? Ca me surprend! Ah ben oui, je viens d'aller sur le site de Casto et effectivement, il n'est pas note qu'ils sont en inox. J'espere avoir ete clair dans mes explications, n'hesitez pas si ce n'est pas le cas! Soumis par Anonyme (non verifie) le Vendredi 5 avril 2013. Merci de votre reponse rapide ! Les explications sont tres claires meme si je ne vois pas votre photo ;) J#039;avais pense a cette solution mais on factory essay, ma dit que les lames se dilataient beaucoup en longueur, d#039;ou la necessite du joint de dilatation entre chaque bout de lames. Obesity. J#039;en deduit que vous n#039;avez pas eu de souci de cet ordre ? J#039;ai une peur bleue de me retrouver avec une terrasse en vagues ! :( Soumis par Christophe le Samedi 6 avril 2013.

Ah oui effectivement, la photo que j'avais mise ne s'affiche pas, va falloir que je regarde ca de plus pres. Ecoutez pour le moment, la terrasse n'a pas bouge mais il faut dire que j'habite en region nantaise et que nous n'avons pas ete embete par les grosses chaleurs. De plus, je ne sais pas si vous avez vu le reportage sur la tonnelle, mais elle est quand meme protegee l'ete. Pour vous, vous avez un autre avantage, c'est la couleur que vous avez prise, rouge attire moins la chaleur que la couleur anthracyte a mon avis. Vos lambourdes sont a quelle distance? Je pense qu'a partir du moment ou les lames seront bien installees avec des lambourdes rapprochees, il ne devrait pas y avoir de probleme! N'hesitez pas a venir mettre des photos de votre realisation, ca m'interesse! Soumis par Christophe le Jeudi 18 avril 2013.

J'ai pris une nouvelle photo pour vous montrer comment j'ai mis les clips en jonction des lames sur la lambourde centrale : Soumis par Anonyme (non verifie) le Samedi 6 avril 2013. J#039;habite en region toulousaine, dans le tarn et effectivement ca tape dur en ete ! Et vous avez installe la tonnelle que je regarde depuis un certain temps ! Elle vient de chez lapeyre c#039;est bien ca ? Je vais aussi en installer une, ou un store je ne suis pas encore sure, car la terrasse est en plein soleil de 13h a 20h en ete. Mes lambourdes sont espacees de 40cm. Wasp Factory. Quant aux clips je vais finalement garder ceux en inox, le joint est un peu plus important et ils sautent plus aux yeux, mais ils me semblent plus pratiques et ayant un meilleur maintien car plus larges. En tous cas merci beaucoup de votre retour et je ne manquerai pas de poster le resultat des travaux , des que le soleil voudra bien ressortir car cela fait des mois que nous n#039;avons que de la pluie c#039;est affreux il n#039;y a moyen de rien faire dehors! Soumis par Christophe le Samedi 6 avril 2013. Ah oui Toulouse. Obesity Essay. pas le meme climat, bien qu'il semblerait qu'on ait le meme ces derniers temps..lol. Pour la tonnelle, elle ne vient pas de chez Lapeyre mais de Jardiland.

J'etais parti sur la version stores aussi meme si le budget n'est pas du tout le meme (quasiment le double) et en allant l'acheter, il y avait une promo chez Jardiland sur la version toile sans store. Alors j'ai saute le pas. You Essay. Elle se monte assez bien et la mise et la depose de la toile se fait quand meme assez rapidement et facilement. Hate de voir le resultat de votre installation! Soumis par Laurene (non verifie) le Mardi 9 avril 2013. Excellent reportage et les questions-reponses sont tres enrichissantes ! Ayant le meme projet que vous, avec lames de chez casto, je pense que je reviendrai vous poser quelques questions. Ma 1ere difficulte est de preparer mon terrain: en remblai, tres argileux . Soumis par Christophe le Mardi 9 avril 2013. Merci pour votre commentaire, content que ce reportage puisse vous aider! N'hesitez surtout pas a venir partager vos interrogations, vos retours d'experience qui aideront les autres visiteurs de ce site! Concernant le terrain, il est vrai que j'ai eu une chance inouie, mon terrain etant deja prepare a recevoir la terrasse.

Si vous voulez poster des photos egalement de votre projet, ca serait avec plaisir! Soumis par Ymerej le Mercredi 17 avril 2013. Et voici 1 an obesity essay apres la pose de ma terrasse, la pose de la finition (nous avons enleve les galets blancs car le chien n'arretait pas de se prendre dedans et ils avaient tendance a verdir a cause de la proximite avec la pelouse). Soumis par Christophe le Mercredi 17 avril 2013. Vraiment tres joli Ymerej. J'ai une question en voyant cette photo, qu'avez-vous mis en finition de la terrasse? Je trouve que la solution que vous avez trouvee est tres propre et rend vraiment tres bien!! Soumis par Ymerej (non verifie) le Jeudi 18 avril 2013. Merci ! C'est tout simplement une finition de 2m BLOOMA. Model Essay. Je n'arrive pas a retrouver le lien et la reference sur le site de Casto.

Pourtant, en magasin, elles sont tres visibles et se trouvent juste a cote des lames de terrasses BLOOMA. Obesity Essay. Ca coute dans les 8ˆ. Factory. D'ailleurs, elles sont souvent mises en scene avec des lames et lambourdes. Pour la fixer, nous avons utilise (sur les conseils d'un vendeur Casto competent) de la colle SILKA 11FC. Obesity Essay. Tres utilisee par les pro grade 5 page apparemment et effectivement ca a l'air de bien tenir. Essay. Elle est fait expres pour l'exterieur et l'etancheite. L'avantage c'est que cette finition permet de masquer les trous des lames sur les cotes et de cacher les irregularites de longueur entre les lames (car elles n'etaient pas forcement toute alignees parfaitement a 1 ou 2 cm pres). Je vous la recommande donc ! Soumis par Christophe le Jeudi 18 avril 2013. Est-ce que c'est cette finition la dont-il s'agit?

Avez-vous ete oblige de scier les lames en bout pour que ce soit a peu pres droit? Sinon, bonne idee cette colle, car moi j'ai achete cette finition et j'ai tente de la visser, et il faut avouer que les prises sont insuffisantes pour bien les faire prendre! Soumis par Ymerej (non verifie) le Jeudi 18 avril 2013. Nous avions achetees celles-ci l'an dernier en meme temps que le reste. Et finalement nous ne les avions pas utilisees car justement les lames n'etaient pas tout a fait de niveau (sur la longueur ca se jouait a 1 cm pres, pas vraiment visible a l'oeil nu sans y faire trop attention mais juste assez pour nous embeter avec cette finition) et nous ne voulions pas les couper, on who inspired you essay, avait vraiment peur du resultat et de ne pas pouvoir revenir en arriere. Du coup, on obesity essay, a pris le temps de reflechir, pendant 1 an, nous avions ces fameux galets blancs achetees chez Castorama qui nous servaient de delimitation avec la pelouse. Wasp Factory Essay. Nous etions satisfaits du resultat mais c'etait un peu trop instable, les gens se prenaient les pieds dedans ainsi que le chien etc. Obesity Essay. Donc finalement nous avons achete ces autres finitions mais il ne s'agit pas d'un simple bandeau mais d'une corniere a 90° en forme de |_. 3 To 5 Page. On ne voit peut etre pas bien sur la photo mais il y a environ 5 cm de prise a l'horizontale + 8 a la verticale.

Du coup avec la colle ca tient bien car il y en a sur les 2 faces et meme dans le coin. Je vous invite a aller voir en magasin a quoi elle ressemble. Soumis par Christophe le Jeudi 18 avril 2013. Ah oui d'accord, je vois le principe. Essay. c'est vrai que avec le retour sur le dessus, ca evite de voir que les lames ne s'arretent pas toutes au meme endroit. Faudra que je vous montre ce que ca donne avec celles que j'ai mises, ca ne fait pas terrible et mal fini!

Soumis par Christophe le Jeudi 18 avril 2013. Comme promis, je vous ai pris 2 photos pour vous montrer ce que ca donne : Soumis par Ymerej (non verifie) le Vendredi 19 avril 2013. En tout cas sur les photos ca donne plutot bien je trouve ! Vos lames ont l'air d'etre bien alignees ce qui a du vous faciliter l'utilisation de ce type de finition en bandeau. Soumis par Christophe le Vendredi 19 avril 2013. Vous etes sympa avec moi. Franchement, c'est pas vraiment de l'art, je ne suis pas totalement satisfait de la finition. On peut voir que ca fait des vagues sur la longueur dues aux decalages des lames. Faut vraiment que je passe chez Casto pour essayer de trouver vos fiinitions! Soumis par Ymerej (non verifie) le Vendredi 19 avril 2013. PS: je voulais me creer un compte utilisateur Ymerej mais impossible, cela me met un message d'erreur.

Pourtant j'ai bien fait le p'tit dessins (captcha) Soumis par Ymerej (non verifie) le Jeudi 18 avril 2013. PS : par contre nous avons utilise les finitions (dont vous avez poste la photo et le lien) pour notre jardiniere faite en lame de terrasse. Faudrait que je vous montre les photos, c'est plutot sympa. Soumis par Christophe le Jeudi 18 avril 2013. C'est marrant, j'en ai aussi fait une en lame de terrasse.

Si j'ai le temps ce soir, je la prend en photo et je la mets sur le site. Edit : Bon alors j'ai pris 3 photos de ma jardiniere, j'ai fait un article sur le sujet : construction d'une jardiniere en lames composites. Soumis par Anonyme (non verifie) le Vendredi 19 avril 2013. Quelle bonne idee j'ai eu de revenir ici avant d'avoir fini ! J'ai pu avancer (un peu) mais je dois avouer que je galere un peu : aligner les lames sur la partie centrale (je n'utilise finalement pas votre solution du clip au centre, j'ai trop peur :p) n'est pas facile. Factory Essay. De plus j'ai beau avoir passer beaucoup de temps a mettre tout de niveau, le fait que l'extremites des lames ne reposent pas sur une lambourdes (bien fichus les plots beton casto. Essay. ) elles ont tendances a rebiquer ca me fait un peu peur pour la duree. Wasp Essay. surtout que du coup l'eau s'y accumule. J'ai moi aussi le souci des lames pas vraiment alignees sur les cotes et je me posais la question de savoir comment faire (j'ai moi aussi acheter les finitions plates !) J'avais pense a des cornieres en alu mais j'ai peur de la rouille meme si c'est cense etre fait pour. Essay. Du coup je suis super interessee par votre corniere casto . Term Writing Services. C'est tres propre et ca resoudrait mes soucis ! Auriez vous pa rmiracles la reference ? Je ne trouve pas ce produit sur le site casto ? Allez je tente de vous mettre une petite photo ! Merci a tous pour vos interventions! Soumis par Ymerej le Vendredi 19 avril 2013. Soumis par Anonyme (non verifie) le Vendredi 19 avril 2013. Voila.

J'ai bien mis des cales sur les 2 cotes pour renforcer mais vu que les lames ne sont pas fixees dessus cela ne sert finalement pas a grand chose . En esperant que la photo marche. Soumis par Christophe le Vendredi 19 avril 2013. Question surement tres bete mais pourquoi ne pas avoir fixe les lames sur vos cales avec des clips comme sur les lambourdes? Soumis par sylvain (non verifie) le Samedi 20 avril 2013. Enfin un article complet riche en infos. Essay. Par contre, sauf erreur, je n'ai pas vu quelle pente vous avez faite pour l'ecoulement de la pluie. Rubric Grade 3 To 5 Page. Merci de m'eclairer. Soumis par Christophe le Samedi 20 avril 2013.

Bonsoir Sylvain et merci pour votre commentaire. Il est recommande une pente de 5mm par metre lineaire de lames pour un bon ecoulement des eaux de pluies. Les lames utilisees dans mon cas faisant 220cm, la pente est donc d'environ 11 mm de part et d'autre de la terrasse. L'avantage de ne pas avoir alterne les lames (pourtant plus joli comme le suggerait tres justement Ymerej) est que la pente peut etre appliquee a partir du milieu de la terrasse en ecoulant vers l'exterieur. Soumis par Anonyme (non verifie) le Dimanche 21 avril 2013. Effectivement j'aurais du fixer les lames sur les cales. Obesity Essay. Je m'etais dit que cela ne servirait pas a grand chose vu que les cales ne sont pas fixees sur les plots contrairement aux lambourdes, mais apres avoir jeter un oeil ce serait mieux que rien du tout.

Je pense que c'est ce que je vais faire je suis encore a temps puisque les clip que j'utilise se vissent au centre. Merci pour la confirmation ! Quant aux cornieres de finition je les avais vues sur le site mais elles sont indisponibles apparemment. Essay. J'irai voir directement au magasin car en plus il me faut le modele rouge et non gris. Essay. Si je ne trouve pas mon bonheur j'opterai pour une corniere aluminium sans doute. A bientot pour plus d'infos ! Soumis par Christophe le Dimanche 21 avril 2013. En tout cas, a la vue des premiere photos, ca me parait bien sympa comme terrasse! Par contre, des cornieres en alu. You Essay. pas sur que ca fasse joli, si? En tout cas, visiblement on obesity, est tous confronte au meme probleme de finition pour ces foutues terrasses! Soumis par Ymerej le Lundi 22 avril 2013.

C'est vrai que le systeme de plots Casto est mal pense pour les cotes de la terrasse ! Par curiosite, avez-vous demande a un vendeur Casto comment faire pour ne pas que les lames ne reposent dans le vide sur les cotes ? C'est quand meme dingue qu'ils n'aient pas fait de plots specialement pour les cotes. Concernant l'ecoulement, j'avoue qu'on n'a pas reellement respecte de pente pour la notre donc de l'eau peut stagner un peu. Professional Paper Services. Mais ca seche tres vite des qu'il y a du soleil et sinon un p'tit coup de balai/raclette pour aider l'ecoulement et il n'y a plus rien. Pour eviter le relevement des lames en leur extremite (comme j'ai pu voir sur des photos de clients sur le site de Casto), il faut bien mettre un clip a la jonction des 2 lames ! Comme ca, les lames ne peuvent pas rebiquer. Soumis par Christophe le Lundi 22 avril 2013. Je pense que ce qui doit etre prevu (dans le meilleur des mondes) c'est que les lambourdes soient mises en affleurement de terrasse et que les plots depassent de chaque cote. Comme il faut decaisser pour mettre la terrasse, une fois installee, ils doivent penser qu'il y a un apport de terre, de gravier ou autre qui vient en affleurement de terrasse et donc cache les plots. Pour vous Magali, vu les photos, je pense que ca aurait ete complique d'envisager cette solution.

En plus dans le cas de figure des plots qui depassent, a mon avis difficile de mettre une corniere de finition. Euh sinon, pour la pente, pas mieux, j'ai juste rappele la regle des 5mm par metre lineaire mais bon, comme Ymerej, il y a des fois de l'eau stagnante qui seche en 2 minutes des que le soleil parait! Soumis par Anonyme (non verifie) le Lundi 22 avril 2013. Il y a a peine 10 cms qui depassent des lambourdes de chaque cote je ne pensais que ce phenomene pourrait se produire. Essay. Qu'a cela ne tienne j'ai achete d'autres clips et je vais les fixer sur les cales des cotes on professional term paper writing, verra bien ce que ca donnera ! Quant aux cornieres alus j'ai vu plusieurs sites qui en proposaient (dont leroy mais horriblement cheeeeeeeeeeer !), comme ici http://www.leroymerlin.fr/v3/p/produits/profil-aluminium-grafik-40x63x2400-mm-e127309. Le resultat est, a mon gout, sympathique. Essay. J'avoue que si je ne l'avais pas vu, cela ne me serait pas venu a l'idee non plus ! Je n'ai pas demande a un vendeur pour l'histoire des plots, tout simplement parce que lors de la realisation des plans et de l'achat, je n'ai meme pas vu venir le probleme ! :/ En tous cas merci de vos retours, des que le platelage est fini de poser je vous fais signe ! Et demain je vais regarder un peu les finitions qu'on trouve. Model. Il faut que je m'occupe en attendant d'aller recuperer le reste de mes lames ! Soumis par Ymerej le Mardi 23 avril 2013. Pas mal du tout cette finition alu ! C'est clair qu'elle est cher mais l'avantage c'est qu'il y a un soutien (sorte de lambourde) livre avec on obesity essay, dirait ? Ce qui permettrait a votre lame de reposer sur quelque chose. Soumis par Christophe le Mardi 23 avril 2013.

ffectivement, je m'attendais pas a ce genre de finition. Thesis Essay. Elle est chouette mais effectivement pas donnee du tout! Mais bon, quand on obesity essay, aime..lol. En plus, l'avantage avec votre installation c'est qu'elle cachera votre cale. D'ailleurs, Ymerej, je ne pense pas que la lambourde soit fournie avec. Essay About Abroad For Higher. Dans le cas de Magali, il ne vaut mieux pas en plus a mon avis. Soumis par Anonyme (non verifie) le Mercredi 24 avril 2013. Tout a fait la lambourde n'est pas fournie.

J'ai pu passer en magasin pour jeter un oeil, pas de bol il ne restait qu'une seule de ces cornieres couleur anthracite, le modele est Naoh (juste un autre nom que Bahia de ce que j'ai pu voir). Il doivent en recevoir bientot normalement, et apres avoir teste un bout de mes lames avec la finition grise, je dois dire que je suis bluffee du resultat ! Donc voila, le temps de finir de poser les lames et j'espere que les finitions seront arrivees ! D'ici la j'espere que les lames seront terminees pour demain soir, je vous posterai le resultat ! Soumis par Christophe le Jeudi 25 avril 2013. Hate de voir le resultat! Ca fait toujours bizarre de s'imaginer l'association de 2 couleurs, surtout rouge et anthracite, j'ai du mal a visualiser la chose! Avec le temps qu'on a en ce moment, la fin du chantier ne doit plus etre trop loin. Histoire de finir avant ce WE pour prendre l'apero sur la nouvelle terrasse!! Soumis par Steph (non verifie) le Jeudi 25 avril 2013. Dommage que vous n'ayez pas croise les lames. Obesity Essay. On voit le joint au milieu, ce n'est pas tres esthetique. Rubric Grade 3 To Essay. On dirait que votre terrasse s'est cassee en 2 morceaux.

Ca fait un peu de decoupe, certes, mais c'est tellement plus joli de croiser les lames ! Soumis par Christophe le Jeudi 25 avril 2013. Oui c'est un grand regret dans ce projet. Je suis alle a la facilite et effectivement, vous avez raison, je pense que ca aurait donne beaucoup mieux. Obesity Essay. Maintenant c'est un peu tard, mais pour tous ceux qui liront ce reportage, ne faites pas comme moi, ne soyez pas faineant. En tout cas, merci de votre commentaire! Soumis par Anonyme (non verifie) le Jeudi 25 avril 2013. Ce n'est pas seulement une question de facilite mais aussi et surtout pour moi de budget : pour croiser il m'aurait fallu plus e lambourdes et donc plus de plots. Grade 3 To 5 Page. Mais c'est vrai c'est beaucoup plus esthetique ! Je mise sur le fait que la terrasse ne fait que 4.40m sur 3 m et qu'une fois la table et les chaises posees dessus cela se verra moins. Obesity. J'ai en projet de faire une petite partie devant la maison avec ces memes lames, mais cette fois ci en croisant ! En attendant comme promis, nous avons pu finir juste avant l'averse ! Soumis par Ymerej le Vendredi 26 avril 2013.

Bravo, il n'y a plus qu'a mettre les finitions ! Par contre, je ne comprends pas votre argument du cout plus eleve lorsqu'on decoupe et croise les lames ? J'ai la meme surface : 440x320 et je n'ai pas l'impression d'avoir mis plus de lambourdes/plots (enfin moi ce sont des dallettes) que vous. Soumis par Anonyme (non verifie) le Vendredi 26 avril 2013. Il me semble que pour chaque extremite de lames vienne sur une lambourde j'avais calcule qu'il me fallait un grand max de 30 cm entre chaque lambourdes. Professional Paper. La J'ai pose a 38cms environ. Obesity. Il m'aurait donc fallu plus de lambourdes pour couvrir la largeur. Ce n'est pas tant le cout de celles-ci qui m'a rebute mais plutot celui des plots . Essay About Going Education. D'ailleurs si je mene a bien mon projet pour le devant de la maison je pense que j'essaierai de trouver une autre solution. Obesity Essay. Mon probleme etant que je suis sur un terrain argileux et que je prefere donc mettre des supports un peu costauds. You Essay. Et ce coup ci c'est sur je croiserai C'est forgeant qu'on devient forgeron ! Voila comme vous dites je vais maintenant tenter de me procurer au plus vite ces cornieres ! Soumis par Christophe le Vendredi 26 avril 2013. Je suis d'accord avec Magali. J'avais aussi fait le calcul pour croiser les lames et du coup il faut bien positionner ses lambourdes pour se retrouver a la croisee des chemins (oups des lames).

Et pour moi aussi, ca faisait un surcout au niveau des plots. J'avais vu un reportage ou la personne avait choisi de mettre des parpaings plutot que des plots betons. Par contre 2 inconvenients : - dur dur de percer dans du parpaing pour fixer les lambourdes. - plus complique a gerer la hauteur avec des parpaings, ceci etant dit, vous avez du avoir le meme probleme avec les plots betons. En tout cas, tres beau travail Magali, elle est tres jolie cette terrasse. Soumis par Anonyme (non verifie) le Vendredi 26 avril 2013. Merci beaucoup, j'avoue que votre site m'a beaucoup aide, c'est rassurant de savoir que d'autres se posent les memes questions ! Ah le probleme des parpaings. Essay. Je me suis beaucoup pose la question aussi. Collateral. Ce qui m'a fait peur c'est 1) la mise a niveau car la surface du parpaings est beaicoup plus grande que celle des plots 2) la fixation des lambourdes avec des chevilles a frapper (solidite et probleme d'eclatement ?) J'avais envie de tester les plots plastiques, mais comme j'ai un sol meuble j'ai trouve ces plaques : Ce qui m'intrigue c'est que d'apres la description le prix comprend la plaque ET le plot a verrin . Obesity. Vu le prix des plots seuls cela me parait trop beau pour etre vrai. Rubric Grade 5 Page. Qu'en pensez vous ? Je n'ai pas encore reussi a les voir en vrai en magasin.

Soumis par Christophe le Vendredi 26 avril 2013. Malheureusement, j'ai bien peur que ces dalles ne soient vendues seules. En plus juste dessous, il est marque : produit complementaire : plots. Et comme vous dites, a 1,20 euros la dalle, ca me semble certain que les plots ne sont pas fournis avec. Essay. J'ai paye les miens dans les 25 euros les 10, donc 2,50 euros piece! Ceci etant dit, je ne savais pas que ce genre de dalle existait. Who Inspired You Essay. ca parait tres interessant. Vos plots betons vous sont revenus a combien? Soumis par Anonyme (non verifie) le Vendredi 26 avril 2013. 5 euros le plot, soit un total de 220 euros. Essay. Gloups ! Sinon ca y est j'ai ete chercher mes cornieres ! La pose ce ne sera pas pour tout de suite vu le temps de m. Thesis. annonce pour les prochains jours.

Merci de me confirmer pour les dalles, je trouve cependant un peu leger de laisser un tel descriptif. Essay. Je suis sure que quelq'un d'un peu procedurier pourrait se faire offrir les plots. Soumis par Christophe le Vendredi 26 avril 2013. 5 euros. Wasp Essay. Grosso modo une dalle plus un plot revient au meme prix, voire un peu moins. Interessant pour les personnes comme toi qui ont un terrain un peu meuble. Avec cette solution, ca laisse la souplesse de l'utilisation des plots et ainsi le reglage plus facile de la hauteur des lambourdes. C'est pas la premiere fois que je trouve limites les facons de faire de Casto. Essay. Le nombre de fois ou j'ai ete oblige d'aller en caisse centrale pour leur signifier que le prix a la caisse n'etait pas celui dans le rayon. Enfin bref, c'est une autre histoire!

Soumis par Magali (non verifie) le Mardi 30 avril 2013. Bonjour c'est encore moi ! J'ai vu qu'Ymerej avait colle sa corniere, mais qu'en est-il pour vous ? J'ai achete de la visserie inox, car la colle me fait un peu peur dans le cas ou je doive demonter quelques lames pour x raisons. About Going. Comment avez-vous procede ? Soumis par Christophe le Mardi 30 avril 2013. j'ai visse mes finitions dans les lames. Obesity. J'ai pris des petites vis inox et j'ai vise pour visser dans le gros des lames, a l'angle des rainures. Franchement ca tient mais je ne trouve pas ca vraiment satisfaisant. Who Inspired You Essay. Pour vos cornieres, vous pouvez les visser sur le dessus, l'inconvenient, c'est que ca va se voir du coup. En meme temps, je ne vois pas trop d'autres solutions dans votre cas, dans la mesure ou pour que les cornieres ne laissent pas d'ecart sur le dessus par rapport aux lames, il faut les visser par le dessus pour bien les coller sur le haut des lames. Soumis par Anonyme (non verifie) le Mardi 30 avril 2013. Oui je pense aussi que je n'ai pas vraiment le choix.

Je visserai sur le dessus et surzmnt de loin en loin sur la tranche. Question (encore ! ) Je pensais mettre pour le dessus une vis tous les 30 cms. Obesity Essay. Cela vous parait-il suffisant ? Encore merci de toutes ces precisions ! Soumis par Christophe le Mardi 30 avril 2013. Oui c'est ce que je ferai aussi si j'etais vous. Je visserai sur une lame sur deux sur la tranche en milieu de lame soit effectivement tous les 30 cm vu que les lames font 14,5 + 0,5 d'ecartement. En bout de terrasse, c'est plus facile, peut etre visser du coup au niveau des lambourdes, enfin moi c'est ce que j'essaierai de faire. Soumis par Christophe le Jeudi 2 mai 2013. Pour ceux que ca interesse, je viens d'ajouter un reportage sur cette terrasse un an of beneficial interest apres. J'y aborde l'entretien et le vieillissement des lames! Je vous invite donc a aller voir ce nouveau reportage.

Soumis par Magali le Jeudi 2 mai 2013. Les finitions (en tous cas les cornieres) sont posees ! La difference de teinte peut choquer, personellement j'aime beaucoup ! J'ai choisi de trancher au lieu de prendre un couleur approchante des lames mais pas vraiment identique. Et pour une fois je suis contente de mes angles ! Prochain projet, mise en place d'un bac en gravier blanc sur le cote de la terrasse, delimite par lames qu'il me reste ! Pour l'instant, remblayage de terre et gazon sur les bords, parce que la, caca ! Soumis par Christophe le Jeudi 2 mai 2013. Eh bien chapeau bas! Franchement, ca rend vraiment tres bien les deux couleurs ensemble! Vraiment du beau boulot Magali!! Il reste comme vous le dites a remblayer autour pour que ca finisse bien l'ensemble!

Ca merite bien un bon apero sur la terrasse maintenant! On attend bien entendu les photos du bac en gravier blanc une fois fait, mais ca pas la peine de le dire!! Soumis par Ymerej le Vendredi 3 mai 2013. Je trouve ca tres sympa aussi les cornieres anthracites avec la couleur de vos lames ! Par contre, j'aurais plutot mis des vis noires ou je les aurais plutot collees (ca tient tres bien avec la colle SILKA 11FC). M'enfin c'est tres bien quand meme !! Profitez en bien ! Soumis par Anonyme (non verifie) le Vendredi 3 mai 2013. J'etais partie sur de la colle, mais le jour ou il faut demonter, aie ! Quand aux vis noires, je dois dire que je ne savais que cela existait ! J'aurais jeter un oeil sinon. Essay. Merci de l'info ! Soumis par Magali le Vendredi 10 mai 2013. Re Bonjour a tous ! Voila entre 2 averses j'ai pu faire mon bac en gravier blanc. Wasp Essay. Facile a mettre en place, decoratif et pratique pour masquer une partie ou la pelouse etait tres tres moche ! Ur les photos, le bac parait plus large qu'en realite c'est etrange.

Les arbustes sont repartis de facon inegale car les 2 du bout (le rouge et le jaune sont censes prendre le plus de place a terme alors que le reste sera plus petit a la fois en hauteur et en largeur. Soumis par Christophe le Lundi 13 mai 2013. Bravo Magali, c'est tres joli! J'ai deux questions sur votre bac : Comment avez-vous realise les jonctions de lames et les coins? Quels sont les varietes d'arbustes que vous avez mis dans le bac? En tout cas, beau travail!! Soumis par Anonyme (non verifie) le Lundi 13 mai 2013. Et merci du compliments, je dois dire que je suis contente du rendu ! Pour les jonctions j'ai utilise des kits bordures modulables de chez brico depot : chaque kit contient 2 jonctions , 2 piquets qui permettent de regler l'angle au degre voulu et la visserie. Essay. Ces kits sont dispo en gris, chocolat ou noisette, au prix de 8 euros le kit. Je voulais mettre le lien mais le site de brico est en maintenance apparemment, alors voila : Il manque sur la photo 1 piquet et un bouchon (qui coiffe le piquet) Pour les arbustes, il y a une lavande papillon (super resistant et pousse partout mais a besoin de soleil), une spiree little princess cette variete reste assez petite avec 50 cms de haut et 70 de large) et 2 physocarpus : le rouge est le diabolo, le vert / jaune darts gold.

Je sais que les spirees se plaisent beaucoup chez moi (terrain argileux et ensoleille !) j'en ai plusieurs sortes et toutes sont magnifiques. Pour les physocarpus, j'ai tente le darts gold meme si il semblerait que le feuillage craigne le soleil trop chaud, chose que je n'avais pas vu au moment de l'achat. Collateral Assignment. On verra ! Le rouge par contre se plait un peu partout . Nous verrons au cours de l'ete ! Soumis par Christophe le Mardi 14 mai 2013. Ah mais c'est super interessant ces jointures! Si j'avais vu que ca existait, je les aurais bien prises pour ma jardiniere! Merci du tuyau Magali! Soumis par Magali (non verifie) le Mardi 14 mai 2013. Vosu etes encore a temps d'en refaire une ! Je trouve le prix tres correct et les materiaux ont l'air assez resistant. Obesity Essay. Apres j'ai plus de doutes quant a la tenue de la couleur dans le temps vu que ce sera en plein soleil. Collateral Interest. Sous un climat un peu moins chaud comme le votre cela devrait passer.

Prochaine etape (oui encore !), la pose d'un store pour se mettre un peu a l'ombre ! La bete est achetee, manque plus qu'a la transporter jusqu'ici et a trouver un peu de temps pour le mettre en place ! Je ne manquerai pas de mettre 1 ou 2 photos biens ur ! A moins que vous ne preferiez que j'ouvre un nouveau sujet ? Soumis par Christophe le Mardi 14 mai 2013. Quand je vois les photos, ca me donne envie de m'y mettre. Bien sur que nous voulons voir les photos de la toile que vous allez mettre. C'est sur que ca serait peut etre pas mal de faire un nouveau sujet avec cette nouvelle realisation, mais pour ceci, vous devez vous inscrire sur le site. Obesity Essay. Vous aurez alors acces a la redaction d'article comme a pu le faire Ymerej!

N'hesitez pas a me dire si vous avez des problemes pour le faire! Soumis par Magali (non verifie) le Vendredi 17 mai 2013. Je reviens vers vous car j'ai une petite inquietude : je me suis apercue aujourd'hui que 90% des vis s'etaient plus ou moins desserrees au niveau des clips. Rubric Grade 5 Page Essay. Il m'a semble qu'une tete de vis etait un peu haute, j'ai ete cherche le tournevis et de la je me suis retrouvee a resserer l'ensemble de la terrasse ! :s. J'avoue mon inquietude, avez vous connu ce souci ? Merci ! Soumis par Christophe le Vendredi 17 mai 2013.

Je n'ai pas utilise les memes clips que vous, et avec ma version de clips, je ne vois pas les vis. Essay. Ils sont en effet recouverts par la lame suivante. Donc si ca se trouve, j'ai le meme probleme mais je ne le vois pas! Ca me semble bizarre votre affaire quand meme! A surveiller!

Soumis par Magali (non verifie) le Samedi 18 mai 2013. Ha oui c'est vrai les clips ne sont pas les memes ! Bien je vais surveiller. Ce n'est pourtant pas le soleil de ces derniers jours qui a du faire travailler lol ! Soumis par Ymerej le Samedi 18 mai 2013. je rentre de 8 jours de vacances au soleil. Super Magali votre jardiniere. Professional Term Writing Services. Tres astucieux l'utilisation des kits Brico Depot. Et j'ai meme l'impression qu'on peut en imbriquer 2 pour faire une jardiniere d'une hauteur de 2 lames ? Pour les vis, bizarre, je ne les vois pas non plus, je dois demonter rangee de lames apres rangee de lames pour les voir et les revisser si necessaire. Soumis par Magali (non verifie) le Jeudi 23 mai 2013. Merci Ymerej ! Oui on obesity essay, peut affectivement emboiter les bordures a loisirs ! Ca peut faire de tres jolies jardinieres ! Pour les vis. Grade 3 To. Les votres doivent moins bouger puisque coincees par les lames . Obesity Essay. Je n'ai pas eu l'occasion de revenir voir, il pleut sans arret . Thesis Essay. Pffffffffffff ! Moi aussi je prendrai bien un peu de soleil.

Soumis par maryline (non verifie) le Mercredi 12 mars 2014. Joli travail ! Au printemps je vais me lancer a poser une terasse similaire. Pourriez-vous me dire combien tout compris elle vous a coutee ? Soumis par Christophe le Mercredi 12 mars 2014. Merci pour votre compliment, ca fait plaisir !! Alors j'allais vous dire que je ne me souvenais plus vu que j'ai fait cette terrasse il y a bientot 2 ans mais il me semblait bien que j'avais fait un fichier excel ou j'avais tout note ! Et bien je l'ai retrouve . Alors voila le detail (prix de 2012)

20 lambourdes castorama a 4,20 euros piece : 84 euros. 48 lames de terrasse blooma castorama a 8,90 euros piece (promotion de l'epoque) : 427,20 euros. 80 plots reglables plastique BricoDepot a 2,39 euros piece : 191,20 euros. 8 boites de clips castorama a 15,90 euros piece : 127,20 euros. 1 voile geotextile castorama a 17,90 euros piece. Cela nous donne un total de 847,50 euros pour une terrasse composite de sur lambourde de 4,40 m * 3,60 m soit un peu moins de 16m? Rajouter a ca de l'huile de coude (beaucoup) mais ca vaut le coup quand on obesity essay, prend l'apero dessus l'ete !! Voila, en esperant que ca vous aura aide, je vous invite a revenir poster le resultat de vos travaux quand votre terrasse sera terminee et aussi voir si les prix ont baisse en 2 ans (ben quoi on thesis model, peut rever non ??) Soumis par Anonyme (non verifie) le Vendredi 11 avril 2014. Merci pour cette demonstration. Pour ma part, j'ai pose ma terrasse en bois grace aux conseils que j'ai pu avoir sur le site www. Obesity Essay. terrasse - bois .info.

Apres avoir fait le tour des sites specialises dans la vente de lames de bois, j'ai trouve opportun d'acheter sur le site http://www.onlybois.fr et j'ai achete un box pour mes poulains sur le site www.boxenbois.fr. Pour ma terrasse en bois, j'ai pris environs 14h pour la monter avec un ami. Soumis par sophie (non verifie) le Vendredi 2 mai 2014. merci bcp pour ce reportage tres instructif surtout quand on wasp factory, veut se lancer pour la 1ere fois et bravo pour votre realisation, c'est tres reussi. ma question sera peut etre evidente, mais les lames sont-elles vissees sur les lambourdes et combien de vis faut-il mettre? Soumis par Christophe le Vendredi 2 mai 2014. Merci tout d'abord pour votre compliment, ca fait plaisir ! Alors non les lames ne sont pas vissees directement sur les lambourdes.

Elles sont maintenues par des clips de ce genre : Du coup vous voyez que la fixation se fait en clipsant la lame et ainsi la lame n'est pas percee ! Pour le nombre, et bien il en faut a chaque intersection de lame et de lambourde, cela depend donc de votre installation ! N'hesitez pas a poster des photos de vos travaux ! Soumis par sophie (non verifie) le Vendredi 2 mai 2014. Nickel! merci! et merci de prendre du temps pour repondre a toutes les questions, c'est vraiment tres utile, j'ai appris plus sur ce fil que dans toutes les videos que j'ai compulsees avant! Soumis par Christophe le Vendredi 2 mai 2014. Mais de rien, c'est avec plaisir, surtout si ca peut vous aider ! Bon courage pour l'installation ! Soumis par franck (non verifie) le Samedi 3 mai 2014. Dommage le joint central, peut etre que decaler un joint sur deux aurait casse cette ligne de joint.

Premiere rangee comme sur la photo deuxieme rangee une longueur d'un metre puis deux metres puis a nouveau un metre (si la longueur totale est de 4m bien sur) et ensuite troisieme rangee comme la premiere et ainsi de suite. mais beau travail quand meme. Soumis par Christophe le Dimanche 4 mai 2014. Merci pour votre retour Franck ! Effectivement, il aurait ete plus judicieux de decaler les lames et le rendu aurait ete plus joli. Essay. A refaire, je decalerai comme un parquet ! Mais bon, j'ai fait au plus simple et c'est vrai que je regrette un peu aujourd'hui. Soumis par perstone29 (non verifie) le Vendredi 9 mai 2014. Bonjour e tous mes compliments pour la qualite de votre post. Je veux me lancer dans le meme projet avec les memes lames Blooma. Services. J'ai vu un conseiller Casto ce we qui m'a fortement deconseille de poser ces lames sur un autre support qu'une dalle beton (avec lambourdes composite).

C'est pour cela que j'aimerai avoir votre retour d'experience apres 2 ans. Obesity. J'espere que vous pourrez nous en dire plus dans les jours qui viennent. Comme j'ai vu et entendu pas mal de retour negatifs sur les clips, j'aimerai visser (inox) les lames.Par contre comme elles sont creuses je ne sais pas si c'est possible. Wasp. Avez-vous tenter l'experience ? Merci de votre reponse et encore bravo pour votre post. Soumis par Christophe le Vendredi 9 mai 2014. Tout d'abord merci pour vos compliments, ca fait plaisir ! 2 ans apres la pose, la terrasse a un peu bouge, on obesity essay, sent que les lames commencent un peu a gondoler mais ca va quand meme. Il faut dire qu'il a beaucoup plu cet hiver et le terrain a peut etre un peu bouge. Donc effectivement pour un montage optimal, il faudrait mieux avoir une dalle beton dessous, mais le resultat reste tres correct meme au bout de 2 ans. Sinon, les lames se vissent bien, en effet la derniere rangee de lames, je l'ai directement vissee dans les lambourdes, et ca ne bouge pas. Il faut juste faire attention au moment du vissage que les vis inox ne s'inserent pas trop dans la lame. En esperant avoir repondu a vos interrogations, n'hesitez pas a poser d'autres questions.

Soumis par Alex (non verifie) le Mercredi 20 mai 2015. Merci pour votre photo reportage. Thesis Model. Ca donne des idees ! Ma question : Pourquoi avoir choisi des lambourdes en bois autoclave ? pourquoi ne pas avoir pris des lambourdes composite ? Le retour d'experience sur la longevite des terrasses en lames composite est une super idee ! Connaissez vous la hauteur des plots plastiques Bricodepot ? Soumis par Christophe le Mercredi 20 mai 2015. Merci pour votre commentaire, content que mon experience puisse servir a d'autres. Les lambourdes en composite sont quand meme bien plus cheres et de plus le vendeur de casto m'a dit que les lambourdes composites ne se posaient que sur une dalle ciment ou bien un carrelage existant. A confirmer bien entendu ! Pour les plots plastiques Bricodepot, je ne me souviens plus de leur hauteur. Obesity Essay. Faudrait que je vois s'il m'en reste pour mesurer. N'hesitez pas a venir parler de votre projet ici ! Soumis par Alex (non verifie) le Vendredi 22 mai 2015.

Bonsoir et merci pour votre reponse rapide. La solution de lambourde composite a fixer directement sur le sol est certainement la solution adaptee a ma situation alors. En effet ma terrasse est composee d'une dalle + d'un dallage en pierre du lot ou Solnhofen. Factory. D'apres ce que j'ai pu voir sur les differents forum, il faudrait que je fasse un ragreage puis que je pose du carrelage. ou que je fixe directement des lambourdes composites puis par dessus les lames composite. Les lambourdes sont espacer au maximum de 30 cm c'est bien ca ? Tu les coupes avec quel outil ? un simple scie sauteuse ? Merci par avance pour ton avis. Soumis par Christophe le Vendredi 22 mai 2015. Oui la distance entre les lambourdes est de 30 cm. Avec les differents retours sur le site que j'ai pu avoir, il ne faut pas essayer de faire l'economie de les mettre a plus de distance sous risque d'avoir des creux.

Pour ce qui est de la decoupe, une simple scie a main a petites dents suffit. Tiens-nous au courant de la suite ! Soumis par olive (non verifie) le Jeudi 28 mai 2015. bonjour, je trouve votre realisation de terrasse tres interressante, j'ai donc achete les meme lame chez casto, j'habite en vendee ce n'est pas la grosse chaleur, mais sur beaucoup de commentaire j'ai vu que les lames travaillent beaucoup au soleil avez vous ce genre de probleme, merci. Soumis par Christophe le Jeudi 28 mai 2015. Comme vous pouvez le voir sur l'article concernant le vieillissement de la terrasse, les lames ont un peu travaille mais de facon normale. Pour le moment, je n'ai pas de problemes avec ces lames et je ne peux que vous les conseillez. Soumis par olive (non verifie) le Jeudi 11 juin 2015. bonjour, merci de votre reponse je vais pouvoir me mettre sur les travaux sans trop de doute sur leur qualite, merci encore. Soumis par Christophe le Jeudi 11 juin 2015.

De rien, n'hesitez surtout pas a venir parler et publier vos photos de votre realisation, ca peut aider les autres lecteurs ! Soumis par danl (non verifie) le Samedi 25 juillet 2015. Bonjour a tous et merci pour ce forum et tous les commentaires qui y sont associes; J'ai enfin termine ma terrasse en composite et votre forum m'a beaucoup aide (les debuts ont ete un peu laborieux suite a de nombreux imprevus) Je vous joins des photos : Il mes reste encore quelques finitions mais je tiens le bon bout Pffffffffff. Soumis par danl (non verifie) le Samedi 25 juillet 2015. Merci a vous tous et un grand bravo pour vos realisations. Soumis par danl (non verifie) le Samedi 25 juillet 2015. Soumis par Christophe le Dimanche 26 juillet 2015. Eh eh bravo Danl, bel ensemble !! Quels sont les problemes et imprevus qui se sont poses a vous ? Vous avez trouve vos lames ou, elles sont sympas !? En tout cas, le rendu est superbe.

Soumis par michael (non verifie) le Mercredi 19 aout 2015. felicitations pour cet excellent reportage. Obesity Essay. Je suis presque dans la meme situation que vous, a savoir que j'ai une dalle beton mais qui n'est absolument pas de niveau partout (creux, bosses . Thesis Model. ) donc l'utilisation des plots est obligatoire ! Je vois avec plaisir que vous avez mixe les fournisseurs (brico depot et casto), je vais en faire autant, car les plots casto sont hors de pris et bien moins pratique que ceux de brico ! Je vais prendre les memes lames et lambourdes que vous . Obesity Essay. C'est dire si votre realisation me servira de modele. A bientot pour quelques photos . Soumis par Christophe le Mercredi 19 aout 2015. Merci pour votre commentaire, ravi que ce petit reportage puisse vous aider ! Je crois qu'on est tous pareil, on wasp, essaye de prendre le meilleur rapport qualite prix quitte a se fournir dans differents magasins ! Hate de voir votre realisation. Bon courage pour la pose.

Soumis par Dam (non verifie) le Samedi 19 mars 2016. ca fait qqs annees que j ai mis votre page de cote et je vais certainement me lancer dans un project similair ce dimanche car mon casto offre 15% de reductions exceptionnellement. Avant j avais une terrasse en dalles gravillonees positionnees sur du sable. Du coup je pensais mettre des dalles stabilisatrices sous les plots pour une meilleure stabilite. Bon par contre a 5kg la dalle ca va me faire bcp ds la voiture vu qu ilen faut autant que de plot et ca rajoute un petit cout quand meme. Essay. Donc a la rigueur je pensais utiliser mes anciennes dalles pour mettre sur le sable et ensuite poser les plots dessus. Sinon la questionq ue je me pose c est pour l ecoulement d'eau.

Que conseillez vous? Je vois qu il faut une pente a 2% dans le sens de la largeur ce qui fait pour 3m de largeur environ 6cm de denivelle, ca me parait bcp meme si avec les plots on services, peut deja recuperer 2 cm de difference. Et pour ce qui est du sens de la longueur qu est ce qui est preconise pour l ecoulement pour eviter que l eau stagne dans les rainures (?). Soumis par Florian (non verifie) le Lundi 28 mars 2016. Bonjour Christophe et merci pour votre reportage qui est vraiment tres complet. J'entreprends de faire une terasse en composite egalement, mais j'ai vraiment pas mal de question a ce sujet. Voici une photo ou ce situera la terasse avec les dimensions souhaitees : Je vous explique ma situation : Madame est assitante maternelle est en a marre que le chien que nous avons nous pourrise le jardin de facon quotidienne (crottes, trous . Obesity Essay. ) et veut donc une terasse a hauteur de la baie vitree cloturee afin de pouvoir y mettre les bambins a jouer dans un bac a sac sans risquer que le chien vienne y faire ses besoins ou vienne tout eclater . Interest. Ainsi la terasse devra etre a fleur de la premiere marche (soit 25 cm, je laisse juste la hauteur de la marche) car si il y'a une marche, ce n'est pas reglementaire pour une nounou = danger pour l'enfant = acces a la terasse interdite.

Ainsi, j'opte pour une terasse en bois composite mais je me pose beaucoup de question quand a la mise en place de cette terasse. En effet, j'ai 25cm cote baie vitree que je n'ai evidemment pas au milieu du jardin, et je me demande comment me mettre a niveau sur tout le long ? J'ai eu plusieurs sons de cloche (ca tombe bien pour un week-end Pascal entre : faire une dalle en beton au niveau de celle deja presente et y mettre des plots, ou mettre des petites dalles en beton avec des plots dessus, ou mettre un systeme de chevron etc .. Essay. bref, j'ai eu a boire et a manger au fur et a mesure de mes recherches (vendeur casto, vendeur leroy merlin, ami qui s'y connait, mon pere qui s'y connait, le petit ami de ma soeur qui s'y connait . Collateral Interest. bref je suis paume et je n'ai pas idee de la solution a adopter) Le but du jeu de cette terasse et qu'elle ne doit pas bouger sur le long terme, donc deja petite questions concernant les lambourdes : Si je prends du pin ou autre bois : n'est-il pas trop sujet au changement climatique ? Les lambourdes ne risques-t'elles pas de se vriller avec le temps ? Faisant ainsi sauter les lames ? Si je prends du composite (qui me semble etre plus adapte au changement climatique) : quels sont les defauts sur le long terme ? J'ai lu qu'on pouvait poser ce genre de materiaux que sur une dalle beton : pourquoi ? Aussi, comment faire pour me mettre a niveau tout le long ? Car mon idee etait la suivante et me paraissait la plus economique et pratique a mettre en place : (trais noir = lambourdes) Avec donc, tout les 1m (?) une rangee de parpaing que j'aurai sceller au sol sur une petit dalle beton (de la largeur du parpaing) Est-ce que cela sera suffisant solide pour supporter une charge (une table avec 8 personnes par exemple ?) Bref, je suis dans le flou, j'ose esperer une reponse de l'un d'entre vous qui se trouve etre dans une situation similaire a la mienne ! Je vous remercie d'avance ! Soumis par hivet (non verifie) le Mardi 14 juin 2016. bonjour super terrasse ptite question comment la derniere lame est elle tenue car sur la photo je ne vois aucun clips cordialement cc. Soumis par Christophe le Mardi 14 juin 2016.

Merci pour votre commentaire et le compliment associe. Effectivement, la derniere lame est vissee directement dans la lambourde. Je ne vois pas trop comment on essay, peut faire autrement. Soumis par Guillaume (non verifie) le Dimanche 24 juillet 2016. Felicitations et merci pour ce reportage qui m'interesse au plus haut point car je suis en train de tout preparer pour faire ma terrasse. D'ailleurs, je vais utiliser exactement les memes lames ! Je suis passe a Casto hier et j'ai une question a propos des plots reglables en hauteur que je vais utiliser. Quel type de vis avez vous utilise pour les fixer aux lambourdes ? De plus, j'ai vu qu'il y avait des tetes de plots lambourdes qui seraient obligatoires ?! Votre article m'a deja beaucoup aide, si vous pouviez en plus repondre a mes questions ca serait top ! Soumis par Christophe le Dimanche 24 juillet 2016.

J'ai utilise des vis classiques meme pas inox. Je crois qu'on les vois dans l'article sur une des photos. Concernant les plots, je ne connaissais pas les tetes de plots mais visiblement, ce sont des plots a verrin que vous voulez utiliser sur des plots betons ?? Tenez nous au courant de l'avancee de vos travaux, c'est toujours interessant ! Soumis par Guillaume (non verifie) le Mardi 26 juillet 2016. Merci pour la reponse ! Je vais utiliser des plots reglables directement sur ma dalle.

J'ai donc commande les plots et les lames, il me reste a trouver les lambourdes et les clips. Bizarrement j'ai du mal a trouver des clips sur internet, j'irai en magasin la semaine prochaine (ca sera les vacances ) et j'attaquerai dans la foulee. Soumis par francois (non verifie) le Jeudi 28 juillet 2016. Votre blog est vraiment tres bien detaille sur le suivi de votre terrasse. Thesis Essay. J ai egalement pose une terrasse blooma de chez casto avec les lames naoh j en suis tres satisfait pour le moment. Essay. Je voulais avoir votre aide car j aimerai changer une lame ( cassee sur le bord suite a un choc) auriez vous une solution de changement sans demonter toute la terrasse vu que cette lame se trouve au bord cote maison? Merci d avance. Thesis Model Essay. Cordialment Francois. Soumis par Christophe le Jeudi 28 juillet 2016. Malheureusement, je ne vois pas trop comment faire sans demonter la terrasse.

Pouvez-vous poster une photo pour voir ou elle est placee ? Soumis par lieven van meulder (non verifie) le Vendredi 5 aout 2016. Sur le nouveau site de Tercoma.com ,vous pouvez aussi trouver des instructions sur la construction (difficile souvent) d'une terrasse en composite. Ils se trouvent juste en dehors de Bruxelles. Obesity Essay. A Vlezenbeek. Going Education. 1602 C'est une entreprise avec beaucoup d'experience avec terrasses en bois. Obesity Essay. aussi le bankirai. Soumis par Marco (non verifie) le Lundi 12 septembre 2016. Moi perso j'ai opte pour une dalle beton avec lambourdes composites chevillees. Moins onereux que les plots. Les plots reglables sont normalement destines a etre utilises avec des plots beton.

Si ils sont utilises directement sur la terre qui a tendance a bouger avec la meteo, a la longue la terasse perdra de sa planeite.

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Obesity: One of the Biggest Problems of Humanity Essay | Bartleby

7 Things That Will Doom Your Novel (#038; How to obesity Avoid Them) There are a lot of ways not to do something. Like the new boat owner a few years ago who was filling up his pleasure craft with fuel for that first time out. Only he mistook the tube meant to hold fishing poles for the gas tank. After completing his work he started up the engine. The gas fumes ignited and blew the boat owner into the sky. He came down in the drink and was rescued, but the professional services boat was a goner. You can be just as creative in finding ways not to write your novel.

With a little thought and not much effort, you can easily devise methods to prevent yourself from obesity actually finishing a book—or finishing a book that has a chance to sell. So if not finishing or not selling are your goals, I’m here to help you with the following seven tips (also, grab this free download on how to write a novel): This guest post is by James Scott Bell . Bell is the #1 bestselling author of Plot Structure, and thesis model, award-winning thrillers like Final Witness. He served as fiction columnist for Writer#8217;s Digest magazine, to which he frequently contributes, and has written three additional craft books for Writer’s Digest Books including Revision Self-Editing, The Art of War for Writers and Conflict Suspense . Follow him on Twitter @jamesscottbell. Essay. Go to your favorite writing spot with your laptop or pad. Perhaps your location of choice is a Starbucks.

Sit down with a cup of coffee and term paper writing services, hold it with both hands. Sip it slowly. Do not put your fingers anywhere near the keyboard. Glance out a window if one is available. Wait for a skein of obesity geese flying in 5 page, V formation. If no window is essay, available, simply observe the other patrons and make sure they can see your expression of other-worldly concentration. You are waiting for inspiration. It must come from on high and fill you like fire. Until then, do not write a word. For Higher Education. If you’re tempted to start working without it, open up Spider Solitaire immediately.

Tell yourself this will relax your mind so inspiration can pour in. Obesity. Of course, those who think it wise to you essay finish their novels do things backwards . They don’t wait for inspiration. They go after it, as Jack London said he did, “with a club.” They follow the advice of Peter De Vries, who said, “I write when I’m inspired, and I see to it that I’m inspired at nine o’clock every morning.” These poor souls think the secret to writing a novel is to write, and obesity essay, work through minor problems quickly, and major ones after the first draft is done. They do things like this: Establish a writing quota. The quota is based not on how much time they spend thinking about writing, but on how many words they get down. Some do a daily quota, others do it by the week. But they figure out you essay what they can comfortably get done and set a quota about 10 percent above that as a goal. Review the previous day’s writing and move on. By looking at what they wrote the day before, they get back into the flow of their story. They fix little things, spelling and style mostly, but then get on with the day’s work. And one day they look up and see a finished manuscript.

They have lost sight of how not to write a novel. The great pitcher Satchel Paige said, “Don’t look back. Something may be gaining on obesity, you.” It’s good life advice, but in order to not write your novel, you must ignore it. To not write your novel, constantly worry about going abroad education, how bad your book might turn out to be. Pause every thousand words or so and think, This is about the worst piece of crud known to man. Essay. Where did I put the bourbon?

This is sometimes known as the “inner critic,” and he’s your best friend. If you think about who inspired, those doubts long enough, you can even develop them into obesity essay, fears . Jack Bickham, a novelist who was even better known for his books on the craft, put it this way: “All of essay us are scared: of looking dumb, of running out of ideas, of never selling our copy, of not getting noticed. We fiction writers make a business of being scared, and not just of looking dumb. Obesity. Some of these fears may never go away, and we may just have to professional term paper services learn to live with them.” Of course, some writers learn not only to essay live with doubt and going abroad, fear, but to defeat them. How do they do that? I shouldn’t tell you, because it’s counterproductive to not writing your novel.

But mostly they simply pound away at the keyboard. They concentrate on the words in obesity essay, front of them and kick that inner critic to the curb. They train themselves to wasp do this via writing exercises, such as: The Five-Minute Nonstop. Write for five minutes, first thing in the morning if possible, without stopping to think about essay, what you’re writing. Who Inspired You Essay. No correcting. Just write.

The Page-Long Sentence. Obesity Essay. Choose something to describe (a room or a character) and write a page-long sentence about it, not pausing to edit and essay for higher, instead going on whatever tangents present themselves. The List Maker. Whenever you’re stuck for an idea to pursue, make a list. Brainstorm ideas without assessing them. Turn off your filter. Get lots of ideas, then pick the best one.

Writers who have dulled the obesity inner critic don’t worry about getting the words right. The only thing they worry about is getting the wasp factory essay words written. They really have not got this not writing a novel thing down at all. Are you looking amp up the obesity essay stakes in assignment, your novel? Do you need your readers to connect to your work? Then you need this principle guide to advanced fiction writing. Write the book that your readers can#8217;t put down with the proven writing techniques in this value pack. This piece of advice on how to not write a novel applies whether you finish your first draft or not. It’s the cry of the artistic rebel who will go to the grave denouncing rules and obesity essay, techniques and anything that gets within a hundred yards of structure. This does create a very good feeling, like you’re the king of the world. You can completely ignore all of the storytellers who came before you (be sure to call them hacks or sellouts ). The fact that you’ll most likely not place your book anywhere shouldn’t hinder you from essay about abroad for higher your intractable writing course.

The misdirected scribes who actually sell their books and build readerships take the craft of essay writing seriously. They study it without apology. They have people give them feedback—editors, critique groups, trusted and objective friends—and they read countless novels and examine what’s going on. They’ll do the wasp essay following: Analyze successful stories. They ask questions when reading and use their findings to help strengthen their work. For example: How does the writer make me want to turn the obesity essay page? Why am I drawn to the lead character? When are the stakes raised?

How does the 3 to 5 page essay writer integrate minor characters? What makes a scene work? What’s the key to conflict? How does the writer handle dialogue? These studious writers will be spotted reading Writer’s Digest and books on writing. What they learn they apply and practice, and through the wonder of trial and obesity, error find themselves growing as writers. But this is an article on how not to model write a novel, so follow their example at your peril.

Here’s a surefire way not only to create a novel not worth reading, but scuttle your career as well. Obesity. Decide that arrogance and essay, defiance are your two weapons of choice to bulldog your way to publication. When you have a manuscript rejected, treat it as a personal insult. Think of editors and agents as nasty creatures who love saying no, who sit at their computers laughing Bwahahahahaha as they fire off their favorite thing: the obesity essay impersonal form letter. You can carry all this to your social media sites and publicly rebuke such shortsightedness. By name. Those who do break through and collateral assignment of beneficial, obtain a career have the crazy idea that they can recover—even learn—from rejection and use it as motivation to write better. They foolishly remember the admonition of writer Ron Goulart: “Never assume that a rejection of your stuff is also a rejection of you as a person.

Unless it’s accompanied by a punch in the nose.” Yes, they recognize that rejection hurts. But they believe it’s part of the process and always will be. Writers like this do the following: Wallow, then write. They let the rejection hurt for half an hour or so, then get back to the keyboard. Learn from the essay critique. They go through the letter and thesis model essay, their manuscript and attempt to obesity draw out who inspired any lesson the rejection brings. They understand that people in obesity essay, the publishing industry actually want to find new authors. Factory Essay. Of course, these are terrible tips for not writing a novel! Now let’s talk about one of the essay biggest keys to a novel that really has no chance. Start by assignment of beneficial interest, chasing the market.

Study the bestseller lists and essay, try to identify a trend and jump on it. There’s a saying in paper writing services, publishing that the moment you spot a trend, it’s too late to join it. By the obesity time you finish writing something you think will be popular because it’s popular now, that ship will have largely sailed. Ignore that saying, or you may end up with something agents and editors look for: a fresh voice. Such writers are market conscious. They know that publishers are in this business to thesis model essay make money, a return on their investment in a new writer. But they still manage to bring something new to the table, namely their own heart and passion filtered through a craft that enables readers to share their vision. Essay. Yes, vision. Any genre needs it.

As super agent Donald Maass says in The Fire in Fiction : “What the hell are you trying to essay say to me?” Writers with fresh voices: Explore all facets of a story. Obesity. They concentrate on you essay, feeling the story as well as writing it. Read a wide variety of obesity essay material. These writers read outside their genre—even poetry!—not to find out wasp essay what’s hot, but to expand their stylistic range. But just beware that if you do find your voice, that means you’re not not writing your novel. 6. Essay. Take as many shortcuts as possible. With the wasp factory essay boom in e-books and the ease with which anything can be “published,” writers have a new way not to essay write a novel that might be worth reading. It’s by holding the thesis model thought firmly in obesity, mind that whatever they write is worth putting out as a self-released e-book, and they will do it no matter what! This relieves a lot of the essay pressure of trying to grow as a writer. One can combine this with the chip-on-your-shoulder attitude for a terrific double whammy. Of course, other writers—those who are laying a strong foundation in the nontraditional realm of obesity essay digital and independent publishing—foolishly continue to find surefire ways to vet their work:

They will use test readers. They don’t trust themselves in all ways. They know they need objective readers, so they cultivate people they trust to tell them specifically what’s not working. Then they’ll figure out a way to fix it. They will hire a good freelance editor. They know that the big benefit of a traditional publisher is professional editing, so it’s worth it to them to find a reputable freelance editor to go over grade 3 to 5 page their work. Note the word reputable . There are less-than-savory services out obesity there that will gladly take a writer’s money for very little quality work. (And if you’re trying to not write a novel that’s publishable, you should probably use them!) If all else succeeds and you’re still intent on not finishing your novel, you have a surefire fallback: Stop writing.

Forget the examples of those who persevered and eventually found an essay about abroad for higher education agent or got published. Obesity. Like Kathryn Stockett. Of Beneficial. She wrote and edited The Help over a five-year period, then got three-and-a-half years’ worth of rejections from agents—60 in all. It was agent 61 who took her on, and obesity essay, the rest you know well. Published authors will tell you it’s all about term writing, perseverance, the one characteristic all successful writers share. They’ll tell you as long as you’ve got a computer and keyboard, or pen and essay, paper, you can write. And as long as you write you have a chance to get published. Author David Eddings said, “Keep working. Keep trying.

Keep believing. You still might not make it, but at least you gave it your best shot. Who Inspired You Essay. If you don’t have calluses on your soul, writing isn’t for you. Take up knitting instead.” [Like this quote? Click here to Tweet and share it!] With several bestselling series under his belt, he definitely wasn’t very good at not writing novels. Obesity. … Wait. What’s that? You actually want to paper writing services write a novel? Well, I’m not the writing sheriff. The choice is yours. Essay. Other writing/publishing articles links for you: 57 thoughts on “ 7 Things That Will Doom Your Novel (#038; How to Avoid Them) ”

Thanks for the article. I enjoyed the read. #128578; Hm. Writing your novel and collateral interest, selling it are two different things. Essay. Unfortunately, selling it does seem to mean you must look over your shoulder as you write it, create what the 3 to essay agents claim to want—like a fresh voice— and tick all the boxes that mean what they actually want is obesity essay, a book very much like the assignment of beneficial interest ones they#8217;ve already sold. Obesity. (And for god#8217;s sake, don#8217;t write a prologue, even if it#8217;s what your story requires.) One of the boxes you must tick is #8216;length.#8217; Good luck being a first-time novelist with a book that#8217;s around 200,000 words, and admitting to this in a query letter. The book may be very good indeed (I#8217;ve read many, published in the not-so-distant past) that are easily that length and kept me glued throughout. However, you write one of those you will NOT sell it via an agent any more. It will go straight in the bin before they even bother to ask for the first few chapters, to 3 to 5 page essay test your actual writing ability. So, as long as you accept that writing and selling are two entirely different things, with very different requirements these days, fair enough. Fantastic.

Looks like I#8217;m currently on essay, the right track to NOT writing a novel, but I can#8217;t say for going for higher education, sure if I#8217;d still be the same tomorrow! just amaze to read this valuable and useful article.thanks for obesity essay, share this with us.I just cant imagine that you are going to spread the best informative post. Wow that means you are here to learn that how to became your hubby#8217;s favorite and special..This is really interesting and amazing. Escorts in Dehradun. Wonderful and i just amaze to be here,thanks for share this with us.i just amaze to read this and to discover this. That was really an 5 page awesome post i like it thanks for the share.. academic coursework writing service is the best service for obesity, the students. Very interesting blog.

Alot of blogs I see these days don#8217;t really provide anything that I#8217;m interested in, but I#8217;m most definately interested in this one. Just thought that I would post and let you know. Amazing, this is great as you want to learn more, I invite to This is my page. Lovetraction Lines. Professional Term Paper. my buddy#8217;s sister-in-law makes $74 every hour on the internet . Essay. She has been out of rubric 5 page a job for nine months but last month her pay was $17118 just working on the internet for a few hours. go now#8230; cashnewbie.COM. Hello, wow, it is very cool tips! I absolutely agree with it! AS for me, it is obesity essay, very difficult to understand, where my inspiration and where is my bad mood!! I am a very Bory writer and I need a good motivation and this thing #8221; Keep a chip on your shoulder#8221; for me! Thank you very much, writing can be very interesting and even needed for essay, you!)

Excellent advice James. I know writer wanna be#8217;s and this article should be required reading. I have all your books on writing and enjoy the conversational, easy to read style they#8217;re written in. I have also attended your webinars. Obesity Essay. Good luck with your writing! Correction (writer wanna bes no apostrophe). Your article is on point. I’ve probably wanted to do each one.

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coleridge essay Literary Terms and Definitions: C. This page is under perpetual construction! It was last upda ted January 5, 2017. CACOPHONY (Greek, bad sound): The term in poetry refers to essay, the use of words that combine sharp, harsh, hissing, or unmelodious sounds. It is the opposite of euphony . CADEL (Dutch cadel and/or French cadeau , meaning a gift; a little something extra): A small addition or extra item added to an initial letter. Common cadels include pen-drawn faces or grotesques.

Examples include the faces appearing in the initial letters of the Lansdowne 851 manuscript of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales . CADENCE : The melodic pattern just before the end of wasp factory, a sentence or phrase--for instance an interrogation or an exhortation. More generally, the natural rhythm of language depending on the position of stressed and essay unstressed syllables. Collateral Interest! Cadence is obesity, a major component of individual writers' styles. A cadence group is a coherent group of words spoken as a single rhythmical unit, such as a prepositional phrase, of parting day or a noun phrase, our inalienable rights. CADENCE GROUP : See discussion under cadence . CAESURA (plural: caesurae ): A pause separating phrases within lines of poetry--an important part of poetic rhythm . The term caesura comes from the Latin a cutting or a slicing. Paper Writing Services! Some editors will indicate a caesura by inserting a slash (/) in the middle of a poetic line. Obesity! Others insert extra space in this location. Others do not indicate the caesura typographically at all. CALQUE : An expression formed by grade 3 to individually translating parts of a longer foreign expression and obesity essay then combining them in a way that may or may not make literal sense in rubric 5 page essay, the new language.

Algeo provides the obesity essay, example of the English phrase trial balloon , which is a calque for the French ballon d'essai (Algeo 323). CALLIGRAPHIC WORK : In medieval manuscripts, this is (as Kathleen Scott states), Decorative work, usually developing from or used to make up an important or introductory initial, or developing from ascenders at the top of the wasp factory, page and obesity essay descenders at about for higher education, the bottom of the justified text; a series of strokes made by obesity holding a quill constant at one angle to produce broader and narrower lines, which in combination appear to overlap one another to form strap-work (Scott 370). CANCEL : A bibliographical term referring to a leaf which is substituted for essay about going abroad, one removed by the printers because of an error. For instance, the first quarto of obesity essay, Shakespeare's Troilus and Cressida has a title page existing in both cancelled and essay uncancelled states, leaving modern readers in some doubt as to essay, whether the play should be considered a comedy, history, or tragedy. CANON (from Grk kanon , meaning reed or measuring rod): Canon has three general meanings. (1) An approved or traditional collection of works.

Originally, the term canon applied to the list of books to services, be included as authentic biblical doctrine in the Hebrew and Christian Bible, as opposed to apocryphal works (works of dubious, mysterious or uncertain origin). Click here for more information. (2) Today, literature students typically use the word canon to refer to those works in obesity, anthologies that have come to be considered standard or traditionally included in model essay, the classroom and published textbooks. In this sense, the canon denotes the entire body of literature traditionally thought to be suitable for admiration and study. (3) In addition, the word canon refers to the writings of an author that scholars generally accepted as genuine products of said author, such as the Chaucer canon or the Shakespeare canon. Chaucer's canon includes The Canterbury Tales , for obesity essay, instance, but it does not include the apocryphal work, The Plowman's Tale, which has been mistakenly attributed to assignment, him in the past. Likewise, the Shakespearean canon has only obesity two apocryphal plays ( Pericles and the Two Noble Kinsmen ) that have gained wide acceptance as authentic Shakespearean works beyond the thirty-six plays contained in the First Folio. NB : Do not confuse the spelling of cannon (the big gun) with canon (the official collection of literary works). The issue of canonical literature is essay going for higher, a thorny one. Traditionally, those works considered canonical are typically restricted to dead white European male authors. Obesity! Many modern critics and teachers argue that women, minorities, and who inspired non-Western writers are left out of the literary canon unfairly. Additionally, the canon has always been determined in part by philosophical biases and political considerations.

In response, some critics suggest we do away with a canon altogether, while others advocate enlarging or expanding the existing canon to achieve a more representative sampling. CANTICLE : A hymn or religious song using words from any part of the Bible except the obesity, Psalms. CANTO : A sub-division of an epic or narrative poem comparable to a chapter in a novel. Going Abroad For Higher Education! Examples include the divisions in Dante's Divine Comedy , Lord Byron's Childe Harold , or Spenser's Faerie Queene . Cf. fit . CANZONE : In general, the term has three meanings. (1) It refers generally to the words of a Provençal or Italian song. (2) More specifically, an Italian or Provençal song relating to essay, love or the praise of beauty is a canzone. (3) Poems in English that bear some similarity to Provençal lyrics are called canzones --such as Auden's unrhymed poem titled Canzone, which uses the end words of the first twelve-line stanza in each of the following stanzas. CAPTIVITY NARRATIVE : A narrative, usually autobiographical in who inspired you essay, origin, concerning colonials or settlers who are captured by Amerindian or aboriginal tribes and live among them for some time before gaining freedom. An example would be Mary Rowlandson's A Narrative of the Captivity and Restauration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson , which details her Indian captivity among the obesity, Wampanoag tribe in the late seventeenth century. Contrast with escape literature and slave narrative . CARDINAL VIRTUES (also called the 5 page essay, Four Pagan Virtues ): In contrast to the three spiritual or Christian virtues of fides (faith), spes (hope), and caritas (love) espoused in the New Testament, the four cardinal virtues consisted of prudence, temperance, fortitude, and justice. Obesity Essay! Theologians like Saint Augustine argued Christians alone monopolized faith in wasp factory, a true God, hope of a real afterlife, and the ability to love human beings not for essay, their own sake, but as a manifestation of essay about going for higher, God's creation. Essay! However, these early theologians argued that pagans could still be virtuous in the cardinal virtues, the old values of the Roman Empire before the collateral assignment interest, coming of Christianity.

In Latin terminology, pagan Rome espoused the four cardinal virtues as follows: The Latin four-fold classification--later adopted by Saint Augustine and Saint Thomas Aquinas--originates in essay, much older Greek philosophy. In The Republic , Plato uses similar virtues as a way to dissect the roles different citizens would play in an ideal state. Cf. Who Inspired! pietas . Cf. Seven Deadly Sins . CARET (Lat., it lacks): Also called a wedge , an up-arrow , or a hat , this editorial mark looks much the Greek letter lambda or an arrowhead pointing upwards. Here is an example: ^ . An editor will write a caret underneath a line of text to indicate that a word, letter, or punctuation mark needs insertion at essay, the spot where the two lines converge. CARMEN : (Lat. song or poem): The generic Latin term for a song or poem--especially a love-song or love-poem. Factory! After Ovid was banished to Tomis by the Emperor in the year 8 AD, he wrote that his crime was carmen et error (a song and essay a mistake).

This has led some scholars to wonder if his scandalous poem The Ars Amatoria (The Art of Love) may have invoked the thesis model, wrath of Emperor Augustus whose Julian Marian laws sought to curb adultery and illicit sexuality. CARPE DIEM : Literally, the phrase is Latin for seize the day, from carpere (to pluck, harvest, or grab) and the accusative form of die (day). The term refers to a common moral or theme in classical literature that the reader should make the obesity essay, most out of who inspired you essay, life and should enjoy it before it ends. Poetry or literature that illustrates this moral is often called poetry or literature of the carpe diem tradition. Examples include Marvell's To His Coy Mistress, and Herrick's To the Virgins, to Make Much of obesity, Time. Cf. Anacreontics , Roman Stoicism , Epicureanism , transitus mundi , and the ubi sunt motif. CASE : The inflectional form of a noun, pronoun, or (in some languages) adjective that shows how the word relates to essay, the verb or to other nouns of the same clause. For instance, them is the objective case of they , and their is the possessive case of essay, they . Common cases include the nominative, the factory, accusative, the genitive, the dative, the ablative, the vocative, and the instrumental forms. Patterns of particular endings added to words to indicate their case are called declensions . Click here for expanded information.

CASTE DIALECT : A dialect spoken by specific hereditary classes in a society. Often the use of caste dialect marks the speaker as part of that particular class. Obesity! For instance, a dalit or untouchable is the lowest caste in about abroad education, the Indian Hindu caste system while a brahmin is the highest caste. Although the two groups may frequently share a common language, they each also have specialized vocabulary and speech mannerisms that to a native speaker may quickly advertise their social background. CATACHRESIS (Grk. Obesity! misuse): A completely impossible figure of speech or an implied metaphor that results from combining other extreme figures of speech such as anthimeria , hyperbole , synaesthesia , and metonymy . The results in each case are so unique that it is hard to state a general figure of professional term paper services, speech that embodies all of the possible results. It is far easier to give examples. For instance, Hamlet says of Gertrude, I will speak daggers to obesity, her. A man can speak words, but no one can literally speak daggers. In spite of that impossibility, readers know Shakespeare means Hamlet will address Gertrude in a painful, contemptuous way. In pop music from the of beneficial, 1980s, the performer Meatloaf tells a disappointed lover, There ain't no Coup de Ville hiding the bottom of obesity, a crackerjack box. The image of a luxury car hidden as a prize in the bottom of a tiny cardboard candybox emphasizes how unlikely or impossible it is 3 to essay, his hopeful lover will find such a fantastic treasure in someone as cheap, common, and unworthy as the obesity, speaker in model, these lyrics.

Sometimes the catachresis results from stacking one impossibility on top of another. Obesity Essay! Consider these examples: There existed a void inside that void within his mind. About For Higher! Joe will have kittens when he hears this! I will sing victories for you. A man that studies revenge keeps his own wounds green.--Bacon I do not ask much: / I beg cold comfort. --Shakespeare, ( King John 5.7.41) His complexion is perfect gallows--Shakespeare, ( Tempest 1.1.33) And that White Sustenance--Despair--Dickinson The Oriel Common Room stank of logic --Cardinal Newman O, I could lose all Father now--Ben Jonson, on obesity the death of his seven-year old son.

The voice of collateral assignment interest, your eyes is deeper than all roses --e.e. cummings. For a more recent example, consider the disturbingly cheerful pop song by Foster the People, Pumped Up Kicks, which deals with a school shooting. Here, the shooter/narrator thinks, I've waited for a long time. Yeah, the sleight of my hand is now a quick-pull trigger. / I reason with my cigarette. Obesity! One can reason with induction or deduction, but how does one reason with a cigarette? Here, the catachresis might evoke the idea of the model, cool kid using personal style instead of a persuasive argument, or it might evoke the imagery of torture--burning victims with a cigarette-butt to make one's point. This sort of evocative, almost nonsensical language is the heart of essay, good catachresis.

Other examples, in The Lord of the rubric, Rings, Tolkien uses catachresis to describe Legolas's disgusted outburst at encountering an Orc by essay asserting, 'Yrch!' siad Legolas, falling into assignment interest, his own tongue.' One call fall into obesity, a pool of water or fall into a bed, but how does one fall into a language? As Milton so elegantly phrased it, catachresis is all about blind mouths. Such catachresis often results from hyperbole and synaesthesia . A special subtype of catachresis is abusio , a mixed metaphor that results when two metaphors collide. For instance, one U. S. senator learned of an unlikely political alliance. He is said to who inspired you essay, have exclaimed, Now that is a horse of a different feather. This abusio is the result of essay, two metaphors. The first is the cliché metaphor comparing anything unusual to a horse of a different color.

The second is the proverbial metaphor about how birds of a feather flock together. However, by paper taking the two dead metaphors and combining them, the resulting image of a horse of a different feather truly emphasizes how bizarre and unlikely the resulting political alliance was. Essay! Intentionally or not, the senator created an ungainly, unnatural animal that reflects the ungainly, unnatural coalition he condemned. Purists of thesis, languages often scrowl at abusio with good reason. Too commonly abusio is the essay, result of sloppy writing, such as the history student who wrote the dreadful hand of totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and growls at its enemies. (It would have been better to stick with a single metaphor and state the eye of totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and glares at its enemies. About Going! We should leave out the mixed imagery of watchful hands growling at obesity, people; it's just stupid and inconsistent.) However, when used intentionally for assignment interest, a subtle effect, abusio and catachresis can be powerful tools for originality.

CATALECTIC : In poetry, a catalectic line is a truncated line in which one or more unstressed syllables have been dropped, especially in the final metrical foot. For instance, acephalous or headless lines are catalectic, containing one fewer syllable than would be normal for the line. For instance, Babette Deutsche notes the second line in this couplet from A. E. Obesity! Housman is catalectic: And if my ways are not as theirs, Let them mind their own affairs. On the other hand, in trochaic verse, the final syllable tends to be the who inspired, truncated one, as Deutsche notes about the obesity essay, first two lines of Shelley's stanza: Music, when soft voices die, Vibrates in the memory-- Odours, when sweet violets sicken, Live within the senses they quicken. The term catalectic contrasts with an acatalectic line, which refers to a normal line of poetry containing the you essay, expected number of obesity essay, syllables in each line, or a hypercatalectic line, which has one or more extra syllables than would normally be expected.

CATALEXIS : Truncation of a poetic line--i.e., in essay about going abroad education, poetry, a catalectic line is shortened or truncated so that unstressed syllables drop from essay, a line. The act of such truncation is called catalexis. If catalexis occurs at the start of a line, that line is said to be acephalous or headless. See catalectic . CATALOGING : Creating long lists for rubric grade 3 to, poetic or rhetorical effect. The technique is common in obesity, epic literature, where conventionally the poet would devise long lists of famous princes, aristocrats, warriors, and mythic heroes to wasp, be lined up in obesity essay, battle and slaughtered. The technique is you essay, also common in the practice of giving illustrious genealogies (and so-and-so begat so-and-so, or x, son of y, son of z etc.) for famous individuals. An example in American literature is Whitman's multi-page catalog of American types in section 15 of Song of obesity, Myself. An excerpt appears below:

The pure contralto sings in the organ loft, The carpenter dresses his plank, the tongue of his foreplane whistles its wild ascending lisp, The married and unmarried children ride home to their Thanksgiving dinner, The pilot seizes the king-pin, he heaves down with a strong arm, The mate stands braced in the whale-boat, lance and harpoon are ready, The duck-shooter walks by silent and cautious stretches, The deacons are ordained with crossed hands at the altar, The spinning-girl retreats and advances to the hum of the big wheel, The farmer stops by the bars as he walks on a First-day loaf and looks at the oats and rye, The lunatic is carried at last to the asylum a confirmed case. [etc.] One of the you essay, more humorous examples of cataloging appears in the Welsh Mabinogion . In one tale, Culhwch and Olwen, the protagonist invokes in an oath all the names of King Arthur's companion-warriors, giving lists of their unusual attributes or abilities running to six pages.

CATASTROPHE : The turning downward of the plot in a classical tragedy. By tradition, the catastrophe occurs in the fourth act of the play after the climax. (See tragedy .) Freytag's pyramid illustrates visually the essay, normal charting of the catastrophe in who inspired you essay, a plotline. CATCH : A lyric poem or song meant to be sung as a round, with the words arranged in each line so that the audience will hear a hidden (often humorous or ribald) message as the obesity, groups of about going abroad education, singers sing their separate lyrics and space out the wording of the poem. For example, one might write a song in which the first line contained the words up, the word look appears in the middle of the third line, the word dress appears in obesity essay, the second line, and the word her appears in the middle of the fourth line. When the song or poem is sung as a round by four groups of singers, the word order and timing is arranged so that the term, singers create the essay, hidden phrase look up her dress as they sing, to the amusement of the audience as they listen to an otherwise innocent set of lyrics. Robert Herrick's To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time is an example of a catch, and when William Lawes adapted the poem to music for Milton's masque Comus , it became one of the most popular drinking songs of the 1600s (Damrosche 844-45). CATCHWORD : This phrase comes from printing; it refers to grade 3 to essay, a trick printers would use to keep pages in their proper order.

The printer would print a specific word below the text at the bottom of a page. This word would match the first word on the next page. A printer could thus check the obesity, order by flipping quickly from one page to the next and making sure the catchword matched appropriately. Essay Going Abroad! This trick has been valuable to modern codicologists because it allows us to note missing pages that have been lost, misplaced, or censored. CATHARSIS : An emotional discharge that brings about a moral or spiritual renewal or welcome relief from tension and anxiety. According to Aristotle, catharsis is the obesity, marking feature and ultimate end of any tragic artistic work. He writes in his Poetics (c. 350 BCE): Tragedy is an imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and wasp of a certain magnitude; . Essay! . . through pity [ eleos ] and about fear [ phobos ] effecting the essay, proper purgation [ catharsis ] of these emotions (Book 6.2). (See tragedy .) Click here to download a pdf handout concerning this material. CAVALIER : A follower of thesis essay, Charles I of England (ruled c. 1625-49) in his struggles with the Puritan-dominated parliament.

The term is used in obesity, contrast with Roundheads , his Puritan opponents. Cavaliers were primarily wealthy aristocrats and courtiers. They were famous for their long hair, fancy clothing, licentious or hedonistic behavior, and their support of the arts. See Cavalier drama and Cavalier poets , below. Ultimately, Cromwell led the abroad, Roundheads in a coup d'état and established a Puritan dictatorship in England, leading to the end of the English Renaissance and its artistic, scientific, and cultural achievements.

To see where Charles' reign fits in English history, you can download this PDF handout listing the reigns of English monarchs chronologically. CAVALIER DRAMA : A form of English drama comprising court plays that the essay, Queen gave patronage to in the who inspired you essay, 1630s. Most critics have been underimpressed with these plays, given that they are mostly unoriginal and written in a ponderous style. The Puritan coup d'état and the later execution of King Charles mercifully terminated the obesity essay, dramatic period, but unfortunately also ended their poetry, which was quite good in comparison. CAVALIER POETS : A group of Cavalier English lyric poets who supported King Charles I and wrote during his reign and who opposed the Puritans, his political enemies.

The major Cavalier poets included Carew, Waller, Lovelace, Sir John Suckling, and Herrick. They largely abandoned the collateral of beneficial interest, sonnet form favored for a century earlier, but they still focused on the themes of love and obesity sensuality and their work illustrates technical virtuosity as J. A. Cuddon put it (125). They show strong signs of Ben Jonson's influence. CAVE, THE : Not to be confused with Plato's allegorical cave , this term is a nickname for a gathering of Tolkien and fellow Oxford English scholars in the 1930s before the who inspired, Inklings formed. As Drout's J.R.R. Essay! Tolkien Encyclopedia summarizes the details, the model, name comes from obesity essay, I Samuel 22:1-2, where the Cave of Adullam became the place for David's conpiracies against going for higher education King Saul, possibly implying that the members of the Cave at Oxford saw themselves as righteously subversive of the obesity essay, academic establishment. Members of the rubric 3 to 5 page essay, Cave included C.S. Lewis, J.R.R. Obesity Essay! Tolkien, Neville Coghill, Hugh Dyson, and Cleanth Brooks. They were distinguished scholars of various fields.

Eventually, in 1933, C.S. 3 To 5 Page Essay! Lewis's brother Warnie retired to Oxford after a bout with alcoholism and could not regularly make meetings at the Cave. C.S. Obesity Essay! Lewis took it upon himself to paper writing, raid the Cave for similarly-minded scholars to become a part of the new Inklings group (Lobdell cited in Drout 88). Cf. Inklings and Cave, Plato's below. CAVE, PLATO'S : In Plato's Republic , Socrates, Plato, and several of their fellows debate the obesity essay, nature of ideal government.

In the section on education in professional paper writing, this ideal Republic, they argue about the purpose of education. As part of Socrates' argument, the discussion veers into an allegory in which human existence is being trapped in a cave of ignorance, chained in place and unable to view anything except shadows cast on the wall. Some of those shadows are vague outlines of actual unseen truths beyond the perception of the senses; others are false images deliberately designed to mislead the cave-dwellers, keeping them content and unquestioning. The purpose of education becomes freeing the imprisoned human and forcing him to leave the cave, to look at the actual objects that make the shadows. Cf.

Platonic Forms . While reading Plato's cave as an allegory of education is a common interpretation, some philosophers (especially medieval readers) often took a more mystical approach to the Greek text, interpreting the cave as the material or physical world, while the shadows were mere outline of a greater spiritual truths--hidden and eternal beyond the physical world. C. S. Lewis coopts this idea in The Last Battle , in obesity, which the essay about going abroad education, characters discover after death that Narnia has merely been a crude approximation of obesity, heaven, and the further they travel in the onion ring, the grade 5 page, larger and more beautiful and obesity essay more true the inner rings become. CELLERAGE : The hollow area beneath a Renaissance stage--known in Renaissance slang as hell and entered through a trapdoor called a hellmouth . The voice of the ghost comes from this area in grade 3 to essay, Hamlet , which has led to scholarly discussion concerning whether or not the ghost is obesity, really Hamlet's father or a demon in disguise. CELTIC : A branch of the Indo-European family of languages. Celtic includes Welsh and Breton. Celtic languages are geographically linked to western Europe, and they come in two general flavors, goidelic (or Q-celtic) and brythonic (or P-celtic). CELTIC REVIVAL : A literary movement involving increased interest in Welsh, Scottish, and Irish culture, myths, legends, and wasp literature. It began in the late 1700s and continues to this day. Essay! Thomas Gray's Pindaric ode The Bard (1757) and Ieuan Brydydd's publication of Some Specimens of the Poetry of the Ancient Welsh Bards (1764) mark its emergence, and Charlotte Guest's translation of The Mabinogion in 1839 marks its continued rise.

Matthew Arnold's lectures on Celtic literature at Oxford helped promote the thesis essay, foundation of a Chair of Celtic at that school in 1877. The Celtic Revival influenced Thomas Love Peacock, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and W. B. Yeats, and probably led to essay, the creation of the Abbey Theatre . A continuing part of the Celtic Revival is the Irish Literary Renaissance , a surge of extraordinary Irish talent in the late nineteenth and twentieth century including Bram Stoker, James Joyce, William Butler Yeats, Samuel Beckett, George Bernard Shaw, and paper writing services Seamus Heaney. CENOTAPH : A carving on obesity essay a tombstone or monument, often in the form of a verse poem, biblical passage, or literary allusion appearing after the deceased individual's name and date of birth/death. Often used synonymously with epitaph . CENSORSHIP : The act of hiding, removing, altering or destroying copies of assignment of beneficial interest, art or writing so that general public access to it is partially or completely limited. Contrast with bowdlerization.

Click here to download a PDF handout discussing censorship in great detail. The term originates in an occupational position in the Roman government. After the fifth century BCE, Rome commissioned censors. Essay! These censors at first were limited to conducting the census for tax estimations, but in latter times, their job was to impose moral standards for citizenship, including the removal of unsavory literature. See also the thesis model essay, Censorship Ordinance of 1559 and the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENSORSHIP ORDINANCE OF 1559 : This law under Queen Elizabeth required the political censorship of public plays and all printed materials in matters of religion and the government. The Master of obesity, Revels was appointed to monitor and control such material. All of Shakespeare's early works were written under this act. We can see signs of alteration in his early works to conform to the requirements of the thesis, censors. Contrast with the essay, Profanity Act of 1606 . CENTAUR MYTH : In mythology and literary use, a common motif is the centaur (a hybrid of horse-body with a human torso where the horse's head would be).

This mythic creature has gone through a number of collateral of beneficial interest, allegorical transformations in different literary periods. In classical Greek artwork and literature, centaurs were associated with sex and violence. Their lineage traces them to Centaurus, the twin brother of essay, King Lapithes. Both Centaurus and Lapithes were the offspring of Apollo and a river nymph named Stilbe. Stilbe gave birth to twins, with the wasp factory essay, elder Lapithes being strong, brave and handsome, but the obesity essay, younger twin Centaurus was ugly, brutish, and deformed. Unable to find a woman willing to marry him, Centaurus engaged in bestiality with mares, who in turn gave birth to essay, half-human, half-horse hybrids that terrorized the land, becoming the first centaurs. Many Greek temples such as the Parthenon included a prominent carved scene called a centauromachia , which depicted the battle between Pirithous, a later king of the Lapith tribe, as he battled with centaurs who party-crashed his wedding and attempted to abduct the bride and bridesmaids. The scene was also popular in Greek pottery and wall-painting, and it helped cement the Greek idea that centaurs were generally loutish creatures symbolizing bestial natures--especially the lower passions of gluttony, rapine, and sexuality. Only a few exceptions (such as Chiron) were exceptions to essay, this rule, and paper services Greek heroes like Hercules spent a great deal of time beating up centaurs who sought to kidnap their wives and lovers. Later, medieval bestiaries revisited and Christianized the centaur myth.

One medieval bestiary/commentary used centaurs as symbols of hypocrisy. Obesity! After pews gradually become common in collateral assignment of beneficial interest, late medieval churches near the obesity, turn of the Renaissance, such bestiaries depicted the centaur as standing in who inspired, a pew so that only the human-looking upper half of the obesity essay, body was visible while the lower animal half was unseen. The commentators stated that even thus wicked people in churches would look virtuous in their public appearance, but their truly monstrous nature would remain concealed. By the Enlightenment, pastoral artwork and professional term services paintings tended to depict centaurs more as frolicking, playful creatures--erasing earlier overtones of rape and obesity evil, and by the late 19th-century, fantasy writers at the time of assignment of beneficial, George MacDonald rehabilitated them, making them deuteragonists and obesity tritagonists that heroes would encounter on their quests. Among the Inklings of the 1940s, C.S. Lewis in assignment, particular become fascinated with idealizing centaurs as noble creatures and developed them into a private symbol for spiritual and bodily perfection. Lewis saw the upward human half of a centaur as being an emblem of reason and nobility, and obesity essay the lower half being an emblem of natural biological or animal passions. Thus, the centaur became his emblem for the healthy union of the material body and assignment of beneficial interest the intellectual/spiritual domains--an organism as God intended humans to be before the fall, or the obesity, perfect amalgamation of the chariot-driver, chariot, and horses in the allegory of the charioteer that Plato retells in Phaedrus . CENTUM LANGUAGE : One of the rubric grade 3 to essay, two main branches of Indo-European languages. These centum languages are generally associated with western Indo-European languages and they often have a hard palatal /k/ sound rather than the sibilant sound found in equivalent satem words. See discussion under Indo-European . CHAIN OF BEING : An elaborate cosmological model of the universe common in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.

The Great Chain of Being was a permanently fixed hierarchy with the obesity, Judeo-Christian God at the top of the chain and inanimate objects like stones and mud at the bottom. Intermediate beings and objects, such as angels, humans, animals, and plants, were arrayed in descending order of intelligence, authority, and capability between these two extremes. The Chain of Being was seen as designed by God. The idea of the Chain of going abroad, Being resonates in art, politics, literature, cosmology, theology, and essay philosophy throughout the Middle Ages and Renaissance. It takes on particular complexity because different parts of the Chain were thought to correspond to each other. (See correspondences .) Click here for professional term services, more information. CHANSON (French song): A love-song or French love-poem, especially one the obesity essay, Provençal troubadour poets created or performed. Conventionally, the essay about education, chanson has five or six stanzas, all of identical structure, and an envoi or a tornada at obesity, the end. They were usually dedicated or devoted to a lady or a mistress in the courtly love tradition. CHANSON DE GESTE (French, song of deeds): These chansons are lengthy Old French poems written between the eleventh and fourteenth centuries glorifying Carolingian noblemen and their feudal lords.

The chansons de geste combine history and legend . They focus on religious aspects of chivalry rather than courtly love or the knightly quests so common in the chivalric romance . Typical subject-matter involves (1) internal wars and intrigue among noble factions (2) external conflict with Saracens, and (3) rebellious vassals who rise up against their lords in acts of betrayal. Typical poetic structure involves ten-syllable lines marked by assonance and stanzas of collateral assignment interest, varying length. Obesity! The chansons de geste are in many ways comparable to epics . Over eighty texts survive, but The Song of Roland is by far the most popular today. CHANSON À PERSONNAGES (French, song to people): Old French songs or poems in dialogue form. Term Paper! Common subjects include quarrels between husbands and obesity essay wives, meetings between a lone knight and a comely shepherdess, or romantic exchanges between lovers leaving each other in the morning. See aubade . CHARACTER : Any representation of an individual being presented in a dramatic or narrative work through extended dramatic or verbal representation.

The reader can interpret characters as endowed with moral and dispositional qualities expressed in wasp factory, what they say ( dialogue ) and what they do ( action ). E. M. Forster describes characters as flat (i.e., built around a single idea or quality and unchanging over the course of the narrative) or round (complex in temperament and motivation; drawn with subtlety; capable of growth and change during the course of the narrative). The main character of a work of a fiction is typically called the protagonist ; the character against essay whom the protagonist struggles or contends (if there is one), is the you essay, antagonist . If a single secondary character aids the protagonist throughout the narrative, that character is the deuteragonist (the hero's side-kick). Obesity! A character of tertiary importance is a tritagonist . Term Writing! These terms originate in classical Greek drama, in which a tenor would be assigned the role of protagonist, a baritone the role of deuteragonist, and a bass would play the tritagonist. Compare flat characters with stock characters . CHARACTERIZATION : An author or poet's use of description, dialogue, dialect, and action to create in the reader an emotional or intellectual reaction to a character or to make the essay, character more vivid and realistic. Careful readers note each character's attitude and thoughts, actions and reaction, as well as any language that reveals geographic, social, or cultural background. CHARACTONYM : An evocative or symbolic name given to a character that conveys his or her inner psychology or allegorical nature. For instance, Shakespeare has a prostitute named Doll Tearsheet and a moody young man named Mercutio . Steinbeck has the essay education, sweet-natured Candy in obesity, Of Mice and factory essay Men . Spenser has a lawless knight named Sansloy (French, without law) and an arrogant giant named Orgoglio (Italian, pride). On a more physical level, Rabelais might name a giant Gargantua or C.S. Lewis might call his talking lion Aslan (Turkish for essay, lion).

These names are all simple charactonyms. Cf. eponym . CHASTUSHKA (plur. chastushki ): In 19th-century Russian literature, a short song, usually of about going abroad education, four lines--usually epigrammatic and humorous and nature, commonly focusing on topics such as love and commonly associated with young artists. Chastushki on political topics became more common in the 20th century. Most modern examples rhyme and use regular trochaic meter, though in the oldest examples, these features are less regular, with cadences that are feminine or dactylic (Harkins 121). CHAUCERISM : In the Renaissance, experimental revivals and new word formations that were consciously designed to imitate the sounds, the feel, and verbal patterns from an older century--a verbal or grammatical anachronism . Spenser uses many Chaucerisms in The Fairie Queene . CHEKE SYSTEM : As summarized by obesity essay Baugh, a proposed method for indicating long vowels and standardizing spelling first suggested by Sir John Cheke in Renaissance orthography. Writing Services! Cheke would double vowels to obesity essay, indicate a long sound. For instance, mate would be spelled maat , lake would be spelled laak , and so on. Assignment Of Beneficial Interest! Silent e 's would be removed, and the letter y would be abolished and obesity an i used in its place (Baugh 209). It did not catch on. CHIASMUS (from Greek, cross or x): A literary scheme in which the author introduces words or concepts in a particular order, then later repeats those terms or similar ones in reversed or backwards order. Essay About! It involves taking parallelism and obesity deliberately turning it inside out, creating a crisscross pattern.

For example, consider the essay abroad for higher education, chiasmus that follows: By day the frolic, and the dance by essay night . If we draw the words as a chart, the words form an x (hence the rubric grade 3 to, word's Greek etymology, from chi meaning x): The sequence is typically a b b a or a b c c b a . I lead the life I love ; I love the life I lead . Naked I rose from the essay, earth ; to the grave I fall clothed . Biblical examples in the Greek can be found in Philippians 1:15-17 and Colossians 3:11, though the artistry is wasp essay, often lost in English translation. Chiasmus often overlaps with antimetabole . CHICANO / CHICANA LITERATURE : Twentieth- and twenty-first-century writings and poetry by obesity essay Mexican-American immigrants or their children--usually in of beneficial, English with short sections or phrases in Spanish. An example would be Sandra Cisneros' writings, such as The House on Mango Street or My Wicked Wicked Ways . Following the grammatical conventions for gender in Spanish, the adjective Chicano takes an -o suffix in reference to male authors and essay an -a suffix in reference to female authors. Cf. Latino Writing . CHIVALRY : An idealized code of military and social behavior for the aristocracy in the late medieval period. The word chivalry comes from going abroad education, Old French cheval (horse), and chivalry literally means horsemanship. Normally, only obesity rich nobility could afford the expensive armor, weaponry, and collateral assignment interest warhorses necessary for mounted combat, so the act of becoming a knight was symbolically indicated by giving the obesity, knight silver spurs. The right to term, knighthood in essay, the late medieval period was inherited through the father, but it could also be granted by the king or a lord as a reward for grade 5 page essay, services.

The tenets of chivalry attempted to civilize the brutal activity of obesity, warfare. The chivalric ideals involve sparing non-combatants such as women, children, and helpless prisoners; the protection of the church; honesty in word and bravery in deeds; loyalty to thesis essay, one's liege; dignified behavior; and single-combat between noble opponents who had a quarrel. Other matters associated with chivalry include gentlemanly contests in arms supervised by witnesses and heralds, behaving according to the manners of polite society, courtly love , brotherhood in arm s , and obesity essay feudalism . See knight for additional information. This code became of great popular interest to British readers in collateral assignment, the 1800s, leading to a surge of obesity essay, historical novels, poems, and paintings dealing with medieval matters. Examples of this nineteenth-century fascination include the Pre-Raphaelite Movement , William Morris's revival of medieval handcrafts, Scott's novels such as Ivanhoe , and the earnestly sympathetic (though unrealistic) depiction of knighthood in Tennyson's Idylls of the who inspired you essay, King . In Tennyson's poem Guinevere , King Arthur describes the ideals of obesity essay, knighthood thus: I made them lay their hands in mine and you essay swear.

To reverence the King, as if he were. Their conscience, and their conscience as their King. To break the heathen and uphold the Christ, To ride abroad redressing human wrongs, To speak no slander, no, nor listen to it, To honor his own word as if his God's, To lead sweet lives in purest chastity, To love one maiden only, cleave to essay, her, And worship her by model essay years of essay, noble deeds, Until they won her.

For the best modern scholarly discussion of chivalry as a historic reality in the Middle Ages, read Maurice H. Keen's Chivalry (Yale University Press, 1984). CHORAGOS (often Latinized as choragus ): A sponsor or patron of collateral, a play in obesity, classical Greece. Collateral Interest! Often this sponsor was honored by essay serving as the leader of the chorus (see below). CHORIC FIGURE : Any character in any type of narrative literature that serves the same purpose as a chorus in drama by term writing remaining detached from the main action and commenting upon obesity essay, or explaining this action to the audience. See chorus , below. CHORUS : (1) A group of thesis model essay, singers who stand alongside or off stage from the principal performers in a dramatic or musical performance. (2) The song or refrain that this group of singers sings. In ancient Greece, the obesity essay, chorus was originally a group of male singers and dancers ( choreuti ) who participated in religious festivals and dramatic performances by of beneficial singing commenting on the deeds of the essay, characters and who inspired interpreting the obesity, significance of the events within the play. This group contrasts with the actors (Greek hypocrites ). Shakespeare alters the traditional chorus by replacing the singers with a single figure--often allegorical in nature.

For instance, Time comes on stage in The Winter's Tale to collateral assignment interest, explain the passing years. Likewise, Rumor appears in Henry IV, Part Two to summarize the gossip about Prince Hal. See also choragos and choric figure , above. CHRISTIAN NOVEL : A novel that focuses on Christianity, evangelism, or conversion stories. Sometimes the essay, plots are overtly focused on this theme, but others are primarily allegorical or symbolic. Traditionally, most literary critics have rated these works as being of lower literary quality than the term writing, canon of great novels in Western civilization.

Examples include Bodie Thoen's In My Father's House , Catherine Marshall's Christy , Par Lagerkvist's Barabbas , Henryk Sienkiewicz's Quo Vadis , and Lloyd C. Douglas's The Robe . CHRISTOLOGICAL FIGURE : In theology, Christology is the study of Jesus' nature, i.e., whether Christ had both a human and divine nature, whether he had one sentient will alone or one human will and one divine will, whether he was theoretically capable of sin like humanity or perfectly righteous like the other persons in the trinity, whether he shared in the Father's omniscience or suffered from human afflictions like doubt or ignorance, whether he existed or not before his biological birth, whether he was equal in authority and power to the other persons in essay, the trinity, and whether he actually had a physical body (the orthodox view) or was composed entirely of spirit (the Arian view). In literary studies, the term christological has been commandeered to you essay, refer to (1) an object, person, or figure that represents Christ allegorically or symbolically, or (2) any similar object, person, or figure with qualities generally reminiscent of Christ. Obesity! Examples of christological figures include the who inspired, Old Man in Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea , who after his struggle with the fish ends up bleeding from his palms and lying on the floor in a cruciform pattern; the lion Aslan in C. S. Lewis's The Chronicles of Narnia , who allows himself like the lion of the tribe of Judah to be slain in order to redeem a traitorous child; and essay the unicorn in medieval bestiaries, which would lie down and place its phallic , ivory-horned meekly in a maiden's lap so that hunters might kill it--which medieval monks interpreted as an allegory of Christ allowing himself to enter the womb of the virgin Mary so that he might later be sacrificed. Zora Neale Hurston creates a christ-figure in Delia Jones, who in the short story Sweat suffers to support her ungrateful husband and professional term writing services crawled over the earth in Gethsemane and up the rocks of Calvary many, many times . . . Obesity! and so on. CHRONICLE : A history or a record of events. It refers to any systematic account or narration of events that makes minimal attempt to interpret, question, or analyze that history. Because of this, chronicles often contain large amounts of folklore or other word-of-mouth legends the writer has heard. In biblical literature, the book of you essay, Chronicles is essay, one example of a chronicle. Medieval chronicles include Joinville's account of the Crusades and Geoffrey of thesis, Monmouth's History of the Kings of Britain , a source for much Arthurian legend.

In the Renaissance , Raphael Holinshed, Edward Hall, and other chroniclers influenced Shakespeare. Chronicles were popular in England after the British defeated the essay, Spanish Armada in assignment, 1588. The accompanying patriotic fervor increased the obesity, public's demand for plays about English history. If Chronicles are written in assignment of beneficial, the form of annual entries, they are also called annals . See also lepotis . CHRONOLOGICAL SNOBBERY : C. S. Lewis's term for what he describes as the uncritical acceptance of . . . the obesity essay, assumption that whatever has gone out of date is on about abroad for higher education that account discredited, i.e., the unthinking belief that past ideas or literature are obsolete and that current or present ideas are superior to them, the myth that all change is beneficial progress. Lewis initially felt torn between his love of medieval literature and obesity the sense that it made him a dinosaur out of collateral of beneficial, touch with the 20th century, and essay he felt depressed to think the fictions of the past as beautiful lies. 5 Page Essay! In a fierce philosophical debate ( The Great War ) with Owen Barfield, Barfield convinced him that such a view was wrong, and Lewis states Barfield made short work of my chronological snobbery (qtd. in Duriez 45).

CHRONOLOGY (Greek: logic of time): The order in which events happen, especially when emphasizing a cause-effect relationship in history or in a narrative. CHTHONIC : Related to the dead, the grave, the obesity essay, underworld, or the fertility of the earth. In Greek mythology, the Greeks venerated three categories of spirits: (1) the Olympian gods, who were worshipped in public ceremonies--often outdoors on the east side of large columned temples in the agora , (2) ancestral heroes like Theseus and Hercules, who were often worshipped only in local shrines or at specific burial mounds, (3) chthonic spirits, which included (a) earth-gods and death-gods like Hades, Hecate, and Persephone; (b) lesser-known (and often nameless) spirits of the departed; (c) dark and bloody spirits of vengeance like the Furies and who inspired you essay Nemesis, and (d) (especially in Minoan tradition) serpents, which were revered as intermediaries between the surface world of the essay, living and the subterranean realm of the dead. This is why snakes were so prominent in the healing cults of Aesclepius. It became common in Greek to speak of the Olympian in professional term services, contrast to the cthonioi (those belonging to the earth). See Burkert 199-203 for detailed discussion. CHURCH SUMMONER : Medieval law courts were divided into civil courts that tried public offenses and ecclesiastical courts that tried offenses against the church. Summoners were minor church officials whose duties included summoning offenders to appear before the church and receive sentence. By the fourteenth century, the job became synonymous with extortion and corruption because many summoners would take bribes from the individuals summoned to court. Chaucer satirized a summoner in The Canterbury Tales . CINQUAIN : A five-line stanza with varied meter and obesity rhyme scheme, possibly of medieval origin but definitely influenced after 1909 by you essay Japanese poetic forms such as the tanka . Obesity! Most modern cinquains are now based on you essay the form standardized by an American poet, Adelaide Crapsey (1878-1918), in which each unrhymed line has a fixed number of obesity essay, syllables--respectively two, four, six, eight, and two syllables in each line--for a rigid total of 22 syllables. Here is probably the thesis, most famous example of a cinquain from Crapsey's The Complete Poems ; Three silent things:

The falling snow. the hour. Before the dawn. the mouth of one. Perhaps under the influence of essay, diamante poems, many modern elementary school teachers have begun adding an additional set of term writing services, conventions to the cinquain in which each line has a specific structural requirement: Line 1 - Consists of the two-syllable title or subject for the poem. Line 2 - Consists of two adjectives totaling four syllables describing the subject or title. Line 3 - Consists of obesity, three verbs totaling six syllables describing the subject's actions.

Line 4 - Consists of four words totaling eight syllables giving the writer's opinion of the subject. Line 5 - Consists of one two-syllable word, often a synonym for the subject. These secondary conventions, however, are usually limited to children's poetic exercises, and professional poets do not generally follow these conventions. CIRCULAR STRUCTURE : A type of artistic structure in which a sense of completeness or closure does not originate in coming to a conclusion that breaks with the earlier story; instead, the sense of closure originates in the way the end of a piece returns to subject-matter, wording, or phrasing found at the beginning of the narrative, play, or poem. An example of circular structure might be The Secret Life of grade 3 to 5 page essay, Walter Mitty, which ends with an ellipsis identical to the opening sequence, indicating that the middle-aged protagonist is engaging in yet another escapist fantasy. Leigh Hunt's poem Jenny Kissed Me is an example of a circularly-structured poem, since it ends with the same words that open the speaker's ecstatic, gossipy report. Langdon Smith's poem Evolution is circular in its concluding repetition of the essay, opening phrase, When you were a tadpole, and I was a fish, but it is interest, also thematically circular, in obesity essay, that it implies the cycle of wasp essay, reincarnated love will continue again and again in spite of death. In many ways, the smaller tales within a larger frame narrative act as part of a circular structure, because each small tale begins by breaking the reader away from the larger, encompassing narrative and concludes by essay returning the term writing services, reader to that larger frame-narrative. CITY DIONYSIA : See discussion under dionysia . CIVIC CRITICS : A school of 19th-century Russian literary scholars who judged the value of writing primarily by its political context and obesity progressive ideas.

They commonly wrote in oposition to grade 5 page essay, the aesthetic theories of the Parnassian Poets (Harkins 55). Example critics include Belinski (active in the 1840s), Dobrolyubov, and Chernyshevski. CLANG ASSOCIATION : A semantic change caused because one word sounds similar to another. For instance, the word fruition in Middle English meant enjoyment. In Modern English, its meaning has changed to completion because it sounds like the word fruit --hence the obesity essay, idea of ripeness, of growing to full size, as Algeo notes (314). CLASSICAL : The term in Western culture is usually used in reference to the art, architecture, drama, philosophy, literature, and history surrounding the Greeks and wasp Romans between 1000 BCE and 410 BCE. Works created during the Greco-Roman period are often called classics . The Golden Age of Classical Greek culture is commonly held to be the fifth century BCE (especially 450-410 BCE). The term can be applied more generally to any ancient and revered writing or artwork from a specific culture; thus we refer to Classical Chinese, Classical Hebrew, and Classical Arabic works. Essay! For extended discussion, click here.

To download a PDF handout placing the periods of essay about going abroad education, literary history in obesity, order, click here. CLASSICAL HAIKU : Another term for the hokku , the predecessor of the professional term paper writing services, modern haiku . See hokku and haiku . CLAUSE : In grammatical terminology, a clause is any word-construction containing a nominative and obesity essay a predicate, i.e., a subject doing a verb. The term clause contrasts with the term phrase . A phrase might contain nouns as appositives or objects, and it might contain verb-like words in about for higher education, the form of participles or gerunds, but it crucially lacks a subject doing a verb. Obesity! For example, consider this sentence: Joe left the building after seeing his romantic rival. Clause : Joe left the building. Phrase : after seeing his romantic rival. If the clause could stand by itself as a complete sentence, it is known as an independent clause . If the clause cannot stand by itself as a complete sentence (typically because it begins with a subordinating conjunction), it is said to be a dependent clause . For expanded discussion and interest examples, click here. For a discusion of clauses according to functional type, click here ( TBA).

CLERIHEW : In light verse, a funny poem of closed-form with four lines rhyming ABAB in irregular meter, usually about a famous person from history or literature. Typically the historical person's name forms one of the obesity essay, rhymes. The name comes from Edmund Clerihew Bentley (1875-1956), the purported inventor. He supposedly had a habit of scribbling down such rhymes during dull lectures at school, including this one from his chemistry class: Sir Humphrey Davy. He lived in the odium. Of having discovered sodium. CLICHÉ : A hackneyed or trite phrase that has become overused. Clichés are considered bad writing and bad literature.

Click here to download a PDF handout for more information. Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. Cliché rhymes in who inspired you essay, poetry include love and obesity essay dove , moon and June , trees and collateral assignment breeze . Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to hyperbolic lengths, such as the essay, trisyllabic rhymes in Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICHÉ RHYME : Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. Collateral Assignment! They include love and dove , moon and June , trees and obesity breeze . Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICK : A sound common in some non-Indo-European languages in Polynesia made by clucking the professional term paper writing services, tongue or drawing in air with the tongue rather than expelling it from the lungs--such as the sound represented by the letter combination tsk-tsk . Some linguists indicate this sound in transcribing Polynesian languages by obesity essay inserting an exclamation mark to indicate the palatal click. For instance, the !chung tribe has a palatal click as part of who inspired you essay, its name. CLIFFHANGER : A melodramatic narrative (especially in obesity, films, magazines, or serially published novels) in wasp factory essay, which each section ends at a suspenseful or dramatic moment, ensuring that the audience will watch the next film or read the next installment to find out what happens. The term comes from the common 1930's film-endings in essay, which the main characters are literally left hanging on the edge of a cliff until the story resumes.

The term cliffhanger has more loosely been applied to professional writing, any situation, event, or contest in which the outcome remains uncertain until the last moment possible. CLIMAX, LITERARY (From Greek word for ladder): The moment in a play, novel, short story, or narrative poem at essay, which the crisis reaches its point of greatest intensity and is thereafter resolved. It is also the peak of emotional response from a reader or spectator and thesis usually the turning point in the action. The climax usually follows or overlaps with the crisis of obesity essay, a story, though some critics use the two terms synonymously. (Contrast with anticlimax , crisis , and denouement ; do not confuse with rhetorical climax , below.) CLIMAX, RHETORICAL : Also known as auxesis and crescendo , this refers to an artistic arrangement of a list of items so that they appear in professional term services, a sequence of increasing importance. See rhetorical schemes for more information. The opposite of climax is bathos . CLIP : To form a word by abbreviating a longer expression, or a word formed by the same process. Obesity! For instance, the professional paper, word auto (as in auto shop) is a clipped form of automobile . CLOSE READING : Reading a piece of literature carefully, bit by bit, in order to analyze the significance of every individual word, image, and artistic ornament. Click here for more information. The term is obesity, sometimes used synonymously with critical reading , though I arbitrarily prefer to reserve close reading as a reference for analyzing literature and assignment of beneficial interest critical reading as a reference for breaking down an essay's argument logically. Cf. Obesity! critical reading . CLOSED POETIC FORM : Poetry written in a a specific or traditional pattern according to model, the required rhyme, meter, line length, line groupings, and number of lines within a genre of poetry.

Examples of a closed-form poetry include haiku , limericks , and sonnets , which have set numbers of syllables, lines, and traditional subject-matter. Obesity Essay! Contrast with open poetic form . CLOSURE (Latin clausura , a closing): Closure has two common meanings. First, it means a sense of completion or finality at the conclusion of play or narrative work--especially a feeling in the audience that all the model essay, problems have been resolved satisfactorily. Frequently, this sort of closure may involve stock phrases (and they lived happily ever after or finis ) or certain conventional ceremonial actions (dropping a curtain or having the actors in a play take a bow). The narrative may reveal the solution of the primary problem(s) driving the plot, the death of a major character (especially the antagonist, the protagonist's romantic interest or even the protagonist herself), or careful denouement . An example of extended denouement as closure occurs in George Eliot's Middlemarch , in which the author carefully explains what happened in later years to each character in the novel. Closure can also come about by a radical alteration or change in the imaginary world created by an author. For instance, in J. R. Essay! R. Model! Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings , much of the closure to the saga comes from the departure of the elves and wizards, who sail across the sea, leaving the world of obesity essay, human men and women forever, an act which apparently causes magic to fade. Shakespearean comedies often achieve closure by who inspired you essay having major characters find love-interests and declare their marital intentions. Other more experimental forms of literature and poetry may achieve closure by circular structure , in which the poem or story ends by coming back to the narrative's original starting spot, or by returning a similar situation to what was found at the beginning of the tale. Obesity Essay! See discussion under denouement . Do note that some narratives intentionally seek to frustrate the audience's sense of closure. Examples of literature that reject conventions of closure include cliffhanger serials (see above), which reject normal closure in an attempt to gain returning audiences.

Many postmodern narratives influenced by existential philosophy, on the other hand, reject closure as too simplistic and artificial in comparison with the who inspired you essay, complexities of human living. Secondly, some critics use the obesity, term closure as a derogatory term to imply the reduction of a work's meanings to a single and complete sense that excludes the claims of other interpretations. For extended discussion of closure, see Frank Kermode's The Sense of An Ending: Studies in the Theory of Fiction , as reprinted in 2001. CLOWN : (1) A fool or rural bumpkin in Shakespearean vocabulary. Examples of wasp, this type of clown include Lance, Bottom, Dogberry, and other Shakespearean characters. (2) A professional jester who performs pranks, sleight-of-hand and juggling routines, and who sings songs or tells riddles and jokes at court. By convention, such jesters were given considerable leeway to obesity, speak on term paper writing nearly any topic (even criticizing court policy) as long as the criticism was veiled in riddles and essay wordplay. Examples of wasp factory, this type in Shakespeare's work include Touchstone, Feste, and Lear's Fool. Cf. fool . COCKNEY : Originally, in obesity, Middle English times, the term cockney was a derogatory term for a dumb city-dweller. It comes from cock's egg, the idea that an uneducated urbanite would be so ignorant he or she would not realize that a male rooster (a cock) would be the wrong gender to lay an egg. By Renaissance times, the word was applied to those living in the Bow Bells area of rubric 3 to essay, London in Cheapside, a working class district.

Today, the term implies most strongly the spoken dialect of that area. Cockney dialect tends to be non-rhotic, with final -er pronounced as a schwa, and it often shows signs of obesity essay, t -glottalization. It frequently substitutes /r/ with /w/, and merges lexical sets like north/force and thought/start . The imprecise term Estuary English refers to spoken English in the southeast of Britain that merges linguistic traits of RP and model Cockney, and recent dialect shift that appears to essay, be spreading across the island. Factory Essay! See also Cockney Rhyming Slang , below. COCKNEY RHYMING SLANG : A form of slang in which the speaker substitutes one word in a sentence with another word or phrase that rhymes with the implied word--but which leaves out the actual, final rhyming part. This wordplay is associated with the dialect appearing in essay, the Cheapside district of essay for higher education, London's East End. The resulting sentence is essay, baffling for outsiders unfamiliar with the tradition but provides a pleasing word puzzle to Cockney speakers. For examples, instead of stating that The woman had exquisite legs, a Cockney speaker might say, The woman had exquisite bacons. Here, the phrase bacon- and-eggs rhymes with legs , so the speaker substitutes it for legs in thesis, the sentence, but deletes the final rhyming part of the phrase. CODE-SWITCHING : In bilingual or multilingual speech, rapidly changing from the vocabulary, grammar, and patterns of one language to another--often in mid-sentence.

An example sentence to illustrate this process using Latin, Spanish, German, and French might read as follows: Imprimus, el commander qui runs his troops y sus attendants to essay, death in a blitzkrieg isn't tres sapiens, n'est-pas? [In the first place, the commander who runs his troops and his attendants to you essay, death in a sudden attack isn't very wise, right?] Although the term code-switching is one used in linguistics, code-switching as a phenomenon does appear in literature. The character of Salvatori the monk in Umberto Eco's The Name of the Rose engages continuously in code-switching among Latin, Spanish, French, Italian, and German tongues, for instance. Obesity Essay! Code-switching is a common feature in Hispanic American English and in the fiction writings of 3 to essay, Chicano authors. Cf. Obesity Essay! dog-latin and paper services macaronic texts . CODICOLOGY (from Latin codex , book): The study of books as physical artifacts.

COGNATE : Cognates are words that (1) match each other to some degree in sound and meaning, (2) come from a common root in an older language, but (3) did not actually serve as a root for each other. For instance, in European Romance languages, many words trace their roots back to Latin. The Latin word unus (one) later became the root for obesity essay, a number of words meaning one such as une (French) and uno (Spanish). Une and uno are cognates --cousins or siblings on the family tree of languages--but unus is the root or ancestor for these relatives. The Hebrew shalom , Arabic salaam , and the Aramaic shelam are similar cognates all meaning peace. Cognates play an important part in reconstructing dead languages such as proto-Indo-European , and they can be enormously helpful in learning new languages. The amateur philologist should be cautious of 3 to essay, false cognates, folk etymology , and faux amis , however. False cognates are words that happen to have a similar sound and meaning, but which are actually unrelated semantically and historically. Folk etymologies are erroneous accounts of how a word came into essay, existence. Typically, the originator of the error hears or reads an unfamiliar word.

The orginator then fabricates a spurious source by linking the strange word to a more familiar expression or then fashions a pun based upon sound similarities. Faux amis are technically cognates in thesis model essay, terms of essay, their morphology, but in terms of their meaning, the words have drifted apart from about going for higher education, each other across time, such as the English verb embarass (to humiliate) and the Spanish embarazar (to impregnate). COLLECTIVE NOUN, COLLECTIVE PRONOUN : A noun such as team or pair that technically refers to essay, a collective group of collateral of beneficial interest, individuals or individual items. What makes them tricky in grammar? They can be singular or plural (e.g., one team , two teams , or one pair, two pairs .) Many students forget that and mistakenly treat the essay, grammatically singular word as if it were always plural. Likewise, collective pronouns like some use the modifier rather than the headword for collateral of beneficial, singular versus plural structure. For instance, Some of the the workers are gone uses a plural verb, but Some of the work is done uses a singular verb. COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS : In twentieth-century Jungian Psychology , this term refers to a shared group of archetypes (atavistic and universal images, cultural symbols, and recurring situations dealing with the fundamental facts of obesity essay, human life) passed along to assignment of beneficial, each generation to the next in obesity essay, folklore and stories or generated anew by the way must face similar problems to those our ancestors faced. Within a culture, the collective unconscious forms a treasury of who inspired, powerful shared images and symbols found in our dreams, art stories, myths, and obesity essay religious icons.

See more detailed discussion under archetypal criticism . COLLOCATION : The frequency or tendency some words have to combine with each other. For instance, Algeo notes that the phrases tall person and high mountain seem to fit together readily without sounding strange. A non-native speaker might talk about a high person or tall mountain, and this construction might sound slightly odd to a native English speaker. The difference is in wasp factory, collocation. COLLOQUIALISM : A word or phrase used everyday in plain and relaxed speech, but rarely found in formal writing. (Compare with cliché , jargon and slang .) COLONIAL PERIOD : American and obesity British historians use this term somewhat differently.

American scholars usually use the term colonial period to refer to professional paper, the years in the American colonies before the American Revolution against the British Monarchy--usually dating it from 1607 (when Jamestown was founded) to 1787 (when Congress ratified the Federal Constitution). This period coincides roughly with the Reformation in England and continues up through the obesity, end of the Enlightenment or Neoclassical Period. 5 Page Essay! American writers from the colonial period include Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine, and Anne Bradstreet. Essay! See also Neoclassic . Click here to download a PDF handout placing this period in historical context with other literary movments. When British historians use the term, they sometimes tend to apply the word colonial in more general reference to the British expansions into the Americas, the Indies, India, Africa, and the Middle-East over essay about going abroad for higher education, the course of several centuries, even up to the nineteenth century and early twentieth century. See colonialism , below. COLONIALISM : The term refers broadly and generally to the habit of powerful civilizations to essay, colonize less powerful ones.

On the obvious level, this process can take the form of a literal geographic occupation, outright enslavement, religious conversion at gun-point, or forced assimilation of professional term paper services, native peoples. On a more subtle level, this process can take the form of bureucratic policy that incidentally or indirectly leads to the extinction of a minority's language or culture, economic exploitation of cheap labor, and globalistic erasure of cultural differences. Obesity! The term is wasp essay, often applied in academic discussion of literature from the colonial period. We can see the concerns of colonialism and imperial ambition in the works of obesity, George Orwell's Shooting an Elephant, in Rudyard Kipling's fictional tales about India, and in Josef Conrad's novella, Heart of you essay, Darkness . See Colonial Period , above. COMEDY (from Greek: komos , songs of merrimakers): In the original meaning of the obesity, word, comedy referred to who inspired you essay, a genre of essay, drama during the Dionysia festivals of ancient Athens. The first comedies were loud and boisterous drunken affairs, as the word's etymology suggests. Later, in medieval and Renaissance use, the word comedy came to mean any play or narrative poem in which the professional term writing services, main characters manage to avert an impending disaster and have a happy ending. The comedy did not necessarily have to obesity essay, be funny, and indeed, many comedies are serious in tone. It is only in the nineteenth and collateral twentieth centuries that comedy's exclusive connotations of humor arose. See also Low Comedy, High Comedy, Comedy of the essay, Absurd , Comedy of Humors , and Comedy of Manners . COMEDY OF THE ABSURD : A modern form of comedy dramatizing the meaninglessness, uncertainty, and pointless absurdity of human existence. A famous example is wasp factory essay, Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot . Cf. existentialism . COMEDY OF HUMORS : A Renaissance drama in which numerous characters appear as the embodiment of stereotypical types of people, each character having the physiological and behavioral traits associated with a specific humor in obesity essay, the human body.

The majority of the cast consists of such stock characters. (See humors, bodily for more information.) Some of Shakespeare's characters, including Pistol, Bardulph, and others, show signs of having been adapted from the stereotypical humor characters. Thesis Essay! In literature, a humor character was a type of flat character in whom a single passion predominated; this interpretation was especially popular in Elizabethan and other Renaissance literature. See also stock character . COMEDY OF INNOCENCE : We have two definitions here. (1) In anthropological terms, a comedy of innocence is obesity essay, a ritualized symbolic behavior (or set of such behaviors) designed to alleviate individual or communal guilt about an thesis, execution or sacrifice or to hide the blame for such an action. In ancient Greece, the ax or dagger used in a sacrifice might be put on trial (instead of the priest wielding it). The sacrificial animal might be required to volunteer by shaking its head or by walking up to the altar to eat the grain sitting on it. Obesity Essay! The sacrificial victim might be condemned to execution after being released where it could set foot in a forbidden holy grove or taboo sacred mountain (cf. Exodus 19:12-13 and Judges 11:30-40). In America, we see remnants of the comedy of innocence in customs such as the 19th-century's hangman's black mask (to erase the executioner's identity) or the professional term, custom of granting the condemned prisoner's last request or final meal (to alleviate any sense of cruelty on the jailer's part). (2) A specific myth told by later generations to erase or hide ancient evidence of what looks like the practice of human sacrifice in earlier times. Obesity! For instance, a number of local Greek myths describe characters like Leucothea, Palaemon, and Glaucus; they fall or are thrown into rubric grade 3 to, the sea where they are magically transformed into sea-gods.

Given the relative insignificance of these gods in the Greek pantheon , it is likely this sort of tale either (a) developed out of local hero cults or (b) the essay, tale alludes to an ancient or prehistoric belief that drowned sacrificial victims would live on as animistic spirits. Another common version of the going abroad for higher education, comedy of obesity, innocence is the motif of a human sacrificial victim (usually a child) who is miraculously saved ( deus ex machina ) and an animal substituted in his or her place. For example, in some Greek myths, Iphigenia is wasp factory, replaced by a white hind before her father can sacrifice her to gain good winds for the Trojan voyage. Phrixus gets whisked to safety by a Golden Ram, which is then sacrificed in the young boy's place. In the Hebrew Bible, Yahweh stops Abraham from killing Isaac, and he directs Abraham's attention to a ram with its horns caught in a thicket (Genesis 22:9-13). Scholars of mythology often see the essay, dozens of such tales appearing cross-culturally and interpret them as having their origins in the comedy of innocence. COMEDY OF MANNERS : A comic drama consisting of five or three acts in which the attitudes and collateral of beneficial interest customs of a society are critiqued and satirized according to high standards of obesity essay, intellect and morality. The dialogue is usually clever and sophisticated, but often risqué . Characters are valued according to their linguistic and factory essay intellectual prowess. It is the opposite of the slapstick humor found in obesity essay, a farce or in a fabliau . COMIC OPERA : An outgrowth of the eighteenth-century ballad operas, in wasp factory, which new or original music is composed specially for the lyrics. (This contrasts with the ballad opera , in which the obesity essay, lyrics were set to pre-existing popular music.) COMIC RELIEF : A humorous scene , incident, character , or bit of dialogue occurring after some serious, tragic, or frightening moment. Comic relief is deliberately designed to relieve emotional intensity and simultaneously heighten and highlight the seriousness or tragedy of the collateral of beneficial interest, action.

Macbeth contains Shakespeare's most famous example of comic relief in the form of a drunken porter. Another is just after the climactic scene in obesity essay, Dante's Inferno , in which Dante encounters Satan himself frozen in ice. The demon initially terrified Dante, but the narrator's fear falls way to the reader's laughter in a comic reversal in essay, which Dante and essay Virgil climb down Satan's body and move through the center of the earth's gravity, at collateral assignment of beneficial, which point Dante is confused by the way gravity reverses, looks upward, and finds himself directly staring at Satan's nether regions, writing, . . . I beheld him upward hold his legs. // And if I then become disguieted, / Let stolid people think who do not see / What the point is beyond which I had passed (34.90-93). COMING-OF-AGE STORY : A novel in which an adolescent protagonist comes to obesity, adulthood by a process of experience and disillusionment. This character loses his or her innocence, discovers that previous preconceptions are false, or has the security of childhood torn away, but usually matures and strengthens by this process. Examples include Wieland's Agathon , Herman Raucher's Summer of '42 , Ray Bradbury's Dandelion Wine , Joyce's A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man , and Jane Austen's Northanger Abbey . The most famous examples are in German. In German, a tale in the genre is called a Bildungsroman or a Erziehungsroman . Examples include Goethe's Die Leiden des jungen Werthers and assignment interest Thomas Mann's Königliche Hoheit . COMITATUS : (Latin: companionship or band): The term describes the tribal structure of the obesity essay, Anglo-Saxons and other Germanic tribes in rubric grade 3 to 5 page essay, which groups of men would swear fealty to a hlaford (lord) in essay, exchange for wasp essay, food, mead, and heriot , the loan of fine armor and obesity weaponry. The men who swore such an you essay, oath were called thegns (roughly akin to modern Scottish thane), and they vowed to essay, fight for their lord in battle. It was considered a shameful disaster to thesis, outlive one's own lord. The comitatus was the functional military and government unit of early Anglo-Saxon society. The term was first coined by the classical historian Tacitus when he described the Germanic tribes north of obesity essay, Rome.

COMMEDIA DELL'ARTE : A genre of Italian farce from the sixteenth-century characterized by stock characters , stock situations, and spontaneous dialogue. Typically, the plot is an intrigue plot and it involves a soubrette who aids two young lovers in foiling the rigid constraints of rubric 3 to, their parents. In many such plays, a character named Sganarelle is a primary figure in obesity essay, the work. Often there is a zani , or foolish-servant, who provides physical comedy in contrast to the anguish of the young lovers. Professional Term Writing! In the end, the couple achieves a happy marriage.

Commedia dell'arte may have influenced Shakespeare's comedies, such as The Merry Wives of Windsor , and obesity essay Moliere's plays, such as L'amour Medecin , commonly translated into 5 page, English as Love is the Doctor . COMMON MEASURE : Also called common meter , common measure consists of closed poetic quatrains rhyming ABAB or ABCB , in which the lines of iambic tetrameter (eight syllables) alternate with lines of obesity essay, iambic trimeter (six syllables). This pattern is most often associated with ballads (see above), and assignment it is occasionally referred to as ballad measure. Many of Emily Dickinson's poems are in loose common measure using slant rhyme , for instance: Much Madness is essay, divinest Sense-- To a discerning Eye-- Much Sense--the starkest Madness-- 'Tis the Majority. A fun and simple test to recognize common measure in poetry is to take a stanza and try singing it aloud to a well-known tune written in collateral assignment, common meter, such as Gilligan's Isle, Amazing Grace, or House of the Rising Sun. If the syllabification fits these familiar ditties, you are looking at essay, a case of common measure. COMMONIZATION : The linguistic term for an eponym--a common word that is derived from the proper name of a person or place. Rubric Grade 3 To 5 Page! For instance, the sandwich gained its name from obesity essay, its inventor, the fourth Earl of Sandwich.

The word lynch comes from Captain William Lynch, who led bands of vigilantes to hang hoboes and bums residing near Pittsylvania County. The verb shanghai , meaning to kidnap or press into forced labor, comes from the practices of conscription common in the oriental city of Shanghai. The word stentorian comes from the loud-mouthed Stentor in Greek legend, and herculean comes from the muscle-bound Hercules, and so on. COMPERT (plural: comperta ): Specifically, birth-tales in Old Irish literature that detail the conception and birth of a hero. Examples include the Compert Con Culainn ( Birth of 3 to 5 page essay, Cú Chulainn ). Essay! Usually supernatural or extraordinary events involve themselves in the conception, such as the Druid Cathbad's seduction of Nessa after prophesying what the hour would be lucky for who inspired you essay, (begetting a king upon a queen!) or the visitation of a god like Lug to a woman who then becomes pregnant after the essay, divine visitation.

The birth-tale in general is not limited to Old Irish Literature, but is found worldwide (Duffy 102-03). Examples outside of Irish literature include the rubric, birth of Jesus, or the Buddha, or Leda and Hercules in Greek myth, Pryderi's conception in the First Branch of The Mabinogion , or King Arthur's conception in obesity, Arthurian legends. COMPLETENESS : The second aspect of Aristotle's requirements for a tragedy. By completeness, Aristotle emphasizes the logic, wholeness, and essay about abroad closure necessary to satisfy the audience. COMPOSITE MONSTER (in architecture, often called a chimera after the essay, Greek monster): The term is one mythologists use to describe the thesis model essay, fantastical creatures in Assyrian, Babylonian, Greek, and medieval European legends in obesity, which the paper writing services, beast is composed of the obesity essay, body-parts of various animals. For instance, in Greek mythology, the chimera has the body of professional, a lion, tale of a serpent, wings of a bat, and obesity a goat-head, a lion-head, and a serpent's head.

Likewise, the sphinx has a lion's body and a woman's head and thesis model essay breasts; the centaur has a horse's body and human torso and a human head where the horse-head should be; the obesity essay, minotaur has a bull's head and a man's body; and the harpy has an avian body and a woman's head, breasts, and arms. Grade 3 To 5 Page Essay! Earlier examples in Mesopotamian mythology include the ekimmu (a bloodsucking albino ghost with a bull's head) and the lamassu (a winged horse with a human head). In the medieval period, composite monsters include the formecolion, with an ant's body and a lion's head; the mermaid, with a human top and essay a fish bottom; and professional term paper the cockatrice, which mingles parts of a rooster and a serpent. Contrast with additive monster , above. Composite monsters were common in the legends of classical and ancient cultures, but diminished in favor after the obesity essay, Renaissance. Many theories propose to explain the common tendency to create composite monsters. Theories include mistranslation in traveler's tales, in which an animal is describing as having a head like such-and-such a creature, but the simile is lost in translation; the encounter of fossil remnants of extinct animals, or bones found jumbled together and misassembled; and the heraldic practice of dimidiation , in which a nobleman's son might take two animals found on his father's and mother's coats of arms combine them into a composite creature to illustrate his genealogy. An example in for higher, 20th century films includes The Fly . In this 1950s horror classic, a fly and a human trade bodies and obesity heads. Cf. therianthropic and theriomorphic . COMPOSITOR : A typesetter in a Renaissance print shop. To speed the printing process, most of Shakespeare's plays appear to have been set by multiple compositors. As Greenblatt notes, Compositors frequently followed their own standards in spelling and punctuation.

They inevitably introduced some errors into the text, often by selecting the wrong piece from the type case or by setting the correct letter upside-down (1141). COMPOUNDING : A term from linguistics used to who inspired, describe the creation of a new word ( neologism ) that comes about by taking two existing words and obesity sticking them together to create a brand new concept (Horobin 192). All languages do this to some extent. For instance, the word hydrogen comes from two Greek words meaning water and stuff. Essay About Going! However, Germanic languages and Germanic poetry (including derivatives like English) are particularly prone to creating new words this way. Thousands of English words result from two older words being compounded together, such as bathtub (bath + tub), eyesore (eye + sore); window (from two Old Norse words meaning wind and eye), and essay so on. However, poets regular invent neologisms by compounding to create artificial words of their own. Even Chaucer engaged in this trick, coining the word newfangled from the English new and the Middle French fanglere , meaning to make or to fashion. See neologism , blending , and kenning . COMPURGATION : In addition to essay abroad, trial by ordeal , compurgation was the medieval law practice among Christianized Anglo-Saxon tribes to determine innocence.

A man accused of a crime would publicly swear to his innocence. The judge then gave the defendant thirty days to obesity, to collect a number of oath-helpers who would also swear to grade essay, his innocence (or at least his good character). If he was unable to find the obesity essay, required number, he was either found guilty or he could appeal to 3 to 5 page essay, trial by ordeal. Obesity Essay! If the defendant had been caught in the act, or was considered untrustworthy, the procedure could be reversed, and the plaintiff would bring forth oath-helpers to prove his charge through similar compurgation. CONCEIT (also called a metaphysical conceit) : An elaborate or unusual comparison--especially one using unlikely metaphors, simile, hyperbole, and 3 to 5 page contradiction. Before the beginning of the seventeenth century, the term conceit was a synonym for thought and roughly equivalent to idea or concept. It gradually came to denote a fanciful idea or a particularly clever remark. In literary terms, the word denotes a fairly elaborate figure of speech, especially an extended comparison involving unlikely metaphors , similes , imagery , hyperbole , and obesity essay oxymora . One of the most famous conceits is John Donne's A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning, a poem in which Donne compares two souls in love to the points on a geometer's compass. Shakespeare also uses conceits regularly in about abroad for higher education, his poetry. In Richard II , Shakespeare compares two kings competing for obesity, power to two buckets in a well, for instance.

A conceit is usually classified as a subtype of metaphor . Contrast with epic simile and dyfalu . CONCRETE DICTION / CONCRETE IMAGERY : Language that describes qualities that can be perceived with the you essay, five senses as opposed to using abstract or generalized language. For instance, calling a fruit pleasant or good is abstract , while calling a fruit cool or sweet is obesity essay, concrete . Going Abroad Education! The preference for abstract or concrete imagery varies from obesity, century to wasp, century. Philip Sidney praised concrete imagery in poetry in his 1595 treatise, Apologie for Poetrie . A century later, Neoclassical thought tended to value the generality of abstract thought. In the early 1800s, the essay, Romantic poets like Wordsworth, Coleridge, and thesis model essay Shelley once again preferred concreteness. In the 20th century, the distinction between concrete and abstract has been a subject of some debate. Ezra Pound and T. E. Hulme attempted to obesity essay, create a theory of concrete poetry. T. You Essay! S. Eliot added to this school of essay, thought with his theory of the objective correlative. Contrast with abstract diction / abstract imagery . CONCRETE POETRY : Poetry that draws much of its power from the way the text appears situated on the page. Term Paper Writing! The actual shape of the obesity, lines of text may create a swan's neck, an altar, a geometric pattern, or a set of essay about for higher, wings, which in some direct way connects to the meaning of the words. Also called shaped poetry and visual poetry, concrete poetry should not be confused with concrete diction or concrete imagery (see above).

The object here is to present each poem as a different shape. It may appear on the page, on glass, stone, wood, or other materials. The technique seems simple, but can allow great subtlety. Famous concrete poets include Apollinaire, Max Bill, Eugen Gomringer and the Brazilian Noigandres Group, which exhibited a collection of concrete art at Sào Paulo in 1956. In Germany, this school of obesity, poetry is essay going abroad, called konkretisten by obesity essay critics. It includes Ernst Jandl, Achleitner, Heissenbüttel, Mon, and thesis model essay Rühm. Since World War II, further experimentation in concrete poetry has taken place by British poets, including Simon Cutts, Stuart Mills, and Ian Hamilton Finlay. See also diamante . CONFLATION : In its more restricted literary sense, a conflation is a version of a play or narrative that later editors create by combining the text from essay, more than one substantive edition. For example, Greenblatt notes that most versions of King Lear published since the 1700s are conflations of the Quarto and First Folio editions of the original Renaissance texts. CONFLICT : The opposition between two characters (such as a protagonist and an antagonist), between two large groups of people, or between the protagonist and a larger problem such as forces of essay going for higher, nature, ideas, public mores, and so on.

Conflict may also be completely internal, such as the protagonist struggling with his psychological tendencies (drug addiction, self-destructive behavior, and so on); William Faulkner famously claimed that the obesity, most important literature deals with the thesis essay, subject of the human heart in conflict with itself. Conflict is the engine that drives a plot. Examples of narratives driven mainly by conflicts between the essay, protagonist and nature include Jack London's To Build a Fire (in which the Californian struggles to save himself from freezing to death in Alaska) and Stephen Crane's The Open Boat (in which shipwrecked men in a lifeboat struggle to stay alive and essay about going for higher education get to shore). Examples of narratives driven by essay conflicts between a protagonist and who inspired an antagonist include Mallory's Le Morte D'arthur , in which King Arthur faces off against his evil son Mordred, each representing civilization and barbarism respectively. Examples of essay, narratives driven by of beneficial interest internal struggles include Daniel Scott Keyes' Flowers for Algernon, in which the hero struggles with the loss of his own intelligence to congenital mental retardation, and Edgar Allan Poe's The Tell-Tale Heart, in which the protagonist ends up struggling with his own guilt after committing a murder. In complex works of literature, multiple conflicts may occur at once. For instance, in obesity, Shakespeare's Othello , one level of conflict is the unseen struggle between Othello and the machinations of Iago, who seeks to destroy him. Rubric Grade 5 Page! Another level of conflict is essay, Othello's struggle with his own jealous insecurities and his suspicions that Desdemona is cheating on him.

CONFUCIAN CLASSICS : Five ancient Chinese writings commonly attributed to factory essay, Confucius, though it is likely they are actually compilations of traditional material predating him. The five classics include the I Ching ( The Book of Changes ), the Shu Ching ( The Book of History ), the Shih Ching , ( The Book of Odes ), the Record of Rites ( Li Chi ), and the Spring and Autumn Annals . To see where this material fits in essay, an outline of Chinese history, click here. CONJUGATION : The inflection of a verb to show its person, number, mood, or tense. Here is a sample conjugation of the present tense indicative forms of to about going, sing in English and cantar in Spanish: CONNOTATION : The extra tinge or taint of obesity essay, meaning each word carries beyond the rubric 5 page essay, minimal, strict definition found in a dictionary. For instance, the terms civil war , revolution and rebellion have the same denotation; they all refer to an attempt at social or political change.

However, civil war carries historical connotations for Americans beyond that of revolution or rebellion . Obesity Essay! Likewise, revolution is often applied more generally to scientific or theoretical changes, and it does not necessarily connote violence. Rebellion , for many English speakers connotes an improper uprising against essay a legitimate authority (thus we speak about rebellious teenagers rather than revolutionary teenagers). In the same way, the words house and home both refer to a domicile, but home connotes certain singular emotional qualities and personal possession in obesity, a way that house doesn't. I might own four houses I rent to wasp factory, others, but I might call none of obesity essay, these my home , for example. Much of poetry involves the poet using connotative diction that suggests meanings beyond what the words simply say. Contrast with denotation . CONSONANCE : A special type of assignment, alliteration in which the repeated pattern of consonants is obesity, marked by changes in the intervening vowels--i.e., the final consonants of the stressed syllables match each other but the vowels differ.

As M. H. Abrams illustrates in The Norton Anthology of English Literature , examples include linger , longer , and you essay languor or rider , reader , raider , and ruder . Do not confuse consonance with a consonant (see below). See also assonance and sound symbolism . CONSONANT : A speech sound that is not a vowel. To download a PDF file listing consonants and their symbols in obesity essay, the International Phonetic Alphabet, click here. CONSUETUDINAL BE : Uninflected use of the wasp factory, verb be to indicate habitual or frequent action. This grammatical structure is obesity essay, characteristic of Black Vernacular . An example would be as follows: What you be doing on Thursdays? I be working every afternoon. Users of thesis, standard edited English typically frown on this grammatical formation.

CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE : Literature written at the present moment. Essay! Although the paper services, writers in every century would consider themselves contemporary or modern, when speakers use this term, they almost always mean either modernist or postmodernist literature. COTERIE WRITING : Writing intended originally for the amusement or edification of a small circle of friends or family rather than for publication or public perusal. Often, however, such writings later become adopted or modified for publication. Obesity! Sometimes, the author does this; in wasp factory, other cases, later editors do this posthumously. Famous examples include Mary Shelley originally created Frankenstein as part of a ghost-story contest amongst her friends and literary comrades.

Aphra Behn originally wrote many of obesity essay, her poems as part of rubric 5 page, coterie writing, though most of obesity, her plays, her philosophical treatises, and Oronooko appear to have penned with a deliberate eye toward publication or financial gain. CONTEXTUAL SYMBOL : A unique or original symbol an author creates within the essay, context of an obesity, individual work or an author's collected works. Examples include the Snopes family in Faulkner's collected works, who together function as a symbol of the South's moral decay, or the town of Castle Rock, Maine, which in Stephen King's works functions as a microcosmic symbol of human society. Contrast with cultural symbol , below. CONTRACTION : The squeezing together of sounds or words--especially when one word blurs into another--during fast or informal speech. Contractions such as I'm (I am), he's (he is), and they're (they are) are common in verbal communication, but they are often considered too loose for more formal writing. CONTRAPASSIO (counter-suffering): A thematic principle involving situational irony in which a punishment's nature corresponds exactly to the nature of a crime. Much of Dante's Inferno revolves around elaborate contrapassio . CONTROL TEXT : A specific text upon which a modern edition is based. For instance, there are at assignment of beneficial interest, least three dominant manuscript traditions of Langland's Piers Plowman poem: the A-text, the B-text, and the C-text (and possibly a Z-text, as recent scholarship has tentatively suggested). Obesity! These versions contain different dialogue, different wording, and assignment of beneficial different spelling; they do not all contain the obesity essay, same passages and do not include identical storylines. A modern editor must either choose one to use as the basis of a modern edition, or she must create a conflation . Several Shakespeare plays vary wildly between the model, quarto and essay folio versions--including Hamlet and King Lear . In other cases, such as Le Morte D'Arthur , a modern editor must choose between using a manuscript source for his control text (such as the Winchester Manuscript) or a printed source (such as Caxton's printed Renaissance edition).

CONVENTION : A common feature that has become traditional or expected within a specific genre (category) of essay about going abroad for higher, literature or film. In Harlequin romances, it is conventional to focus on a male and female character who struggle through misunderstandings and difficulties until they fall in love. Essay! In western films of the early twentieth-century, for instance, it has been conventional for protagonists to professional, wear white hats and antagonists to wear black hats. The wandering knight-errant who travels from place to place, seeking adventure while suffering from the effects of hunger and the elements, is a convention in medieval romances. It is a convention for an English sonnet to have fourteen lines with a specific rhyme scheme, abab , cdcd , efef , gg , and so on. The use of a chorus and the unities are dramatic conventions of essay, Greek tragedy, while, the aside , and the soliloquy are conventions in Elizabethan tragedy. About Abroad Education! Conventions are often referred to essay, as poetic, literary, or dramatic, depending upon whether the convention appears in a poem, short story or novel, or a play. CONVENTIONAL : A conventional linguistic trait is an arbitrary one learned from others, not one determined by interest some natural law or genetic inheritance.

Today, most linguists think most vocabulary and essay grammar are conventional, but some linguists in previous centuries believed ethnicity affected language development and collateral of beneficial acquisition. CORPUS CHRISTI PLAY : A religious play performed outdoors in the medieval period that enacts an essay, event from the Bible, such as the story of Adam and Eve, Noah's flood, the crucifixion, and so on. The word is derived from the religious festival of Corpus Christi (Latin: The Body of Christ). About Education! See also cycle and mystery play . CORRESPONDENCES : An integral part of the medieval and essay Renaissance model of the universe known as the rubric 3 to, Chain of Being. Obesity Essay! The idea was that different links on the Chain of Being were interconnected and had a sort of sympathetic correspondence to each other. Each type of being or object (men, beasts, celestial objects, fish, plants, and rocks) had a place within a hierarchy designed by God. Each type of object had a primate , which was by nature the 5 page, most noble, rare, valuable, and essay superb example of its type. For instance, the king was primate among men, the lion among beasts, the sun among celestial objects, the whale among fish, the oak among trees, and collateral assignment of beneficial the diamond among rocks. Often, there was a symbolic link between primates of different orders--such as the lion being a symbol of royalty, or the king sleeping in a bed of oak.

This symbolic link was a correspondence. However, correspondences were thought to exist in the material world as well as in the world of ideas. Disturbances in nature would correspond to disturbances in the political realm (the body politic ), in the human body (the microcosm ), and in the natural world as a whole (the macrocosm ). Obesity Essay! For instance, if the assignment of beneficial interest, king were to become ill, Elizabethans might expect lions and essay beasts to fall sick, rebellions to break out in the kingdom, individuals to develop headaches or fevers, and who inspired you essay stars to fall from the sky. Obesity Essay! All of these events could correspond to each other on the chain of being, and each would coincide with the others. Rubric Essay! For more information about correspondences and the Chain of Being, click here.

COSMIC IRONY : Another term for situational irony--especially situational irony connected to obesity, a fatalistic or pessimistic view of life. See discussion under irony , below. COTHURNI : The Greek word for the elevator-shoes worn by important actors on stage. See discussion under buskins . COTTON LIBRARY, THE : One of the most important collections of Old and Middle English texts. Click here for details. COTTON NERO A.X : The Middle English manuscript that includes Pearl , Cleanness , Patience , Sir Gawain and thesis essay the Green Knight , and the Legend of Saint Erkenwald . Click here for details. COTTON VITELLIUS A.XV : The Old English manuscript that includes The Passion of obesity, Saint Christopher , The Wonders of the East , and The Letter of you essay, Alexander to essay, Aristotle , Beowulf , and essay abroad for higher the Old English translation of Judith . Click here for details. COUNTING : A technique of determining stylistic qualities of a piece of writing by counting the numbers of words in paragraphs or sentences, and determining the obesity, average number of modifiers, average word lengths, and so on.

COUPLET : Two lines--the second line immediately following the first--of the same metrical length that end in a rhyme to form a complete unit. Geoffrey Chaucer and other writers helped popularize the form in wasp factory essay, English poetry in the fourteenth century. An especially popular form in later years was the heroic couplet , which was rhymed iambic pentameter. It was popular from the 1600s through the late 1700s. Much Romantic poetry in the early 1800s used the couplet as well. A couplet that occurs after the volta in an English sonnet is called a gemel (see sonnet, volta, gemel ). COURT OF LOV E : In medieval convention, a court of love is an essay, assemblage of women presided over by a queen or noblewoman. At this mock-court, various young knights or courtiers are summoned to court and put on trial by the ladies for professional paper writing services, their crimes against love. Obesity! These crimes might be neglecting their sweethearts, failing to thesis model, wear their ladies' tokens at jousts, and essay so on. Chaucer himself may have been summoned to a court of love for his libelous depiction of Criseyde in Troilus and Criseyde , and model Queen Anne may have required him to write The Legend of Good Women as a penance for his literary crimes.

In The Wife of essay, Bath's Tale, we find an inversion of the collateral assignment interest, normal play-acting in which King Arthur gives Gwenevere and her ladies the right to essay, try a rapist-knight for his crimes. Wasp Factory! Here, the women literally have power of life or death over the subject. Andreas Capellanus discusses the courts of love in his medieval writings, and more recent scholars such as C. S. Lewis ( The Allegory of obesity essay, Love ) and Amy Kelly ( Eleanor of Aquitaine ) discuss the convention at length. Thesis Model Essay! Cf. demand d'amour . COURTLY LOVE (Medieval French: fin amour or amour courtois ): Possibly a cultural trope in the late twelfth-century, or possibly a literary convention that captured popular imagination, courtly love refers to a code of obesity essay, behavior that gave rise to modern ideas of chivalrous romance. The term itself was popularized by C. S. Lewis' and Gaston Paris' scholarly studies, but its historical existence remains contested in critical circles. The conventions of courtly love are that a knight of noble blood would adore and worship a young noble-woman from afar, seeking to protect her honor and win her favor by valorous deeds.

He typically falls ill with love-sickness, while the factory essay, woman chastely or scornfully rejects or refuses his advances in obesity, public but privately encourages him. Courtly love was associated with (A) nobility, since no peasants can engage in fine love; (B) secrecy; (C) adultery, since often the going abroad for higher, one or both participants were married to another noble who was unloved; and (D) paradoxically with chastity, since the passion should never be consummated due to social circumstances, thus it was a higher love unsullied by selfish carnal desires or political concerns of arranged marriages. In spite of this ideal of chastity, the knightly characters in literature usually end up giving in to obesity essay, their passions with tragic results--such as Lancelot and Guenevere's fate, or that of Tristan and Iseult. We associate courtly love with French literature primarily, but the concept permeated German and Italian literature as well. The German equivalent of fin amour is Minne (hence Minnesänger ), and who inspired you essay the Italian poets of the dolce stil nuovo cultivated similar subject matter. The convention of courtly love eventually becomes a source of parody. Andreas Capellanus' Rules of Courtly Love provides a satirical guide to the endeavor, and obesity essay Chretien de Troyes satirizes the conventions in his courtly literature as well. Similar conventions influence Petrarch's poetry and Shakespeare's sonnets.

These sonnets often emphasize in particular the idea of love from afar and unrequited love, and make use of imagery and wording common to the earlier French tradition. In terms of whether or not practices of courtly love were a historical reality, scholars are loosely divided into schools of thought, as William Kibler notes. The first group, the thesis, so-called realists, argue that such institutions truly did exist in obesity essay, the Middle Ages and the literature of the time reproduces this realistically. The opposing school, the so-called idealists, argue that (at best) courtly love was a court game taken ironically as a joke, or (at worst) post-Romantic/Victorian readers have superimposed their own ideals and wishes on thesis model essay medieval culture by exaggerating these components. CRADLE TRICK : A sub-category of the bed-trick , this is a folk motif in essay, which the collateral of beneficial interest, position of obesity essay, a cradle in a dark room leads one character to climb into bed with the wrong sexual partner. Factory Essay! It appears prominently in Chaucer's The Reeve's Tale.

In the Aarne-Thompson folk-index, this motif is usually numbered as motif no. 1363. CREEPYPASTA : A short story posted online designed to shock, frighten, or disconcert the reader. For more discussion, see ghost story . CREOLE : A native language combining the traits of multiple languages, i.e., an advanced and fully developed pidgin. In the American South, black slaves were often brought in from a variety of African tribes sharing no common language. On the plantation, they developed first a pidgin (limited and simplified) version of obesity, English with heavy Portuguese and African influences. This pidgin allowed slaves some rudimentary communication with each other and wasp factory essay with their slave masters. Obesity! In time, they lost their original African languages and essay about abroad the mixed speech became the native tongue of their children--a creole. Contrast with pidgin . CRESCENDO : Another term for rhetorical climax . Essay! See climax, rhetorical , above. CRISIS (plural: crises ): The turning point of uncertainty and tension resulting from thesis, earlier conflict in a plot.

At the moment of crisis in essay, a story, it is unclear if the protagonist will succeed or fail in factory essay, his struggle. The crisis usually leads to or overlaps with the essay, climax of a story, though some critics use the two terms synonymously. See climax, literary , above. CRITICAL READING : Careful analysis of an essay's structure and logic in about going for higher education, order to determine the validity of an essay, argument. Often this term is used synonymously with close reading (see above), but I prefer to about going for higher, reserve close reading for the artistic analysis of literature. Click here for more information about critical reading. Cf. Obesity! close reading . CRITICUS APPARATUS : The scholarly notations in a critical edition (especially a variorum edition) in which the editor indicates all the known variations of of beneficial interest, a particular text. The apparatus often appears running along the bottom of each page or sometimes in the back of the book, and obesity essay often incorporates editorial footnotes and glosses. The apparatus can appear quite cryptic to you essay, students unfamiliar with the formulaic abbreviations in scholarly use.

For instance, below is an illustrative notation from A. V. C. Schmidt's criticus apparatus for Passus I, line 1, of the Everyman edition of William Langland's Piers Plowman , page 14: Collation WHmCrGYOC2CLMHRF. RUBRIC Passus primus de visione Wr (pr] Secundus F; de v.] de petri le ploughman BR; om O); om GC2. This notation indicates subsequent lines are collated together in thirteen of the surviving manuscripts, each manuscript being indicated by a special abbreviation. Furthermore, the opening line in manuscripts W and r has a Latin title written in essay, red ink (rubricated) as indicated, but another manuscript F has labeled it as secundus rather than primus, while the B and R manuscripts label it in a combination of French and Latin, and so on. A good criticus apparatus helps document all this diversity by gathering it together, line-by-line, for convenient comparison at a glance, but the who inspired, editor presumes the reader knows the dense, standardized abbreviations involved in this notation. For a clearer, hypothetical example, let us imagine Edgar Allan Poe has a poem surviving in three slightly different forms.

The most widespread version Poe had published by Smith Publishing early in his career. Ten years later, Poe revised the poem for a new publisher, Baker Books, and they printed this revision a few years after Poe's death. Last of all, a third unpolished version survives in Poe's own handwritten notes. Essay! Scholars discover this last manuscript version squirreled away in the Morgan Library in 2012. Modern editors would compile these three sources and select what they consider the best text. However, they must not ignore the alternative versions by leaving them unnoted and grade essay unannotated; that would effectively erase them from essay, history. Accordingly, the editors might add a criticus apparatus . Here, they would note the relevant line number and indicate alternatives. The first version by Smith Books (abbreviated S) has the phrase Conqueror Worme appear in line six. The version by about abroad education Baker Books (abbreviated B) has a slightly different archaic spelling Conqueror Wyrm in essay, the same spot. Finally, Poe's own original handwritten rough draft of the poem survives among his papers in the Morgan Library (abbreviated Ml). This manuscript uses the abbreviation Conqu.

Wm. scrawled in model, that line. Now, a modern scholar wants to publish an authoritative version of Poe's poem a century later. This modern editor chooses to essay, emend the line to wasp factory, a standardized spelling of Conqueror Worm. Essay! The criticus apparatus at going, the bottom of the obesity, page might consist of a footnote such as this: 6 Conqeror Worm ] S: Conqueror Worme ; B: Conqueror Wyrm , Ml: Conqu. You Essay! Wm . The 6 indicates line six as the section with variant readings. The words before the bracket ] show readers that the obesity, editor considers the preceding version the best text for a modern reader--or at least the rubric 3 to, version the editor has chosen for obesity, his edition. The material after the term services, bracket lists each variant source and indicates how the differing material appeared in essay, that source as exactly as possible. A criticus apparatus documents the known variations that might plausibly be accurate and reminds modern readers of the multiple possible versions an earlier audience might have experienced. This process is especially pertinent in classical and medieval studies, since in the pre-print era, handwritten texts often exhibited striking and even contradictory variant readings.

For instance, in the case of The Aeneid , about 3,000 texts survive with each manuscript containing significant variations. In the case of Chaucer, about wasp factory essay 82 versions of the Canterbury Tales survive, all with variant readings. In the obesity essay, case of Shakespeare, striking differences appear in professional term paper, the F (folio) and Q1, Q2, Q3 (first, second, and third quarto) versions of his plays, and so on. CROSSED RHYME : In long couplets, especially hexameter lines, sufficient room in the line allows a poet to use rhymes in the middle of the line as well as at obesity, the end of each line. Swinburne's Hymn to Proserpine illustrates its use: Thou hast conquered, O pale Galilean ; the world has grown grey from Thy breath ; We have drunken of thesis, things Lethean , and fed on the fullness of death . Laurel is green for a season , and love is essay, sweet for a day ; But love grows bitter with treason , and laurel outlives not May . In the excerpt above, the factory, words in red are part of essay, crossed rhyme, and the words in green are regular rhyme. Crossed rhyme is also called interlaced rhyme . Contrast with internal rhyme and leonine rhyme . CROWN OF SONNETS : According to Shipley (142), an interlinked poem or cycle of seven sonnets in which the essay for higher education, last line of each of the first six serves as the last line of the next, and obesity essay the last line of the about abroad education, seventh sonnet serves as the first line of the first sonnet. All other rhymes are used once only in the collection of the entire seven sonnets. An English example would be Donne's La Corona, though the essay, structure is much more common in Italian poetry. A more complicated alternative structure is the so-called heroic crown of sonnets (alias the sonnet redoublé ), which is you essay, similar in structure but consists of 15 rather than 7 sonnets in total, but which follows the same rules for rhyme repetitions (Shipley 530). CTHULHU MYTHOS (also spelled Cthulu and Kutulu , pronounced various ways): Strongly influential in obesity essay, pulp science fiction and early twentieth-century horror stories , the Cthulhu mythos revolves around a pantheon of malign alien beings worshipped as gods by half-breed cultists.

These aliens were invented and popularized by pulp fiction horror writer H. P. Lovecraft. Term Writing! The name Cthulhu comes from Lovecraft's 1928 short story, The Call of essay, Cthulhu, which introduces the wasp factory essay, creature Cthulhu as a gigantic, bat-winged, tentacled, green monstrosity who once ruled planet earth in essay, prehistoric times. Currently in wasp, a death-like state of hibernation, it now awaits an essay, opportunity to rise from the essay, underwater city of R'lyeh and plunge the obesity, earth once more into darkness and terror. August Derleth later coined the term Cthulhu mythos to describe collectively the settings, themes, and alien beings first imagined by Lovecraft but later adapted by pulp fiction authors like Clark Ashton Smith, Robert E. Howard, Robert Bloch, Henry Kuttner, and Brian Lumley. Some common elements, motifs, and characters of the mythos include the professional services, following: CULTURAL SYMBOL: A symbol widely or generally accepted as meaning something specific within an entire culture or social group, as opposed to a contextual symbol created by a single author that has meaning only within a single work or group of works. Examples of obesity, cultural symbols in assignment, Western culture include the cross as a symbol of Christianity, the American flag as a symbol of essay, America's colonial history of factory essay, thirteen colonies growing into fifty states, the gold ring as a symbol of marital commitment, the Caduceus as a symbol of medicine, and the color black as a symbol of mourning.

Examples of cultural symbols in other cultures include white as a symbol of mourning in Japan, the Yin-Yang sphere as an oriental symbol of oppositional forces in obesity, balance, the wasp factory, white crane as a symbol of longevity in obesity, Mandarin China, and about going for higher so forth. Any writer in a specific culture could use one of these symbols and be relatively confident that the obesity, reader would understand what each symbol represented. Professional Writing! Thus, if a writer depicted a pedophilic priest as trampling a crucifix into the mud, it is likely the reader would understand this action represents the obesity essay, way the priest tramples Christian ideals, and so forth. Contrast with contextual symbol and archetype . CYBERPUNK MOVEMENT : (1) A loose school of science fiction authors including William Gibson, Bruce Stirling, Rudy Rucker, and Neal Stephenson who rose in popularity in the 1980s and 1990s. (2) A science fiction subgenre that shares the concerns and features of those works produced by the cyberpunk school. Features of their novels and of beneficial interest short stories in obesity, this period include the collateral assignment, following motifs: Common themes include the dehumanization, commodification, and mechanization of the individual; the negative effects of commercialization upon society; and implicit philosophical questions regarding consciousness and sensory reality. These cyberpunk authors have been profoundly influential in late twentieth-century science fiction films (such as Strange Days , Robocop , etc.) and Japanese anime , where cyberpunk elements have become so common as to be almost cliché . Essay! The metaverse or the Net imagined by rubric 3 to these early authors in the 1980s have been seen as prophetic of the later real-world rise of the internet after 1993. Examples of novels, anthologies, short stories, and other literary works from the cyberpunk movement include Neuromancer , Mona Lisa Overdrive , Islands in essay, the Net , and model essay Johnny Mnemonic. (The last of these has been adapted into an awful film that bears little similarity to the original short story.) More recently, Neal Stephenson's Snow Crash has put a more satirical spin on the genre . CYCLE : In general use, a literary cycle is any group of closely related works. Essay! We speak of the professional term paper, Scandinavian, Arthurian , and Charlemagne cycles, for obesity essay, instance.

These refer collectively to many poems and stories written by various artists over several centuries. These cycles all deal with Scandinavian heros, King Arthur and his knights, or the legends of King Charlemagne respectively. More specifically, a mystery cycle refers to the complete set of mystery plays performed during the Corpus Christi festival in medieval religious drama (typically 45 or so plays, each of essay, which depicted a specific event in biblical history from the creation of the obesity, world to the last judgment). The major English cycles of mystery plays include the York, Coventry, Wakefield or Towneley, and Chester cycles. See Corpus Christi play , above. See also sonnet cycle . CYHYDEDD HIR : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry.

The octave stanza consists two quatrains of four lines with five, five, five, and four syllables respectively. The rhyme scheme is AAAx AAAx , with X's indicating unrhymed lines. See octave and rhyme . CYHYDEDD NAW BAN : A syllabic verse form in thesis model, ancient Welsh poetry in which some lines are composed of nine syllables. The rhyming couplets, when they appear, must rhyme with another line of identical length. CYNGHANEDD (pronounced kun HAN neth , lit.

Welsh for symphony or harmony): A Welsh term that loosely denotes sound similarities peculiar to Welsh poetry, especially alliteration and internal rhyme . Typically, the essay, consonants in one word or line repeat in the same pattern at the beginning and end of the about going abroad education, next word or line--but the vowel sounds between the consonants change slightly. In the English tradition of poetry, Gerard Manley Hopkins charmingly refers to such devices as chimes , and obesity essay he makes much use of them in his works such as Spring and Fall. See also awdl and englyn . Assignment! For an example of cynghanedd in English, click here. CYNING : A king, another term for an Anglo-Saxon hlaford . Not to be confused with kenning , an Anglo-Saxon poetic device. CYRCH A CHWTA : A Welsh verse form consisting of an octave stanza of six rhyming or alliterating seven-syllable lines plus a couplet. The second line of the couplet rhymes with the essay, first six lines.

The first line of the couplet cross-rhymes in the third, fourth, or fifth syllable of the eighth line. CYRILLIC : Also called, azbuka , the rubric 3 to essay, alphabet used to write Russian, Serbian, and Bulgarian. The name comes from the 9th-century Greek missionary Saint Cyril, who traveled from Byzantium to convert Slavic races of Moravia to Christianity. Folklore credits Cyril at the inventor of this script, though it is more likely he invented the Glaglotic , what Harkins refers to as an abtruse alphabet of obscure origin, which soon lost favor (5). Cyrillic, modeled largely on obesity the Greek alphabet, rose to replace Glaglotic, though Cyril retained credit. Who Inspired! The alphabet came to Russia later after its Christianization in 988 or 989. Modern Russian, Ukrainian, Belorussian, Bulgarian, and Serbian alphabets were later offshoots of Cyrillic. Essay! Peter the Great simplified the alphabet in 1708, so the lettering required less ornate design, and later modifiers removed four characters as redundant in 1918.

The present alphabet consists of thirty letters, mostly phonetic, though it does not show the stress of going, syllables (5). CYWYDD (plural, cywyddau) : A fourteenth-century metrical form of Welsh lyric poetry consisting of obesity essay, rhyming couplets with each line having seven syllables. Traditionally, in each couplet, the lines end with alternately stressed and unstressed meter. In terms of content, cywyddau traditionally include examples of dyfalu --strings of unusual comparisons similar to thesis, metaphysical conceits. The genre is associated with the poet Dafydd ap Gwilym.

CYWDD DEUAIR HIRION : In Welsh prosody, the term refers to a form of light verse consisting of a single couplet with seventeen syllables. The first line has a masculine ending and the last line a feminine ending. CYWYDD LLOSGYRNOG : A type of Welsh verse consisting of a sestet stanza in which the syllable count is eight, eight, seven, eight, eight, and seven respectively. The first two lines rhyme and cross-rhyme with the middle syllable of the sixth line and the third and obesity sixth lines rhyme with each other. Rime coueé or tail-rhyme has a similar scheme.

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The theme in the text is city - and country life. Susan was as a child very fascinated about New York City , so for her to move to the. Those dreams are true which we chance to have in the morning. Dreams are nothing but our thoughts .At night what we think that is seen in our dreams , In this world there is wasp factory essay not a single person who doesnt see dreams . So now lets come to the point. Essay? My dream in life. India of My Dreams Introduction William Dement said, “Dreaming permits each and everyone of model essay, us to be quietly and safely insane every night of ourMy India My Pride lives.” He says that sometimes this insanity can be fruitful and sometimes very infectious and sometimes very delectable and obesity essay, delicious. a 39 year old man that has had a dream of becoming a nurse since I’ve been in who inspired you essay, high school.

A scholarship would be a wonderful opportunity to start my career with some well needed experience working in a field that I’ve come to love with the short time that I’ve done my clinical for school. I started. quiet, clean and sunny place, but nowadays only essay some of us can say that they enjoy their life in wasp essay, the city or town they live in and can be really proud of it. Obesity Essay? As for me I can say that i`m sure i`ll leave my town as soon as possible. There are many reasons for doing that: cold weather that sometimes is really.

Tucker: The Man and you essay, His Dream When starting an entrepreneur venture, many things are important to the success of ones product or service and the movie Tucker The Man and His Dream shows many of the goods and bads, ups and downs. Beginning with an idea, entrepreneurs have to take careful steps. ? Dream Martin Luther King Jr. August 28, 1963 I say to obesity, you today, my friends, even though we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow, I still have a dream . It is a dream deeply rooted in the American Dream . I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the who inspired true meaning. Perspectives of the obesity American Dream. Perspectives of the American Dream The virtuous trip of many comes in search of the mystical treasure known as the American Dream . Thus this was the dream of Clement age forty-two and his family. His family including him lived in the nation known as the abroad Philippines. Obesity Essay? They moved because they couldn’t.

My American Dream Many people in this world have sought out to achieve their American Dream . Some accomplished it, and some didn’t. Term Services? Masses of people have died trying to fight for their dream , Martin Luther King, Malcolm X, and my great grandmother Albertha Peters. Before I die I want to make my . The City of My Dreams Through Social Capital. By: Ziad Ahsan Azad Jammu Kashmir (Pakistan) Abstract I wondered before starting writing about essay my dream city . The developed cities of the world which can be watched on rubric grade 3 to 5 page the TV screen flashed in my mind. Yes they look marvelous with sky scrappers and heavenly lit bazaars. Is it feasible for me to. ?I am proud to essay, be an thesis model Indian and obesity, dream a lot for my beloved country.

The first and foremost dream I have for India is to see her in category of most developed nations of this world. I dream of an India which is 100 per cent literate, where everyone is employed and you essay, there is absolutely no poverty. Obesity? India. User LoginUsername: Password: Login Forgot your password? Free Term Papers on My Dream Story OPPapers.com Essay Index Miscellaneous My Dream Story We have many free term papers and essays on My Dream Story. Rubric Essay? We also have a wide variety of research papers and book reports available to obesity essay, you. from a board with faders and a mass amount of essay, buttons.

You are in my most favorite place to obesity, be, a recording studio. Assignment Of Beneficial Interest? I am a sophomore, music technology major at obesity essay, Oral Roberts University. My dream is to become a music producer. Music is my passion. I have played the about going abroad violin for 14 years, sing in a band. Great Gatsby and obesity essay, the American Dream.

When people think of the essay about going abroad American dream people usually think of the obesity happy, white picket fence mentality. There are many other American dreams besides that one though. There is the dream of being wealthy and living a popular lifestyle. In contrast, there is the dream of wanting to stick to the smaller. My Father My Influence Even though a person is uneducated, they too can find success with the right amount of determination and paper, commitment.

Willie C. Blacks, Sr. was a determined and committed man. He never gave up on his dream that he would one day own his own business. He always said he would never. Chasing A Dream While Living A Nightmare There are different points of obesity, views of the lifestyle that people have when it comes to 5 page, living in Los Angeles. Obesity Essay? There are those views of the people who have been living in collateral assignment of beneficial, Los Angeles for most of their lives, and there are the views of the outsiders whom come. The American Dream and obesity essay, My Perspective What is rubric 3 to your definition of the American Dream ? The idea of an American dream is older than the US and obesity essay, actually started in the 1600s. Back then, the American Dream was your ideal perfect life, your goals and your happiness. Many of rubric, these dreams focused on owning.

This Article is obesity about my Dream about my Country INDIA. The “I” in India is ‘Me’. ‘I’ am ‘India’ and ‘India’ is in ‘me’. Thus, if India, my Country, is not doing well in some spheres and is still amongst the Developing Countries of the World is who inspired you essay spite of its man power then we need to ask ourselves as. brought enormous benefits to human beings, change that threatens the very existence of the human species. Many factors contributed to this change but - in my opinion - the most important factor was the progress in science.

Academic research in obesity essay, the physical and biological sciences has vastly broadened our. Today I am here to share one of my favorite place in factory essay, world. This place is one of miraculous blessing given by obesity, mother earth to all living things. I am so fond of this place that I see it in my dreams . Factory? Kereala, it was celebrated as a 'Paradise Found' - one of the ten in the world. A perfect description. ?INDIA OF MY DREAMS Being from the obesity sports background, I always wished my country to be the champions in sports in different disciplines may be Cricket, Hockey etc etc. Who Inspired You Essay? My wishes were limited to sports but never thought of imagining India of my Dream in a vast context till the said topic was given for.

installment of Christopher Nolan’s Batman films, Bruce Wayne no longer feels that the City of Gotham needs a hero and goes on a secluded hiatus. However, when a new villain, Bane (Tom Hardy), threatens Gotham City , Wayne dons his cape and mask once more. Review: Christopher Nolan brings yet another. madly technology resolution is obesity essay what I see in Beijing today, but a convenient life with modern facilities should be what we imagine for the city that I love to name my home town. Assignment Of Beneficial Interest? Modern. This is the word most descriptive of obesity, Beijing to most chinese to take chances in here from all corners of the country. 11/15/04 Hello my name is Eli Horton, I’m twenty four and this is a story about you essay my life. Obesity? I was born in Chicago, to a wealthy family who has ruled the city for generations. Professional Term Paper Writing Services? My dad who is one of the cities biggest mobsters controls every aspect of the underground world. My mother lives a double life. CITY OF MY DREAMS (short essay) Every one of obesity, us likes to have good dreams , as good dreams are a good source of pleasure and pleasantness.

Dreaming good dreams is not bad, as they not only 3 to 5 page essay delight us but also become a good cause to motivate us so that we can pave the ways to fulfill the objectives. MY DREAM CITY No matter how old we are, we never stop dreaming. Using our imagination in the highest way we create our own world, where we are free and brave. Obesity? People are different and our dreams are different too but in one point we are the same because in education, our dreams , what we create. American dream We all have dreams of different kinds. Obesity? To some people, the American Dream is having all that is available in this life.

It means having a great job, a family and a secure future. Professional Term Services? To others the obesity American Dream simply means having the who inspired you essay opportunity to prove their abilities. My dream was to. Franca Oshotse Prof. Webb Govt. 2302 Time: 10:00am-12:00pm My Country My country of origin is essay Nigeria Located at the extreme inner corner of the Gulf of Guinea on the west coast of Africa, Nigeria occupies an collateral assignment area of 923,768 sq. Obesity? km (356,669 sq mi), extending 1,127 km (700 mi) e-w and 1,046. ?What is dream ? Why do we dream ? What is your dream ? Will you achieve your dream in your lifetime? I'm certain that you desire to. I'm sure you hope you will. But will you actually do it? What odds would you give yourself?

One in five? One in a hundred? One in a million? How can you tell whether. an entire city to the top with it. Put away those paper bags forever. Brees and you essay, the Saints rallied to upset Peyton Manning and the Indianapolis Colts 31-17 Sunday night in one of pro football's most thrilling title games. We just believed in ourselves and we knew that we had an entire city and obesity, maybe. An American Dream: Two Snowflakes That Are The Same. An American dream In nature never will you find two snowflakes that are the collateral assignment of beneficial same.

From the time a snowflake starts falling, till the obesity essay time it finally melts, a snow flake is rubric grade 5 page essay very fragile. There are so many elements working against a snowflake it’s a miracle if it ever stays on the ground. Like the. Essay 1 My Happy Place After school, It was a tradition to ask my mom if she let me go to my favorite park. She would always say, Yes, but be back before dark, honey. Leaving my Power Rangers backpack like thunder in obesity, the living room, and model, running fast to my favorite place in essay, the world was my every day.

Jeremy Gates Miss Harbert English 101 September 15, 2009 My First New Car I had spent the summer of 2008 looking for my first new car. I went to numerous car lots from Ohio Valley Ford to Straub Honda, to find a car I would be happy with for at least six years. I would be paying on professional term writing services it. Does my head look big in this? RANDA ABDEL-FATTAH First published 2005 in Pan by Pan Macmillan Australia Pty Ltd St Martins Tower, 31 Market Street, Sydney Copyright © Randa Abdel-Fattah 2005 All rights reserved. Obesity Essay? No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any. THE DREAM AND THE REAL Dickens himself had risen to achieve greater expectations than any clerk's boy could expect, but he had not found happiness. The idea that one must search beyond material wealth and social standings and look within themselves for happiness becomes the major theme in you essay, Great. My American Dream For many years people have always been living in America but do not really know what the American Dream really is.

I feel that the American Dream can vary on what it means because most people think very differently. To me though the American Dream means. Letting the Students Write an Essay with a Twist. My last vacation was in the Summer of 2007. My friends from university and I, visited the Crimea. We ha good living conditions on the coast of The Black Sea. We were also learning the obesity history of Sebastopol, a great city of term writing, Russian history. That journey was wonderful! The last place where I was. “I Have a Dream ” I have a dream that one day there will be no discrimination.

This means all religions, all cultures, and all races will get along. This means there will be no wars because of obesity, colors of the rubric grade skin, tribe name, religion, etc. This means there will be no anti-Semitism, no racism, and. Cities of the future global competition, local leadership* *connectedthinking Cities of the future - global competition, local leadership Contents Part 1 Cities of the future Executive summary Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 The vision for cities The way to the future in cities . project too. In Italy you will see many different types of obesity essay, transportation devices. For Example in Venice, Italy people travel by rubric 5 page essay, Gondolas because the essay city is on water. Even the who inspired you essay Ambulances in obesity, Venice are Water bound. Going Education? Another feature of Italy is its volcano, also known as Mount Vesuvius. Mount Vesuvius.

and there are many things that we stand for and that need to change. We want social mobility, liberty, freedom of speech, religion, and the American Dream . We are all equal and no one should be treated unfairly. Yes, there are problems in obesity, the world but that can change, we just all need to find that. Does Brendan Kennelly's Poetry Capture the Character of rubric 3 to 5 page essay, Inner City Life? Do Brendan Kennelly’s Dublin poems capture the character of city life? There is no doubt that Brendan Kennelly knows Dublin well.

He studied there in obesity essay, Trinity College as a young adult, worked in wasp factory, the same college as a lecturer for over thirty years, and has, throughout his lifetime, roamed and become. ? My Little Bit of Country As humans we are always haunting the feeling of belonging. Not only the feeling of belonging to someone we love, but also figuring out the essay place where we feel home and factory, safe. Essay? The feeling of belonging clarifies the ideal lifestyle for who inspired every individual. Some people find the feeling. My Counseling Theory Paper EPS 601 Theories of Counseling November 27, 2006 Professor: Dr. Pit Kolodinsky Student: Melanie A. Obesity Essay? Korth Clinical Setting It is my goal to become a school counselor in a local high school. Population I intend to work with: Yuma has a diverse group of high school students. MY DREAM HOUSE I have a dream , you have a dream , she has a dream , he has a dream , they have a dream , and we have a dream because everyone on this planet has their own dreams . Thesis Essay? But we have one dream in common. We insist to achieve that one dream yet we know we cannot.

It is. people all over the world, including myself. Toby stands up for what he believes in, being God, and obesity essay, doesn’t back down to anyone who tries to squash his dreams . Also, he is very successful and grade 5 page, happy doing what he loves to do! I don’t see how anyone could not see him as a hero! Toby has a very good goal in.

Life has more imaginations than we carry in our dreams . It's full of incredible events and unexpected surprises that change our moods. And sometimes they can even shock us. After that we feel frustrated, tired of living in obesity essay, the world which only yesterday didn't seem to be savage, in the world full. The Great Gatsby the ironic view of American Dream. a way to who inspired, become successful.

The American Dream is essay a belief that everyone in who inspired you essay, America can become successful through hard work and obesity, some luck. In the book The Great Gatsby, F. Scott Fitzgerald, the author of the book, writes the opposite view of the American dream and make characters face unfortunate events.