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Best Sample Essays, Free Research Papers, Dissertation Samples. Essay Writing! Perspectives of Assisted Living Facility Caregivers. Clarity Relevance of the help my college paper Study. Essay Competitions For Kids! As the basis for friday night lights essay, describing the essay competitions background of the problem this paper uses the work “Knowing the Resident with Dementia: Perspectives of Assisted Living Facility Caregivers” by Joyce Rasin and Donald D. Kautz published in sans les mots the Journal of Gerontological Nursing. This research reveals the attitudes of two different groups of caregivers: those relying on behavior-centered knowledge and person-centered knowledge. For Kids! This work also sheds light on the diverse constituencies involved in direct provision, funding, and evaluation of health care delivery to older Americans. The combination of practical research and friday lights essay episode, policy expertise illustrates a rich diversity of perspectives for the modern assisted living facility caregivers. The study addresses the ongoing debate over knowledge used by nurses’ issues, particularly as these things apply to older population health care needs.
Several common themes emerge in the study and are highlighted here to present an overview of salient issues related to competitions, the role of the gerontological nurses, choice and delivery of retiree health services. We can write a custom essay on Health Care for you! Researchability of the politische Study Problem. This is a study about using different approaches in essay for kids providing health care for retirees. One objective of this research is to evaluate several explanations for differing attitudes in health insurance services for people with dementia in assisted living facilities. These explanations are often complex, as illustrated by the authors of the study. As the debate on health care for people with dementia continues, a second objective of this research is to underscore the need to focus on patients’ special health requirements. Policy discussions frequently have overlooked both the costs of offering appropriate health coverage fro people with dementia and the benefits of providing this type of health care to the elderly. As many experts note, the elderly are caught between the peut-on les mots pincers of reform proposals: prospective benefits legislation that certainly will affect employer willingness to continue support for expensive retiree health benefits, and essay writing competitions, Medicare changes that also may curtail benefits obtainable from the government. The fact that these reforms often are targeted at the types of medical care most often consumed by older people makes this group deserving of special attention. The last and, perhaps, most important goal of this study is to offer new perspectives and evaluative tools that then may be used to examine these as well as other health practices concerns.
To this end, the research supplies an unusually rich combination of facts and philosophical insights, derived from ethicists and academicians as well as from medical and benefits practitioners. These discussions should inform the public by supplying a much needed perspective on politische essays zu migration health care for essay competitions, people with dementia in friday night lights tyra's college essay assisted living facilities. Adequacy and Relevance of the Literature Review. As with all disciplines, nursing’s theories are composed of concepts and competitions, the propositional statements connecting these concepts in nyu gsas dissertation a systematic way. As the products of science, they form a central part of our knowledge base. However, for most of the essay writing competitions twenty-first century nursing has been dominated by a wide array of theories from other disciplines. Rasin and Kautz suggest that the ultimate justification for the existence of theory is to application essay writing, give humans a view of their world which may help them describe, explain or predict events, or prescribe actions which will enable events to occur or not. Theories are like different lenses or maps and each one will offer the user a particular focus or topography. For instance, a map of the underground sewer system of Paris would not be very useful if you were trying to find your way through the city streets.
Similarly, a pair of opera glasses would not serve your purpose if you wanted to view the night sky. Essay For Kids! Theory is a distinct and well-articulated system of concepts and propositions rooted explicitly in writing a philosophy of nursing and competitions for kids, intended solely to guide nursing practice and research. If we accept this definition then we must be careful in our selection. If we choose the politische zu migration und integration wrong map we may find ourselves at a different destination from the one chosen. Therefore, perhaps a central selection criterion is essay for kids fitness for purpose in other words, does the theory serve the purpose for which it is intended? If we accept that nursing theories have unique perspectives, then each theory will determine how nurses assess a patient, plan care, intervene and review outcomes. Furthermore, different nursing theories will have varying influences on how we perceive patients.
For instance, one theory may encourage dependence by politische stressing that the nurse should do everything for the patient, while another may encourage independence by stressing that the writing for kids nurse should teach the patient about friday night lights college episode, self-care. The authors also imply that practitioners should feel empowered by essay writing competitions the theories they select, and they and their patients should have ownership of them. Penser Les Mots Dissertation! By using their power to impose a theory on essay competitions for kids practicizing nurses, managers and und integration, academics are being allowed to define expert nursing . Rasin and Kautz argue that, without a strong orientation towards the work of theorists and writing, the work of practitioners, the I need help basic requirements for a profession are missing. They state that only if we are able to prove that this link exists will we be legitimate contenders for competitions, professional status. Agreement of Purpose, Design, and Methods. I Need Help! Interestingly, behavior-centered may challenge the necessity of a pragmatic link between theory and practice. Writing For Kids! In a way it can be explained that some theories are not intended to be 100% clinically relevant. Essays! There is something attractive about this view. For Kids! Theories are, by their very nature, abstract, so they originate from, and can lead to, abstract thinking.
They stretch your perceptions, providing new insights and interesting and creative ways of looking at the world of nursing. That is part of where is a thesis, their value. Since many are at the forefront of new knowledge development, they are extending the discipline’s frontiers. Therefore, by definition, they cannot coincide with what is essay writing competitions now being practiced to do so would limit their vision and restrict nursing within a time warp. To make all theories clinically relevant would hamper the development of highly abstract (non-practical) ideas that might eventually prove more valuable to nursing. Alternatively, there is college application essay writing also attraction in the opposing position of person-centered knowledge. This approach illustrates that regardless of whether nurses work as researchers, educators, theorists, administrators or practitioners, it must be realized that they are in competitions for kids a practice profession with the client at the receiving end of that practice. Accepting this, theories should have a direct bearing on client care. If they do not, their value is open to lights tyra's college episode, question. Perhaps the essay competitions for kids true answer comes somewhere in between these two approaches.
It is possible to argue that there are two types of theory, the realistic, which coincide with the views of practitioners and current practice, and zu migration und integration, the idealistic, which may appear alien to contemporary practitioners. This study reflects on essay writing competitions for kids the relationship between theory and research. Authors imply that research without theory is analogous to a team of bricklayers, each making a brick in isolation from other bricklayers and college essay episode, with no blueprint to follow. Essay Writing For Kids! They throw the bricks together into a large pile confident that, somehow, a house will emerge. Without theory, therefore, nursing knowledge would be a mass of data, statistics and politische, observations with no coherence or understanding. Knowledge is of little use without understanding.
Knowledge is provided through research studies while understanding is gained by theory. It is a reciprocal relationship; while knowledge can increase in essay writing competitions nursing for a time without understanding, understanding is fellowships not possible without new knowledge being developed. According to Lorraine Walker (1971), the result of theory being unable to keep pace with knowledge development is stagnation of the writing for kids discipline. Suitability of the Sampling Procedure and the Sample. Five groups of fellowships dissertation, caregivers were selected with the total of 23 participants. Essay Competitions For Kids! Perhaps one of the most important aspects of the sample chosen was their clarity. Application Essay Writing! Clarity may be rated as high or low. Essay Competitions For Kids! In this case it was rated high. The analyst should ask if the theory is written and presented clearly and if the language used is understandable. This represents semantic clarity. You should ask the friday tyra's college episode following questions: Are key terms defined?
Are concepts and assumptions implicit? If explicit, are they stated clearly? You should also note any evidence of tautology: Is there unnecessary overuse of words? Note too if there is structural clarity. This occurs when the prepositional links between the concepts are clear to the reader and any diagram representing the theory can be understood without a great deal of for kids, difficulty. If you cannot make sense of the theory (and you have really tried), it has low clarity. The hypothesis should be elegant in its simplicity; that is, the theorist should have chosen the simplest, most parsimonious format possible to get across the theoretical message. If we want hypothesis, practice and research to link appropriately, theory should be easily understood if it is to gain the attention and commitment of the hard-pressed clinicians.
How can anyone use a theory if they cannot comprehend it? This applies equally well to night lights, diagrammatic representations. If a theory is composed of essay competitions, a confusing mixture of geometric lines, circles, triangles and squares, busy practitioners will not be impressed. Considering the complexity of nursing, all hypotheses cannot be presented in a simple manner. You may think a theory is complex and writing, accept this fact because its concepts and essay, assumptions relate to very difficult issues within practice. Therefore, you should make a judgment as to whether you think a hypothesis is excessively simple or unnecessarily complicated in its content and form. Essays Zu Migration! Correctness of essay for kids, Analytical Procedures. All the components within the hypothesis should support each other and be free from contradictions. As with clarity, consistency can be rated high or low.
Look carefully to note if inconsistencies are explicit or implicit. The following types of inconsistency may be identified: • Inconsistency in terms: are definitions of concepts consistent with later assumptions? For instance, a theorist may define people as entire communities, yet the assumptions within the body of the theory may relate specifically to individual clients. Peut-on Sans Dissertation! • Inconsistency in interpretation: if a theory adopts a holistic stance about health care but is reductionist when describing care (e.g., having a large biophysical emphasis). • Inconsistency in principle: a theory may highlight the importance of clients being able to have choices yet be prescriptive in the interventions it supports. Furthermore, inconsistency in essay principle may be observed when a theory that has its basis in a behavioral paradigm includes concepts that are better related to a system’s paradigm. Examining the perspectives of different theories may be like looking through telescopes of varying focal lengths. Peut-on Penser Sans Dissertation! Selecting a grand theory would be like looking through the writing for kids wide-angled end of a telescope.
Here, the college selectors require a broad theory which can be used in many different situations with many different types of patient. While the grand theory will not specify explicit interventions, it will give them a framework for writing competitions for kids, viewing the world and an assessment template for practice. Selecting a mid-range or practice theory would be like focusing a telescope on a particular nearby scene, where more detail is fellowships dissertation observed but the surrounding landscape cannot be seen in its entirety. Here, a theory is required for essay competitions for kids, a particular patient-care situation and in the case of a practice theory a guideline is essay presented for nursing action. Currently there are more grand theories available for writing for kids, selection than there are mid-range or practice theories, but this situation is fellowships dissertation changing rapidly. When selecting a nursing theory the relevance to practice is central. Essay For Kids! She suggests that the person who is choosing the theory should seek answers to the following questions: • Does the politische essays theory have direct relevance for the way in which nursing is practiced? • Does the theory describe real or ideal care? • Have its assumptions and propositions been tried and tested? • Does it deal with the resources which are necessary for good care? • Does it guide the use of the nursing process? • Does it provide practicing nurses with good direction for clinical actions? • Are the concepts within the essay for kids theory too abstract to zu migration und integration, be applied in practice? • Is the language of the theory easy to understand? The prospect of any sort of rationing in health services is particularly important to the elderly for for kids, many reasons. As a group, the nyu gsas dissertation elderly tend to suffer from more chronic illnesses, which are generally incurable, than other groups.
Many chronic illnesses, like rheumatoid arthritis and diabetes, can be managed effectively over long periods, but doing so requires an ongoing level of expenditures. Some chronic ailments are particularly problematic because their treatment often means that those suffering from them will come to suffer additional chronic ailments that require further treatment. Also, the elderly suffer disproportionately from critical illnesses associated with old age and, ultimately, death. As a result, they consume disproportionately greater amounts of health service resources. Advances in medical science and the underlying demographics of the writing American society portend that, in the future, the elderly will need even more health services than now.
The general level of nyu gsas, resources that will be available to provide medical services to the elderly and the allocation of those resources cannot be ignored. Before investigating why Americans feel that all medical services should be available to writing competitions, everyone and before investigating whether this philosophy should be curtailed, it is nyu gsas fellowships dissertation important to assess the essay writing competitions nature of the resource limitations giving rise to the debate over health care rationing. Remember , Remember, free essays, sample essays and essay examples on Health Care topics are traced by plagiarism detection systems. All samples online are plagiarized. Fellowships Dissertation! Don#8217;t download them and submit them as your own paper for school, college or university. Why not to get a 100% original custom essay at PapersMart.net?
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linguistics essay Writing a Paper in English Corpus Linguistics 1. By Stig Johansson and Hilde Hasselgrd. A term paper (' semesteroppgave ') is an exercise in linguistic method. The object is to show that you can: define a research question account for essay writing for kids your choice of theory and I need help my college paper method select and analyse a limited material conduct a theoretical discussion of linguistic problems in essay English use secondary sources in a critical way. If you choose your topic wisely, you may also make a contribution to English linguistics. Your teacher may suggest possible topics that relate to the course you are taking. You can also propose a topic yourself or expand on is a thesis, one of the essay writing competitions, tasks you’ve been given during the course. Another possibility is to carry out a study similar to one that you have read about in nyu gsas dissertation the course syllabus. It is important to be realistic and limit the essay competitions, topic, so that you can finish your paper within a reasonable period of time and write it up within the stated 10 standard pages.
Contact your teacher at penser sans, an early stage to draw up a plan for your paper. The topic will often have to be restricted and modified as you go along. In choosing your topic and essay for kids defining your research question, it may be useful to ask yourself the following questions: Will it be possible to find corpus material (or texts) that can help you answer the research question? Will it be possible to work through the essays zu migration, project in the limited time that you have available? Do you know what else has been written on the topic? Your paper should discuss some primary material and writing competitions for kids should not just be a review based on secondary sources. Primary material is the actual linguistic data you write about, such as written texts, transcriptions of spoken material, tape recordings, or elicited responses from native speakers.
For a Corpus Linguistics course, you will be expected to get your primary material from a corpus. Secondary material is what has been written previously on the topic. 3.1 Secondary material. Start by making a general survey of secondary material. Essays. This will show you what has been done before (which means that you do not have to do it) and will probably give you ideas on how you should (or should not) deal with your primary material, on problems that you had not thought of, etc. You can find secondary material in a number of writing competitions for kids places, such as: the I need paper, reading list for the course you are taking general reference works such as grammars, handbooks, and dictionaries. reference lists in relevant articles databases from the writing, University Library search engines such as Google Scholar In connection with a term paper there is peut-on les mots dissertation, of course a limit to the amount of secondary sources you can be expected to go through. Consult your teacher, who may advise you on this point. In going through the secondary material, you should make notes and collect excerpts as you go along.
It is essay writing competitions, important to organize your notes in such a way that you can survey (and rearrange) them while you are working on your paper. Make sure you organize your paragraphs with headlines or keywords that will help you see immediately what the paragraph is about. If you write on paper, write on one side of the paper, to make it possible to reorder the notes or add to them. Make sure that you copy the college, excerpts correctly and write the name of the source and the page number immediately. Writing Competitions For Kids. This will save you a lot of extra work and trouble later on. Friday. Getting the facts right is fundamental in scholarly procedure.
3.2 Primary material. Though it is important to study the writing for kids, secondary material carefully, your main task is to peut-on penser dissertation, collect and analyse some primary material. Competitions. You may draw your primary material from corpora such as the I need help writing, LOB Corpus, the British National Corpus (BNC), the writing competitions for kids, Corpus of fellowships Contemporary American English (COCA), the English-Norwegian Parallel Corpus (ENPC), the Oslo Multilingual Corpus (OMC), the International Corpus of English (ICE), or the International Corpus of Learner English (ICLE, including the Norwegian subcorpus NICLE). The corpus you choose depends on your research question. Essay For Kids. If you are interested in tyra's college grammar, a one-million-word Corpus such as LOB or the essay writing for kids, ICE-GB will often be sufficient.
For lexical phenomena beyond the help, core vocabulary you will need a much larger corpus, such as the BNC. If you want to essay, study translation or compare languages, you will find a good source in the ENPC or the fellowships dissertation, Oslo Multilingual Corpus (OMC). Aspects of learner English can be studied on the basis of the International Corpus of Learner English (ICLE) or VESPA. To use a corpus, you need a search programme. Many corpora can be searched by means of a general concordancer such as AntConc or WordSmith Tools (see Scott 2001), but for example, the BNC, ICE-GB (the British part of ICE), and the ENPC have their own search engines.
It is often useful to make a pilot study first, i.e. to collect a small amount of material and essay competitions for kids analyse it along the sans dissertation, lines intended. This will show you if your material is giving you enough data, and the right kind of data, or whether you may have to use different kinds of material. Be careful in registering your material. Normally an Excel file or even a Word file should be sufficient for the limited amount of essay writing competitions material that can reasonably be dealt with in a term paper. A database program such as FileMaker Pro can be useful for storing, surveying, analysing and retrieving your material efficiently. Whichever system you use, make sure to copy each example correctly, to copy enough context, and to note the source correctly at once, to save time and trouble later on. This is fellowships, because you may want to writing, look up the example in the corpus again (for example, if you need to look at the wider context) and because you should specify the source when you give quotations from your material.
4 The investigation process. We can broadly distinguish between the following stages: 4.1 The research question. Suppose you are interested in studying the position of the direct object with phrasal verbs; i.e. do you say she switched the light on or she switched on the light ? The secondary sources will tell you that a pronoun as direct object is placed between the verb and friday night tyra's the particle (e.g. Essay Writing. she switched it on ), while a noun or noun-headed phrase may appear either before or after the particle. You decide to focus on the word order problem in the latter case. Nyu Gsas. The working title of your term paper could be What factors determine the placement of nouns and noun phrases as direct objects of phrasal verbs? . 4.2 Data collection. To start your investigation you first need to collect relevant examples from a corpus. The examples may be extracted in the form of concordance lines, sentences, or other units, depending on essay writing competitions for kids, your research question. Remember that each example should have a reference tag showing which corpus – and which part of the corpus – it has been taken from. In collecting the material you immediately meet a number of problems.
It is not always easy to college essay writing, distinguish phrasal verbs (e.g. she put on her coat ) from other superficially similar constructions, e.g. Essay Competitions For Kids. constructions with prepositional verbs (e.g. she called on Mr. X to speak ) or with prepositional phrases as adverbials (e.g. she called on Monday ). And what about examples like these (from the I need help writing my college paper, LOB Corpus): Dr Horn swayed two or three inches back , Ugo had his glasses off now , I own some land up in essay writing for kids the foothills ? The first example looks superficially like a construction with a direct object, but should no doubt be analysed as containing an adverbial. In the last example up clearly goes with the college application essay, following prepositional phrase rather than with own . Essay Writing Competitions. The second example is a real problem. Do we recognize have off as a phrasal verb? Collecting the primary material is not easy. It is necessary to be alert, so as not to essays und integration, miss out relevant examples or include irrelevant ones. If you have studied the secondary material carefully, you will have a good idea about writing competitions for kids what to look for and how to distinguish relevant from friday night episode, irrelevant examples. Nevertheless, there will always be doubtful examples. Make sure to essay for kids, include these, with a note on help my college paper, the type of problem.
Such material is usually important to discuss in your paper. As you go on you may discover that it is necessary to limit the material a great deal. For example, in a study of essay writing competitions phrasal verbs, it may be necessary to limit the search to certain verbs with different particles, or to certain particles with different verbs. A dictionary of where is a thesis statement phrasal verbs will guide you in the process. In a study of phrasal verbs (1986) Stig Johansson decided to focus on all examples in essay the LOB Corpus of six lexical verbs co-occurring with a noun or noun-headed phrase as direct object and peut-on penser sans les mots ten particles; see Table 1 . To find these, it was necessary to competitions, search for all forms of the relevant verbs followed within a certain span by one of the ten particles. Such searches can be easily done using a program like WordSmith Tools. After irrelevant instances had been discarded, the lights essay episode, material was as presented in Table 1. The table gives some useful information; it shows that there is one clearly dominant order ( V part O , i.e. verb + particle + direct object). Writing For Kids. But this is only the starting-point of the analysis. 4.3 Classification of the material. The next logical step in the investigation process is the classification of the material. It is natural to start thinking about the classification while the material is being collected.
To take our example with the order of direct objects with phrasal verbs, we classify each example according to the parameters which we suspect may affect the word order (based on the secondary reading or our own preliminary hypotheses); see Figure 1 . Essays Zu Migration Und Integration. Here FileMaker (or a similar database program) is an invaluable tool. Writing For Kids. Needless to where is a thesis, say, it may be necessary to revise the classification in essay for kids the course of the investigation and/or add new parameters. 4.4 The analysis. Having classified the examples, we can now rearrange and analyse the material in various ways. I Need Paper. In a quantitative study it is usually best to draw up tables first, and then go on to describing and commenting on the data. Note that you should not just present the tables; you must comment on them and give examples from your material. Essay Writing. Make sure that each table is numbered and has a legend that says what the I need writing my college paper, table is supposed to show and explains any abbreviations or codes. Be careful in essay writing for kids using numbers. Do not give percentages without presenting the college writing, raw frequencies. If you give averages, also provide some measure of dispersion. In addition to tables, you may wish to present figures or diagrams.
These too should have a legend and competitions for kids adequate explanation. 4.5 Discussing the where thesis statement located, findings. To continue with our example case, see Tables 2-5 . These show that the less common order ( V O part , with the direct object between the verb and the particle) is more frequent with a short direct object, a definite form as direct object, and with a literal meaning of the verb plus particle combination. We can now deal with each parameter in turn, illustrating the main tendencies and commenting on writing competitions for kids, any deviations from the nyu gsas fellowships dissertation, main tendencies. We find, for example, that the four examples in Table 2 of V O part with a direct object consisting of three or more words are all definite and that the particle in three of the writing for kids, examples is followed by a prepositional phrase indicating direction, as in: (1) . bring these opulent days back to life . Application Essay Writing. LOB F35:68. With respect to the seven examples in Table 3 of V O part with indefinite noun phrases, we find that the direct object is short (one to two words) and in several cases followed by a prepositional phrase indicating direction, as in: (2) The barman put two glasses down on the counter. LOB L11:73. With both literal and writing figurative meaning ( Table 4 ) there is a clear preference for V part O , but the friday night lights tyra's college essay episode, preference is much stronger in the latter case. The examples which deviate from the main pattern generally contain a particle followed by adverbial specification in the form of a prepositional phrase, as in: (3) A final dividend of 10 p.c. brings the essay competitions for kids, total distribution up to 17.5 p.c. Essays Und Integration. . Essay Writing Competitions For Kids. LOB A16:178. Such adverbial specification is my college, also common in the V O part pattern with combinations used in a literal sense. Analysing the material means asking interesting questions about it . In our case we found three parameters which turned out to be important: the length of the writing competitions for kids, direct object, the definiteness of the direct object, and literal vs. figurative meaning of the verb + particle combination.
The minority pattern V O part is used particularly with short and peut-on sans definite noun phrases as direct object and when the verb + particle combination has a literal meaning. In the process of the analysis we discovered another important factor: the writing competitions for kids, occurrence of adverbial specification after the particle in the form of a prepositional phrase. This strengthens the minority pattern V O part . The results may not always be clear-cut; see Table 5 . Peut-on Penser Dissertation. There seems to be a slight tendency for the minority pattern V O part to be more frequent in fiction. Essay Writing Competitions For Kids. In such cases we need to bring in statistical tests. We must also consider whether the difference might be due to some other parameter.
Could it, for example, be a reflection of the length of the direct objects? We could expect noun phrases as direct objects, like noun phrases in general, to be less complex in peut-on penser sans dissertation fiction than in informative prose. If there really is essay writing competitions, a difference between fiction and informative prose which is not due to some other parameter, what might it be due to? These are the sorts of questions that must be asked. If our results are to be of real value, we should try to generalize beyond our data and find deeper explanations for help paper the regularities observed. Do we have reason to believe that the regularities we have noted extend to phrasal verbs in general (and do not just apply to the six verbs and the ten particles we selected for our material)? Can we find a deeper explanation for the regularities observed?
In our case we can relate two of our parameters to writing, two general word order principles: end weight (cf. Table 2 ) and end focus (cf. Table 3 ; indefinite noun phrases are more likely to introduce new information and nyu gsas fellowships dissertation appear in final focus position). Essay Writing Competitions For Kids. It seems reasonable to suppose that a figurative combination (cf. Table 4 ) is less likely to be broken than a literal one; we know that idiomatic combinations are characteristically more frozen. The parameter of adverbial specification can again be given a reasonable explanation. Note that there is a tendency for friday lights tyra's essay episode adverbial particles to be attracted to related prepositional phrases; the result may even be a compound preposition: into , up to , out of , etc. An indirect result of this attraction is that we get the minority pattern V O part , with the particle plus prepositional phrase in final focus position. In other words, we have answered the question posed at the start of the study and have been able to essay competitions, relate our findings to other phenomena in the language. We have reached the final stage of the investigation process and can finish the writing of the paper. The writing of the paper should not be deferred to the last day before the deadline.
It is natural to write notes while working on the material, such as comments on examples or notes or ideas that you think may become useful later. You might even have a brainstorming session at an early stage when you write down in telegraphic form whatever you think is relevant to peut-on les mots, the topic. At a fairly early stage it is useful to write a brief outline of your paper, organized according to some major headings (very often the essay competitions, ones taken up below will be useful) and with some notes under each heading. The challenge in writing the paper is to present it in such a way that it is suitable for your reader. What do you need to explain? What can be taken for granted? It is often natural to skip the introduction and les mots dissertation write the main body of the writing, paper first. The first draft is . a draft. Make sure that there is a logical progression in your paper, without gaps in the argument.
Ask your teacher or a fellow student to nyu gsas fellowships, read your draft. And be prepared to competitions for kids, re-write! There are at least two ways of presenting your investigation (and they can be combined): inductive : let the reader take part in the process of discovery; proceed gradually; do not start with revealing your results. deductive : you start with (a taste of) the conclusion, and I need my college show how you have reached it. 6 Some characteristics of linguistic discourse. To a linguist (as opposed to a literary scholar), describing the essay for kids, language of a geographical area, a period, a genre, or a writer, is something that may be worth doing as such. This is exactly what descriptive linguistics is about: describing the college application essay writing, language as it is actually used, not as certain people think that it should be used. Describing somebody's language therefore should not normally contain prescriptive comments. (An exception to this may be if you use learner data and want to identify errors in the learners' English.) By comparison, if you write about a novel or a poem, you will often have to writing competitions for kids, make subjective interpretations which are not simply tied to words or combinations of words but to associations and experiences of your own which may go far beyond the writing my college, text itself. Nevertheless, a linguistic description is not simply a presentation or summary of some material.
Judgements have to be made at all different stages of the investigation, and these should be reflected in the written paper. What sort of a problem are you dealing with? What material might be appropriate to use as a basis of the investigation? How should it be delimited? What method of analysis is appropriate? Example material may require interpretation. What patterns can you see? What do they mean? What is the competitions for kids, effect of this or that construction? The results of the analysis must also be interpreted.
How do they fit in with previous knowledge about the language? To what extent have you been able to answer your research question? In order to describe and analyse the linguistic properties of discourse you need precise categories. You must also use the terminology correctly and consistently. Your secondary reading will provide guidance on terminology. Note also that there are dictionaries of linguistic terms (such as Crystal 2008, Matthews 2007). There are situations where there is disagreement about terminology.
Then it is an advantage if you know the application, criteria by which a category is pinned down. Competitions For Kids. There are also occasions when you cannot rely on ready-made categories; sometimes you may have to define your own, in case the sans dissertation, categories found in your reading are inadequate, or if the topic is essay for kids, very specific. In this area, too, you will discover that language description is a complex matter. There are many instances of fuzzy categories. For example, where do you draw the line between adjective and verb with forms ending in peut-on penser sans dissertation - ed and - ing ? How do you delimit phrasal verbs from related constructions? There are scales or gradients which show that differences can be graded, and that it is for kids, not always true that the distinctions are clear-cut. In sum, describing the language involves a good element of application essay writing interpretation. 7 Supporting your statements. In your discussion, make reference to your own data and the secondary sources. When you quote, include as much as is necessary, but no more. Essay Competitions. If you need to abbreviate an example or a quotation from a secondary source, insert three dots (indicating ellipsis).
Editorial comments can be added within square brackets. When you quote or make a summary in your own words, always give a reference to your source. In giving examples from your primary material, you may find it useful to use numbered examples (as above). This makes it easier to refer to them in your discussion. Each example should have an identification of the source.
Look at college essay writing, the articles on your syllabus to see how this is done. Distinguish between safe conclusions clearly validated by the data, and uncertain ones, for which you have inconclusive or incomplete evidence. Do not conceal data which may be difficult to account for. On the contrary, such material may require special comment. Organize your paper into sections, with headings. Essay Competitions. This makes it easier to politische zu migration, follow the essay, steps in penser your investigation. It is often useful to number the for kids, sections (as in this paper). 8.1 Before the main text.
On the title page, write the title of the paper, your name, the name of the friday tyra's essay, department, the essay, date (term), and I need help my college the course your term paper relates to. Make sure the title of the paper reflects its aim and scope. If your paper is long, add a separate contents page. If you use a lot of abbreviations (apart from essay competitions for kids, conventional ones), you should have a list of abbreviations. If your paper includes many tables and figures, include a list of these. Politische. There should also be a signed declaration confirming that the paper is your own work. The declaration is normally available in the submission folder in Fronter.
8.2 The main text. The main text can often be organized as follows (needless to say, the organization may vary depending upon the type of topic): Introduction . State your aim briefly and give the reasons why the subject of essay writing for kids your paper is worth writing about. Give a brief, critical survey of earlier work dealing with your subject. Aim and scope . State your purpose in greater detail and tell the reader what aspect you intend to investigate as well as what will be left out. Material . State the nature and limitations of your primary material: whether you use a corpus, elicited material, etc. Describe your method of collecting data as well as the advantages and/or limitations of your material. Consider whether your choice of data is likely to affect the results in an important way. Method . (a) State along what lines your investigation will be conducted, and, if possible, give the most important sources of inspiration. (b) Define your terms and essay principles of classification.
Explain your use of writing for kids abbreviations and symbols (if these are numerous, give a list of abbreviations/symbols at the beginning of writing your paper). State any technical conventions you intend to follow. (c) If your investigation is long and complex, give a step-by-step description of what you intend to do. Analysis and discussion . First you present the results of your study of the primary material, and then you analyse them. You will probably want to present your results in writing competitions for kids the form of tables or lists of dissertation examples, or both. Focus on one aspect at a time. To return to our example study above, there were separate sub-sections on: overall distribution (cf. Essay Writing Competitions For Kids. Table 1), length (cf. Table 2), definiteness (cf. Table 3), literal vs. figurative meaning (cf.
Table 4), adverbial specification, and peut-on les mots dissertation text category (cf. Table 5). Support your arguments with reference to essay competitions, the data and to your secondary material. Long and complicated sections should have a short summary at the end. Conclusion . Night College. To what extent have you been able to answer the question raised at the beginning of the paper? Give a general summary of your results and state the conclusions you can draw on essay writing competitions for kids, the basis of them. To what extent do your conclusions agree with what was known before? If some of your results are inconclusive, e.g. Application. because you have not had enough material, say so. Essay Competitions For Kids. Also indicate what aspects or areas require further study . 8.3 After the is a, main text. Footnotes/endnotes . Short references consisting only of a page reference to a certain work are given in essay competitions the text within brackets, e.g. (Quirk et al . 1985: 243f.). Longer references and comments are given in footnotes (placed at the bottom of the relevat page) or endnotes.
Endnotes should be placed just before the list of references. References . Under this heading you list your sources in alphabetical order according to I need my college, the author's surname. The references may be divided into two sections, one for primary sources, and one for secondary sources. If you have used abbreviations for dictionaries or your primary sources, these should be clearly indicated in the list of references. Essay Writing For Kids. Click here to see how you go about making references and where is a statement reference lists. There is essay writing competitions for kids, also a useful site here: http://www.ub.uio.no/english/writing-referencing/ Appendices . It is often useful to friday night lights tyra's, relegate some material to appendices, e.g. long lists of examples or detailed tables.
But examples and tables which you comment fully on should be given in the body of the paper. 9 Some writing/formatting conventions. Writing about linguistic items: Use italic type to writing for kids, mark out a word or phrase that you are discussing and which is friday lights college essay, not an essay competitions for kids integrated part of the running text. Night Lights Tyra's Episode. Examples: (1) The most common word in the English language is the . (2) The word foot enters into essay a lot of more or less fixed phrases such as foot the essay writing, bill , foot-and-mouth disease , put one’s foot in it and set foot in … . Quoting examples: Use normal type for the example. Essay Writing Competitions For Kids. However, you may want to add emphasis (for instance by using italics) for the part of the example that is most relevant to the discussion. Und Integration. Examples should be numbered for writing competitions ease of where is a thesis located reference. Essay Writing Competitions For Kids. They can be set with single spacing even if the rest of the text has double spacing. See further advice on nyu gsas, how to writing competitions for kids, quote examples.
Chapter and section headings: You may use bold type or a different/enlarged font for chapter and section headings. Normally chapter headings are more prominent than section headings. In a term paper it will often not be necessary to subdivide sections (e.g. 2.1, 2.2, 2.3), but in an MA thesis this is often done, just as in I need linguistics books. Competitions For Kids. Don’t go over I need help, board with your decimals; as a general rule, try to avoid using more than two or three sublevels (so 2.1.1 and possibly 22.214.171.124 are all right, but not 126.96.36.199.2). Before you hand in your paper, make sure that it is free of essay writing competitions for kids errors in language (grammar, vocabulary, spelling). Check that pronoun references are clear: do not overuse this and that in essay writing referring to the preceding text. Make sure the essay writing for kids, verbs agree with their subjects. Avoid sentence fragments, without a subject and a verb. On the other hand, do not use long run-on sentences, with main clauses loosely strung together. If you can replace a comma by friday lights tyra's college essay episode, a full stop, do so.
Be careful with paragraphing #150; this contributes greatly to the clarity and coherence of your paper. It is natural to adopt a fairly formal style. Avoid contractions ( she's , aren't , etc.). Writing Competitions. Reduce reference to yourself to a minimum. Note that there are many ways of expressing opinions: I think/doubt/disagree , etc. may be regarded as too informal for an academic paper. Alternatives include such expressions as it is clear/doubtful/possible , clearly/possibly/no doubt , correctly/brilliantly/wrongly/mistakenly etc. Qualify your statements as appropriate, but note that too much hedging becomes ludicrous: 'It might perhaps seem doubtful . '. Say what you think is true, but no more and no less.
It may be a good idea to collect useful and/or elegant turns of phrase from books and articles about lights tyra's essay episode linguistics. Finally, to avoid boring your reader you should try to vary your language (but not at the expense of for kids clarity!). A synonym dictionary or a thesaurus may give you ideas for alternative ways of expression. The English language, the subject of your paper, is a rich and flexible instrument, and it is good if this shows in your paper. This paper is friday lights episode, based on Stig Johansson’s manuscript Writing a Term Paper in English Linguistics: Some Hints for Mellomfag and competitions for kids Hovedfag Students (unpublished, University of Oslo , 1997).
Sections 1, 3, and 7-8 of this paper are based on Altenberg et al . (1980). Section 6 draws on essays zu migration und integration, material provided by Kay Wikberg . For more detailed guidance on the writing of research papers in English linguistics, see Johannesson (1993). Altenberg, Bengt , Jan Svartvik , and Gunnel Tottie . Essay Writing For Kids. 1980. How to write a term paper in English linguistics. Department of English, Lund University . Unpublished. Crystal, David.
2008. A Dictionary of und integration Linguistics and Phonetics . Essay Writing Competitions. 6th ed. Oxford: Wiley Blackwell. Johannesson , Nils- Lennart . Help My College. 1993. English Language Essays: Investigation Method and Writing Strategies . Essay Competitions. 4th ed. English Department, Stockholm University . Johansson, Stig . 1986. Some observations on the order of adverbial particles and application essay objects in competitions the LOB Corpus. In Sven Jacobson (ed.), Papers from the Third Scandinavian Symposium on Syntactic Variation, Stockholm , May 11-12, 1985 . Stockholm Studies in English 56. Stockholm : Almqvist Wiksell . 51-62.
Matthews, P.H. 2007. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics . Application Essay Writing. Oxford: Oxford University Press. [Available at the UiO here] Scott, Mike. For Kids. 2001. Comparing corpora and application essay identifying key words, collocations, and frequency distributions through the essay competitions for kids, WordSmith Tools suite of computer programs.
In Mohsen Ghadessy , Alex Henry, and Robert L. Roseberry (eds), Small Corpus Studies: Theory and nyu gsas fellowships Practice , 47-67. Amsterdam : Benjamins. © Stig Johansson/Hilde Hasselgrd and the Department of Literature, Area Studies and European Languages, University of Oslo.
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It takes practice and politische essays und integration time to come up with your accomplishments and successes and to add numbers to them numbers such as how much money you saved the essay company, how you increased efficiency, or how many sales you achieved in a certain period of time. However, using two or three bullets under each job to describe your successes, along with metrics, will land you an interview. Need help writing a work experience section that shows your value? Our Resume Builder has hundreds of career-specific phrases that you can easily and quickly add to your own resume. Bayle Industries, Hutchins Creek, MD. July 2010 – present. Prioritized and peut-on penser sans managed multiple administrative projects while managing day-to- day tasks such as receiving and distributing mail, maintaining conference rooms, managing calendars, and maintaining office supplies. Increased conference room scheduling efficiency by 25% by implementing new company-wide online booking system.
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If you don’t have a degree, never fear! If you have an associate’s degree, you can list it in the same way as above. Writing Competitions For Kids. It is also perfectly acceptable to list any college experience you do have, even if you didn’t graduate. Sans. In the absence of a college degree, it’s extremely important to list any professional training or certificates you have received especially if they are relevant to the job you are applying for. Then, make sure to emphasize your work experience section as much as possible to show employers that you are qualified for the position, whether or not you have a degree. Need help writing an education section that shows your value? Our Resume Builder can help you quickly and effectively outline your classroom achievements. Writing For Kids. More Articles about How to Write Your First Resume. Night Tyra's College Episode. 3 Critical Mistakes to essay competitions for kids Avoid on Your First Ever Resume. Politische. Tips On Creating A Resume For A New Career. How to Write a Resume When You Have No Work Experience.
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cool essay titles This is all published freely on the internet by us to further the scene, not to give any seller undeserved credibility. We Do Not Authorise any Copying, Republishing or Quoting of any of our Sections on ebay, any sales sites or anywhere else. Record Info Contract Press pages: Original research, photos of our records text ©2017 by select45rpm. PLEASE DO NOT EMAIL ASKING FOR FREE ADVICE. Essay Writing Competitions. YOU'RE GETTING MORE ADVICE HERE THAN ANYWHERE ELSE, SO UNLESS YOU WANT TO PAY US TO RESEARCH SOMETHING, DON'T EXPECT ANYTHING MORE FOR FREE! Buying Vinyl today, or anything that makes more money than most similar items, you really do need to be sure you are actually buying the Original if you are paying a price that the Original would command. Where Is A Located. If you are only writing competitions for kids buying cheap records then it's unlikely you'll get any Fakes, but Where The Money Is Goes The Faker. Penser Sans Dissertation. The amount of essay writing competitions for kids genuine reissues on nyu gsas, different labels and numbers is also mixed with a large amount of writing repros that are now over 30 years old looking very similar to the real item, which are unlicensed bootlegs.
Also the amount of new Bootleg copies of rare 45s available seems to nyu gsas dissertation, grow every week the writing competitions, copyright owners aren't doing anything about peut-on sans les mots dissertation it, so more are to come from varied sources. Some Official Licensed reissues may confuse too, so look for text on the label to essay writing competitions, show they are. Only Comparing to known Real Ones will teach you. To the experienced buyer these stand out obviously as repros but you have to learn to college writing, spot real from repro without wasting money when other bids may hint at an item being more than it is, and the Sheep Effect gains more bidders who think if others bid it must be right. Those other bidders may not really exist however. One seller of obvious (to us) Fake Beatles Demos relists them for the third time in late Nov 2013 after getting lots of essay bids on the previous outings, enough to trap the unwary be sure one will sell as an Xmas Gift to an unwary buyer. Help My College. Only proves ebay don't care, so only you can safeguard your money from these parasites with fake items. See handle a lot of essay writing competitions real original records.
Records aren't as around 'on the street' as much as they used to college essay, be, the easiest place is likely a car boot sale just to for kids, find some junk 45s to learn from. A typical rare item, eg a ?300 50s London was issued amid Pat Boone records or a Major Lance Columbia was amid Ken Dodd 45s, so buy a cheap handful of those see what they are like. Essays Zu Migration Und Integration. But you're not going to find many pre 1956 Sun 45s to essay competitions, compare your Elvis too confusingly each one looks different had variations in dissertation pressing! 60s Mod Psych collectors will see the UK biggies are mostly on big labels, so buying a Seekers or Walker Brothers hit cheaply will give you a good item to compare your prized 45 to. as a Reliable Reference to essay, see what Original Records look like. Where Is A. We photo all our Stock out of the sleeve. Note UK vinyl peculiarities like pronged centres, serrated raised rims on the label edge area ridges bumps in essay competitions for kids the label area. There are very few sellers who photo out of sleeves our photo technique gives a good 3D idea of what the vinyl looks like, especially on the darker labels.
They were and are still usually openly sold as repros when new to those who are into the music styles. But age of I need writing my college them lack of essay competitions for kids knowledge of their existance can confound even seasoned record buyers. Zu Migration. The early repros from the early 70s of Rock Roll Doowop may now be aged looking as nearly 40 years old when the for kids, original is college application essay writing just 50 years old. But a repro is worth a fiver unless there is demand for it it's an early one. Big profits too: costs under ?1 each to press a few hundred copies with no royalties to pay. You as the buyer will likely get stung by competitions for kids buying a repro at some time, especially the lights college essay, Northern Soul scene where 95% of copies of Gloria Jones 'Tainted Love' (origs are on writing, styrene with black labels a Delta number) and also Coasters 'Crazy Baby' (origs always have the AT notation on fellowships, the vinyl can be either thick vinyl or styrene). But if you are happy with a repro, and essay writing, most are of good sound quality, then don't just avoid them because they are unofficial. The LP market is similar, but as card covers are involved, the cheaper quality lack of politische zu migration und integration age smell on writing for kids, a supposed 30+ year old LP gives them away. Where Is A Thesis Statement. There is even a strange USA-looking repro of essay for kids a UK London Skyliners track, which must be from peut-on les mots dissertation 1979 when Art Garfunkel had a hit with 'Since I Don't Have You'. Other odd USA-looking repros of UK items are the Davy Jones King Bees Vocalion oddly the Southlanders on Decca. This is getting a bit too much now.
One Top Rated Seller on essay competitions for kids, ebay makes up Fake Demo Labels sticks them on the Original Vinyl. ?12+ for a 10p print out a 25p scratchy record! To those who know, these are obviously Fake but sadly you can be sure they will be passed off as Original by others as some have tried with the No-Centre bootlegs. Odds are a person buying one of these now or later will never be a collector but want a Rarity on the cheap and und integration, never research what they are buying. Essay Writing Competitions. All we can say is penser sans les mots read this page carefully look at our Record Sales Pictures simply as an idea of what the Original Vintage Vinyl looks like. Why would anybody want these things? They are Rubbish. For Kids. It is like those who buy Fake Rolex watches or Gucci Handbags, they think these fake things will impress people as unaware as they are. Dissertation. You can hear people in the Future saying It has a serrated edge the essay writing competitions, stamper numbers like the regular issue, it's worth a fortune! But naturally only those unaware of a proper Demo label, as these are Fakes are basically copying one, will not realise the thesis located, Original Demo Labels were Pressed Into The Vinyl, not stuck on. Be careful out there folks if we get any, we'll smash them up as we have with similar Fake label on competitions for kids, Original Vinyl jobs. Where Statement Located. There are even Fake Beatles Polydor Demos that use a Demo label from writing for kids 1965 on politische essays zu migration und integration, 1962-64.
Now we had a genuine Polydor demo of competitions for kids 'Ain't She Sweet' another 1963 Polydor demo, so we know what they should look like. Nothing like the fakes. Zu Migration. Are people stupid enough to essay writing for kids, stick Fake Demo labels on fellowships, the original UK Polydor vinyl? Seems unlikely. Essay Writing. It leads sadly to Fakes being offered as Genuine to peut-on dissertation, more casual buyers after a Historical Collectable, not real record collectors. They'll be conned.
By the amount of these EMI must have made many dozens. In reality a Genuine Factory Sample you'd be lucky to ever see 5-12 of essay writing ever as they were thrown away or used through time in low grade. All we've seen are pathetic fakes with gummed labels soaked off others poorly glued on I need help writing, hiding tears writing by for kids their awkward positioning. Looking at the bids, there is often an writing my college, eager underbidder keeping interest alive yet they oddly never win. If buyers believe these fake stickers stuck on genuine but label-damaged copies are worth ?200+ then it's their call, just wait until you try to sell the competitions for kids, things. We see buyers willingly pay high prices for fakes, repros bootlegs thinking they are real.
The Vinyl is Original as is where thesis located easy to see, but the foolish bidders are tricked with worthless gummed stickers. Caveat Emptor seems to be forgotten in the false excitement of bidding for a record probably only essay writing competitions worth ?20-?50 once it's fake stickers are removed revealing tears writing. Love Me Do on 1962 Red Parlophone is a very common Top 20 record, Please Please Me is much harder to find but there are always lots of copies around. We saw some very obvious ones on ebay from a seller in nyu gsas 2013. Beatles Abbey Road Export LP a few Beatles Demos . All Fake scanned labels stuck onto essay writing for kids common original vinyl. UK EMI labels are pressed with the college, vinyl, not glued on! The Abbey Road was hand cut easy to spot it was fake, but sadly bidders only essay writing competitions see a bargain and some gullible fool paid ?500+ for I need help paper, it! One Beatles Demo had two sets of serrated record edges, one on essay competitions for kids, the real black label it was the other from the Fake label, slightly shrunk to stick in the label space. EMI Demos usually have bigger labels that go beyond the serrated edge.
The obvious untidily cut with a scalpel centre push out spaces means we spot it in help a second. Yet if they were real they'd make high prices. Sadly the fakes sold for ?275 to ?500. All hidden under Private listings which usually means fake bids to give it an essay writing competitions for kids, air of authenticity. They had a Fake Stones Come On Demo too got ?250+ for is a thesis statement, it. Ebay clearly don't care as the guy relists the same ones again shortly after, third time now!
So why bother reporting the fakes? If you have ?100s to spend on essay writing competitions for kids, Beatles Demos, do yourself a favour have a good look at all our label photos of where thesis statement other EMI Demos to essay writing competitions, see what a real one looks like. Another Fake with bids over ?100 was Beatles 'From Me To You' typical UK vinyl with a Fake 'Dick James Music' demo label on. Tyra's College Essay Episode. How exiting! How FAKE! These labels were only used on acetates so any bidder is as fake or gullible. It's annoying perhaps, but unlikely there are any real bidders (we hope). One seller of Billy Fury items had a batch of perfectly genuine Demos Acetates, but we spotted one faked up Demo amid the real items. For Kids. It sold. the buyer was happy with it as feedback proves as they bought several others with it. Oh well. Friday Night Tyra's Episode. Go buy a cheap one of essay for kids a far less wanted artist see what a Real Demo looks like.
Beyond that, you are really on your own. to buy these items on ebay is as trustworthy as buying a Rolex or a Gucci handbag. Lights Essay. Well faked up. Always a problem on existing Rare picture sleeves, but over the last few years, there are an increasing amount of Fake Fantasy picture sleeves turning up on essay competitions for kids, ebay. In reality you can see they are modern, but on ebay people believe vague descriptions or no description pay high for essay, fake goods. These look instantly wrong to one who knows the scene with things not looking right, but with there being Export Picture sleeves in Europe with UK vinyl inside, people are too willing to believe.
One we've seen as a Fake multiple times is a Diana Dors 1960 Pye one,. How anyone thinks that looks real beggars belief, bad typeface, not a good picture cheaply printed, but a ?10 record sells for competitions, a high price. Similar Fake Billy Fury sleeves appear be sure many Beatles Elvis similarly. We saw with Coins years ago that High Value items were being recreated sold as Replicas. Penser Sans Dissertation. It's just how any market is writing competitions for kids be sure many unaware buyers have bought non-Original items. Friday Night Lights College Episode. Fantasy Items means an item that never existed but is essay writing competitions for kids faked up to appear Original amid other items. The possibilities are endless these started in the 1970s with Beatles David Bowie fakes that oddly now are collected for being early Fakes.
But to the collector, they know exactly what they are. There are some titles that so often get passed off as originals. If buyer doesn't bother to peut-on les mots, check, then it's their choice. The most common bootlegs-repros that look old as 1970s ones are Gloria Jones-Tainted Love on essay writing for kids, blue-green Champion Barbara Mills Queen Of Fools on fake USA Hickory using UK style lettering but with a USA type large centre. But two we see that make high prices are more worrying. The Coasters Crazy Baby has more than one Bootleg that gets sold as an original, the politische zu migration, Originals are thick East Coast Pressings or Styrene West Coast ones but always have groove markings like other Atlantic-Atco 45s, easy to competitions, compare easy to mark them in essays zu migration und integration so we'll not say.
The originals are Hifi quality the Bootlegs sound rough. Essay Writing. Another we often see sold as Original is The Vibrations-Cause You're Mine . The original Epic is a white-red Promo or a Yellow issue with Narrow Tall Print. Friday Night Lights College Episode. The one we see making big money is an early 1970s Repressing with Stereo on the label , it's status is like the Okeh ones with 'small 45rpm' is writing competitions for kids is official product with stamped numbers but an help paper, early 1970s pressing to writing for kids, cope with the huge demand for certain 45s. No-one wonders why they are always Mint? Buyers think the Mono 45 with Stereo 1970s wider print is real in essays und integration July 2015 insanely pay ?180-?200+ for a repressing! Other 1970s Bootlegs passed off as originals because they have Stamped Matrix Numbers are The Fuller Brother-Time's A Wasting Lorenzo Manley-Swoop Down On You. But the poor sound quality gives it away to find a genuine stock copy of for kids Lorenzo one we've only seem Bootlegs, if the friday tyra's college essay episode, white Promos are real. The Fullers one has a totally different label design to competitions for kids, the original there are enough sites detailing the original on glossy RCA type pressings. These are neatly machine etched like an engraving machine with thin letters like UK EMI Parlophone, Columbia, Philips Stateside, Decca, London, Pye etc or thick letters like 1965 era Sue, Island etc. USA vinyl is similar. Some are stamped like Philips, Fontana etc.
There is usually a style that is typical to the era, eg Island started with Stamped numbers in 1962, they were thick machine etched in 1964, the college, 1966-68 white reggae series were thin machine etched the pink 1967 era onwards were machine stamped. Essay Writing. The number in the run out zu migration und integration, area usually relates to a matrix number on the vinyl. But to understand this, buy a box of cheap 50s 60s vinyl and learn what there is. Some matrix numbers show in essay our Record Sales photos as we photo out und integration, of the sleeve. But be aware there is writing competitions for kids no 100% rule, some 1965 UK Polydor have hand etched numbers, some are more confusing like USA early 1950s RCA with DJ copies often hand etched, but Stock copies that are machine stamped.
Many post 1970 UK records are handwritten, eg Pye changed from machine etched to handwritten in politische the early 1970s. USA vinyl is usually handwritten again East Coast (vinyl) West Coast (styrene) pressed copies can vary as some are stamped others not. Only by seeing original vinyl of 'worthless' artists on a similar era label will you be able to essay writing competitions for kids, tell all the is a, signs an item is essay writing for kids real or not. If you are buying Demos of name artists as artifacts, be sure 9/10 Beatles Demos on friday night lights tyra's essay, ebay in 2013 are fake, though no-one will fake a Ken Dodd demo, so buy one to essay competitions, see what it looks like. and can spot reissues later pressings with ease. Friday. We collected USA vinyl in several genres at essay writing one time so are aware of those that got reissued or bootlegged. Sans Les Mots. You can be sure we can tell it's an essay competitions for kids, Original. The Beatles 45s were reissued repressed many times, if not always constantly available in between. These records were repressed with the style of label etc that was the standard at the time of repress. A 4th pressing of an LP is often sold as an Original, just like in books certain 1940s Annuals with ISBN codes are sold as originals, but ISBN codes only began in help writing my college paper 1966. In years to come, records with barcodes that first appeared mid 80s will be passed off as 60s or 70s originals unaware people will believe it!
like any sweeping statements there will be exceptions, but this will help weed out fake 45s even LPs. A fake or repro 45 of any track is worth ?6-10 unless that repro itself has got established as a collectable in it's own right, ie the issued 1973 dated Mariano 1950s RR and RB USA 45s plenty of Northern Soul. Only you can decide what a non genuine item is worth. Essay Writing Competitions. No Bootleg or 'Repro' is essay worth more than ?6-8 unless there is a known collector demand for the Repro. Azie Lawrence new bootleg for ?30 is an competitions for kids, insult! Some late 1960s-early 1970s bootlegs of Soul Rockabilly are now collected in their own right, especially if the original is unfindable usually highly priced. to describe any record some amateur has: eg 1954 London Slim Whitman on round centre with a silver top could be a 6th pressing, yet it'll still be called a rare 1st pressing. Friday Night College Episode. Prince Buster 'Al Capone' on the beige label is a 1972 press, not the Original often touted.
Most issues are on dark blue, but with it being a 1965 record belatedly becoming a chart hit in 1967, only an writing, expert can pick out the peut-on sans les mots dissertation, 1st 1965 press from the 1967 one! Similar with The Skatalites 'Guns Of Navarone'. Fake Demo Labels Stuck On Original Vinyl. There was a batch of these done by one person in the late 1990s now others are selling these on ebay which we find unacceptable. They got original common vinyl by essay competitions big Names, ie Beatles, Stones, Billy Fury etc and scanned up real demo labels from other less valuable records. Night Episode. They then carelessly used any modern font copied the writing for kids, wording on essays, a computer artwork program printed them out.
They then stuck them onto the original vinyl used a scalpel to essay competitions for kids, cut out the where, push out centre area centre hole. This is the big giveaway: know the writing, Font used, know UK Demos generally have labels pressed with the statement, vinyl know the dodgy cut-out of the centre holes. If we ever get any we smash them up so they are gone, but sadly these are still around one creep on competitions for kids, ebay got some idiot to pay ?100 for a fake Beatles PPM demo. My College. Buyers of these items want an essay writing, artifact know sod all about vinyl sadly are the application essay, victims of essay competitions their own lack of I need paper knowledge. We knew one guy who bought some from this seller when it was just starting his scam was to price a ?100 demo for essay writing competitions, ?30, so the I need my college paper, gullible-greedy buyer would jump at such a big bargain not bother to check what the essay writing, item really was. Politische Essays Zu Migration. Naturally only essay writing competitions for kids inexperienced buyers would fall for it this person is peut-on sans les mots still active on ebay. If a UK Demo has an official Not For Sale white label with the Label name it will be pressed with the vinyl always. The only writing for kids exception were UK MGM who done odd Demos with basic details printed on the White demo label then had Pink MGM demo labels glued over. As these often come loose, look under you'll see the is a located, basic one.
were never used before 1983 on records. Fax numbers were new in the 1980s website names in essay writing the later 1990s. of classic Studio One tracks look aged as they are poorly pressed on old equipment. The 'noise' on help paper, these repressings is actually from essay writing for kids using the corroded copper plates raw, rather than preparing them first. The vinyl itself is writing my college not the writing competitions for kids, noisy part, the noise is gaps in the record surface the verdigris (green copper rust) that the humidity creates on the copper. This is a Minefield too.
For example, the Billy Fury 10 LP was originally a 1960 LP, a thick slab of vinyl, but it was reissued in 1982 on a thinner pressing but official product so quality is good. Many will think their 31 years old one if not so new looking is real. But the 1982 has 'LFT' as the catalog number and handwritten matrix numbers. The original has 'LF' and is machine stamped. Then Elvis 10 LPs were repressed in France as sort of bootlegs too: the college application essay, Janis Elvis one you see forever relisted at a high price on ebay is one of these, there is a HMV Best Of Elvis too. These were sold shrinkwrapped, possibly with a Collector Issue note on it from what we remember seing them sold as new on markets. Then there are more modern nasty fakes of Beatles Gold Please Please Me that will trap the unwary. Writing For Kids. Again, only is a Money items are faked. Buying on ebay is not safe for essay writing for kids, the Artifact Buyer who doesn't know enough about Vinyl. Be sure, unless you buy from I need paper a dealer who has plenty of for kids Old Vinyl, that your ?100-?500 Bargain when they are ?1000 from friday night tyra's college others is a Fake. For Kids. There are Fakes in any area of college essay writing Collecting where Money Items are involved.
Even in Hifi, you'd think no-one would Fake an Amplifier, but there are Official Collector's Editions of competitions Quad, Marantz McIntosh as well as others possibly, but these are prestige items, but still the writing, buyer may think they are getting a Vintage 1960s one. Learn your Subject. To say all USA records with them are original is wrong, as is saying all ZTSP with handwritten ones are fake. Essay Writing Competitions. Early 50s RCA promos had handwritten matrixes whist the issues had stamped ones. USA Columbia pressed vinyl or styrene have been seen with handwritten matrix numbers. 1970s Northern Soul repros of where located Lorenzo Manley and Fuller Brothers with stamped matrices but poor sound when compared to the originals shows they are duds, but you won't read that anywhere else.
The Lorenzo one cut lower much duller sounding is essay competitions for kids always passed off as an original! All well us saying these things, but what is I need help my college paper a Matrix Number? It is a number-letter code on writing, the vinyl in the gap between the end of the is a located, music grooves the competitions for kids, label edge. The term used for this space that has a spiral groove to activate an autochanger is 'Dead Wax' from the application writing, days of early 78s, or 'Run Out Area' for competitions, other folks. Nyu Gsas Fellowships Dissertation. Depending on writing competitions for kids, the record company, eg Parlophone used 7XCE, Stateside used 45KR many others. The Matrix number is noted on the label too, eg Parlophone R5200 which is is a thesis Beatles 'I Feel Fine' has the essay, Catalog number R 5200 on the right of the help, label and 7XCE 18171 on the left. The number stamped in the vinyl is essay competitions 7XCE 18171-1N. Looking at the record, assuming the matrix number is at the bottom, to the left at 9 o'clock position is KT and a number, to the right at friday lights tyra's essay episode the 3 o'clock position will be a code from the GRAMOPHLTD letters relating to a number 1-9 0, eg R is 2. Depending on how many copies sold how late your pressing is.
This may be G, GA or GOD as we had on for kids, one got a Tenner for it as someone liked that! On a Decca pressed record, eg London, eg 1962, you'll find a letter from BUCKINGHAM. If a Decca pressing has BH in one line it is the help paper, 18th one, if it has B with H below, ignore the essay writing, H and it's the 1st. Matrix numbers are generally unimportant despite the ebay BS hype, but they can be useful for research. Similarly the presence of this doesn't always mean the same either! This serrated 'grip' edge began on sans, UK vinyl in early 1957 because popular cheap record players at the time until the mid 80s were autochangers where you stacked up records played up to 8 records in writing one go, like a jukebox.
From Dansettes to help writing paper, flimsy BSR turntables, the essay competitions for kids, autochanger was rife. The serrated edge simply stopped the labels slipping spoiling the music. Fellowships. For this reason, HMV Elvis unless barely played have the serrated bit worn through to writing competitions, the white base paper from repeated playing. To confuse the issue, you find some USA records with serrated edges, not many, but look at USA Capitol pressings from 1968-70s they have this so do a few originally USA-only Northern Soul repros pressed in the UK in the 70s, eg the Tommy Navarro one. Several other countries adopted the serrated edge, from les mots dissertation Singapore and Holland to India. Having said that, a UK record with the serrated edge can be looked on as 'official product' made between 1957 and 1984 . The presence of this or not is no clue to originality as many UK pressings are only recognisable as UK pressings by other features as often no country is stated. Essay Writing Competitions. Non UK pressed repros can still copy this text making confusion. is more for LP and application, EP buyers.
Some early 50s EPs came without lamination, only to have later issues laminated. Lamination is a thin layer of plastic film attached permanently to essay competitions for kids, usually only the friday night tyra's college essay, front of a record sleeve to competitions, protect it. Is A Located. As years age the earliest ones, the glue has gone hard the lamination starts to crack peel. By circa 1969 it was common to essay writing competitions for kids, see unlaminated sleeves by the 70s it was usual. College Application Essay Writing. See all the paper tears top right corner from writing for kids careless sticker removal! Some earlier unlaminated UK ones had an odd varnish type covering, meaning if you remove dry tape marks with meths, off comes the printing too! You may see a Velvett Fogg 1969 Pye LP with no lamination a barcode, we heard of a collector receiving one instead of the real one his money paid expected. This one relates to LPs mainly. College. Some LPs had a flap of paper from the front part of the cover bent over to competitions for kids, glue to the back part creating a neat join.
These are called flipback sleeves. The Decca pressed ones to about 1961 had a curved section cut out, to accomadate the shape of the friday night college essay, vinyl put in the cover. Competitions. After that it was just a plain strip. Help Writing My College. By 1964-65 Decca pressings could have either a flipback or not as the flap is sealed inside the cover, not outside it randomly done so, neither early or late unless other factors showed otherwise. A 1959 LP with no flipback can be seen to be a 1965 or later issue, in essay those days some LPs stayed available for several years. The 1965 press would have a subtly different label and pressing moulding. we've seen as a way to show the BS ebay seller had a rare export copy prices it to the unaware. Again look at is a statement a large amount of essay UK vinyl covering 50s to 70s, and you'll see many EMI Decca pressed records often showing these letters. All it means is the politische, record could be exported to eg Holland be official product, based on essay writing, specific copyright terms. The fact it was sold in writing the UK means it's not a proper Export, only those with alternate catalog numbers or different B sides are proper exports.
Cliff's Gee Whizz It's You was an export issue, as the catalog number shows, but it was also sold in the UK as it made the Top 10, despite not being an official UK release. The easy ones first: Oriole had some solid centres in 1962 as regular stock copies, nothing special. Oriole Contracts of writing competitions for kids 1963-64 Beatles on I need help writing, Parlophone exist but these are likely just test pressings only competitions different by being solid centre. Is A Thesis Located. Whether any actualy sold for ?500 asking prices is unlikely. Pye similarly done solid centres occasionally from essay for kids 1960-69 with the earliest Lonnie Donegan Dustman from night college 1960, again nothing special. EMI started in 1952 with large hole pressings, if the essay, 4 prong centre was introduced mid 1953 continued until 1966.
After this solid 4 prong centres are often found if some titles that didn't sell from 1967-69 will be only found with solid centres, eg Bobby Goldsboro Too Many People is politische essays zu migration und integration only on solid centre as far as we know if the Demo is a pronged centre for jukeboxes. Big hits like Pink Floyd Emily are commonly found as either solid or pronged centre. Essay Competitions For Kids. Decca is the oddity here though. The first UK Decca 45s were the I need help paper, 45000 series export Blue Gold Decca in competitions 1950 into I need help my college paper, the 900-1000 series London exports, some of which by essay for kids 1954 had thick tri centres, if the USA type large centre. Tri centres changed from friday night tyra's college essay Aug 1954 Thick Tri to Jan 1955 Long Thin Tri to essay, March 1955 standard Tri as on the London pages, if dates are never precise. Nyu Gsas. The Tri centre continued until March 1960 if Round centres started September 1959. Round centres with 4 prongs are standard Decca style until 1980 when Polygran bought Decca. Essay For Kids. Every single Decca pressed 45 has a 4 prong centre. One sided Demos in the 1950s-1960 could be solid centre or tri centre, a mix of both even on the same A+B pair. But there are Solid Centre Pressings made from 1955 to at least 1964. These are actually reject copies with rough edges trimmed with scissors, a centre hole but no centre shape for Tri or Round.
These we've had over the years they are usually poor grade look untidy so even having Gold London Bill Haley Fontane sisters, we didn't like them as they weren't real records. But as RCA pressed Elvis Presley Rolling Stones who have a wide collector base, these rejects can be offered for ?100, again whether they sell is I need help my college paper another thing as they look messy. Essay Writing Competitions For Kids. But if colectors like them, prices rise, but we aren't sure anyone but the tiny few care once they have them there is peut-on sans les mots dissertation no interest. All UK 45s from 1953 to 1980s have either with small LP-size centre holes, obvious exceptions are 1953 EMI, 1967-73 Polydor early 50s Decca exports, or those 1967 on that have been 'dinked' for essay competitions for kids, a jukebox, as they were made with a solid centre: either roughly by a hand tool or by peut-on sans a machine. Competitions. UK record centres: Decca used a triangle centre from 1954 to 1960. EMI used round centres 1953 onwards, after the few early large centre issues (see other pages of ours). All other labels used a 3-prong or 4-prong round centre that could be removed for tyra's college, jukeboxes or the essay, early USA record players. Essays. There are also the jigsaw removable-replaceable centres too, see another page of ours - '50s Odd Centres'.
A UK record with a centre is mistakenly called a 'Tri Centre' by some European sellers, unaware Tri means Triangle, rather than just any centre. A restuck centre, often found with Tri Centres is essay writing competitions for kids only worth the same as a NO CENTRE record (or less if it was messily glued), ie 25%-75% of the with-centre copy. Nyu Gsas Fellowships Dissertation. Stuck centres easily come out, ping one with your finger see it fly across the room! Then put an adaptor in instead. maybe viewed with suspicion, as the general style of essay centre is the I need help my college paper, large jukebox middle. Essay Writing Competitions For Kids. Not so, USA Columbia introduced a failed attempt to compete with RCA's 45rpm with their 33rpm 7, see the politische essays, Tri Centres page for photos.
Some were unfinished or factory-only test items, like the essay writing competitions, Okeh one, just like you see UK Gold London with solid centres oversized edges as untrimmed. Penser Sans Dissertation. You still see UK sellers saying a USA record is a NOC or 'no original centre', clearly unaware of the writing competitions, history of the 45. The 33rpm Jukebox single from the where thesis, early 60s with or without the thick card mini cover slicks is another example. You rarely find a Jamaican early 60s issue with the solid centre a small LP size hole, these again are unfinished items. Slade on 1970s Polydor are found as USA pressings with UK numbers solid centres. Essay For Kids. In the 1973-74 era with all the problems, contract pressings imported contract pressings are numerous, to the point some hits on essays zu migration, the first press are USA import only, like David Bowie with Rebel Rebel, see elsewhere on our site. The presence of writing a proper one that is essay episode real, not just a printed part of the label design, means it is a genuine item, though it may be a much later pressing. Cutting out the writing competitions for kids, area to make the politische, centre a push-out one appears to be very expensive, so bootleggers don't bother. New Zealand pressings used a square centre for some years late 50s early 60s Japan used a shaped tri centre in essay a similar era. But again, a few modern reissues or retro style releases are appearing with pronged centres. of a proper released record will be of some hifi quality.
If it is boomy with little crispness like USA bootlegs of writing 50s music in the 70s taken from writing competitions for kids 78s, that's a big giveaway. Today vinyl repros get the noise digitally reduced. Having heard some, as always the amateur has gone too far with the noise reduction settings lost the where is a statement located, ambience from the music, making the music sound very unnatural. Mastering records listening through 6 speakers is essay a fool's game. A lot of the recent UK 60s Bootleg 45s are mastered much lower than the original 45. eg ^56778 on USA vinyl continued into the 70s, so if your 50s/60s music record has one over approx ^90000 then it's a 70s repro. Some originals were pressed at Monarch in statement the USA in the 60s the repro/bootlegs were made there too years later. Essay Competitions For Kids. They are often styrene records, a harder type of vinyl that plays beautifully as regards surface noise on a high grade copy, but it can wear badly. Early Delta numbers turn up on records 1954-55 and on vinyl. Some reissues, like the Buster Eddie on Class use the old metal stampers with the 1960s Delta, only the label colour difference gives it away. are scans or photocopies, though today's printing techniques can be very advanced.
Some recreate the typeface in a modern similar font and others add numbers or wording to the original scanned design which helps show the reissue from the real. can be a good clue too, as can the texture. An original will always be on fellowships, a better quality paper with a crisper typeface with no blurring. A very modern repro will still get things wrong: those 60s Beat repros get the Pye pink very wrong as they are just scans as earlier were photocopies*. Of course, some will use much higher resolution paperwork but even then, you can't match the vinyl even if the labels are 99% perfect. For Kids. * It appears we must add that the image of the application, original is scanned or photocopied then printed on competitions for kids, typical paper ink. Photocopy paper is night essay dust that is heat bonded and essay, is never used raw. Only the source image is derived from a photo, scan or photocopy . The usual way for a UK 45 to have it's label applied is having it pressed into the vinyl when made. Friday Night Lights Tyra's. This means you cannot pick it away at the edge it does not lay above the competitions, surface. Certain USA labels always used a stuck-on label, eg Styrene always had a stuck-on label applied with glue. Later Styrene pressings had ink printed directly onto night lights tyra's college episode the blank label are with no paper. A basic rule is essay writing a Vinyl pressed record (ignoring acetates) will have a pressed-on label.
Exceptions include small-run private type labels, eg the friday lights tyra's episode, early 1965-66 Blue Horizon. Any Decca sporting a stuck-on Demo label is essay for kids highly likely to essays zu migration und integration, be fake, although again some exceptions regarding test pressings allowed these fakes to get accepted. Any record with the centre prongs showing in the label area will be precisely cut as they were cut whilst the essay writing competitions for kids, vinyl was being pressed. Politische. This gets a little tricky, as hinted already, as you see blank white label or blank record company logo labels with applied sticker labels showing info. This applies to the Beatles Apple Demos, which are fairly glossy blank white labels with an Apple label stuck over. You can find standard stock copies of a wide range of labels with added Emidisc or similar labels, these are genuine, but the ease of adding such should not make them hugely valuable, more like a nice issue defaced!
Another exception as mentioned already, is MGM by 1967 it became independently pressed in the UK (by EMI still, in plain white sleeves), the Demos here are plain white with basic details printed on the labels, but oddly a more typical pink MGM demo label stuck over! Confusing is the word. used is a vague one, though see a Sun 45 with a too-modern looking crisp font it's a modern (80s on) repro. Modern Soul repros make little attempt to essay competitions for kids, copy the original label. Oddly a 1928 RCA Victor Blues 78 with it's plain font looks much newer than it is. Overall, experience is what gets you picking original from repro. added to ordinary records, or even old ones added to repro ones! Even old ones soaked from cheapo 45s to add onto a Beatles makes a ?5 record a ?40 one, what a bargain. These silly items are created to make an ordinary item appear special to novices thinking they are getting a Beatles Demo or similar on the cheap.
Genuine EMI, Decca or Philips group sample stickers are easy to tell once you've seen some the positioning of them will be apparent after seeing a large amount. No EMI sticker will turn up on lights tyra's college episode, a Decca record a 70s EMI one won't be on essay, a mid 60s EMI. EMI ones were of peut-on dissertation one sort then a later sort appeared. Does it matter? No.
Is it Worth More? Not in The Real World. It's a gummed label like a stamp. It can be used to cover a tear or writing explaining the odd positions you see them put in. It's easily transferred should add NOTHING to essay writing competitions, the value in the real world, a thing ebay clearly isn't. Pay ?. for a Beatles Factory Sample and then try to sell it yourself. A Factory Sample Sticker is I need my college WORTHLESS! It's a Factory Test Sample or a cheap way of doing a Promo.
Only a clearly different label design maybe in essay writing competitions White with a big A and dissertation, a Release Date denotes a proper Demo. An Oriole demo from 1962 will just have a silver A on competitions, the centre of one side, unlike earlier later white demos. A UK Sue 45 with a Black rectangle is NOT a Demo, all the rectangle does is dissertation cover Sue Records USA on 45s 'licensed' from other labels. If you still think it is, then no-one will mind charging you extra! Some records only exist as Stock Copies with Factory Samples ie TMG 525 is not on a RW Demo, adding a sticker does not make ?100 into writing competitions for kids, ?200, unless you are gullible. The big pre mid 1965 Fontana sample stickers actually look ugly the record looks better without it as it's worth no difference unless the HN JP ones are hyped. fake '60s' acetates, faked items using old blank labels from 1940s 78 acetates stuck onto a Beatles record some fool pays ?150 for it. Computer printed demo labels stuck onto regular issues and help my college, badly cut out around the centre pushout. Essay Writing Competitions. These fake items created to trap the unaware buyer thinking it's a bargain or something special.
The buyers as evidenced by ebay feedback shows they aren't Record Buyers, but are after a piece of Memorabilia that is rare but have no knowledge of really what they are buying. The rule here is penser les mots dissertation it's not worth anything more than a standard copy if it basically looks like a standard copy. Only proper printed Demo or Promo labels are something special, as are Acetates. An oddity is essay writing with some Australian promos: the added-on Demo sticker is stuck on the label BEFORE pressing. Removal or falling-off results in a dip in the vinyl as the fellowships, sticker was originally level with the rest of the label, rather than raised as a later added one would be. is another one to look out essay writing competitions, for. Any repro made since the 80s will not have the deep 'mono' grooves cut like an original has.
70s repros still used older machinery so other signs must be checked. is not too helpful, those unplayed 50s Savoy stock look too new but are real early pressings, as do unplayed boxes of UK Blue Beat Wynonie Harris EPs. Peut-on Penser Dissertation. Similarly a scuffy or scratched disc with a worn label may easily be a repro aged up, but for it to essay for kids, 'sell' only located big ?? items would be aged up. of older music often means a 70s press especially if the essay competitions, music is playing in penser les mots Mono, look at your yellow Epic copy of Vibrations 'Cause You're Mine' with Stereo added then you'll see it's an early 70s press, not the 1969 one which had narrower smaller typeface! Stereo 45s do exist from essay writing competitions 1958, but will be easily proved originals from zu migration und integration other factors. is of no use to decide if real or not, ignore those tedious ebay BS dealers saying 'original thick vinyl'. A 1949 USA RCA 45 is on thin vinyl as is competitions a 1956 one.
A UK 1957 RCA is on thicker vinyl. A 1966 Blue Beat is on the thickest heavy vinyl you will find, they are Orlake pressings. A 1958 HMV LP is a strong heavy piece of vinyl, yet some 1972-3 UK RCA LPs are so thin like a flexi. A thick heavy record with a silvery aluminium core seen through the centre is an Acetate can be genuine factory items with rare tracks, or especially in the early days of the Northern Soul scene, just a privately cut track for DJ use of no real value as a genuine studio acetate can have. Be aware a 60s track with felt tip pen writing is not an old one! Handwritten biro, or ink on peut-on penser sans les mots, the earlier ones are likely to be genuine. There are Fake Acetates of Rare Tracks we see occasionally on ebay. If it has no proper label, a 1960s track with felt tip details or just is too high grade, be Very Suspicious of essay competitions it.
Acetates last for decades, as you'd not see any if they didn''t, making a nonsense of the fragile not long lasting comments. You occasionally see 'Big Money' USA Northern Soul tracks cut back to back on one acetate. Sans Les Mots Dissertation. These are items a DJ made himself in the 1970s just to be able to essay for kids, play it and as it's 100% unofficial as well as the sound quality usually being awful, they are not worth more than ?10 as curios. Of course there are Genuine Acetates of zu migration und integration 60s Soul, but as with any acetate, there are clues. These soul acetates can be crudely made, or nicely typed up on EMIDISC labels as one PP Arnold Everything's one was with a totally unrelated B side. One 'expert' was happy to sell it giving the idea by competitions for kids association with other items that it was a 1960s original studio made one a buyer was happy to pay silly money, nearly ?150 for an unofficial item, not a fake was a 1970s item, but little different from politische zu migration und integration a home tape. Writing. This same 'expert' had an extremely dodgy Beatles Faked Demo that he was quite indignant in us questioning him on, as some other 'expert' had confirmed it was 'real' so how dare we question. Buyer beware is all you can say to that, keep it happily for 20 years then find out the truth. There are quite a lot of nyu gsas fellowships dissertation Unissued Motown tracks turning up with 'Recoat' on the labels, these were rejected official items meant for reuse, but with so much Unissued Motown on writing, CD now vinyl, these tracks no doubt will be faked up similarly.
For the where is a thesis, risk of getting silly, it can be a clue, but be aware how many smokers there were until recent years. A smoky smelling record may not be that old, but to tell if Sleeves are old, if they smell musty that is a clue of age, but not a sure one. If the vinyl has an obvious new plastic smell or a repro sleeve lacks crispness in essay the printing but gives you a paper cut it is likely a modern one. Repro 7 sleeves have been around years now can look old at a glance, but the blurry print or modern typeface added to recreate them gives it away. They often come apart as the seams are poorly glued. was a UK Billy Fury Export EP, the 'Play It Cool' one. The catalog number of essay writing both as RC shows is identical, yet the cover is the clear steep difference in value. Now a seller had a repro cover and offered the standard record inside it.
The sleeve remember was a repro of no collector value. Yet excited (foolish) ebayers paid ?50 for it? Eh? Duh more like. Writing For Kids. ?10 the record ?40 for a repro sleeve. Keeps us in the know smiling! Special AKA Gangsters was a huge hit rightly so. Dissertation. The majority are on paper labels worth no more than ?6, the essay, only rarity is the handstamped sleeve, which has been repro'd and also the silver ink later 1980 press label for completists. The RC TT1-3 being rare is nonsense, the majority have this, so a ?6 record in reality. The first pressings are by Rough Trade via CBS and politische essays, you'll find EMI Pye contract pressings too as demand was high. Now here's the writing for kids, thing: Pye vinyl was black in normal light, but from 1972-1980ish some held up to writing my college paper, a light it shines varied shades of red. Essay Writing Competitions. Hold it up to the light black vinyl becomes red.
BFD. Friday Tyra's Essay. So the silly seller who backlit his to for kids, make the nyu gsas, pic look fully red will have a buyer expecting it to look red in daylight, as red vinyl suggests. Essay For Kids. In reality, the Pye contract is more common than the EMI one seller tried a similar game for friday lights tyra's, months to essay writing competitions, get ?20 for his to no avail. OK, we're having a laugh here apparently, all MP3s can be faked to politische essays und integration, oblivion as can any home made MP3 from the original vinyl. Competitions. A MP3 looks like nothing, as nothing it is, it is virtual if your hard drive, iPod or dongle with the track on dies, so does the night, download! How silly you were not to keep 25 backups!
But there really are fake MP3 downloads hiding as zip files with nasty .exe viruses in them on these dodgy peer to peer sites, so all here is not in vain. An area of Collecting where FAKE is Exceedingly likely to the point of Guaranteed Fake. One seller on essay, ebay we noticed with 12 records with many name artists having signed the vinyl! Bullshit! No way would the nyu gsas, owner carry round 12 records genuinely to a gig then get the essay writing, artist or group to politische zu migration und integration, sign the essay, item so steadily! Bullshit 2! Those Silver pens are only good for a short time before the point clogs take a while to start if at nyu gsas fellowships dissertation all. No way would the pen be ready working perfectly each time in a rushed situation.
Look at competitions for kids their ended items. 60+ items all signed very similarly. It would take years in reality, or 20 minutes to fake. I Need Help Writing. There are so many gullible buyers thinking at a bargain price it'll do. You've been conned! You see Pawn Stars on writing competitions for kids, the History Channel, see how Rick buys, he's sharp like us. They either pay no extra for the signature or need full COA proof. The experts they pull in have much knowledge will have pictures of writing my college original signatures take more than 20 seconds screen time to confirm, if one they've stopped using now. If you want to buy Signed Items, be very careful even COA provenance can be faked so easily.
Ebay clearly don't care and allow this to go on, as it's not illegal like selling DVD copies, so you'll actually find there is no way to report these items. Buyer beware. Autographs are a strange market, they need to be signed clearly display well by Framing Matting, but then the Ink Fades in writing competitions daylight so the night lights college episode, value is writing for kids gone. are everywhere and they are constantly repressing them, now in better vinyl quality occasionally adding more titles, the peut-on penser, latest batch are Hot USA RB 45s from competitions for kids around 1958. The Reggae ones were first around over essays und integration 12 years ago in the London Collector shops. Competitions For Kids. Seeing a wall full of 'Rare Originals' for the first time sure gets you going! Most are openly sold as repros for ?6-8 so no problem really for buyers. They are all well worth buying sound good, if a little lacking in punch compared to the originals. We've had the sans, first lot to for kids, keep the music digitally from the vinyl if we'd not had the original copy. The UK pressed ones lack the help writing, serrated edge, some have large or small centres, but the matrix numbers are at writing least obvious with the song titles or catalog number etched, not the machine stamped matrix number of old. with the old cliche about college writing being given some records not knowing much about them, but without actually saying they are 'new' or 'repro' as they apparently don't know.
But sadly the Inexperienced buyer sees the Dollar signs (that was originated in essay for kids a Tom Jerry 1940s cartoon) and believing they are getting a huge bargain keep bidding. Friday Night Tyra's Episode. Or more likely the seller is fake-bidding up their own items. The more bidders the item gets, the 'sheep' effect comes in, ie they think it's right so it must be! Ending up paying ?30 or more for essay writing for kids, the repro is the politische essays und integration, outcome. It's up to the buyer to understand what they are buying watch out.