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The Theme of Escape in the Glass Menagerie by Tennessee Williams
bresland video essay On the Origin of the Video Essay. Beginning with this Spring 2010 edition, Blackbird is the glass menagerie essay, featuring a new form of creative nonfiction we#8217;ve chosen to nursing education, call the video essay. Menagerie! In its intent the nursing education, video essay is no different from its print counterpart, which for thousands of years has been a means for of escape writers to confront hard questions on the page. The essayist pushes toward some insight or some truth. Valerie Francisco! That insight, that truth, tends to be hard won, if at all, for the essay tends to ask more than it answers. That asking#8212;whether inscribed in ancient mud, printed on paper, or streamed thirty frames per second#8212;is central to the essay, is the essay. So it#8217;s been, since shortly after Christ, when a Delphic priest named Plutarch wondered which came first, the chicken or the egg. Essay! A thousand years later in Japan, Sei Sh#333;nagon compiled a list in her Pillow Book of #8220;Hateful Things#8221; and paper writing #8220;Things That Give a Hot Feeling.#8221; These early works of nonfiction were meditations, lists, biographies, diary entries, advice. But it took an amateur in the time of Shakespeare#8212;a French civil servant in midlife crisis who quit his job to become a writer#8212;to attach a name to the act of exploring the limits of what we know. He called these works Essais . Attempts.
Trials. Michel de Montaigne drew thematic inspiration from theme of escape essay Plutarch, but his meditations could be associative, rambling, prickly, polyvalent. Like Sh#333;nagon#8217;s. Valerie Dissertation! Which isn#8217;t to the glass menagerie essay, say a personal assistant to the Japanese empress during the buy research paper, Heian dynasty shaped the work of Montaigne. She didn#8217;t, so far as we know. But Sh#333;nagon#8217;s essay, #8220;Things That Quicken the Heart,#8221; is the central, soulful motif of Chris Marker#8217;s Sans Soleil (1982), one of the first great film essays of our time. The Glass Menagerie Of Escape! In Sans Soleil Marker channels his meditation on truth and memory through Sandor Krasna, an offscreen personage whose letters (in the English-language version) are voiced by Canadian actress Alexandra Stewart. Despite the fictional scrim, Sans Soleil remains solidly an paper writing, essay, a work of the glass essay nonfiction that casts multiple lines of inquiry#8212;among them, how images rewrite memory#8212;and renders them as poetic evocations of lived experience. Watching Sans Soleil , you can almost hear Chris Marker whisper, Here is the problem of being alive right now. Writing Essay In First Person! I suspect the heart-quickening now of sound and image is what drew the otherwise reclusive Marker to film. Of Escape! And by improving critical skills reclusive I don#8217;t mean he was a poet and novelist with a promising literary career ahead of him#8212;though he was, too, that kind of recluse, a writer, before he was anything else.
Today, on the eve of his 90th birthday, Marker is still making films, yet less than a dozen photographs of the man exist. Menagerie Of Escape! He avoids media, rarely gives interviews. When Marker appears in Agnes Varda#8217;s video essay The Beaches of buy research paper writing Agnes (2008), he does so in the guise of a talking cat. Filmmakers who let their work speak for itself, who hold their audience in high esteem, do exist. But they#8217;re rare. And how like an essayist to refuse to explain his work. How like a poet to grant his audience a lasting measure of imaginative space. Chris Marker grew up in Neuilly, on the posh rim of the theme, Bois de Bologne outside Paris. Probably he read Montaigne as a boy#8212;not from any precocity we know of, but rather because French kids read their Montaigne, just as they memorize the your hero and why essay, poems of the glass menagerie theme essay Hugo and La Fontaine.
After World War II, in writing a persuasive person which he fought for the resistance, he published a collection of poetry and, in 1949, his first novel. The Glass Menagerie Of Escape Essay! Then, like so many other writers and valerie francisco dissertation critics seduced by the French New Wave#8212;Godard, Rohmer, Truffaut#8212;Marker turned to the glass menagerie of escape essay, celluloid, and so, for that matter, did the rest of the world. Alongside Jean Cayrol, Marker wrote uncredited for Alain Resnais#8217;s Night and Fog (1955), a film essay about the philosophy statement, Holocaust, a work that welds haunting visuals (and a color scheme Spielberg later cribbed for Schindler#8217;s List) to of escape essay, a refreshingly human voiceover. In a brilliant essay he wrote for Threepenny Review , Phillip Lopate describes that voiceover as worldly, tired, weighted down with the need to make fresh those horrors that had so quickly turned stale. It was a self-interrogatory voice, like a true essayist#8217;s, dubious, ironical, wheeling and searching for the heart of its subject matter. That voice, I suspect, is Marker#8217;s. And it#8217;s the lone voice, decidedly unobjective, that resides at your hero and why essay the heart of the visual essay. Or film essay. Or video essay. What do we name it, anyway#8212;this thing, this half-essay, half-film?
Lopate calls this hybrid literary form a centaur. I have an urge to see these two interests combined, he writes, through the works of filmmakers who commit essays on celluloid . The essay-film, as he terms it, barely exists as a cinematic genre. And this confounds Lopate. He puzzles over the rarity of personal films that track a person#8217;s thoughts as she works through some mental knot. Why, he asks, aren#8217;t there more of theme essay these things?
Lopate cites #8220;promiscuity of the image#8221; as one reason for the rarity of essay-films#8212;the tendency of the valerie, motion picture, owing to its density of information, to defy clear expression of a filmmaker#8217;s thoughts. And he gestures toward the belief, widely held in commercial film circles, that the screen resists language in higher densities. Even if an artist were to beat the odds, the thinking goes, even if she were to combine powerful visuals with an artful text and weave it all together with economy and grace, who#8217;d pay twelve bucks at the cinema to see an essay? That the image resists the precision of language is essay, indeed a complication for writing essay person the essayist. The Glass Menagerie Theme Of Escape! Much in the way, I would argue, that pianos complicate singing. That is to say another skill is buy research paper, called for but the payoff can be sublime. Images and sound are visceral stimuli that even animal sensoria can tap into. When my mother#8217;s Italian Greyhound sees another dog on TV, he lunges for it, tries to maul the the glass menagerie of escape essay, Samsung. And when a fish takes its last dying gasp on a sunlit pier in Ross McElwee#8217;s Time Indefinite (1993), I#8217;m consumed with sadness over our capacity for cruelty. Paper Writing! Looking that creature in the eye while a young boy stomps on it, I find myself wanting to save the fish and stomp the the glass theme, boy.
A canny essayist, McElwee knows that a literary text#8212;the lone voice confronting hard questions#8212;is only the beginning. Images and sound, those engines of emotion, have their own story to tell. Promiscuity of the image isn#8217;t a weakness of the essay-film. It#8217;s a feature. A volatile one, sure. And it#8217;s changing the way we write, changing our conception of what writing means.
Film is visual; the who is, essay is not. Film is the glass menagerie essay, collaborative; the essay is not. Film requires big money; the essay costs little and makes less. Essays and film, Lopate notes, are two different animals, and writing I agree with him on one condition: that it#8217;s 1991. That#8217;s when Lopate wrote #8220;In Search of the Centaur#8221; for Threepenny . The internet was just a baby then, nursed by dweebs. Then, financial considerations reigned.
If you wanted your film made, you first needed grants, financing, distributors. Today, to the glass, make a small-scale personal film, you can shoot the thing on an inexpensive digital camera and upload it to thinking skills, any number of the glass free video sharing sites. In #8217;91 you had to hustle for best service online eyeballs. Now, of course, the artist still hustles (post a video in the middle of a digital forest, there#8217;s no guarantee it#8217;ll make a sound) but those once formidable barriers to entry#8212;obtaining the gear to shoot your film, and getting it in position to be seen #8212; have been leveled by digital technology. As more literary magazines migrate online, editors are discovering that the old genre categories#8212;fiction, nonfiction, poetry#8212;which made perfect sense on the page, no longer do. The Internet is a conveyance for images and theme of escape sound as well as text, and print media is scrambling to catch up. Today artists have access to video editing tools that ship free on who is your hero essay, most computers. A generation ago, such capability didn#8217;t exist at menagerie of escape essay any price. Now all it takes for a young artist to produce a documentary is an out-of-the-box Mac, a camera, and nursing education the will to see an idea through to its resolution. The act of writing has always been a personal pursuit, a concentrated form of thought.
And now filmmaking, too, shares that meditative space. The tools are handheld, affordable, no less accessible than a Smith-Corona. The Glass Menagerie Theme! You can shoot and edit video, compelling video, on a cell phone. Brave new world, right? But what do we call it?
We#8217;re calling it the video essay. Because most of us experience the philosophy, motion picture as video, not film. Of Escape Essay! Film is analog. Film requires a shutter to convey motion. That shutter, Chris Marker told Libération in 2003, is what distinguishes film from video: Out of the two hours you spend in a movie theater, you spend one of them in best essay writing service online the dark. It's this nocturnal portion that stays with us, that fixes our memory of a film in a different way than the same film seen on television or on a monitor . Theme Of Escape Essay! Video, on the other hand, from the way it#8217;s acquired (on small, light digital cameras with startling image quality) to the way it#8217;s consumed (on mobile devices, on planes, as shared links crossing the ether) is now being carried everywhere, the paper, way books and magazines once were. And there#8217;s a certain texture to video, a telltale combination of compression artifacts, blown-out whites and noisy blacks that isn#8217;t pretty. But it#8217;s not ugly, either.
It#8217;s real. (It may even be, as Don DeLillo once described it, realer than real.) The video essay. Video from the Latin verb vid #275; re #8212;to see. The Glass Theme! Essay in the Greek sense, meaning to ask. Your Hero! In the the glass menagerie of escape essay, Japanese sense, to quicken the heart. In the French sense, to and why, try.
I can think of no better way to take on the problems of menagerie of escape being alive right now than to write this way, with a pen in one hand and a lens in thinking the other.
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Escape Theme In Glass Menagerie essays
Idioms Denoting Parts of the glass menagerie theme of escape essay Body Essay. It is common knowledge that one of the most important functions of language is to name the world or express human thoughts through a system of concepts. They exist in association in who is your hero and why language and make up a giant network with many interconnection and association among the various subparts. A good example of this interconnection involves metaphor. Theme? Metaphor is used in the literary or poetic language. It is also widely used in every day conversational language. It is obvious that metaphor is utilized to express ideas sensibly and vividly as it has great expressive power. Personal Nursing Philosophy Statement? It is capable of conveying more of the human feeling, emotion or attitude toward what is said rather than the non-metaphorical or direct way of expression. The more developed the society is, the more necessary the need of communication becomes; especially in menagerie of escape the process of essay service online globalization, the communication has spread beyond the boundary of a country. Together with the the glass theme, development of the society in personal education statement the era of integration, language has been clearly recognized as a very important tool in communication with many purposes.
Language can be used to menagerie theme of escape essay, show one’s feeling, attitude, and evaluation. And through communicating, reading newspapers etc., I realize that people often use words, phrases denoting human body to paper writing, show their feeling, emotion… In our daily life, we can easily recognize words denoting our body parts used plentifully, not only individual words but also word combinations containing more than one human body part. Regarding to word groups denoting human body parts, their meanings are not the the glass menagerie theme of escape, combination of each word’s meaning only, in who is your hero essay some cases, their meanings are quite different from the original meaning. Learning of idioms is important, especially for the foreigner learners. Theme Essay? Idioms correspond to a valuable vein in English language, so they need for explanation. Idioms are fixed expressions whose meaning cannot be deduced from the meaning of skills its components. The Glass Menagerie Essay? Learners of English must be aware that the meaning cannot be taken as a combination of words which the idiom consist of. Also behaviour of idioms in improving skills sentences is different. One cannot understand literally the meaning of an the glass of escape idiom. Sometimes it seems that it has no sense or it is illogical.
Idioms cannot be changed; especially one cannot use related words when the idiom is concerned. Many of them cannot be used in passive form. The structure of idioms is extraordinary. That is why learners of English must know that the most important thing is not learning idioms by rote, but learning how to critical skills, use them. If speaker of English knows a lot of idioms and the glass menagerie of escape essay, he can use them in a right context, he will be able to communicate more easily.
Idiomatic expressions are phrases which use language in a non-literal way. This is writing service online, why interpretation of idioms is menagerie theme, very hard. Idioms are group of who is your hero essay words, phrases that meaning cannot be concluded from the individual words. Every idiom has a deeper, metaphorical meaning. Idioms are very important in life because it is impossible to the glass menagerie essay, speak, read, write and listen to English without knowing idiomatic expressions. Native speakers of English feel more comfortable using idiomatic phrases; however, non-native speakers can be frustrated because the true meaning of an a persuasive essay idiom is not always clear. One should remember that idioms can be used when every speaker master a language completely. Nowadays, idioms are essential elements that enrich the the glass theme, language. However, one should remember that speech which is overloaded with idioms loses its originality. On the essay in first, other hand, lack of idioms make that oral or written speech loses much in its expressiveness. A large number of phrases and menagerie, sentences in the English language are related to body parts.
Some of valerie francisco dissertation them are descriptive while others, elusive. Their origins are dated from Biblical times to the recent days. Each generation adds new idiomatic expressions which are connected with their culture. The meaning of theme idiomatic expressions is indefinable. They show that metaphors are very important in our lives and personal education philosophy statement, that we do not look at the glass theme, things in the way they are in reality, but rather we perceive them through our understanding and our experience of the best service, world.
The present thesis is an attempt at an analysis of theme of escape English idioms with a body component. Skills? Its goal is to menagerie theme of escape essay, study and present the nature of idioms, their connection with culture and writing, context. It is common knowledge that one of the most important functions of language is to name the world or express human thoughts through a system of concepts. Theme Of Escape Essay? They exist in association in language and make up a giant network with many interconnection and association among the paper, various subparts. A good example of this interconnection involves metaphor.
Metaphor is used in the literary or poetic language. The Glass Menagerie Theme Of Escape? It is also widely used in every day conversational language. It is obvious that metaphor is utilized to express ideas sensibly and vividly as it has great expressive power. It is capable of conveying more of the human feeling, emotion or attitude toward what is said rather than the non-metaphorical or direct way of your essay expression. Achilles’ heel= the only vulnerable spot in a person or thing that is otherwise strong; a serious or fatal weakness/ fault After one’s own heart = to like someone because of similar interests An eye for an eye (and a tooth for of escape essay a tooth)= retaliation/ retribution in kind, a punishment that is as cruel as the crime An eye opener = a surprise; a startling or enlightening experience Armed to the teeth = heavily armed. Behind one’s back = when one is not present. Blue blood = having the qualities of being of writing a persuasive essay person noble birth.
Can’t put one’s finger on = can’t locate immediately, can’t find the the glass theme of escape, answer Can’t see beyond the end of one’s nose = limited vision concerning decisions of the future Crocodile tears = false tears, pretended grief. Face to face/ eyeball-to-eyeball = confronting each other. Foul mouth = a user of profanity. Hand in hand= in close association. Hands are tied = restrained from acting. Heart-to-heart = intimate speaking freely and seriously about a private subject I could have bitten my tongue off= sorry you said something. In one ear and out the other = does not heed or pay attention It’s in your hands = it is valerie dissertation, your responsibility. On the tip of one’s tongue= at the point of telling or recalling One foot in the grave = old and decrepit.
Over one’s dead body= against one’s strong opposition. Right-hand man= chief assistant. To (not) lift a finger= not to help in theme of escape the slightest degree. To be all ears = to essay person, listen attentively. To be loose–tongued = to talk too much. To be up to one’s ears = immersed in, caught in. To break someone’s heart = cause great sorrow, disappoint someone To breathe down someone’s neck = to follow someone closely in pursuit, the action of a superior who is looking for something wrong or watching someone very closely To bury one’s head in menagerie the sand = to refuse to accept facts To catch one’s breath = to rest to regain normal breathing To cry on someone’s shoulder = to go to someone to talk to about a problem To foam/ froth at the mouth= to be very angry. To force one’s hand = make one reveal his plans. To get one’s hands on= obtain.
To get out of hand= become uncontrollable. To get through one’s head= to understand or believe. To give one’s right arm = make a big sacrifice; give something of great value To give someone a hand= help, assistance. To go to one’s head= cause dizziness. To have a big mouth= to talk too much. To have a sharp tongue= harsh or sarcastic in speech. To have an eagle eye= to have an excellent eyesight. For the first time the online, term ‘phraseology’ appeared in 16th century and it meant ‘style’ or ‘vocabulary’. In 18th century it got terminological meaning such as ‘a group of word units’. Menagerie Of Escape Essay? At the essay, same time in most of European languages ‘phraseology’ meant ‘empty words’. Of Escape Essay? New linguistic branch ‘phraseology’ developed in 20th century, mostly in East Europe.
The forerunner of phraseology was Charles. Bally, Swiss linguist. He used the term phraseology when he wrote about thinking skills, different types of word-groups which differ in degree of stability from free word-groups to phraseological units. The study on phraseology was developed by Russian linguists A.A. Shakhmotov and A.D. Polivanov. M. Tarasevitch (1991:448) claims that “[…] linguists became aware of the existence in the language of special larger-than-words units: word-groups consisting of two or more words whose combination is integrated as a unit with a specialized meaning of the whole […]. Russian linguists made an attempt to study various word-groups on a scientific basis. They pointed out the the glass essay, need to establish a new branch of linguistics that would study unusual feature of your hero word-groups.
In linguistics, ‘phraseology’ is a term used for menagerie of escape describing the context in which a word is used. The term also describes various structural and buy research paper writing, semantic types of phrases characterized by different degrees of idiomacity in given language. It includes typical sequences such as idioms, phrasal verbs, multi-word unit and collocations. “ Phraseology – the words and phrases used in particular profession or activity or a particular way of putting words together to the glass menagerie theme, express something” (Macmillan English Dictionary 2007:1119) Phraseology studies compound meaning of two or more words e.g. Nursing Education Philosophy Statement? like a knife through butter. The meaning of the phrase is the glass theme essay, different from the words used alone. Phraseology studies why such meanings come in valerie everyday use, and what possibly are the laws governing these word combinations. At present phraseology is a branch of linguistics studying phraseological units.
According to M. Tarasevitch phraseological units are stable word groups that are not based on the generative patterns of free word groups and they are characterized by an elaborate meaning. The Glass Theme? Tarasevitch claims that phraseological unit should have: * Stability of use; * Complexity of meaning and. * Word-groups are not built on the generative pattern of free word-groups. Stability of use means that phraseological units are language units which are members of a language community. Writing Essay Person? Phraseology is connected with culture and speech community.
Structural separateness helps to distinguish praseological units from compound words. Complexity of meaning signifies the non-compositionality of the glass theme of escape phraseological units, which mean that the meaning of the writing a persuasive essay, whole phrase is different from the sum of literal meanings of the of escape, words. Each unit is constituted according to improving thinking, its own unique rule, which cannot be predicted. One of three groups of phraseological units is idioms. Phraseological units are stable word groups and they have partially or fully transferred meanings (e.g. The Glass Menagerie Of Escape Essay? kick the who is hero and why, bucket). They are lexicalized word group in common use. What is an idiom? “A group of words whose meaning is different from the meanings of the individual words” (Oxford Advanced. Learners Dictionary 2000:672) “An expression established in the usage of a language that is peculiar to itself either in grammatical construction or in having a meaning that cannot be derived as a whole from the conjoined meanings of the glass theme essay its elements” (Webster’s Third New International Dictionary 1993:1123) “[…] an idiom is a lexicalized, reproducible word group in common use, which has the syntactic stability, and may carry connotations, but whose meaning cannot be derived from the meanings of its constituents” (Cowie 2001:125)
The word ‘idiom’ comes from the Greek root idio, meaning a unique signature. An idiom is an expression, a phrase or a combination of words that has a meaning that is improving, different from a meaning of the individual words. Each language contains expressions which make no sense when they are translated literally into another language. Sometimes idiom can have literal meaning in of escape essay some situation and different idiomatic meaning in another situation. It is an expression or a phrase which does not always follow the normal rules of meaning and grammar. Writing A Persuasive Essay Person? If somebody (especially a foreigner or a person outside a given culture) does not know that some words convey a meaning that is unrelated to the individual meaning of those words, he may does not understand what someone is saying. For example: kill two birds with one stone can literally mean that somebody killed two birds with one stone. But the menagerie of escape, idiom has totally different meaning: one resolves two difficulties or matters with a one single action.
Many idioms are similar to expressions in other languages, can be easy to understand and its meaning is essay, usually obvious. For instance, black ship of the family in Poland can be easily understood because there is an identical idiom and it can be easily translated. Other idioms come from older phrases which have changed their meaning over time, for essay example, kick the bucket originally referred to suicide victims standing on best essay writing inverted buckets, they kick them away and in this way hang themselves, but now it means simply to die. Shelley (1995) suggests that some idioms are slang. “Slang seems to mean everything that is menagerie theme essay, below the standard of usage of present-day English” (Galperin 1971:96). Galperin cited a definition of slang of paper writing “Webster’s New World Dictionary of the American Language”: “1. Originally, the specialized vocabulary and the glass menagerie, idioms of criminals tramps, etc. The purpose of which was to disguise from outsiders the meaning of valerie dissertation what was said; now usually called cant. 2. The specialized vocabulary and idioms of those in the same work, way of life, etc.; now usually called shoptalk, argot, jargon. “ (Galperin 1971:96). According to Thomas (1995) idioms are known as cliches. Menagerie Essay? Cliches are expressions that have been used over and over again. They are overused and common expressions.
Idioms are perceived as a very interesting part of the language because they are different from personal nursing philosophy statement, simple words and the glass menagerie of escape essay, phrases. They make language life and rich because they take existing words and best, combine them with a new sense and create totally new expressions. “[…] language is a living thing […]. Living things grow and change, so does language.” (Seidl and of escape essay, McMordie 1988:11) English language being flexible enriches its vocabulary with the words invented by a persuasive essay person, language speakers, which makes English more colourful with new idiomatic expressions. The Glass Menagerie Of Escape Essay? Since idioms have unpredictable meaning, structure and writing a persuasive essay in first, collocations, they are linguistic curiosities. In many schools, dictionaries and books idioms are omitted because they are perceived as insignificant. They are rarely used in classrooms.
But in spoken language idioms are used quite often because of its metaphorical meaning. According to theme of escape, Seidl and McMordie (1988) the buy research paper writing, attitude to language is still changing. The Glass Menagerie? It is observed in some parts of grammar (case, number and tense), and in style. Some words which were deemed as slang in the past now are considered informal or colloquial. Idioms are not any longer colloquial expressions. They appear in formal style, in poetry and in the language of the Bible. Idioms and service, culture. “By culture we understand the ability of members of speech community to orientate themselves with respect to menagerie, social, moral, political and so on values in their empirical and mental experience. Cultural categories […] are conceptualized in the subconscious knowledge of standards, stereotypes, mythologies, rituals, general habits and other cultural patterns”. (Cowie 2001:57) The term idiom refers to a group of words which are usually confusing to people who are not familiar with the language. Nevertheless, many phrases or expressions from natural language are in fact idioms or have idiomatic origin and they have been assimilated into the language.
Idioms are often colloquial metaphors. They often combine in their semantics more than one type of valerie dissertation cultural information. It means that they require some foundational knowledge, information and menagerie theme essay, experience which are used only within a culture where groups must have common reference. As cultures are localized around some area, idioms are not useful for communication outside of that local context. But there are some idioms that can be more universally used than others, they can be easily translated and their metaphorical meaning can be more easily deduced. Those common idioms have deep roots in many languages, they can be translated in other languages and tend to become international. Idioms are an essential part of hero and why English style language study. Theme Of Escape Essay? One cannot say that he know English history, culture and society without understanding the meaning and the roots of English idioms. Each generation has added its new non-literal expressions which are defined by the values, beliefs, traditions, customs and events of the times.
If you master idioms you will be on your path to in first, better understanding English culture, customs, society and the glass of escape, lifestyle of English people. The idiomatic phrases capture the true essence of society better than its equivalent prosaic description. When one uses idioms among English friends and even business associates, he can create emotional bands that bring him closer to their culture. Mastery of essay in first person idioms can lead to better understanding of people. Of Escape Essay? Often background information on the origin or popular usage of idioms provides important insight into culture. Different aspects of an idiom. Seidl and McMordie (1988) said that idioms are not only colloquial expressions, but they also appear in formal style and in poetry. Idioms often occur in journalism, radio and magazines to make information, stories and articles more interesting. However, idioms are often connected with informal language. The construction of an idiom is strict and for one it can be odd (e.g. not by a long chalk).
Sometimes the construction seems to be illogical (e.g. for hero essay two pins). This is why learning idioms is not only very difficult task but also very exciting and the glass menagerie essay, intriguing. People who do not know certain idioms cannot easily understand the others. Such a phrase would not make sense and one cannot deduce what is valerie francisco, actual meaning of the expression. These features causes that idioms have to be learnt as a whole expressions without any changes. Sometimes idioms have alternative forms without any change in their meaning (e.g. to drop a brick and put one’s foot in it mean to the glass essay, say something tactlessly or blue-eyed boy and dissertation, golden boy – a favoured person). The Glass Menagerie Theme Essay? In some cases several verbs can be used in valerie one idiom and the glass menagerie essay, the meaning is the same, but sometimes there are slight changes in meaning connected with the best essay writing service online, verb which it substitutes (e.g. keep/bear someone in mind, come/get to/reach the point). An idiom is natural to native speakers of the language and only people who are possess English very good can use idiomatic expressions in menagerie theme their speech. Idioms have different structures and combinations.
They can be short or long, they contain various parts of speech and they are unpredictable, but sometimes one may guess meaning from the context, when the idiom is who is your hero, used in a particular situation. Foreigners know the meaning of the idiom when it is related to the mother tongue of the speaker (e.g. be in seven heaven in Polish its mean byc w siodmym niebie). Some idioms are so difficult that one cannot guess the meaning from the context correctly. It is difficult to of escape, learn them. Idioms can change their meaning during period of best time or simple phrase can transform into idiom and get deeper meaning as it was with kick the bucket.
Learners of foreign language have to learn idioms as a single item with their meaning. It is essential to master the rules of their use in sentences. They are strict in their structure and menagerie, they do not allow the word order to change. A learner must know how to use an idiom in the correct way. Idioms are not separate part of language, but they are very important part of lexicon.
Languages contain a large number of idioms and sometimes native speakers use them in the unconscious way. There are many problems with idioms. Nursing Education Philosophy Statement? The main problem is that it is not usually possible to translate them literally. There are exceptions, for instance, take the bull by the horns can be translated literally into Polish as wziac byka za rogi, which has the the glass theme, same meaning. Mostly, the use of critical skills normal rules in order to translate idioms will result in the glass menagerie theme of escape essay illogical phrases. Idioms have to be treated as single units in translation. Nursing Education Statement? There are idioms which are ‘frozen’. It means that an idiom appears in the same form and in the same order (e.g. for good – ‘forever’).
But, there is problem with idioms which change the form of the verb, which varies according to tense, person and number. For example, kick the bucket (‘to die’) one gets she kicks/kicked/will kick the bucket. Some people have problem with recognising idioms because they behave like a simple sentence. One can think that the person really kicks the bucket and he does not imagine himself that the person died. The interpretation of idioms for one can be surprising. It is better to recognise idioms which have ‘frozen forms’. Idioms pragmatics and context. “Pragmatics – the the glass essay, study of the best essay writing online, way in which language is used to the glass theme of escape essay, express what somebody really means in particular situations, especially when the actual words used may appear to mean something different.” (Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary of thinking Current English 2000:1031). Pragmatics is involved with the comprehension process. The ability to understand another speaker’s aim is called pragmatic competence.
It is a linguistic study of the way in which people use language to achieve different goals. Suppose a person wanted to ask someone else to reveal a secret. These could be achieved in the different ways. The person could simply say ‘do not tell a secret, please’ which is direct and with clear meaning. Alternatively the menagerie theme, person could say ‘do not spill the beans’, which implies a similar meaning but is indirect and therefore requires pragmatic competence.
Idioms play very important role in those studies. Because idioms have general meaning they are rather used to express attitude then give specific information. They are used to express approval or disapproval and admiration or criticism. According to Collins Coubild Dictionary of Idioms (1995) idioms sometimes have connotations and pragmatic meaning which are not always obvious to people who do not know the in first, meaning and then the meaning of the expression can be missed. The Glass Theme Of Escape? It may happen that somebody can use an hero idiom and do not realize that it can be interpreted as critical or disapproving. It can cause wrong reaction of the the glass essay, person they are talking to. Pragmatics is one of the most challenging aspects for language learners to comprehend, and can be learned by experience. The interpretation of what the speaker wanted to say using particular words is often influenced by factors such as listener’s assumption or the personal nursing education, context. In pragmatics two contexts can be distinguished: linguistic context (is the set of words that surround the lexical item) and physical context (is the location of given words, the situation in which the the glass menagerie essay, word is used, as well as timing, all of them lead to proper understanding of the words). 1.2. Practical Value.
When we use idioms? According to Seild and McMordie (1988) one should know in which situations it is correct to writing, use idiom and weather an idiom can be used in a formal or an informal situation. English native speakers use idioms all the time, and they often do it in an unconscious way. This means that the communication with them can be very difficult. They use idioms to express something that other words do not express as clearly or as cleverly. Of course choice of menagerie theme words depends on the person who is speaking, on the situation and the place.
If people are friends and they are talking in private there is no reason to avoid using idioms, slang or jargon. But, if in the same situation one of speakers is foreigner they should not use idioms until this person will master the statement, language completely. Menagerie Theme Of Escape? Learning idioms cause a lot of troubles to English learners because they do not know the writing a persuasive essay in first person, culture and history behind the idioms. That is way they often use idioms inappropriately. Learners use idiomatic expressions carefully because they are afraid of using them incorrectly. In formal situations, it means when one is talking with a stranger or speaks publicly than one should shun idioms. Using idioms one should know whether an idiom is essay, appropriate in certain situation. When idioms are used judiciously, they can even improve the atmosphere of one’s formal writing and francisco dissertation, provide more interesting descriptions. But when one uses too many idioms, he will damage his work and it will create a wrong impression. Learners of foreign language should know that they cannot translate idioms exactly because they achieve ridiculous effect.
The results of foreigner’s translation may be bewildering to the glass theme essay, the English native speaker. Sometimes one may be lucky that the two languages have the same vocabulary. It is connected with close relation between language and culture. Idioms can be learnt only by listening to native speakers or reading texts which contains idioms. “Mastery of idioms comes only slowly, through careful study and observation, through practice and experience.” (Seidl and McMordie 1978:8) Idioms with a body part component. Many English idioms are related to external and internal organs of the nursing, human body. Body parts idioms contain following aspects: ? body parts which are connected with senses. ? limbs and limbs’ elements. ? other body parts.
Body idioms connected with senses. Ear – is an the glass menagerie theme organ of hearing. It is a part of human auditory system and it is used to improving critical thinking skills, listen to the sounds. The Glass Menagerie Essay? Ear idioms have both positive and negative meaning. Half of buy research them are positively loaded; the other part is negatively loaded. Eye – is an organ of vision. According to the glass of escape essay, Macmillan dictionary (2007) eye is one of two body parts used for seeing. Most of the idioms are positively loaded.
Nose – it is education statement, a part of people’s face that is used for smelling and breathing. Half of nose idioms have a positive meaning the other half have a negative meaning. According to Mcmillan English dictionary (2007) skin is the external layer of human’s and animal’s body. Skin also enables feeling. Body idioms connected with limbs and limbs’ elements.
Arm – is an menagerie theme of escape essay upper limb of human body with your hands at the end. Six arm idioms have a positive meaning, one is rather neutral and the others have a negative meaning. Shoulder – it is one of two parts of the valerie francisco, body between one’s neck and the top of one’s arms. In dictionaries there are many different uses of word ‘hand’. As a body part ‘hand’ is at the end of each arm that people use for picking up and holding things, but it is also used for moving and touching things. Hand provides a good source for menagerie essay metonymic extensions and hand-based idioms convey both positive and negative meanings. That said, a hand that takes does not give, your hand and not the charity of others, someone’s hand outruns his/her tongue (speech), someone’s hand and strike, someone with a long hand, someone’s hand on his/her heart, someone with an your hero and why empty hand, someone with a loose hand, someone with a short hand, someone with a dry hand, someone dug his/her grave by hand, someone withdrew his/her hand from someone/ something, soften your hand (imperative), as left by your hand, no power in hand, putting one’s hand in another’s throat and nobody hit him/her on the hand are all instances of hand based idioms that express negative meanings. Fingers are the long, thin parts at the end of human’s hands. Half of the finger idioms have a positive meaning and the other part is negative.
Leg – is a lower limb of human body with your foot at the end. The Glass Menagerie Theme Of Escape Essay? Bigger parts of leg idioms have negative meaning (5), one is neutral and the rest are positive. Foot – the part of your body that is at the end of the a persuasive, leg on which a human or an animal stands. Six idiomatic expressions are negatively loaded and four of them have a positive meaning. Toe is the one of the individual parts at the end of human’s foot.
Only one idiom (be/keep on one’s toes) have a positive meaning, one is neutral (from top to toes) and the rest are negatively loaded. Heart is the the glass menagerie of escape essay, organ in human’s chest that makes blood flow around the body. The term refers to our feelings and emotions in reference to people’s character. Heart is considered as the most important and influential part of in first human body. It is the place where people’s deepest emotions come from. It is believed that heart controls emotions and the glass, it is used to talk about love and happiness. This is why, the most of idioms are positively loaded. 80% of heart idioms contain the word ‘heart’ in Polish and 20% of writing a persuasive in first idioms are not related to heart or feelings. Bone is one of the hard parts that form a fame inside the human’s or animal’s body. Bone function is to the glass theme of escape essay, move and best essay online, protect the internal organs of the body. Bones create the skeleton.
This is why they used to represent death. Nowadays, bone idioms are more general and they are not connected with death any more. Most of them (six) have a negative meaning, three are positively loaded and one is neutral. Tongue is the organ in your mouth. It is the glass menagerie theme essay, a long piece of flesh fixed to the bottom of human’s or animal’s mouth. Buy Research Paper Writing? People use it for tasting and speaking.
Tongue, mostly is use to the glass menagerie essay, talk but it also stands for a style of expression, a particular way of speaking and writing. Almost all tongue idioms have a negative meaning, which is surprising. It is the first body part which is best essay service online, so negatively loaded. None of idioms have a clear positive meaning. Menagerie Theme Essay? Only one is neutral: have something on the tip of one’s tongue. Other body parts idioms. Head is the top part of human’s or animal’s body that has brain, eyes, mouth and nose.
Head can also stand for mind and thought. Critical? It is often connected with reason, thoughts or memories. There are many various uses of the menagerie theme of escape, term, which are listed in Macmillan Dictionary (2007). Six head idioms have a positive meaning and four of a persuasive essay in first person them are negatively loaded. Head provides an essential source domain for characterizing people human states and menagerie of escape, behavior. Valerie Francisco? The implicit meanings of head-based idioms are predominantly negative. This being the case, someone’s head getting big – which is equivalent to the English swollen-headed – is theme of escape, used rhetorically as a metonymy to stand for someone who is arrogant, whereas someone with a big head refers metonymically to any knowledgeable person (scientist, engineer or professor) who is most appreciated by others, or to any person in your hero and why essay power (minister, prime minister, or university president) who has mastery over issues others do not. Someone with a heavy head, which is equivalent to the glass menagerie essay, the English sleepy head, symbolizes a person who is less likely to wake up early and almost misses the improving critical skills, clock alarm. Other idioms which also implicate negative meanings include someone’s got dry or solid head, which is menagerie essay, a metonymy for the attribute of stubbornness and which is parallel to the English hard-headed, and someone’s head and pillow, which symbolizes loneliness (unmarried or friendless person) and metonymically stands for anybody who need not look after anyone except him/herself.
When someone constructed roads in buy research my head – which is equivalent to the English drilling a hole in someone’s head – is said by menagerie theme essay, someone, then the speaker is francisco dissertation, complaining that he/she is tormented by someone pertinacious, one who is persistently nagging and over-enquiring about something in a very unpleasant manner. The conventional pragmatic implications of the idioms could also be either positive or negative. Instances of metonymic face-based idioms of negative implications which are of frequent use include someone has been eating my face, someone should not be given face, someone with a bloodless face, someone slept on the glass menagerie theme of escape his/her face = someone slept on belly, and someone’s face stops the livelihood. Someone has been eating my face is a metonymic expression used to best, stand for someone who relentlessly asks about something and insists on menagerie theme of escape essay his request. This idiom is also used to stand for creditors who insist on their request and seek to recover debt from who is hero and why essay, debtors. Theme Of Escape? Someone should not be given face is also a metonymy for a meddling person and statement, this idiom is the glass theme, used as advice not to establish a relationship with any such type of people. There are some people who are intrusive overbearing in a very intolerable way, and if someone shows them a good welcome and smile in their faces once, they are encouraged to come back and hope to get more and essay writing, more, and ask someone at every opportunity to give them what they want. If someone forgives and disregards an intrusive person’s mistakes, then the apologizer might go too far and keep insulting and hurting the menagerie of escape, apologize unless the apologizer is stopped from doing so.
Further, there are some disturbing people who overstay their welcomes, in that if respected and welcomed in someone’s home or workplace, they come to visit someone every day in order for the host to valerie francisco dissertation, undertake the of escape, duty of hospitality. For all these possible reasons, some people might use the metonymical idiom of someone should not be given face. Best Essay Service Online? Someone with a bloodless face is a metonymic expression that symbolizes rude and shameless people who are likely to the glass menagerie essay, speak in francisco dissertation a way that may be hurtful and offensive to theme of escape, others; people who do not care whether they are right or not due to over brazenness and critical thinking skills, lack of modesty and understanding. The metonymical idiom of someone slept on his/her face is normally used to describe someone who slept worried or slept because of the menagerie, severity of personal nursing education philosophy fatigue. Finally, the expression someone’s face stops the livelihood is used to describe pessimistic people who are likely to get someone down. It is normally said when someone failed to fulfill something following running into a pessimistic person. The Glass Menagerie Theme Of Escape Essay? Metonymical face-based idioms of positive implications are relatively few and they include you can see your face in writing it and your face and not the moonlight.
The former is used as a metonymy to signify anything tremendously clean such as car, door, floor, etc. The Glass Theme Of Escape Essay? It is so clean that one can see one’s face in it as if it were a mirror. The latter is said while addressing the beloved person and used to express the longing and welcome to the beloved person after a long absence. Also, someone with white face is a metonymy for a peaceful person who is innocent of some charges blamed on him/her accidently. Back is the dissertation, body part that is opposite side to people’s chest, it is between the neck and the top of legs. Half of back idioms are positive and the other half has a negative meaning. Idioms are one of the most difficult parts of the vocabulary of any language because they have unpredictable meanings or collocations and grammar. One of the the glass theme of escape essay, main difficulties for learners is deciding in which situation it is critical, correct to use an idiom, i.e. the level of style (neutral, informal, slang, taboo, etc. idioms). Learners of English may also have difficulty deciding whether an idiom is theme, natural or appropriate in a certain situation. It is extremely unwise to translate idioms into or from one’s native language. One may be lucky that the best essay writing, two languages have the same form and vocabulary, but in most cases the result will be utterly bewildering to the English native speaker – and possibly highly amusing. (Seidl 1988)
Today’s English has a general tendency towards a more idiomatic usage. The Glass Menagerie Of Escape? Even educated usage has become more tolerant, so the use of idiomatic expressions increased in frequency. Idioms are, in a very broad sense, metaphorical rather than literal: they are effectively metaphors that have become ‘fixed’ in language. In some cases, it is fairly easy to see how the idiomatic meaning relates to the literal meaning, in other cases, the literal meaning may make no sense at personal nursing philosophy, all. The Glass Of Escape Essay? The primary goal of nursing education this study was to investigate the menagerie essay, positive and negative pragmatic implications of body-based idioms that are enhanced by metonymy. It was found that metonymical idioms that include lexis for head, face, eye, hand, tongue, and leg predominantly implicate negative meanings. Also, whereas metonymy-enhanced idioms that include body parts such as hair, nose, tongue, teeth, back, skin and blood were found to be expressing positive and negative meanings almost equally, metonymical idioms that are based on paper writing mouth and neck were found to be conveying positive meaning only. It might be possible to argue that the use of the majority of body-based idioms is enhanced by the need to be polite. Having said that, we could say that the use to which these idioms are established and maintained is to protect the speaker’s and/or the addressee’s face. Idioms in general and those examined in this study in particular are all examples of indirect communication of opinions, human states and behaviour.
Almost every body idiom is related to human being, to its behaviour, qualities and everyday life. Understanding of the metaphorical meaning of idiomatic phrases is related to the glass menagerie theme of escape, everyday experience and the world around us. It causes that metaphors are very important in buy research people’s lives. This is theme, whyone should know idioms especially when he is learning language. Metaphors are part of the language. If one understands idioms, he will understand culture of francisco dissertation foreign people. 3. Some Examples. If you are all ears, you are very interested and ready to listen to what another person wants to menagerie of escape essay, tell you. Tell me what happened – I’m all ears. All in your head.
If something is all in your head, you have imagined it and it is not real. Stop thinking that everybody hates you. It’s all in who is your hero your head. Cost somebody an arm and a leg. If something costs an arm and a leg, it is very expensive. This television set cost me an arm and leg. It wasn’t cheap at all. Armed to the teeth. A person who is armed to the teeth is using or carrying a lot of weapons.
The enemy soldiers were armed to the teeth. The Glass Theme Of Escape? It was impossible to writing a persuasive essay person, defeat them. At each other’s throats. If two people are at each other’s throats, they are arguing in essay an angry way. It looks like they are at valerie dissertation, each other’s throatsagain. Menagerie Theme Of Escape? They just can’t agree on anything.
If you have the writing service, guts to do something, you are brave enough to do it. He has the guts to menagerie of escape, express his opinions in public. If you hit a nerve, you upset someone by talking about an thinking skills uncomfortable topic. I think you really hit a nerve when you mentioned her divorce. Pain in the neck. If someone or something is the glass theme essay, a pain in the neck, he/she/it is very annoying. Angela is a real pain in the neck. She annoys just about everyone she meets. Pick someone’s brains. If you pick someone’s brains, you ask the person for advice, suggestions and information.
I need some ideas. Best Essay Writing Service? Can I pick your brains? If you play something by ear, you deal with a situation as it develops rather than according to any plan. We don’t have a plan. We’ll just have to play it by ear. Pull someone’s leg. If you pull someone’s leg, you make someone believe something that is menagerie, not true, usually as a joke. Don’t take her seriously. Best Service? She’s just pulling your leg. Put your foot down.
If you put your foot down, you stop something from happening by using your authority. The Glass Menagerie Theme Of Escape? She was out of control but her parents finally decided to put their foot down. 1. Courtney, R., Longman Dictionary of Phrasal Verbs, Essex England: Longman Group UK Ltd, 1994; 2. Gibbs, Raymond W. A Persuasive In First Person? (1994): The Poetics of Mind: Figurative Thought, Language, and Under-standing. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 3. Gibbs, Raymond W. Berg, E. (1999): Embodied metaphor and perceptual symbols.
Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22, 4. Gibbs, Raymond W., Lima, Paula Francuzo, Edson (2004): Metaphor is grounded in embodied experience. Journal of Pragmatics 36, 5. Gibbs, Raymond W. The Glass Menagerie Of Escape? Wilson, Nicole L. (2002): Bodily Action and who is and why, Metaphorical Meaning. 6. Goossens, Louis (1990): Metaphtonymy: The interaction of metaphor and theme essay, metonymy in dissertation 7. The Glass Of Escape? expressions for linguistic action. Cognitive Linguistics1, 8. Halliday, Michael A.K. (1985): An Introduction to best essay service online, Functional Grammar. The Glass Essay? London: Edward Arnold.
9. Buy Research Writing? Hansen, Gyde (2005): Experience and the glass menagerie of escape essay, Emotion in Empirical Translation Research with 10. Writing Service Online? Think-Aloud and Retrospection. Meta 50, 11. Flavell, L. and R., Dictionary of Idioms and their Origins, Kyle Cathie LTD, London, 2002; 12. Manser, M., Dictionary of Word and Phrase Origins, London: Sphere Books Ltd., 1990; 13. Rogers, J., The Dictionary of menagerie of escape essay Cliches, New Jersey: Wings Books, 1994; 14.
Seidl, J., English Idioms, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988; 15. Warren, H., Oxford Learner’s. Dictionary of English Idioms, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994; 16. ***, The COBUILD Dictionary of Idioms, London, Harper Collins Publishers, 1995 17. ***, The Longman Dictionary of English Idioms, Longman Group UK Ltd., 1979; 18. ***, The Oxford Dictionary of personal philosophy statement Idioms, New York, Oxford University Press Inc., 1999; 19. ***, The Penguin Dictionary of English Idioms, Penguin Books Ltd., 1994; 20. ***, The Wordsworth Dictionary of Idioms, Ware: Wordsworth Editions Ltd., 1993; 21. ***, The Wordsworth Dictionary of Phrase Fable, Hertfordshire: Wordsworth Editions Ltd., 1993. University/College: University of California. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 20 February 2017. Let us write you a custom essay sample on Idioms Denoting Parts of Body. for only $16.38 $13.9/page.
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Theme of Escape in the Glass Menagerie - GCSE English - Marked by
zzzz best case study ZZZZ BEST COMPANY, INC. Source: Contemporary Auditing: Issues Cases - Michael Knapp. On May 19, 1987, a short article in The Wall Street Journal reported that ZZZZ Best Company, Inc., of Reseda, California, had signed a contract for a $13.8 million insurance restoration project. The Glass Menagerie! This project was just the most recent of a series of large restoration jobs obtained by dissertation ZZZZ Best (pronounced “zee best”) Company. Located in menagerie, the San Fernando Valley of dissertation, southern California, ZZZZ Best had begun operations in the fall of 1982 as a small, door-to-door carpet cleaning operation.
Under the direction of Barry Minkow, the ambitious sixteen-year-old who founded the company and initially operated it out of his parents’ garage, ZZZZ Best experienced explosive growth in both revenues and profits during the first several years of its existence. In the three-year period from 1984 to 1987, the company’s net income surged from the glass menagerie theme essay less than $200,000 to more than $5 million on revenues of $50 million. When ZZZZ Best went public in 1986, Minkow and several of personal nursing education, his close associates became multimillionaires overnight. The Glass! By the late spring of 1987, Minkow’s stock in the company had a market value exceeding $100 million, and the total market value of writing a persuasive essay, ZZZZ Best surpassed $200 million. The youngest chief executive officer in the nation enjoyed the “good life,” which included an elaborate home in an exclusive suburb of Los Angeles and theme of escape essay a fire-engine red Ferrari. Minkow’s charm and entrepreneurial genius made him a sought-after commodity on the television talk show circuit and caused the print and visual media to tout him as an example of nursing philosophy, what America’s youth could attain if they would only apply themselves. During an appearance on The Oprah Winfrey Show in April 1987, Minkow exhorted his peers with evangelistic zeal to “Think big, be big” and menagerie theme essay encouraged them to adopt his personal motto, “The sky is the limit.” Less than two years after his appearance on who is, The Oprah Winfrey Show, Barry Minkow began serving a twenty-five-year prison sentence.
Tried and convicted on fifty-seven counts of the glass menagerie theme of escape essay, securities fraud, Minkow had been exposed as a fasttalking con artist who bilked his closest friends and Wall Street out of millions of dollars. Federal prosecutors estimate that, at a minimum, Minkow cost investors and creditors $100 million. The company that Minkow founded was, in personal, fact, an elaborate Ponzi scheme. The reported profits of the menagerie, firm were nonexistent and the huge restoration contracts, imaginary. As one journalist reported, rather than building a corporation, Minkow constructed a hologram of a corporation. In July 1987, just three months after the writing, company’s stock had reached a market value of $220 million, an theme essay, auction of writing in first person, its assets netted only $62,000. Unlike most financial frauds, the the glass menagerie, ZZZZ Best scam was perpetrated under the who is essay, watchful eye of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). The scrutiny of the SEC, one of the of escape essay, largest Wall Street brokerage houses, a large and reputable West Coast law firm that served as the company’s general counsel, and an international public accounting firm had failed to uncover Minkow’s daring scheme. Hero Essay! Ultimately, the the glass menagerie theme of escape, persistence of an indignant homemaker who had been bilked out of a few hundred dollars by ZZZZ Best resulted in Minkow being exposed as a fraud. How a teenage flimflam artist could make a mockery of the complex regulatory structure that oversees the U.S. securities markets was the central question posed by a congressional subcommittee that investigated the ZZZZ Best debacle. Representative John D. Dingell, chairman of the U.S.
House Committee on Energy and Commerce, pointed out, “The ZZZZ Best prospectus told the public that revenues and earnings from insurance restoration contracts were skyrocketing but did not reveal that the contracts were completely fictitious. Where were the independent auditors and the others that are paid to alert the public to fraud and deceit?”  Like many other daring financial frauds, the ZZZZ Best scandal caused Congress to reexamine and modify the maze of rules that regulate financial reporting and a persuasive essay serve as the foundation of the the glass menagerie, U.S. system of corporate oversight. However, Daniel Akst, a reporter for who is hero and why essay, The Wall Street Journal who played a large role in exposing Minkow, suggests that another ZZZZ Best is inevitable: Changing the accounting rules and securities laws will help, but every now and then a Barry Minkow will come along, and ZZZZ Best will happen again. Such frauds are in the natural order of things, I suspect, as old and enduring as human needs.  THE EARLY HISTORY OF ZZZZ BEST COMPANY. Barry Minkow was introduced to the carpet cleaning industry at the age of twelve by his mother, who helped make ends meet by working as a telephone solicitor for menagerie theme essay, a small carpet cleaning firm. Although the great majority of companies in the carpet cleaning industry are legitimate, the nature of the business attracts a disproportionate number of seedy characters. There are essentially no barriers to entry: no licensing requirements, no apprenticeships to be served, and valerie francisco dissertation only a minimal amount of start-up capital needed. A sixteen-year-old youth with a driver’s license can easily become what industry insiders refer to as a “rug sucker,” which is exactly what Minkow did when he founded ZZZZ Best Company. Minkow quickly recognized that carpet cleaning was a difficult way to earn a livelihood. The ease of entry into theme, the field meant that cutthroat competition was hue of prevalent within the industry.
Customer complaints, bad checks, and nagging vendors demanding payment complicated the young entrepreneur’s life. Within months of striking out on improving thinking skills, his own, Minkow faced the ultimate nemesis of the small businessperson: a shortage of working capital. Because of his age and the. table fact that ZZZZ Best was only marginally profitable, local banks refused to loan inter- him money Ever resourceful, the brassy teenager came up with his own innovative ways to finance his business: check kiting, credit card forgeries, and the staging of thefts to fleece his insurance company. The Glass Menagerie Theme Essay! Minkow’s age and personal charm as a allowed him to escape relatively unscathed from his early brushes with the law that resulted from his creative financing methods.
The ease with which the “sys ula- tern” could be beaten encouraged him to exploit it on a broader scale. Throughout his short business career, Minkow realized the benefits of having an extensive social network of friends and acquaintances. Who Is! Many of these relationships he developed and cultivated at a swanky Los Angeles health club. Soon after becoming a friend of Tom Padgett, an the glass menagerie of escape, insurance claims adjuster, Minkow devised a scheme to your hero exploit that friendship. Menagerie Of Escape Essay! Minkow promised to pay Padgett $100 per week if he would simply confirm over the telephone to banks and any other interested third parties that Minkow’s company was the recipient of occasional insurance restoration contracts.
Ostensibly, these contracts had been obtained by an- Minkow to clean and do minor remodeling work on properties damaged by fire, storms, or other catastrophes. The gullible Padgett was led to believe that the sole a purpose of best essay online, such confirmations was to allow Minkow to circumvent much of the bureaucratic red tape in the insurance industry. From this beginning, the ZZZZ Best fraud blossomed. Initially, the insurance restoration work, which was totally fictitious, was a small sideline that Minkow used to theme generate paper profits and revenues to convince bankers to loan him money Minkow’s phony financial statements served their purpose, and he expanded his operations by opening several carpet cleaning outlets across the San Fernando Valley Minkow soon realized that there was no need to tie his future to the cutthroat carpet cleaning industry when he could literally dictate the size and profitability of his insurance restoration ‘‘business.’’ Within a short period of time, insurance restoration, rather than carpet cleaning, became the francisco, major source of revenue appearing on the glass menagerie, the ZZZZ Best income statements. Minkow’s the sky is the limit philosophy drove him to be even more innovative. The charming young entrepreneur began using his phony financial statements to entice wealthy individuals in his ever-expanding social network to invest in ZZZZ Best. Eventually, Minkow recognized that the ultimate scam would be to take his company public, a move that would allow him to tap the buy research paper writing, bank accounts of investors nationwide. GOING PUBLIC WITH ZZZZ BEST. The decision to take ZZZZ Best public meant that Minkow no longer was able to the glass menagerie completely control his firm’s financial disclosures. Registering with the SEC required auditors, investment bankers, and outside attorneys to peruse the who is hero and why, ZZZZ Best financial statements.
Federal securities laws impose a due diligence obligation on these parties; that is, under the federal securities laws, parties associated with a securities registration statement must attempt to determine that the information therein is materially accurate. ZZZZ Best was first subjected to a full-scope independent audit of its financial statements for the twelve months ended April 30, 1986. The Glass Essay! George Greenspan, the sole practitioner who performed that audit, confirmed the existence of ZZZZ Best’s major insurance restoration contracts by contacting Tom Padgett, the principal officer of Interstate Appraisal Services, which reportedly contracted the jobs out to ZZZZ Best. By this time, Padgett was an education, active and willing participant in menagerie theme essay, Minkow’s fraudulent schemes. Minkow had established Interstate Appraisal Services and Assured Property Management for the sole purpose of generating fake insurance restoration contracts for ZZZZ Best.
According to who is your hero and why Greenspan’s testimony before the congressional subcommittee that investigated the ZZZZ Best scandal, he not only theme of escape essay confirmed the existence of the who is hero and why essay, insurance restoration jobs but also obtained and reviewed copies of theme of escape, all key documents regarding those jobs. In addition, Greenspan performed various analytical procedures to determine that the company’s key financial ratios were in buy research writing, line with industry averages. However, Greenspan did not inspect any of the insurance restoration sites. The congressional subcommittee was surprised, if not alarmed, that he had not personally visited at least a few of the job sites. CONGRESSMAN LENT: Mr.
Greenspan, I am interested in essay, the SEC Form 5-1 that ZZZZ Best Company filed with the SEC. You say in personal education philosophy, that report that you made your examination in theme essay, accordance with generally accepted auditing standards and accordingly included such tests of the writing service online, accounting records and other auditing procedures as we consider necessary in the circumstances…..You don’t say in theme of escape essay, that statement that you made any personal on-site inspections. MR. GREENSPAN: It’s not required. Buy Research! Sometimes you do; sometimes you don’t. I was satisfied that these jobs existed and I was satisfied from at menagerie of escape, least six different sources, including payment for the job. What could you want better than that?
CONGRESSMAN LENT: Your position is your and why that you are an honest and reputable accountant. MR. The Glass! GREENSPAN: Yes, sir. CONGRESSMAN LENT: You were as much a victim as some of the buy research, investors in this company? MR. GREENSPAN: I was a victim all right. I am as much aghast as anyone.
And every night I sit down and say, why didn’t I detect this damned fraud. RETENTION OF ERNST WHINNEY BY ZZZZ BEST. Shortly after Greenspan completed his audit of ZZZZ Best’s April 30, 1986, financial statements, Minkow dismissed him and retained Ernst Whinney to perform the following year’s audit. Apparently, ZZZZ Best’s investment broker requested that Minkow obtain a Big Eight accounting firm to enhance the the glass theme of escape essay, credibility of the company’s financial statements. About the same time, and for improving critical skills, the same reason, Minkow retained a high-profile Los Angeles law firm to the glass theme of escape essay represent ZZZZ Best as its legal counsel. The congressional subcommittee asked Greenspan what information he provided to Ernst Whinney regarding his former client. In particular, the subcommittee was interested in whether Greenspan had discussed the insurance restoration contracts with the new auditors. CONGRESSMAN WYDEN: Mr. Greenspan, in September 1986, Ernst Whinney came on as the a persuasive essay, new independent accountant for the glass essay, ZZZZ Best. What did you communicate to Ernst Whinney with respect to hero and why essay the restoration contracts? MR.
GREENSPAN: Nothing. I did—there was nothing because they never got in touch with me. The Glass Menagerie! It’s protocol for the new accountant to get in touch with the old accountant. They never got in touch with me, and it’s still a mystery to me. Representatives of Ernst Whinney later testified that they did, in education, fact, communicate with Greenspan prior to accepting ZZZZ Best as an audit client. Menagerie Essay! However, Ernst Whinney’s testimony did not disclose the nature or content of that communication, and Greenspan was not recalled to improving skills rebut Ernst Whinney’s testimony on this issue. Exhibit 1 contains the engagement letter signed by the glass Ernst Whinney and critical skills Barry Minkow in September 1986.
The engagement letter outlined four services that the audit firm intended to the glass of escape provide ZZZZ Best: a review of the company’s financial statements for the three-month period ending July 31, 1986; assistance in the preparation of a registration statement to be filed with the improving thinking skills, SEC; a comfort letter to be submitted to ZZZZ Best’s underwriters; and the glass theme of escape essay a full-scope audit for dissertation, the fiscal year ending April 30, 1987. Ernst Whinney completed the review, provided the comfort letter to ZZZZ Best’s underwriters, and apparently assisted the company in preparing the registration statement for the SEC; however, Ernst Whinney never completed the 1987 audit. The audit firm resigned on June 2, 1987, amid growing concerns that ZZZZ Best’s financial statements were grossly misstated. The congressional subcommittee investigating the ZZZZ Best fraud questioned Ernst Whinney representatives at length regarding the the glass theme essay, bogus insurance restoration contracts—contracts that accounted for 90 percent of ZZZZ Best’s reported profits. The congressional testimony disclosed that Ernst Whinney repeatedly insisted on visiting several of the largest of these contract sites, and that Minkow and his associates attempted to discourage such visits. Eventually, Minkow realized that the auditors would not relent and agreed to allow them to best essay service visit certain of the restoration sites, knowing full well that none of the essay, sites actually existed. To convince Ernst Whinney that the best service online, insurance restoration contracts were authentic, Minkow and the glass theme essay his associates devised a series of sting operations. In the late fall of 1986, Larry Gray, the engagement audit partner for ZZZZ Best, insisted on visiting a restoration site in Sacramento on which ZZZZ Best had reported obtaining a multimillion-dollar contract.
Minkow sent two of his cohorts to Sacramento to valerie find a large building under construction or renovation that would provide a plausible site for the glass, a restoration contract. Gray had visited Sacramento weeks earlier to search for the site that Minkow had refused to divulge. As chance would have it, the building chosen by the ZZZZ Best conspirators was the nursing, same one Gray had identified as the most likely site of the insurance restoration job. EXHIBIT 1 Ernst Whinney's ZZZZ Best Engagement Letter. Mr.
Barry Minkow. Chairman of the Board. ZZZZ Best Co., Inc. 7040 Darby Avenue. This letter is to confirm our understanding regarding our engagement as independent accountants of ZZZZ BEST CO., INC. (the Company) and the nature and the glass theme essay limitations of the services we will provide. We will perform the following services: 1. Essay In First Person! We will review the menagerie theme, balance sheet of the Company as of writing in first, July 31, 1986, and the related statements of income, retained earnings, and changes in financial position for the three months then ended, in accordance with standards established by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants. We will not perform an the glass menagerie of escape, audit of such financial statements, the objective of which is the who is your hero, expressing of an opinion regarding the financial statements taken as a whole, and, accordingly, we will not express an opinion on theme of escape, them. Our report on essay, the financial statements is presently expected to read as follows: “ We have made a review of the condensed consolidated balance sheet of ZZZZ BEST CO., INC. and subsidiaries as of July 31,1986, and the related condensed consolidated statements of income and menagerie theme of escape essay changes in financial position for the three-month period ended July 31, 1986, in accordance with standards established by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants.
A review of the improving thinking skills, condensed consolidated financial statements for the comparative period of the the glass of escape essay, prior year was not made. A review of financial information consists principally of obtaining an essay writing service online, understanding of the system for the preparation of interim financial information, applying analytical review procedures to the glass menagerie essay financial data, and paper writing making inquiries of persons responsible for financial and accounting matters. It is the glass theme of escape essay substantially less in scope than an examination in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards, which will be performed for paper writing, the full year with the objective of expressing an opinion regarding the financial statements taken as a whole. Accordingly, we do not express such an opinion. Based on our review, we are not aware of any material modifications that should be made to the condensed consolidated interim financial statements referred to above for them to be in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles” Our engagement cannot be relied upon to disclose errors, irregularities, or illegal acts, including fraud or defalcations, that may exist. However, we will inform you of any such matters that come to the glass menagerie theme of escape our attention.
2. We will assist in the preparation of a Registration Statement (Form S-1) under the Securities Act of 1933 including advice and counsel in conforming the financial statements and related information to Regulation S-X. 3. We will assist in resolving the accounting and financial reporting questions which will arise as a part of the preparation of the hero essay, Registration Statement referred to above. 4. We will prepare a letter for the underwriters, if required (i.e., a Comfort Letter), bearing in mind the limited nature of the the glass theme of escape essay, work we have done with respect to writing person the financial data. 5. Theme Of Escape Essay! We will examine the consolidated financial statements of the Company as of April 30, 1987, and for the year then ended and issue our report in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards approved by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants. These standards contemplate, among other things, that (1) we will study and evaluate the Company’s internal control system as a basis for reliance on a persuasive in first person, the accounting records and for determining the theme essay, extent of our audit tests; and writing service (2) that we will be able to the glass of escape obtain sufficient evidential matter to afford a reasonable basis for our opinion on the financial statements. However, it should be understood that our reports will necessarily be governed by paper the findings developed in the course of our examination and that we could be required, depending upon the circumstances, to modify our reporting from the typical unqualified opinion. Menagerie Essay! We will advise you, as our examination progresses, if any developments indicate that we will be unable to express an essay service online, unqualified opinion. Because our examination will be performed generally on menagerie of escape essay, a test basis, it will not necessarily disclose irregularities, if any, that may exist. Essay Writing Online! However, we will promptly report to menagerie theme you any irregularities which our examination does disclose.
Our fees will be derived from our customary rates for the various personnel involved plus out-of-pocket expenses. Certain factors can have an writing a persuasive essay person, effect on menagerie of escape essay, the time incurred in the conduct of our work. Among these are the general condition of the who is your and why, accounting records, the amount of the glass menagerie theme of escape essay, assistance received from your personnel in the accumulation of data, the in first person, size and transaction volume of business, any significant financial reporting issues that arise in connection with the SEC’s review of the S-1, as well as unforeseen circumstances. Based upon our current understanding of the situation, the amount of our proposed billing for the various services which we will be providing are estimated to the glass menagerie of escape essay be: Review of the July 31, 1986 financial statements $5,000—$7,500.
Assistance in the preparation of the Registration Statement 8,000—30,000. Comfort Letter 4,000— 6,000. Audit of financial statements as of April 30, 1987 24,000—29,000. We will invoice you each month for the time charges and your hero expenses incurred in the previous month and such invoices are due and the glass menagerie theme payable upon presentation. Larry D. Gray, Partner, is the Client Service Executive assigned to the engagement.
Peter Griffith, Audit Manager, and Michael McCormick, Tax Manager, have also been assigned. We greatly appreciate your engagement of our firm; if you have any questions, we shall be pleased to discuss them with you. Please indicate your acceptance of the critical, above arrangements by signing and returning the enclosed copy. This letter constitutes the full understanding of the terms of our engagement. Very truly yours. By Larry D. Gray, Partner. ZZZZ BEST CO..
INC. Barry J. Minkow, Chairman of the Board. Minkow’s two confederates, while posing as leasing agents of a property management firm, convinced the supervisor of the construction site to provide the keys to the building one weekend on the pretext that a large prospective tenant wished to tour the facility. Prior to the arrival of Larry Gray and the glass menagerie theme an attorney representing ZZZZ Best’s law firm, Minkow’s subordinates visited the best essay online, site and placed placards on the walls at conspicuous locations indicating that ZZZZ Best was the contractor for menagerie theme essay, the building renovation. No details were overlooked by Minkow’s lieutenants; they even paid the building’s security officer to personal education statement greet the visitors and demonstrate that he was aware in advance of their tour of the site and its purpose. Although the building had not been damaged and instead was simply in the process of being completed, the sting operation went off as planned. Exhibit 2 presents the memorandum Gray wrote describing his tour of the building—a memorandum that was included in Ernst Whinney’s ZZZZ Best workpapers. Congressional investigators quizzed Gray regarding the measures he took to confirm that ZZZZ Best actually had a restoration contract on the Sacramento building.
They were particularly concerned that he never discovered the building had not suffered several million dollars in damages a few months earlier, as claimed by ZZZZ Best personnel. CONGRESSMAN LENT: . Theme Of Escape! . . did you check the valerie francisco dissertation, building permit or construction permit? MR. Menagerie Theme Of Escape! GRAY: No, sir. That wouldn’t be necessary to accomplish what I was setting out to accomplish. CONGRESSMAN LENT: And you did not check with the building’s owners to see if an insurance claim had been filed? MR. GRAY: Same answer. Personal Nursing Education Philosophy Statement! It wasn’t necessary. I had seen the of escape, paperwork internally of our client, the support for a great amount of detail. So, I had no need to improving thinking ask—to pursue that.
CONGRESSMAN LENT: You understand that what you saw was not anything that was real in the glass theme essay, any sense of the word. Improving Critical Thinking Skills! You are saying you were duped, are you not? MR. GRAY: Absolutely. Congressional testimony disclosed that one of the menagerie, visitations by personal nursing philosophy Ernst Whinney forced ZZZZ Best to the glass essay lease a partially completed building and to philosophy hire subcontractors to do a considerable amount of the glass, work on the site. In total, ZZZZ Best spent several million dollars for the sole purpose of deceiving its auditors. The success of the bogus site visitations was due in large part to Minkow’s insistence that Ernst Whinney and ZZZZ Best’s law firm sign confidentiality agreements before the visits were made.
A copy of one such agreement is shown in Exhibit 3. Members of the congressional subcommittee were troubled by the following stipulation of the confidentiality agreement: “We will not make any follow-up telephone calls to any contractors, insurance companies, the nursing philosophy statement, building owner, or other individuals involved in the restoration contract.” This restriction effectively precluded the auditors and attorneys from corroborating the insurance restoration contracts with independent third parties. EXHIBIT 2 Ernst Whinney Internal Memo Regarding Visit to ZZZZ Best Restoration Project. TO: ZZZZ Best Co., Inc. File. FROM: Larry 0. Gray. RE: Visit to the glass of escape essay Sacramento Job.
At our request, the Company arranged for a tour of the job site in a persuasive in first, Sacramento on the glass menagerie theme of escape, November 23rd . Buy Research Paper! The site (not previously identified for us because of the confidentiality agreement with their customer) had been informally visited by me on October 27. I knew approximately where the job was, and was able to identify it through the construction activity going on. On November 23, Mark Morse accompanied Mark Moskowitz of Hughes Hubbard Reed and myself to Sacramento. We visited first the offices of the Building Manager, Mark Roddy of Assured Property Management, Inc Roddy was hired by the insurance company (at Tom Padgett’s suggestion according to Morse) to oversee the the glass of escape essay, renovation activities and the leasing of the space. Valerie! Roddy accompanied us to the glass menagerie essay the building site. We were informed that the damage occurred from the water storage on the roof of the building. The storage was for philosophy statement, the sprinkler systems, but the water was somehow released in total, causing construction damage to theme essay floors 17 and 18, primarily in bathrooms which were directly under the water holding tower, then the water spread out and flooded floors 16 down through about 5 or 6, where it started to spread out even further and best essay service online be held in pools. We toured floor 17 briefly (it is currently occupied by a law firm) then visited floor 12 (which had a considerable amount of unoccupied space) and floor 7. Morse pointed out to us the carpet, painting and clean up work which had been ZZZZ Best’s responsibility. We noted some work not done in some other areas (and in unoccupied tenant space).
But per Mark, this was not ZZZZ Best’s responsibility, rather was work being undertaken by tenants for their own purposes. Per Morse (and Roddy) ZZZZ Best’s work is substantially complete and has passed final inspection. The Glass Of Escape Essay! Final sign-off is buy research expected shortly, with final payment due to ZZZZ Best in essay, early December. Morse was well versed in the building history and in the work scope for ZZZZ Best. The tour was beneficial in gaining insight as to the scope of the best essay service, damage that had occurred and the type of work that the Company can do.
EXHIBIT 3 - Ernst Whinney’s Confidentiality Agreement with ZZZZ Best Regarding Visits to Restoration Projects. Mr. The Glass Of Escape! Barry Minkow, President. ZZZZ Best Co., Inc. 7040 Darby Avenue. In connection with the proposed public offering (the Offering) of Units consisting of common stock and warrants of ZZZZ Best Co. , Inc. (the Company), we have requested a tour of the site of the Company’s insurance restoration project in essay writing service, Sacramento, California, Contract No. 18886.
Subject to menagerie of escape the representations and warranties below, the Company has agreed to arrange such a tour, which will be conducted by a representative of Assured Property Management Inc. (the Representative), which company is unaffiliated with Interstate Appraisal Services. The undersigned, personally and on behalf of a persuasive in first person, Ernst Whinney, hereby represents and warrants that: 1. We will not disclose the location of the glass theme of escape, such building, or any other information with respect to who is your and why the project or the building, to any third parties or to any other members or employees of menagerie theme of escape, our firm; 2. We will not make any follow-up telephone calls to any contractors, insurance companies, the building owner, or other individuals involved in the restoration project; 3. We will obey all on-site safety and other rules and regulations established by the Company, Interstate Appraisal Services and the Representative; 4. The undersigned will be the only representative of nursing, this Firm present on the tour. This Confidentiality Letter is also being furnished for the glass of escape, the benefit of Interstate Appraisal Services, to essay service the same extent as if it were furnished directly to such company. RESIGNATION OF ERNST WHINNEY. Ernst Whinney resigned as ZZZZ Best’s auditor on June 2, 1987, following a series of menagerie theme of escape, disturbing events that caused the firm to personal nursing question the integrity of Minkow and his associates.
First, Ernst Whinney was alarmed by a Los Angeles Times article in mid-May 1987 that revealed Minkow had been involved in a string of credit card forgeries as a teenager. The Glass Of Escape Essay! Second, on May 28, 1987, ZZZZ Best issued a press release, without consulting or notifying Ernst Whinney, that reported record profits and revenues. The purpose of this press release was to restore investors’ confidence in the company—confidence that had been shaken by the damaging Los Angeles Times story. Third, and most important, on May 29, Ernst Whinney auditors discovered evidence supporting allegations made several weeks earlier by critical skills a third party informant that ZZZZ Best’s insurance restoration business was fictitious. The informant had contacted Ernst Whinney in April 1987 and asked for the glass of escape, $25,000 in who is your, exchange for information proving that one of the firm’s clients was engaging in a massive fraud. Ernst Whinney refused to the glass menagerie theme of escape pay the sum, and the individual recanted shortly thereafter, but not until the writing in first person, firm determined that the allegation involved ZZZZ Best. (Congressional testimony disclosed that the individual recanted because of menagerie theme of escape essay, a bribe paid to him by Minkow.) Despite the critical, retraction, Ernst Whinney questioned Minkow and ZZZZ Best’s board of directors regarding the matter, at which point Minkow denied ever knowing the individual who had made the allegation. On May 29, 1987, however, Ernst Whinney auditors discovered several cancelled checks that Minkow had personally written to the glass essay the informant several months earlier. Because ZZZZ Best was a public company, the essay writing service, resignation of its independent auditor was required to be reported to the SEC in an 8-K filing. One purpose of the glass theme of escape essay, this requirement is to alert investors and creditors of the circumstances that may have led to valerie francisco the change in auditors.
At the time, SEC registrants were allowed fifteen days to file the 8-K auditor change announcement. After waiting the maximum permissible time, ZZZZ Best reported the change in theme of escape essay, auditors but, despite Ernst Whinney’s insistence, made no mention in the 8-K of the fraud allegation that had been subsequently recanted. The SEC’s rules that were in effect at the time also required a former audit firm to file an exhibit letter to writing person a former client’s 8-K commenting on the 8-K’s accuracy and completeness. Former audit firms were given thirty days to file the exhibit letter, which was the length of time Ernst Whinney waited before submitting its exhibit letter to the SEC. In that letter, Ernst Whinney reported its concern regarding the earlier allegation that ZZZZ Best’s insurance contracts were fraudulent. The congressional subcommittee was alarmed that forty-five days passed before the charges of fraudulent misrepresentations in ZZZZ Best’s financial statements were disclosed to the public. By the time Ernst Whinney’s exhibit letter was released to of escape the public, ZZZZ Best had filed for protection from its creditors under Chapter 11 of the federal bankruptcy code. During the period that elapsed between Ernst Whinney’s resignation and its filing of the 8-K exhibit letter, ZZZZ Best obtained significant financing from several parties, including $1 million from a close friend of Minkow’s. These parties never recovered the funds invested in, or loaned to, ZZZZ Best.
As a direct result of the improving critical skills, ZZZZ Best debacle, the SEC shortened the length of time that registrants and their former auditors may wait before filing the the glass theme of escape essay, required auditor change documents with the valerie francisco, SEC. The congressional subcommittee also quizzed Ernst Whinney representatives regarding the information they disclosed to Price Waterhouse, the audit firm hired by Minkow to replace Ernst Whinney.  Congressman Wyden was concerned that Price Waterhouse had not received all relevant information that Ernst Whinney had in menagerie theme essay, its possession regarding its former client. CONGRESSMAN WYDEN: I am going to paper insert into the record at this point a memo entitled “Discussion with successor auditor,” written by Mr. Gray and dated June 9, 1987. The Glass Of Escape! Regarding a June 4 meeting, Mr. Gray, with Dan Lyle of Price Waterhouse concerning the paper, integrity of ZZZZ Best’s management, you stated that you had no reportable disagreements and no reservations about management integrity pending the results of a board of directors’ investigation. Then you went on to say that you resigned because, and I quote here: “We came to theme of escape a conclusion that we didn’t want to become associated with the buy research paper, financial statements.”
Is that correct? MR. GRAY: That is correct. MR. WYDEN: . . . Menagerie Essay! Mr. Gray, you told the committee staff on May 29, 1987, that when you uncovered evidence to support allegations of nursing, fraud that you decided to pack up your workpapers and menagerie leave the ZZZZ Best audit site. Improving Critical! How did your leaving without telling anybody except the the glass theme of escape, ZZZZ Best management and writing essay person board of directors the of escape essay, reasons for leaving help the public and investors? Ernst Whinney’s reluctance to disclose its reservations regarding Minkow’s integrity quite possibly stemmed from concern that such disclosures might result in Minkow suing the audit firm.  A final twist to the ZZZZ Best scandal was an anonymous letter received by Ernst Whinney exactly one week after the critical skills, firm resigned as ZZZZ Best’s auditors. On that date, no one other than Ernst Whinney and ZZZZ Best’s officers was aware of the firm’s resignation.
The letter, shown in the glass menagerie essay, Exhibit 4, detailed a number of allegations suggesting that the ZZZZ Best financial statements were fraudulent. According to the congressional testimony, Ernst Whinney forwarded this letter to the SEC on June 17, 1987. EXHIBIT 4 Anonymous Letter Received by Ernst Whinney Regarding ZZZZ Best. 515 South Flower. Los Angeles, California 90021. I am an individual having certain confidential information regarding the financial condition of ZZZZ Best Co., Inc. I have read the prospectus and education philosophy statement your Review Report dated October 3,1986 and recognize you have not done an examination In accordance with generally accepted auditing standards, but that such audit will be forthcoming by you. I wish to theme essay make you aware of the following material facts which require you to francisco dissertation confirm or disaffirm: 1. The Glass Essay! The electric generators which appear on the balance sheet under Note 6 as being purchased for writing a persuasive person, $1,970,000 were purchased for scrap for less than $100,000 thru intermediaries of ZZZZ Best and resold to ZZZZ Best at the inflated value. The sole purpose was to boost the menagerie theme essay, assets on best essay, the balance sheet.
These generators have never been used and have no utility to the company. 2. Note 5 of the balance sheet discusses joint ventures and menagerie of escape essay two restoration contracts. These contracts are fictitious as are the bookkeeping entries to support their validity Interstate Appraisal Service [sic] did not let such contracts although they confirm their existence. The same is true for the alleged $7,000,000 Sacramento contract and in first the $40—100 million contracts with Interstate. 3. Further, checks made and passed between ZZZZ Best, its joint venturers and some of menagerie theme essay, its vendors are no more than transactions among conspirators to support the paper, validity of these restoration contracts. 4. Earnings reported by ZZZZ Best are being reported as Billings In excess of costs and estimated earnings on restoration contracts. These contracts do not exist nor do the earnings.
This can be confirmed directly by contacting the alleged insurance carriers as well as physical inspections as to the glass menagerie theme the existence and extent of the contracts. 5. Billings and Earnings for 1985 and critical skills 1986 were fabricated by the company before being presented to other accountants for the glass menagerie, certification. Confirmation of these allegations can be accomplished by a careful due diligence. Such due diligence on your hero and why, your behalf is imperative for your protection. Very truly yours, B. Cautious (Signed) COLLAPSE OF ZZZZ BEST.
When the extremely negative and revealing article regarding Minkow appeared in the Los Angeles Times in mid-May 1987, the collapse of ZZZZ Best was probably inevitable. Several years earlier, a homemaker had fallen victim to Minkow’s credit card forgeries. Menagerie Essay! Minkow had added a fraudulent charge to the credit card slip the buy research paper writing, woman had used to make a payment on her account. Despite her persistence, Minkow avoided repaying the small amount. The woman never forgot the insult and industriously tracked down, and menagerie of escape essay kept a record of, the essay writing, individuals who had been similarly harmed by the glass menagerie of escape essay Minkow. Valerie Francisco Dissertation! At the urging of this individual, a reporter for the glass theme, the Los Angeles Times investigated her allegations. The woman’s diary eventually became the your and why, basis for the Los Angeles Times article that, for the glass menagerie of escape, the first time, cast doubt on the integrity of the “boy wonder” who was the writing a persuasive essay, talk of Wall Street. The newspaper article triggered a chain of events that quickly spelled the end of ZZZZ Best. First, a small brokerage firm specializing in newly registered companies with suspicious earnings histories began short-selling ZZZZ Best stock, forcing the stock’s price into a tailspin. Menagerie Theme Of Escape Essay! Second, Ernst Whinney, ZZZZ Best’s law firm, and ZZZZ Best’s brokers began giving more credence to the allegations and rumors of financial wrongdoing by Minkow and service his associates. Third, and most important, the article panicked Minkow and compelled him to make a number of daring moves that cost him even more credibility.
The most critical mistake was his issuance of the the glass menagerie of escape, May 28, 1987, press release that boldly reported record profits and hero revenues for his firm. Among the parties most criticized for their roles in the ZZZZ Best scandal was Ernst Whinney. Theme! Included in the congressional testimony into the ZZZZ Best fraud was a list of ten “red flags” that the audit firm had allegedly overlooked while examining ZZZZ Best’s financial statements (see Exhibit 5). In testifying before the subcommittee, Leroy Gardner, the West Coast director of accounting and auditing for Ernst Whinney, maintained that when all the facts were revealed, his firm would be totally vindicated. The ZZZZ Best situation proves at least one thing: a well-orchestrated fraud will often succeed even against careful, honest, hard-working people. . . Essay In First! The facts that have begun to emerge establish that Minkow along with confederates both inside and menagerie of escape essay outside ZZZZ Best went to extraordinary lengths to deceive Ernst Whinney. For example, Thomas Padgett, an alleged conspirator, revealed in a recent televised interview that Minkow spent $4 million to writing in first person deceive Ernst Whinney during a visit to of escape essay one of ZZZZ Best’s job sites. . . . Ernst Whinney never misled investors about the reliability of ZZZZ Best’s financial statements. Ernst Whinney never even issued an audit opinion for ZZZZ Best. . We are not part of the problem in this case.
We were part of the solution. In one of the largest civil suits stemming from the ZZZZ Best insolvency, Ernst Whinney was found not liable to a large California bank that had extended ZZZZ Best a multimillion-dollar loan in 1986. Writing! The bank alleged that in theme, granting the essay, loan, it had relied upon the review report issued by Ernst Whinney on ZZZZ Best’s financial statements for the three-month period ending July 31, 1986. However, an appellate judge ruled that the bank was not justified in relying on the review report since Ernst Whinney had expressly stated in the report that it was not issuing an opinion on the ZZZZ Best financial statements: “Ernst, because it issued only the glass of escape a review report, specifically declined to express an paper, opinion on ZZZZ Best’s financial statements. The report expressly disclaimed any right to rely on its content.”  In the late 1980s, the former stockholders of ZZZZ Best filed a large class action lawsuit against the glass menagerie essay, Ernst Whinney, ZZZZ Best’s former law firm, and essay writing service ZZZZ Best’s former brokers. An Internet publication reported in March 1996 that this lawsuit had been settled privately The defendants reportedly paid the former ZZZZ Best stockholders $35 million. However, the contribution of each defendant to the settlement pool was not disclosed. The Glass Menagerie Of Escape Essay!  In December 1994, Barry Minkow was released from essay writing online prison.
Minkow earned the reduction in of escape, his twenty-five-year prison sentence for “good behavior and efforts to improve himself.”  These efforts included earning by correspondence bachelor’s and master’s degrees in religion from Liberty University, the university founded by Jerry Falwell. Shortly after his release from prison, Minkow began serving as the associate pastor of a large evangelical church in writing essay in first person, a community near his hometown of Reseda. In February 1997, Minkow was appointed the menagerie theme, senior pastor of a large nondenominational church in San Diego. Besides his pastoral duties, Minkow presents lectures and seminars across the United States on how to prevent and detect financial fraud. Minkow has spoken to groups of CPAs, educational institutions, and, most notably, the FBI Academy at Quantico, Virginia.
Many of the anecdotes included in Minkow’s presentations are drawn from personal statement his autobiography Clean Sweep, which was published in 1995 by Thomas Nelson Publishers. Finally in 1996, Minkow began hosting a syndicated radio talk show in which he discusses his personal views on financial and spiritual matters. By late 1997, approximately forty radio stations scattered across the theme of escape, nation broadcast Minkow’s talk show. EXHIBIT 5 Ten Red Flags that ZZZZ Best’s Auditors Allegedly Overlooked. 1. The amounts called for by the insurance restoration contracts were unrealistically large. 2. The number of buy research paper, multimillion-dollar insurance restoration contracts reportedly obtained by ZZZZ Best exceeded the total number available nationwide during the relevant time period.
3. The purported contracts failed to identify the insureds, the menagerie theme essay, insurance companies, or the locations of the jobs. 4. The contracts consisted of a single page, which failed to contain details and essay writing service specifications of the work to be done, such as the square yardage of carpet to be replaced, which were usual and customary in the restoration business. 5. Virtually all of the insurance restoration contracts were with the same party. 6. A large proportion of the the glass theme of escape essay, ZZZZ Best insurance restoration contracts occurred immediately, and writing a persuasive essay in first person opportunistically, prior to a planned offering of stock. 7. Menagerie Theme Of Escape Essay! The purported contracts provided for payments to ZZZZ Best or Minkow alone rather than to the insured or jointly with ZZZZ Best and the insured, contrary to the practice of the industry.
8. The purported contracts provided for payments by the insurance adjustor contrary to normal practice in the industry under which payments are customarily made by best the insurance company directly to its insured or jointly to its insured and the restorer. 9. ZZZZ Best’s purported gross profit margins for its restoration business were greatly in the glass menagerie of escape essay, excess of. he normal profit margins for the restoration industry. 10. Essay Online! The internal controls at ZZZZ Best were grossly inadequate .  This and all subsequent quotations, unless indicated otherwise, were taken from the following source: U.S. Congress, House, Subcommittee on Oversight and the glass menagerie theme of escape Investigations of the Committee on Energy and Commerce, Failure of ZZZZ Best Co. (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1988).  D. Akst, Wonder Boy, Barry Minkow—The Kid Who Swindled Wall Street (New York: Scribner, 1990), 271.  Price Waterhouse never issued an audit report on writing, ZZZZ Best’s financial statements because the company was liquidated less than two months after that audit firm was retained.
 For a discussion of of escape essay, this issue and related issues, see M.C. Knapp and F.M. Elikai, “Auditor Changes and Information Suppression,” Research in Accounting Regulation 4 (1990), 3—20.  “Ernst Young Not Liable in ZZZZ Best Case,” Journal of Accountancy 172 (July 1991), 22.  C. Nursing Education! Byron, “$26 Million in the Hole,” Worth Online, March 1996.
 M. Matzer, “Barry Minkow,” Forbes, 15 August 1994, 134.
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The Glass Menagerie - Escape Theme | Novelguide
14 Marketing Skills to Add to Your Resume This Year. Digital marketing moves very quickly, and as a modern marketer, you’re probably gaining new skills by the handful. But what marketing skills capture an the glass theme of escape employer’s eyes in 2015? What sets their hearts a-thumping? What makes them say, “We need to hire this one!” Today we’re sharing 14 enticing marketing skills to add to your resume in 2015! (And if you're looking for a job now, check out our jobs page. We're hiring!) Content marketing is inescapable in today’s digital marketing landscape. It’s like what the Spice Girls was to the 90’s. Brands have realized that they need to improving be producing a steady stream of high-quality content in order to menagerie essay attract their audiences. We’re in a pretty frightening content whirlwind; with many blogs pushing out several posts a day, there’s zero chance we will ever read most of what is published on the web.
Still, you can capitalize on this mighty content race by marketing yourself as a content mastermind. (If you're in the B2B aka business-to-business world, check out improving thinking our seriously comprehensive guide to B2B content marketing.) Since nearly all businesses publish content with the help of menagerie theme, a Content Management System (CMS) , noting some CMS experience on writing a persuasive person, your resume is always a smart move, especially if you're applying for a content marketing job. The Glass Of Escape. WordPress and Drupal are two common examples of content management systems you may want to get you hands dirty with. Nursing Philosophy Statement. Put this on your marketing skills list and you'll be sure to menagerie theme get noticed. Businesses are also looking for experts in critical thinking Customer Relationship Management (CRM) software , which serves as an essential tool for virtually any company. CRM software is used to organize and manage customers’ various interactions with a company. Menagerie Of Escape Essay. CRM software helps bridge the gap between sales, marketing, and customer service. Popular CRM software includes Salesforce and Oracle. Mobile is on the rise and no one is powerful enough to stop it. If mobile marketing were Godzilla, we’d be pretty screwed right about now. It’s estimated that 60% of who is your hero and why essay, mobile consumers use their mobile phone as their primary (or only) device for accessing the internet, and over half of e-commerce traffic is driven by menagerie of escape mobile devices!
Understanding the mobile marketing landscape will make you a hero in writing essay the eyes of employers , so be sure to show this off on your resume. As companies say sayonara to hard sales tactics and cold calls, they increasingly look to lead nurturing as a better sales solution. In the B2B world, most customer relationships today begin with content offers, then continue on with lead nurturing through the sales funnel. Lead nurturing is in super high demand, so employees with experience in this area should be sure to essay note it on their resume's marketing skills list and LinkedIn profiles. Show that you understand the lead nurturing model and that you have some knowledge of how various types of content (from ebooks to webinars) can be crafted to serve specific audience needs. Learning PPC? Check out our free guide, PPC 101! Email marketing isn’t new, but it’s still one of the most effective ways to valerie francisco market products and services.
Newsletter signup boxes are commonplace on menagerie theme of escape essay, nearly all blogs, and brands are hungry for your and why essay employees who can help them grow, retain, and delight email subscribers . They’re looking for employees who understand open rates, A/B testing, and theme of escape, email lead nurturing. If you can get practice with email marketing, wear these skills like badges of honor. 7. Mastery of a Full Marketing Arsenal of Tools. Businesses are looking for marketers who are masters of industry tools. Paper. You need to know which weapons will help you conquer any given space, making you as powerful as Robert Baratheon with his warhammer (give me a break, the new season is just a couple weeks away). Brush up on your marketing weapon arsenal with tools like: Social Media Marketing Tools. Tools that can help manage your various social media accounts and measure your effectiveness. Popular examples include HootSuite, Buffer, and Facebook/Twitter/Google/Pinterest built-in analytics. (Check out menagerie theme essay our mega-list of francisco dissertation, 99 online marketing tools here!) Productivity Tools. A healthy knowledge of productivity tools shows that you’re motivated and skilled at time management.
Popular tools include: Evernote, IFTTT, and Google Alerts. For more, check out our list of awesome productivity tools. SEO Tools. The Glass Of Escape. Resources to help you target relevant keywords and measure your link-building efforts. Some popular tools include Google Keyword Planner, Open Site Explorer, Ahrefs, and of course our own keyword tools. Image and Design Tools. Improving Critical Thinking Skills. Apps and theme of escape, software that can help you create blog images and valuable visual content to capture the attention of your audience.
Popular tools include Canva, Piktochart, SlideShare, Adobe Photoshop, and Adobe Illustrator. Nursing Education. Email Tools. Programs that can help you manage email more effectively and menagerie theme of escape, measure open rates, clicks, and conversions for various email lists. One popular example would be MailChimp. If you have experience with these tools (or tools that are similar), be sure to add it to your marketing skills resume. Employers want new hires who know how to use the tools they love.
There has been a huge upsurge recently with video production. Personal Nursing Philosophy. Brands are recognizing that video is a very engaging and compelling form of content that can be used to a company’s advantage. Any experience in the glass menagerie theme of escape video production, editing, and even video animation is best service highly coveted. Menagerie Of Escape Essay. Best of all, you can brush up on paper writing, some of these skills yourself if you’ve got a bit of spare time. Set up your own YouTube channel and get filming! In an age when you can pay for likes and promote your Twitter posts, competition is the glass theme heating up in the social arena, and personal nursing, businesses know that working with paid opportunities is the best (and quickest) way to get ahead. The Glass Menagerie Of Escape Essay. They need experts in paid social advertising – and their need is nursing education philosophy your opportunity! How do you get these skills? Experiment with your own paid social media campaigns . Menagerie Essay. If you have your own blog or website, use them as social advertising guinea pigs (although you’ll have to deal with the smell). You can start mini-campaigns for relatively cheap, and it will get you familiar with all the ins and outs of essay, paid social advertising. This experience looks stellar on theme essay, your marketing skills list.
User experience design (UXD or UED) is another one of those fast-growing fields where employees are constantly in who is hero essay demand. Businesses know that their product needs to be smooth and streamlined, and the glass theme essay, they are chomping at the bit for a persuasive essay in first skilled UX designers who can help create an the glass menagerie theme essay intuitive, natural product experience for users. Whether for apps, software, or site design, UX is X marks the spot on paper, your search for prime marketing skills! Businesses are beginning to get freaked out by theme of escape essay how much data they have at their disposal. From conversion tracking cookies, social media responses, and video views to GPS data and app activity, the sheer quantity of big data companies have access to is mind-boggling. That’s where you come in – the dissertation, data analysis expert who can help sort, organize, and, most importantly, extract meaning and of escape essay, actionable insights from these huge data landfills. In order to be a data scientist, you’ll need to buy research writing be madly in love with math and menagerie of escape essay, be a true numbers guy. If you’ve got the goods, you can be sure businesses will be knocking at in first person your door (or even breaking it down). Scary, scary math – not for data scientists though! Going hand in theme of escape hand with the paper, statistical analysis crew, brands also want to be able to share some of their data insights with their key target audiences. However, most of menagerie essay, us don’t perk up at the thought of combing through spreadsheets for that eureka moment.
That’s where data visualizers come in improving critical thinking – they help reformat valuable, insightful data into visual graphs, charts, and graphics that make those numbers easier to digest. Data visualizers are utilized to create powerful, data-driven content that is appealing to users (infographics are a prime example). Data visualization mastery is in high demand, so be sure to detail your knowledge on theme, your marketing skills resume. Infographics from Visual.ly. 13. Writing Online. HTML, CSS, and Other Coding Languages.
Knowing some basic coding has always been valuable, but today you’ll get a big bonus as a marketer with a little coding skill. Engineers and coders are valuable commodities, and they won’t gladly be spared to fix the padding on your tables and align your text properly. Proving you know at menagerie of escape least some very basic HTML and improving thinking skills, CSS skills shows that you can self-correct your own hiccups with a bit of finagling. If you’re beyond the theme of escape essay, basics, even better! Brands realize that individuals make purchasing decisions based off of their feelings and emotional cues. Nursing Education Philosophy Statement. It’s why advertisements like the Budweiser Super Bowl puppy ads are so successful. As businesses seek to the glass menagerie theme of escape amp up the emotional storytelling and strengthen consumer bonds to brands, they want experts who understand consumer behavior and can help figure out what makes their key audiences tick.
What marketing skills do you think will provide major brownie points in 2015? If you’re an in first person employer, what skills are you looking for in a new hire? Here's a summary of the top 14 marketing skills we think you should add to your resume: Content marketing skills Content management system (CMS) experience Customer relationship management (CRM) skills Mobile marketing skills Lead nurturing skills Email marketing skills Experience with a host of marketing tools Video production and editing skills Social media advertising skills UX design Data science Data visualization Coding skills Consumer behavior insights.
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Example research essay topic The Theme Of Escape In Glass
essay on nietzsche On the menagerie theme of escape essay, Genealogy of critical Morals. A Polemical Tract. [This document, which has been prepared by Ian Johnston of Malaspina University-College, Nanaimo, BC, is in the public domain and may be used by anyone, in whole or in part, without permission and menagerie of escape essay without charge, provided the source is acknowledged. Editorial comments and translations in square brackets and buy research writing italics are by Ian Johnston; comments in normal brackets are from Nietzsche's text]
Good and Evil, Good and Bad. These English psychologists whom we have to thank for the only attempts up to this point to produce a history of the origins of morality—in themselves they serve up to us no small riddle. In the way of a lively riddle, they even offer, I confess, something substantially more than their books—they are interesting in themselves! These English psychologists—what do they really want? We find them, willingly or unwillingly, always at the same work, that is, hauling the partie honteuse [shameful part] of theme of escape our inner world into the foreground, in order to look right there for the truly effective and operative force which has determined our development, the very place where man's intellectual pride least wishes to find it (for example, in the vis inertiae [force of inertia] of habit or in forgetfulness or in a blind, contingent, mechanical joining of ideas or in best essay writing service online something else purely passive, automatic, reflex, molecular, and completely stupid)—what is it that really drives these psychologists always in this particular direction?
Is it a secret, malicious, common instinct (perhaps one which is self-deceiving) for belittling humanity? Or something like a pessimistic suspicion, the mistrust of idealists who've become disappointed, gloomy, venomous, and menagerie theme of escape essay green. Best. Or a small underground hostility and rancour towards Christianity (and Plato), which perhaps has never once managed to cross the threshold of consciousness? Or even a lecherous taste for what is odd or painfully paradoxical, for what in existence is questionable and ridiculous? Or finally a bit of all of these—a little vulgarity, a little gloominess, a little hostility to Christianity, a little thrill, and the glass theme essay a need for pepper? . . . But people tell me that these men are simply old, cold, boring frogs, which creep and hop around people as if they were in their own proper element, that is, in a swamp. I resist that idea when I hear it. What's more, I don't believe it. Valerie Dissertation. And if one is permitted to hope where one cannot know, then I hope from my heart that the situation with these men could be reversed, that these investigators peering at the soul through their microscopes could be thoroughly brave, generous, and proud animals, who know how to control their hearts and their pain and who have educated themselves to sacrifice everything desirable for the sake of the truth, for the sake of every truth, even the simple, the bitter, the hateful, the repellent, the unchristian, the unmoral truth. . . . For there are such truths.— So all respect to the good spirits that may govern in these historians of morality! But it's certainly a pity that they lack the historical spirit itself, that they've been left in the lurch by the glass menagerie theme of escape, all the good spirits of history!
Collectively they all think essentially unhistorically, in the traditional manner of philosophers. Of that there is no doubt. The incompetence of their genealogies of buy research paper writing morals reveals itself at the very beginning, where the issue is to determine the origin of the idea and of the judgment good. People, so they proclaim, originally praised unegoistic actions and the glass theme essay called them good from the valerie francisco, perspective of menagerie theme essay those for whom they were done, that is, those for whom such actions were useful. Later people forgot how this praise began, and because unegoistic actions had, according to custom, always been praised as good, people then simply felt them as good, as if they were something inherently good. We see right away that this initial derivation already contains all the typical characteristics of the idiosyncrasies of English psychologists—we have usefulness, forgetting, habit, and finally error, all as the foundation for an evaluation in which the higher man up to this time has taken pride, as if it were a sort of privilege of men generally. This pride should be humbled, this evaluation of worth emptied of paper writing value. The Glass Menagerie Of Escape Essay. Has that been achieved? Now, first of all, it's obvious to writing a persuasive person me that from this theory the origin of the idea good has been sought for and established in the glass menagerie theme essay the wrong place: the judgment good did not move here from who is your and why essay those to whom goodness was shown! It is much more that case that the good people themselves, that is, the noble, powerful, higher-ranking and higher-thinking people felt and set themselves and the glass menagerie of escape essay their actions up as good, that is to say, of the first rank, in contrast to everything low, low-minded, common, and vulgar.
From this pathos of distance they first arrogated to improving critical thinking themselves the right to create values, to the glass of escape essay stamp out the names for values. What did they care about writing a persuasive essay in first person, usefulness! In relation to the glass menagerie theme of escape such a hot pouring out of the highest rank-ordering, rank-setting judgments of value, the essay person, point of view which considers utility is as foreign and inappropriate as possible. The Glass. Here the feeling has reached the opposite of that low level of warmth which is a condition for your essay, that calculating shrewdness, that calculation by utility—and not just for the glass menagerie theme, a moment, not for critical skills, an exceptional hour, but permanently. The pathos of nobility and distance, as mentioned, the lasting and domineering feeling, something total and complete, of a higher ruling nature in relation to a lower nature, to an beneath—that is the origin of the opposition between god and bad. (The right of the master to give names extends so far that we could permit ourselves to theme essay grasp the francisco dissertation, origin of language itself as an expression of the theme essay, power of the rulers: they say that is such and such, seal every object and event with a sound and, in essay writing so doing, take possession of it.) Given this origin, the word good was not in any way necessarily tied up with unegoistic actions, as the superstitions of those genealogists of morality tell us. Rather, that occurs for the first time with the collapse of of escape aristocratic value judgments, when this entire contrast between egoistic and unegoistic pressed itself ever more strongly into human awareness—it is, to use my own words, the instinct of the herd which, through this contrast, finally gets its word (and its words).
And even so, it took a long time until this instinct in the masses became ruler, with the result that moral evaluation got downright hung up and bogged down on this opposition (as is the case, for example, in modern Europe: today the prejudice that takes moralistic, unegoistic, dsintress [disinterested] as equally valuable ideas already governs, with the personal nursing education statement, force of the glass essay a fixed idea and a disease of the brain). Secondly, however, and quite separate from the fact that this hypothesis about the origin of the value judgment good is historically untenable, it suffers from an inherent psychological contradiction. The utility of the unegoistic action is supposed to be the best essay service online, origin of the praise it receives, and this origin has allegedly been forgotten: but how is this forgetting even possible? Could the menagerie theme of escape essay, usefulness of such actions at some time or other just stop? The case is the opposite: this utility has rather been an everyday experience throughout the writing a persuasive essay in first person, ages, and thus something that has always been constantly re-emphasized. Hence, instead of disappearing out of consciousness, instead of becoming something forgettable, it must have pressed itself into the glass menagerie theme of escape the consciousness with ever-increasing clarity. How much more sensible is the valerie francisco dissertation, contrasting theory (which is not therefore closer to the truth), for example, the one which is advocated by menagerie of escape essay, Herbert Spencer: he proposes that the idea good is essentially the buy research paper, same as the idea useful or functional, so that in judgments about good and bad human beings sum up and endorse the experiences they have not forgotten and the glass cannot forget concerning the useful-functional and the harmful-useless. According to this theory, good is nursing philosophy something which has always proved useful, so that it may assert its validity as valuable in the highest degree or as valuable in itself. This path to an explanation is, as mentioned, also false, but at least the account itself is sensible and the glass menagerie theme psychologically tenable. I was given a hint in the right direction by this question: What, from an etymological perspective, do the personal education, meanings of Good as manifested in the glass menagerie theme different languages really mean? There I found that all of them lead back to the same transformation of ideas, that everywhere noble or aristocratic in in first person a social sense is the fundamental idea out of which good in the sense of spiritually noble, aristocratic, spiritually high-minded, spiritually privileged necessarily develop—a process which always runs in parallel with that other one which finally transforms common, vulgar, and low into the concept bad.
The most eloquent example of the menagerie essay, latter is the German word schlect [bad] itself—which is identical with the word schlicht [plain] —compare schlectweg [quite simply] and schlechterdings [simply] . Originally these words designated the plain, common man, but without any suspicious side glance, simply in contrast to the nobility. Around the time of the nursing education philosophy statement, Thirty Years War approximately—hence late enough—this sense changed into the one used now. In connection with the genealogy of menagerie of escape morals, this point strikes me as a fundamental insight—that it was first discovered so late we can ascribe to the repressive influence which democratic prejudice in the modern world exercises over all questions of origin. And this occurs in the apparently objective realm of natural science and physiology, a point which I can only personal nursing education philosophy hint at here. But the sort of mischief this prejudice can cause, once it has become unleashed as hatred, particularly where morality and history are concerned, is revealed in the well-known case of Buckle: the plebeian nature of the modern spirit, which originated in England, broke out once again on its home turf, as violently as a muddy volcano and with the same salty, overloud, and the glass essay common eloquence with which all previous volcanoes have spoken (1). With respect to our problem—which for good reasons we can call a quiet problem, so refined that it directs itself only at a few ears—there is no little interest in establishing the point that often in those words and roots which designate good there still shines through the main nuance of what made the nobility feel they were men of higher rank.
It's true that in most cases they perhaps named themselves simply after their superiority in power (as the thinking skills, powerful, the masters, those in command) or after the most visible sign of their superiority, for example, as the rich or the owners (that is the meaning of arya , and the corresponding words in Iranian and Slavic). But they also named themselves after a typical characteristic, and that is the case which is theme of escape our concern here. For instance, they called themselves the truthful—above all the Greek nobility, whose mouthpiece is the Megarian poet Theogonis. The word developed for this characteristic— esthlos [fine, noble] —indicates, according to its root meaning, a man who is, who possess reality, who really exists. Then, with a subjective transformation, it indicates the true man as the truthful man. In this phase of in first conceptual transformation it became the slogan and catch phrase for the nobility, and its sense shifted entirely over to aristocratic, to mark a distinction from the lying common man, as Theogonis takes and presents him, until finally, after the menagerie theme of escape, decline of the nobility, the word remains as a designation of spiritual nobility and, so to speak, becomes ripe and sweet. In the word kakos [weak, worthless] as in the word deilos [cowardly] (the plebeian in education philosophy statement contrast to the agathos [good, excellent] ) the cowardice is emphasized. This perhaps provides a hint about the direction in which we have to the glass theme seek the etymological origin for the multiple meanings of agathos . In the improving skills, Latin word malus [bad] (which I place alongside melas [black] ) the common man could be designated as the dark-coloured, above all as the the glass menagerie theme, dark-haired ( hic niger est [this man is black] ), as the pre-Aryan inhabitant of Italian soil, who stood out from those who became dominant, the blonds, that is, the thinking skills, conquering race of menagerie theme of escape Aryans, most clearly through this colour.
At any rate, the Gaelic race offers me an writing essay exactly corresponding example. The word fin (for example, in the name Fin-Gal ), the term designating nobility and finally the good, noble, and pure, originally referred to the blond-headed man in contrast to the dusky, dark-haired original inhabitants. Incidentally, the Celts were a thoroughly blond race. People are wrong when they link the traces of the glass menagerie theme of escape essay a basically dark-haired population, which are noticeable on the carefully prepared ethnographic maps of Germany, with any Celtic origin and mixing of blood, as Virchow does. It is much rather the case that in these places the pre-Aryan population of personal philosophy statement Germany emerged. (The same is the glass of escape true for almost all of francisco dissertation Europe: essentially the conquered races finally attained the upper hand for themselves once again in colour, shortness of skull, perhaps even in the intellectual and social instincts: who can confirm for us that modern democracy, the even more modern anarchism, and the glass menagerie of escape essay indeed that preference for the Commune, for the primitive form of your and why essay society, which all European socialists now share, does not indicate a monstrous counter-attack and that the ruling and master race, the Aryans, is not being defeated, even physiologically?)
The Latin word bonus I believe I can explicate as the warrior, provided that I am correct in tracing bonus back to an older word duonus (compare bellum [war] = duellum [war] = duen-lum , which seems to me to contain that word duonus ). Hence, bonus as a man of war, of division ( duo ), as a warrior. Theme Essay. We can see what constituted a man's goodness in ancient Rome. Best Essay Writing Service. What about our German word Gut [good] itself. Doesn't it indicate den Gttlichen [the god-like man] ? And isn't it identical to the people's (originally the nobles') name for the Goths? The basis for this hypothesis does not belong here. From this rule that the concept of political superiority always resolves itself into the concept of spiritual priority, it is not really an exception (although there is room for exceptions), when the highest caste is also the priest caste and consequently for its total range of meanings prefers a scale of values which recalls its priestly function. Of Escape Essay. So, for best essay writing online, example, for the first time the words pure and impure appear as marks of one's social position and menagerie theme of escape essay later a good and a bad develop which no longer refer to social position. People should be warned not to take these ideas of pure and impure from the outset too seriously, too broadly, or even symbolically. All the your hero, ideas of the glass menagerie essay ancient humanity are much rather initially to be understood to a degree we can hardly imagine as coarse, crude, superficial, narrow, blunt and, in francisco dissertation particular, unsymbolic. The pure man is essay from the start simply a man who washes himself, who forbids himself certain foods which produce diseases of the skin, who doesn't sleep with the dirty women of the lower people, who has a horror of blood—no more, not much more! On the other hand, from the very nature of an essentially priestly aristocracy it is clear enough how even here early on a persuasive in first, the opposition between different evaluations could become dangerously internalized and sharpened.
And in fact they finally ripped open fissures between man and menagerie essay man, over which even an Achilles or a free spirit could not cross without shivering. From the paper, very beginning there is something unhealthy about such priestly aristocracies and theme about the customary attitudes which govern in them, which turn away from personal nursing education action, sometimes brooding, sometimes exploding with emotion, as a result of which in menagerie the priests of almost all ages there have appeared debilitating intestinal illness and neurasthenia. But what they themselves came up with as a remedy for francisco, this pathological disease—surely we can assert that it has finally shown itself, through its effects, as even a hundred times more dangerous than the menagerie theme essay, illness for which it was meant to provide relief. Who Is Hero And Why. Human beings are still sick from the after effects of menagerie essay this priestly navet in healing! Let's think, for example, of certain forms of diet (avoiding meat), of fasting, of celibacy, of the flight into buy research writing the desert (Weir Mitchell's isolation, but naturally without the fattening up cure and overeating which follow it—a treatment which constitutes the theme of escape essay, most effective treatment for all hysteria induced by the ideals of asceticism): consider also the whole metaphysic of the priests—so hostile to hero the senses, making men so lazy and sophisticated—or the way they hypnotize themselves in the manner of of escape fakirs and Brahmins—Brahmanism employed as a glass head and a fixed idea Consider finally the only too understandable and common dissatisfaction with its radical cure, with nothingness (or God—the desire for education, a unio mystica [mystical union] with God is the desire of the Buddhist for nothingness, nirvana—nothing more!). Among the priests, everything becomes more dangerous—not only the remedies and arts of healing, but also pride, vengeance, mental acuity, excess, love, thirst for the glass of escape essay, power, virtue, illness—although it's fair enough to add that on the foundation of this basically dangerous form of human existence, the priest, for the first time the human being became, in general, an interesting animal, that here the human soul first attained depth in essay a higher sense and became evil—and, indeed, these are the two fundamental reasons for humanity's superiority, up to now, over the glass menagerie theme, other animals. You will have already guessed how easily the priestly way of evaluating could split from the knightly-aristocratic and then continue to develop into its opposite. Such a development receives a special stimulus every time the priest caste and the warrior caste confront each other jealously and skills are not willing to agree about the menagerie theme of escape, winner. The knightly-aristocratic judgments of value have as their basic assumption a powerful physicality, a blooming, rich, even overflowing health, together with those things which are required to maintain these qualities—war, adventure, hunting, dancing, war games, and in general everything which involves strong, free, happy action. The priestly-noble method of evaluating has, as we saw, other preconditions: these make it difficult enough for them when it comes to war! As is well known, priests are the most evil of enemies—but why?
Because they are the most powerless. From their powerlessness, their hate grows into your and why something immense and terrifying, to the glass menagerie theme of escape the most spiritual and essay writing service most poisonous manifestations. Those who have been the greatest haters in the glass menagerie essay world history and the most spiritually rich haters have always been the priests—in comparison with the buy research paper writing, spirit of menagerie theme of escape essay priestly revenge all the remaining spirits are hardly worth considering. Buy Research Paper. Human history would be a really stupid affair without that spirit which entered it from the powerless. Let us quickly consider the greatest example.
Everything on earth which has been done against the nobility, the powerful, the masters, the possessors of power is not worth mentioning in comparison with what the Jews have done against the glass them—the Jews, that priestly people who knew how to get final satisfaction from their enemies and conquerors through a radical transformation of their values, that is, through an who is your act of the most spiritual revenge. This was appropriate only to a priestly people with the most deeply rooted priestly desire for revenge. In opposition to the aristocratic value equations (good = noble = powerful = beautiful = fortunate = loved by god), the Jews successfully and the glass menagerie with a fearsome consistency dared to reverse it and to hang on to that with the teeth of the most profound hatred (the hatred of the your, powerless), that is, to the glass menagerie theme of escape only those who suffer are good; only the poor, the powerless, the improving skills, low are good; only the suffering, those in need, the sick, the ugly are the pious; only they are blessed by God; for the glass essay, them alone there is salvation. By contrast, you privileged and critical powerful people, you are for all eternity the evil, the cruel, the lecherous, insatiable, the godless—you will also be the the glass, unblessed, the cursed, and the damned for all eternity! We know who inherited this Judaic transformation of values . . . In connection with that huge and education philosophy statement immeasurably disastrous initiative which the Jews launched with this most fundamental of all declarations of the glass of escape war, I recall the hero, sentence I wrote at another time (in Beyond Good and Evil , p. 118)—namely, that with the the glass theme essay, Jews the buy research, slave condition in morality begins: that condition which has a two-thousand-year-old history behind it and which we nowadays no longer notice because, well, because it has triumphed.
But you fail to understand that? You have no eye for something that needed two millennia to emerge victorious? . . . That's nothing to wonder at: all lengthy things are hard to see, to assess. However, that's what took place: out the glass theme essay, of the trunk of that tree of vengeance and hatred, Jewish hatred, the deepest and most sublime hatred, that is, a hatred which creates ideals and transforms values—something whose like has never been seen on earth—from that grew something just as incomparable, a new love, the deepest and most sublime of writing a persuasive essay all the forms of love. The Glass Of Escape. From what other trunk could that have grown? . . . However, you must not make the personal nursing education, mistake of menagerie of escape thinking that this love arose essentially as the critical, denial of that thirst for vengeance, as the opposite of Jewish hatred. No.
The reverse is the truth! This love grew out of that hatred, as its crown, as the victorious crown extending itself wider and wider in the glass of escape the purest brightness and sunshine, which, so to speak, was seeking for the kingdom of valerie dissertation light and height, the of escape essay, goal of that hate—aiming for victory, trophies, seduction—with the same urgency with which the roots of that hatred were sinking down ever deeper and more greedily into everything deep and evil. Take this Jesus of Nazareth, the bodily evangelist of love, the skills, Saviour, who brought holiness and victory to the poor, to the sick, to the sinners. Was he not in fact seduction in its most terrible and the glass menagerie of escape essay irresistible form, the seduction and who is your hero essay detour to the glass menagerie of escape essay exactly those Judaic values and buy research paper writing new ideals? Didn't Israel in fact attain, with the detour of this Saviour, with this apparent enemy to and dissolver of Israel, the final goal of its sublime thirst for essay, vengeance? Isn't it part of the secret black art of a truly great politics of vengeance, a far-sighted, underground, slowly expropriating, and premeditated revenge, that Israel itself had to disown and nail to the cross the education philosophy statement, tool essential to of escape its revenge before all the world, so that all the dissertation, world, that is, all Israel's enemies, could then swallow this bait? On the other hand, could anyone, using the full subtlety of his mind, imagine a more dangerous bait? Something to match the enticing, intoxicating, narcotizing, corrupting power of that symbol of the holy cross, that ghastly paradox of a god on the cross, that mystery of an unimaginable and ultimate cruelty and self-crucifixion of god for the salvation of the glass theme essay mankind? . Philosophy. . . At least it is theme of escape essay certain that sub hoc signo [under this sign] Israel, with its vengeance and revaluation of the worth of francisco dissertation all other previous values, has triumphed again and again over all other ideals, over all nobler ideals.
But what are you doing still talking about the glass menagerie theme of escape essay, more noble ideals! Let's look at the facts: the people have triumphed—or 'the slaves,' or 'the rabble,' or 'the herd,' or whatever you want to call them—if this has taken place because of the Jews, then good for them! No people had a more world-historical mission. 'The masters' have been disposed of. The morality of the common man has won. We may take this victory as a blood poisoning (it did mix the races up)—I don't deny that. But this intoxication has undoubtedly been successful. The 'Salvation' of the human race (namely, from 'the masters') is well under way. Everything is writing a persuasive person turning Jewish or Christian or plebeian (what do the words matter!). The progress of this poison through the entire body of humanity seems irresistible—although its tempo and pace may seem from theme of escape now on constantly slower, more delicate, less audible, more circumspect—well, we have time enough. . . From this point of view, does the church today still have necessary work to do, does it really have a right to exist? Or could we dispense with it?
Quaeritur . [That's a question to be asked] . It seems that it obstructs and hinders the progress of this poison, instead of speeding it up? Well, that might even be what makes the church useful . Valerie. . . Of Escape Essay. Certainly the church is something positively gross and vulgar, which a more delicate intelligence, a truly modern taste resists. Should the church at improving thinking skills, least not be something more sophisticated? . . The Glass Theme. . Today the who is hero, church alienates more than it seduces. The Glass Menagerie Of Escape. . Improving Critical Thinking. . Who among us would really be a free spirit if the menagerie theme essay, church were not there? The church repels us, not its poison. . . . Apart from the church, we love the poison. . . This is the epilogue of a free thinker to my speech, an personal nursing education statement honest animal, who has revealed himself well—and he's a democrat. He listened to me up that that point and couldn't stand to hear my silence. Theme Essay. But for hero and why, me at theme essay, this point there is much to essay in first person be silent about. The slave revolt in morality begins when the the glass, resentment itself becomes creative and gives birth to values: the resentment of those beings who are prevented from nursing philosophy statement a genuinely active reaction and who compensate for of escape, that with a merely imaginary vengeance. While all noble morality grows out of a triumphant self-affirmation, slave morality from the start says No to improving thinking what is essay outside, other, a non-self.
And this No is paper its creative act. This transformation of the glance which confers value—this necessary projection towards what is outer instead of back into itself—that is inherent in resentment. In order to arise, slave morality always requires first an opposing world, a world outside itself. Psychologically speaking, it needs external stimuli in the glass of escape order to act at all. Its action is basically reaction. The reverse is the case with the noble method of valuing: it acts and grows spontaneously. It seeks its opposite only to affirm itself even more thankfully, with even more rejoicing.
Its negative concept of low, common, bad is only a pale contrasting image after the fact in relation to its positive basic concept, intoxicated with life and passion, We are noble, good, beautiful, and happy! When the noble way of evaluating makes a mistake and abuses reality, that happens with reference to the sphere which it does not know well enough, indeed, the sphere it has strongly resisted learning the valerie, truth about: under certain circumstances it misjudges the sphere it despises—the sphere of the common man, the low people. On the other hand, we should consider that even assuming that the effect of the glass menagerie theme of escape contempt, of looking down or looking superior, falsifies the image of the person despised, such distortion will fall short by service online, a long way of the distortion with which the repressed hatred and menagerie essay vengeance of the powerless man mistakenly assault his opponent—naturally, in effigy. In fact, in contempt there is too much negligence, too much dismissiveness, too much looking away and impatience, all mixed together, even too much feeling of essay in first person joy, for it to be capable of converting its object into theme essay a truly distorted monster. We should not fail to hear the almost benevolent nuances which for a Greek noble, for example, lay in all the words with which he set himself above the paper writing, lower people—how a constant type of the glass menagerie of escape essay pity, consideration, and forbearance is mixed in there, sweetening the critical skills, words, to the point where almost all words which refer to the common man finally remain as expressions for menagerie theme, unhappy, worthy of dissertation pity (compare deilos [cowardly] , deilaios [lowly, mean] , poneros [oppressed by menagerie theme essay, toil, wretched] , mochtheros [suffering, wretched] —the last two basically designating the common man as a slave worker and beast of burden).
On the other hand, for the Greek ear the words bad, low, unhappy have never stopped echoing a single note, one tone colour, in which unhappy predominates. That is the writing person, inheritance of the old, noble, aristocratic way of evaluating, which does not betray its principles even in contempt. (Philologists might recall the menagerie theme, sense in which oizuros [miserable] , anolbos [unblessed] , tlemon [wretched] , dustychein [unfortunate] , xymfora [misfortune] were used). The well born felt that they were the happy ones; they did not have to valerie dissertation construct their happiness artificially first by looking at their enemies, or in menagerie of escape essay some circumstance to talk themselves into it, to lie to buy research paper writing themselves (the way all men of theme essay resentment habitually do). Similarly they knew, as complete men, overloaded with power and thus necessarily active, they must not separate action from happiness. They considered being active necessarily associated with happiness (that's where the phrase eu prattein [do well, succeed] derives its origin)—all this is very much the opposite of happiness at the level of the powerless, the oppressed, those festering with poisonous and hostile feelings, among whom happiness comes out essentially as a narcotic, an writing online anesthetic, quiet, peace, Sabbath, relaxing the of escape, soul, stretching one's limbs, in short, as something passive. While the noble man lives for himself with trust and candour ( gennaios , meaning of noble birth stresses the nuance upright and also probably nave), the francisco dissertation, man of resentment is neither upright nor nave, nor honest and direct with himself. His soul squints. His spirit loves hiding places, secret paths, and back doors. Everything furtive attracts him as his world, his security, his refreshment.
He understands about remaining silent, not forgetting, waiting, temporarily diminishing himself, humiliating himself. A race of such men will necessarily end up cleverer than any noble race. It will value cleverness to a very different extent, that is, as a condition of existence of the utmost importance; whereas, cleverness among noble men easily acquires a delicate aftertaste of luxury and sophistication about it. Here it is not nearly so important as the complete certainly of the ruling unconscious instincts or even a certain lack of cleverness, something like brave recklessness, whether in the face of danger or of an enemy, or wildly enthusiastic, sudden fits of anger, love, reverence, thankfulness, and vengefulness, by which in all ages noble souls have recognized each other. The resentment of the noble man himself, if it comes over him, consumes and exhausts itself in an immediate reaction and therefore does not poison. On the menagerie of escape, other hand, in countless cases it just does not appear, whereas in improving critical skills the case of menagerie essay all weak and education statement powerless people it is unavoidable.
The noble man cannot take his enemies, his misfortunes, even his bad deeds seriously for menagerie, very long—that is the mark of a strong, complete nature, in whom there is who is your hero essay a surplus of the glass menagerie theme essay plastic, creative, healing power, which also can make one forget (a good example for improving skills, that from the modern world is Mirabeau, who had no memory of the insults and maliciousness people directed at him, and who therefore could not forgive, because he just forgot). Such a man with one shrug throws off him all those worms which eat into other men. Only here is possible (provided that it is at all possible on earth) the real love for one's enemy. Menagerie Of Escape. How much respect a noble man already has for his enemies! And such a respect is already a bridge to love . . . In fact, he demands his enemy for himself, as his mark of honour. Indeed, he has no enemy other than one who has nothing to despise and a great deal to respect! By contrast, imagine for yourself the enemy as a man of resentment conceives him—and right here we have his action, his creation: he has conceptualized the evil enemy,: the evil one, and nursing statement as a fundamental idea—and from that he now thinks his way to an opposite image and counterpart, a good man—himself! We see exactly the opposite with the noble man, who conceives the fundamental idea good in advance and spontaneously by himself and from there first creates a picture of bad for himself. This bad originating from the noble man and that evil arising out of the stew pot of insatiable hatred—of these the first is a later creation, an menagerie essay afterthought, a complementary colour; whereas the second is the original, the beginning, the essential act of conception in slave morality. Although the two words bad and evil both seem opposite to the same idea of good, how different they are.
But it is not the same idea of the good; it is much rather a question of who the evil man really is, in the sense of the education, morality of resentment. The strict answer to that is this: precisely the good man of the other morality, the menagerie of escape, noble man himself, the writing person, powerful, the menagerie essay, ruling man, only writing essay in first coloured over, reinterpreted, and seen through the poisonous eyes of resentment. Here there is one thing we will be the the glass of escape, last to deny: the man who knows these good men only essay online as enemies, knows them as nothing but evil enemies, and the same men who are so strongly held bound by custom, honour, habit, thankfulness, even more by mutual suspicion and jealousy inter pares [among equals] and who, by contrast, demonstrate in relation to each other such resourceful consideration, self-control, refinement, loyalty, pride, and the glass theme of escape friendship—these men, once outside where the strange world, the foreign, begins, are not much better than beasts of prey turned loose. There they enjoy freedom from all social constraints. Essay In First Person. In the wilderness they make up for the tension which a long fenced-in confinement within the peace of the the glass of escape, community brings about.
They go back to a persuasive the innocent consciousness of a wild beast of prey, as joyful monsters, who perhaps walk away from a dreadful sequence of murder, arson, rape, and torture with exhilaration and spiritual equilibrium, as if they had merely pulled off a student prank, convinced that the poets now have something more to sing about and praise for a long time. At the menagerie essay, bottom of all these noble races we cannot fail to recognize the beast of prey, the blond beast splendidly roaming around in personal nursing philosophy its lust for loot and victory. This hidden basis from time to menagerie of escape time needs to be discharged: the animal must come out again, must go back into the wilderness,—Roman, Arab, German, Japanese nobility, Homeric heroes, Scandinavian Vikings—in this need they are all alike. It was the noble races which left behind the concept of the barbarian in service all their tracks, wherever they went. Menagerie Of Escape. A consciousness of and a persuasive essay person a pride in this fact reveals itself even in their highest culture (for example, when Pericles says to his Athenians, in that famous Funeral Speech, our audacity has broken a way through to the glass theme essay every land and sea, putting up permanent memorials to itself for thinking, good and ill.). This audacity of the noble races, mad, absurd, sudden in the way it expresses itself, its unpredictability, even the improbability of its undertakings—Pericles emphatically praises the menagerie, rayhumia [mental balance, freedom from anxiety] of the Athenians—its indifference to and contempt for safety, body, life, comfort, its fearsome cheerfulness and the depth of its joy in all destruction, in all the physical pleasures of victory and cruelty—everything summed up for those who suffer from such audacity in the image of the barbarian, the evil enemy, something like the valerie francisco dissertation, Goth or the Vandal. The deep, icy mistrust which the German evokes, as soon as he comes to power—even today—is still an after-effect of the glass of escape essay that unforgettable terror with which for a century Europe confronted the rage of the blond German beast (although there is hardly any idea linking the old Germanic tribes and we Germans, let alone any blood relationship). Once before I have remarked on Hesiod's dilemma when he thought up his sequence of cultural periods and sought to express them as Gold, Silver, and Iron. But he didn't know what to do with the contradiction presented to him by critical thinking skills, the marvelous but, at the same time, so horrifying world of of escape Homer, other than to make two cultural ages out of one, then placing one after the other—first the buy research paper writing, age of Heroes and the glass menagerie theme of escape essay Demi-gods from improving critical skills Troy and Thebes, just as that world remained as a memorial for the noble races who had their own ancestors in the glass menagerie theme of escape essay it, and then the Iron Age, as that same world appeared to the descendants of the downtrodden, exploited, ill treated, those carried off and skills sold—a metallic age, as mentioned: hard, cold, cruel, empty of feeling and scruples, with everything crushed and covered over in menagerie blood. Assuming as true what in any event is taken as the truth nowadays, that it is buy research paper writing precisely the purpose of all culture to breed a tame and civilized animal, a domestic pet, out of the beast of menagerie theme essay prey man, then we would undoubtedly have to consider the education philosophy, essential instruments of culture all those instinctive reactions and resentments by means of which the noble races with all their ideals were finally disgraced and overpowered—but that would not be to the glass menagerie claim that the bearers of these instincts also in themselves represented culture. Personal. It would much rather be the case that the opposite is not only the glass theme of escape probable—no! nowadays it is visibly apparent.
These people carrying instincts for your and why essay, oppression and a lust for revenge, the descendants of all European and non-European slavery, and all pre-Aryan populations in particular, represent the regression of mankind! These instruments of culture are a disgrace to humanity, more a reason to be suspicious of the glass theme or a counterargument against culture in general! We may well be right when we hang onto our fear of the paper writing, blond beast at the base of all noble races and keep up our guard. But who would not find it a hundred times better to fear if he could at the same time be allowed to admire, rather than not fear and no longer be able to rid himself of the disgusting sight of the failures, the stunted, the emaciated, the poisoned? Is not that our fate?
Today what is it that constitutes our aversion to the glass menagerie theme essay man? For we suffer from man—there's no doubt of that. It's not a matter of fear, rather it's the fact that we have nothing more to fear from men, that the maggot man is in writing a persuasive essay the foreground swarming around, that the tame man, the hopelessly mediocre and unpleasant man, has already learned to the glass menagerie theme essay feel that he is the francisco, goal, the pinnacle, the the glass menagerie theme of escape essay, meaning of history, the higher man,—yes indeed, he even has a certain right to feel that about himself, insofar as he feels separate from the excess of failed, sick, tired, spent people, who are nowadays beginning to make Europe stink, and feels at critical thinking skills, least somewhat successful, at theme of escape essay, least still capable of life, at least able to say yes to life. At this point I won't suppress a sigh and a final hope. What is it exactly than I find so totally unbearable? Something which I cannot deal with on buy research paper, my own, which makes me choke and feel faint? Bad air! Bad air! It's when something which has failed comes close to me, when I have to smell the entrails of a failed soul!
Apart from that what can we not endure by way of need, deprivation, bad weather, infirmity, hardship, loneliness? Basically we can deal with all the other things, born as we are to an underground and struggling existence. We come back again and again into the light, we live over and over our golden hour of victory—and then we stand there, just as we were born, unbreakable, tense, ready for the glass menagerie theme essay, something new, for something even more difficult, more distant, like a bow which all trouble only critical thinking skills serves to pull more tight. But if there are heavenly goddesses who are our patrons, beyond good and the glass menagerie evil, then from time to time grant me a glimpse, grant me a single glimpse into something perfect, something completely developed, something happy, powerful, triumphant, from which there is still something to fear! A glimpse of a man who justifies humanity, of a complementary and redeeming stroke-of-luck of writing essay in first a man, for whose sake we can hang onto theme of escape essay a faith in humanity! . . . For matters stand like this: the nursing education statement, diminution and levelling of European man hides our greatest danger, for the sight of him makes us tired.
We don't see anything today which wants to be greater. We suspect that things are constantly going down and the glass menagerie theme down into something thinner, more good-natured, more prudent, more comfortable, more mediocre, more indifferent, more Chinese, more Christian—humanity, there is no doubt, is becoming constantly better . Essay. . . The Glass Menagerie Theme Essay. Europe's fate lies right here. Essay Online. With our fear of mankind we also have lost our love for mankind, our reverence for mankind, our hopes for mankind, even our will to the glass be mankind. A glimpse at man makes us tired—what is today's nihilism, if it is not that? . . Buy Research. . The Glass Menagerie Theme. We are weary of man. But let's go back: the problem with the other origin of the good, of the good as the man of resentment has imagined it for himself, demands some conclusion.
That lambs are annoyed at the great predatory birds is not a strange thing, and it provides no reason for holding anything against these large birds of prey, because they snatch away small lambs. And if the lambs say among themselves These predatory birds are evil—and whoever is least like a predatory bird—and especially who is like its opposite, a lamb—shouldn't that animal be good? there is nothing to find fault with in this setting up of an ideal, except for the fact that the birds of thinking prey might look down with a little mockery and perhaps say to the glass theme of escape essay themselves We are not at writing in first, all annoyed with these good lambs—we even love them. Nothing is of escape essay tastier than a tender lamb. To demand that strength does not express itself as strength, that it must not consist of essay service online a will to overpower, a will to menagerie of escape essay throw down, a will to rule, a thirst for enemies and opposition and triumph—that is as unreasonable as to demand that weakness express itself as strength. A quantum of force is improving skills just such a quantum of drive, will, action—indeed, it is theme of escape essay nothing but these drives, willing, and a persuasive essay actions in themselves—and it cannot appear as anything else except through the seduction of the glass theme language (and the fundamental errors of reason petrified in buy research writing it), which understands and misunderstands all action as conditioned by something which causes actions, by a Subject. In fact, in just the same way as people separate lightning from its flash and take the menagerie of escape essay, latter as an action, as the dissertation, effect of a subject, which is called lightning, so popular morality separates strength from the manifestations of the glass theme of escape that strength, as if behind the strong person there is an indifferent substrate, which is free to manifest strength or not. But there is no such substrate, there is no being behind the doing, acting, becoming.
The doer is merely invented after the fact—the act is everything. People basically duplicate the event: when they see lightning, well, that is an action of an action: they set up the same event first as the cause and then again as its effect. Natural scientists are no better when they say Force moves, force causes and so on—our entire scientific knowledge, for all its coolness, its freedom from feelings, still remains exposed to the seductions of language and improving critical skills has not gotten rid of the changelings foisted on it, the Subject (the atom, for example, is such a changeling, like the Kantian Thing in menagerie of escape essay itself): it's no wonder that the repressed, secretly smouldering feelings of rage and hate use this belief for themselves and, in fact, maintain a faith in personal philosophy statement nothing more strongly than in the glass the idea that the strong are free to critical be weak and predatory birds are free to be lambs—and in so doing, they arrogate to themselves the right to blame the birds of prey for being birds of prey . . . When the oppressed, the downtrodden, the conquered say to of escape each other, with the vengeful cunning of the powerless, Let us be different from evil people, namely, good! And that man is good who does not overpower, who hurts no one, who does not attack, who does not retaliate, who hands revenge over to God, who keeps himself hidden, as we do, who avoids all evil and demands little from life in general—like us, the patient, humble, and upright—what that amounts to, coolly expressed and without bias, is essentially nothing more than We weak people are merely weak. It's good if we do nothing, because we are not strong enough. But this bitter state, this shrewdness of the lowest ranks, which even insects possess (for in great danger they stand as if they were dead in who is essay order not to do too much), has, thanks to the counterfeiting and the glass menagerie of escape self-deception of paper powerlessness, dressed itself in the splendour of a self-denying, still, patient virtue, just as if the menagerie of escape, weakness of the weak man himself—that means his essence, his actions, his entire single, inevitable, and irredeemable reality—is a voluntary achievement, something willed, chosen, an act, something of merit. Hero Essay. This kind of man needs to believe in the glass of escape the disinterested, freely choosing subject out of his instinct for self-preservation, self-approval, in which every falsehood is habitually sanctified.
The subject (or, to use a more popular style, the soul) has up to now probably been the best principle for belief on earth, because, for the majority of the dying, the weak, and the downtrodden of buy research all sorts, it makes possible a sublime self-deception which establishes weakness itself as freedom and their being like this or that as something meritorious. Is there anyone who would like to take a little look down on and under that secret how man fabricates an ideal on menagerie, earth? Who has the courage for that? Come on, now! Here is an open glimpse into this dark workshop. Just wait a moment, my dear Mr. Presumptuous and Nosy: your eye must first get used to this artificial flickering light. . . So, enough! Now speak! What's going on down there? Speak up.
Say what you see, man of the who is your hero, most dangerous curiosity—now I'm the one who's listening.— —I see nothing, but I hear all the more. It is a careful and crafty light rumour-mongering and menagerie theme of escape whispering from every nook and dissertation cranny. It seem to me that people are lying; a sugary mildness clings to every sound. Weakness is going to be falsified into something of merit. There's no doubt about it—things are just as you said they were. —and powerlessness which does not retaliate is being falsified into 'goodness,' anxious baseness into 'humility,' submission before those one hates to 'obedience' (of course, obedience to the one who, they say, commands this submission—they call him God). Menagerie Of Escape Essay. The inoffensiveness of the weak man, even cowardice, in which he is rich, his standing at writing essay in first, the door, his inevitable need to wait around—here these acquire good names, like 'patience' and are called virtue. Essay. That incapacity for revenge is called the lack of desire for revenge, perhaps even forgiveness ('for they know not what they do—only we know what they do!'). And people are talking about 'love for one's enemy'—and sweating as they say it.
They are miserable—there's no doubt about that—all these rumour mongers and counterfeiters in the corners, although crouched down beside each other in the warmth—but they are telling me that their misery is God's choice, His sign. One beats the dog one loves the most. Writing. Perhaps this misery may be a preparation, a test, an education, perhaps it is even more—something that will one day be rewarded and the glass menagerie theme essay paid out with huge interest in critical skills gold, no, in happiness. The Glass Menagerie Theme Of Escape Essay. They call that 'blessedness'. Now they are telling me that they are not only better than the powerful, the masters of the earth, whose spit they have to lick (not out of fear, certainly not out of fear, but because God commands that they honour those in authority)—they are not only better than these but they also are 'better off,' or at any rate will one day have it better. But enough! Enough!
I can't endure it any more. Bad air! Bad air! This workshop where man fabricates ideals—it seems to me it stinks from nothing but lies. —No! Just wait a minute more! So far you haven't said anything about the masterpiece of these black magicians who know how to make whiteness, milk, and essay innocence out of every blackness.
Have you not noticed the perfection of their sophistication, their most daring, refined, most spiritual, most fallacious artistic attempt. The Glass Menagerie. Pay attention! These cellar animals full of vengeance and buy research paper writing hatred—what are they making right now out of that vengeance and hatred? Have you ever heard these words? If you heard only their words, would you suspect that you were completely among men of resentment? —I understand. Once again I'll open my ears (oh! oh! oh! and hold my nose).
Now I'm hearing for the first time what they've been saying so often: 'We good men—we are the righteous'—what they demand they don't call repayment but 'the triumph of righteousness.' What they hate is menagerie theme not their enemy. No! They hate 'injustice,' 'godlessness.' What they believe and hope is not a hope for revenge, the intoxication of sweet vengeance (something Homer called 'sweeter than honey') but the victory of God, the righteous God, over the godless. What remains for them to love on who is your hero and why essay, earth are not their brothers in hatred but their 'brothers in love,' as they say, all the good and righteous people on the earth. —And what do they call what serves them as a consolation for all the suffering of life—their phantasmagoria of future blessedness which they are expecting?
—What that? Am I hearing correctly? They call that 'the last judgment,' the coming to their kingdom, the coming of 'God's kingdom'—but in theme of escape the meanwhile they live 'in faith,' 'in love,' 'in hope.' Belief in what? Love for what? Hope for what? There's no doubt that these weak people at some time or another also want to be the strong people, some day their kingdom is writing a persuasive supposed to arrive—they call it simply the kingdom of God, as I mentioned. Menagerie Essay. People are indeed so humble about everything! But to experience that, one has to live a long time, beyond death—in fact, people must have an who is essay eternal life, so they can win eternal recompense in the kingdom of God for this earthly life in faith, in love, in hope.
Recompense for what? Recompense through what? In my view, Dante was grossly in menagerie of escape error when, with an ingenuity meant to inspire terror, he set that inscription over who is your, the gateway into his hell: Eternal love also created me. Over the gateway into the glass the Christian paradise and its eternal blessedness it would, in any event, be more fitting to set the inscription Eternal hate also created me—provided it's all right to writing essay in first set a truth over menagerie theme, the gateway to a lie! For what is the buy research paper, bliss of this paradise? . . . The Glass Menagerie Of Escape. We might well have guessed that already, but it is better for it to be expressly described for us by writing person, an authority we cannot underestimate, Thomas Aquinas, the great teacher and saint: . Beati in regno coelesti , he says, as gently as a lamb, videbunt poenas damnatorum, ut beatitudo illis magis complaceat [In the kingdom of heaven the blessed will see the punishment of the damned, so that they will derive all the more pleasure from their heavenly bliss.] Or do you want to the glass menagerie of escape essay hear that message in a stronger tone, something from the mouth of essay writing a triumphant father of the church [Tertullian] , who warns his Christians against the cruel sensuality of the public spectacles. But why? Faith offers much more to us, he says, something much stronger.
Thanks to the redemption, very different joys are ours to command; in place of the athletes, we have our martyrs. Of Escape Essay. If we want blood, well, we have the blood of Christ . . . But think of personal education what awaits us on menagerie theme of escape essay, the day of his coming again, his triumph!—and now he takes off, the rapturous visionary: At enim supersunt alia spectacula, ille ultimus et perpetuus judicii dies, ille nationibus insperatus, ille derisus, cum tanta saeculi vetustas et tot ejus nativitates uno igne haurientur. Quae tunc spectaculi latitudo! Quid admirer! Quid rideam!
Ubi gaudeam! Ubi exultem, spectans tot et tantos reges, qui in coelum recepti nuntiabantur, cum ipso Jove et ipsis suis testibus in critical thinking imis tenebris congemescentes! Item praesides (the provincial governors) persecutores dominici nominis saevioribus quam ipsi flammis saevierunt insultantibus contra Christianos liquescentes! Quos praeterea sapientes illos philosophos coram discipulis suis una conflagrantibus erubescentes, quibus nihil ad deum pertinere suadebant, quibus animas aut nullas aut non in pristine corpora redituras affirmabant! Etiam pots non ad Rhadamanti nec ad Minois, sed ad inopinati Christi tribunal palpitantes! Tunc magis tragoedi audiendi, magis scilicet vocales (better voices since they will be screaming in greater terror) in sua propria calamitate; tunc histriones cognoscendi, solutiores multo per ignem; tunc spectandus auriga in flammea rota totus rubens, tunc xystici contemplandi non in gymnasiis, sed in igne jaculati, nisi quod ne tunc quidem illos velim vivos, ut qui malim ad eos potius conspectum insatiabilem conferre, qui in dominum desaevierung. 'Hic est ille, dicam, fabri aut quaestuariae filis (in everything that follows and especially in the well-known description of the mother of Jesus from the Talamud Tertullian from this point on is referring to menagerie of escape the Jews), sabbati destructor, Samarites et daemonium habens. Hic est, quem a Juda redemistis, hic est ille arundine et colaphis diverberatus, sputamentis dedecoratus, felle et aceto potatus. Hic est, quem clam discentes subripuerunt, ut resurrexisse dicatur vel hortulanus detraxit, ne lactucae suae frequentia commeantium laederentur.' Ut talia spectes, ut talibus exultes, quis tibi praetor aut consul aut quaestor aut sacerdos de sua liberalitate praestabit? Et tamen haec jam habemus quodammodo per fidem spiritu imaginante repraesentata.
Ceterum qualia illa sunt, quae nec oculus vidit nec auris audivit nec in best essay cor hominis ascenderunt (1. Cor. The Glass Theme Essay. 2, 9.) Credo circo et utraque cavea (first and fourth tier of seats or, according to others, the comic and tragic stages). Through faith: that's how it's written. [ However there are other spectacles—that last eternal day of valerie dissertation judgment, ignored by nations, derided by them, when the menagerie theme of escape, accumulation of the years and all the many things which they produced will be burned in a single fire. What a broad spectacle then appears! How I will be lost in admiration!
How I will laugh! How I will rejoice! I'll be full of exaltation then as I see so many great kings who by public report were accepted into heaven groaning in the deepest darkness with Jove himself and alongside those very men who testified on their behalf! They will include governors of provinces who persecuted the name of our lord burning in flames more fierce that those with which they proudly raged against the Christians! And those wise philosophers who earlier convinced their disciples that god was irrelevant and who claimed either that there is valerie francisco no such thing as a soul or that our souls would not return to their original bodies will be ashamed as they burn in the glass theme the conflagration with those very disciples. And the personal nursing education philosophy statement, poets will be there, shaking with fear, not in front of the tribunal of Rhadamanthus or Minos, but of the Christ they did not anticipate!
Then it will be easier to hear the tragic actors, because their voice will be more resonant in their own calamity ( better voices since they will be screaming in greater terror ). The actors will then be easier to recognize, for menagerie of escape, the fire will make them much more agile. Then the charioteer will be on show, all red in a wheel of fire, and the athletes will visible, thrown, not in the gymnasium, but in the fire, unless I have no wish to look at their bodies then, so that I can more readily cast an insatiable gaze on those who raged against our Lord. This is the man, I will say, the son of a workman or a prostitute (in everything that follows and especially in the well-known description of the mother of Jesus from the Talamud Tertullian from this point on essay service, is refering to the Jews) , the destroyer of the sabbath, the Samaritan possessed by the devil. Menagerie. He is the man whom you brought from Judas, the man who was beaten with a reed and with fists, reviled with spit, who was given gall and vinegar to drink. He is the essay service, man whom his disciples took away in secret, so that it could be said that he was resurrected or whom the the glass menagerie theme of escape, gardener took away, so that the crowd of visitors would not harm his lettuces. What praetor or consul or quaestor or priest will from his own generosity grant you the personal philosophy, sight of such things or the the glass menagerie theme of escape, exultation in writing person them? And yet we already have these things to a certain extent through faith, represented to us by the imagining spirit. Besides, what sorts of things has the eye not seen or the ear not heard and what sorts of things have not arisen in the human heart (1.
Cor. 2, 9)? I believe these are more pleasing than the race track and menagerie theme of escape essay the circus and both enclosures (first and fourth tier of seats or, according to others, the comic and improving critical skills tragic stages). Through faith: that's how it's written. Let's bring this to a conclusion. The two opposing values good and bad, good and evil have fought a fearful battle on menagerie theme of escape essay, earth for thousands of valerie francisco dissertation years.
If it's true that the second value in each pair has for a long time had the upper hand, there's no lack of menagerie theme places where the battle goes on improving, without a final decision. We ourselves could say that in the intervening time the battle has been constantly drawn to greater heights and greater depths and has become continuously more spiritual, so that nowadays there is perhaps no more decisive mark of the glass theme a higher nature, a more spiritual nature, than that it is personal nursing philosophy statement split in this sense and menagerie of escape is truly a battleground for these opposites. The symbol of this battle, written in a script which has remained legible through all human history up to the present, is buy research paper writing called Rome Against Judea, Judea Against Rome. To this point there has been no greater event than this war, this posing of the glass menagerie theme of escape a question, the contradiction between these deadly enemies. Rome felt that the Jews were something contrary to nature itself, something like its monstrous polar opposite. In Rome the Jew was considered guilty of hatred again the entire human race. And that view was correct, to the extent we are right to who is essay link the health and the future of the human race to the unconditional rule of aristocratic values, the the glass theme of escape, Roman values. By contrast, how did the Jews feel about Rome? We can guess that from a thousand signs, but it is sufficient to treat oneself again to the Apocalypse of John, that wildest of all written outbursts which vengeance has on its conscience. (Incidentally, we must not underestimate the deep consistency of the Christian instinct, when it ascribed this very book of hate to critical thinking skills the name of the disciple of love, the same man to whom it attributed that wildly enthusiastic amorous gospel—there is some truth to the glass theme of escape essay this, no matter how much literary counterfeiting may have been necessary for that book to make its point) The Romans were the strong and noble men, stronger and nobler than any people who'd lived on earth up until then—or even than any people who'd ever been dreamed up.
Everything they left as remains, every inscription, is your hero and why delightful, provided that we can guess what was doing the writing there. By contrast, the Jews were par excellence that priestly people of resentment, who possessed an unparalleled genius for popular morality. Just compare people with related talents—say, the menagerie theme of escape, Chinese or the Germans—with the Jews in order to nursing education understand who's in the glass menagerie first place and who's fifth. Which of them has proved victorious for the time being, Rome or Judea? Surely there's not the slightest doubt. Just think of who it is people bow down to service online today in Rome as the personification of all the highest values—and not only in Rome, but in almost half the earth, everywhere where people have become merely tame or want to become tame—in front of the glass theme essay three Jews, as we know, and one Jewess (before Jesus of Nazareth, the fisherman Peter, the carpet worker Paul, and the mother of the first-mentioned Jesus, named Mary). Now, this is very remarkable: without doubt Rome has been conquered. It's true that in the Renaissance there was a brilliant, incredible re-awakening of the classical ideal, the noble way of evaluating everything. Rome itself behaved like someone who'd woken up from a coma induced by the pressure of the valerie, new Jewish Rome built over it, which looked like an of escape ecumenical synagogue and best was called the church. But immediately Judea triumphed again, thanks to that basically vulgar (German and English) movement of resentment, which we call the Reformation, together with what had to follow as a consequence, the re-establishment of the church, as well as the re-establishment of the menagerie of escape, old grave-like tranquillity of paper classical Rome.
In what is an even more decisive and deeper sense, Judea once again was victorious over the classical ideal at the time of the French Revolution. The last political nobility which we had in Europe, in seventeenth and eighteenth century France, broke apart under the instinct of popular resentment—never on earth has there ever been heard a greater rejoicing, a noisier enthusiasm! It's true that in the midst of all this the most dreadful and most unexpected events took place: the old ideal itself stepped physically and with unheard-of splendour before the eyes and the conscience of humanity—and once again stronger, simpler, and more urgently than ever rang out, in theme opposition to the old lie, to the slogan of resentment about the privileged rights of the majority, in opposition to that will for a low condition, abasement, equality, for the decline and extinguishing of mankind—in opposition to all that there rang out a fearsome and delightful counter-slogan about the privileged rights of the few! As a last signpost to writing a persuasive in first a different road, Napoleon appeared, the most singular and late-born man there ever was, and in him the problem of the inherently noble ideal was made flesh. We might well think about the glass of escape essay, what sort of personal nursing philosophy a problem that is: Napoleon, this synthesis of the inhuman and the superhuman . . The Glass Menagerie. . Did that end it? Was that greatest of all opposition of ideals thus set ad acta [aside] for personal philosophy, all time?
Or was it merely postponed, postponed indefinitely? . The Glass Of Escape Essay. . . Some day, after a much longer preparation, will an who is your hero even more fearful blaze from the old fire not have to take place? More than that: isn't this exactly something we should hope for with all our strength—even will it or demand it? . . The Glass Menagerie Theme Of Escape Essay. . Anyone who, like my readers, begins to reflect on these points and to think further will have difficulty coming to a quick conclusion—reason enough for who is your, me to come to a conclusion myself, provided that it has been crystal clear for a long time what I want, precisely what I want with that dangerous slogan which is written on the glass menagerie of escape, the body of valerie francisco dissertation my last book: Beyond Good and Evil . . . at least this does not mean Beyond Good and Bad I'm taking the opportunity provided to me by this essay publicly and formally to state a desire which I have expressed up to now only in occasional conversations with scholars, namely, that some philosophical faculty might set up a series of award-winning academic essays in order to serve the advancement of studies into the history of morality. Perhaps this book will serve to provide a forceful push in precisely such a direction. Bearing in mind a possibility of this sort, let me suggest the following question—it merits the of escape essay, attention of philologists and historians as much as of professional philosophical scholars: What indications does the buy research writing, scientific study of language, especially etymological research, provide for the history of the development of moral concepts?
On the other hand, it is, of course, just as necessary to attract the participation of theme essay physiologists and doctors in valerie dissertation this problem (of the value of all methods of evaluating up to now). Menagerie Of Escape Essay. That task might be left to the faculties of philosophers, after they have completely succeeded in converting the relationship between philosophy, physiology, and medicine, originally so aloof, so mistrusting, into the most friendly and thinking skills fruitful exchange. The Glass Menagerie Of Escape. In fact, all the tables of value, all the you should's, which history or ethnology knows about, need, first and valerie francisco dissertation foremost, illumination and theme of escape essay interpretation from paper physiology, rather than from psychology. And all of them similarly await a critique from the point of view of medical science. The question What is this or that table of menagerie values and 'morality' worth? will be set under the different perspectives.
For we cannot analyze the question Value for what? too finely. Something, for example, that has an apparent value with respect to the longest possible capacity for survival of a race (or for an increase in critical thinking skills its power to adapt to the glass theme of escape essay a certain climate or for the preservation of the greatest number) has nothing like the writing essay, same value, if the issue is one of developing a stronger type. The well-being of the theme of escape, majority and the well-being of the best essay writing service, fewest are opposing viewpoints for values. We will leave it to the navet of English biologists to take the first as the one of the glass menagerie theme inherently higher value. All the sciences from now on have to advance the future work of the philosopher, understanding this task as solving the problem of value, determining the rank order of values.
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The Theme of Escape in the Glass Menagerie by Tennessee Williams
How to write a 3,000 word essay in a day. Updated 30 August 2017. There's nothing like an approaching deadline to the glass give you the motivation (and fear) you need to personal statement get writing – don't stress though, we're here to help you out! We know – you had every intention of being deadline-ready, but these things happen! At some point during your time at university, you're bound to find you've left coursework to the very last minute, with fewer hours than Jack Bauer to complete a 3,000 word essay.
But don't sweat, cause 3,000 words in a day is totally doable! Not only the glass theme essay, this, but you can even produce an essay you can be proud of if you give it everything you got. Between nights out, procrastination and other deadlines to who is your essay juggle, the time can easily creep up on menagerie you. However, the worst thing you can do in this situation is panic, so keep calm, mop up the cold sweats and read on to find out valerie francisco dissertation, how to the glass of escape nail that essay in unbelievable time! Just to clarify – we're certainly not encouraging anyone to leave it all to valerie dissertation the last minute, but if you do happen to find yourself in a pickle, you're going to need some help – and we're the guys for the job. Credit: Dimitris Kalogeropoylos – Flickr.
Fail to the glass theme of escape essay plan and you plan to fail – or so our lecturers keep telling us. Reading this, we suspect you probably haven't embraced this motto up till now, but there are a few things you can do the morning before deadline that will make your day of frantic essay-writing run smoothly. First thing's first: Fuel your body and mind with a healthy breakfast, like porridge. The slow-release energy will stop a mid-morning slump over your desk, which is something you really can't afford right now! Not in the mood for porridge? Check out our list of the best foods for francisco brain fuel to the glass menagerie theme essay see what else will get you off to a good start. Choose a quiet area where you know you won't be disturbed. Best Essay Service Online. You'll know whether you work better in the library or at menagerie of escape home, but whatever you do – don't choose somewhere you've never been before . You need to be confident that you'll be comfortable and able to focus for as long as possible. Be organised and come equipped with two pens (no nipping to the shop because you ran out of ink), bottled water, any notes you have, and some snacks to use as mini-rewards. This will keep you going without having to take your eyes off the screen (apparently dark chocolate is the critical thinking best option for concentration).
Try to avoid too much caffeine early on, as you'll find yourself crashing within a few hours. This includes energy drinks, by the way! Procrastination is theme of escape every student's forte, so turn off your phone (or at and why essay least switch notifications off) and refrain from checking Facebook, Twitter, Snapchat, or any other social media channels you're addicted to. Menagerie Of Escape Essay. We mean it! A good tip is to writing online get a friend to change your Facebook password for you for 24 hours and make them promise not to tell you it, even if you beg (choose a friend that enjoys watching you squirm). Theme. Otherwise, you can also temporarily deactivate your account. Time management is your of utmost importance when you have 24 hours before deadline. We know, water is wet, but you clearly haven't excelled in this area so far, have you!
By setting yourself a time frame in which to reach certain milestones before you start typing, you'll have achievable goals to work towards . This is a great method of working, as it makes the prospect of conjuring up 3,000 words from thin air much less daunting if you consider the the glass time in paper writing small blocks. Let's say it's 9am and your essay is the glass theme of escape essay due in first thing tomorrow morning. Here's a feasible timeline that you can follow: 9:00 – 9:30 – Have your essay question chosen and improving thinking, argument ready 9:30 – 9:45 – Break/ snack 10:00 – 12:00 – Write a full outline/plan of menagerie of escape, your essay 12:00 – 13:00 – Write your introduction 13:00 – 14:00 – Take a break and francisco, grab some lunch (you deserve it) 14:00 – 16:00 – Get back to your desk and menagerie of escape, do all your research on paper writing quotes etc. that will back up your argument 16:00 – 20:30 – Write all of your content (with a dinner break somewhere in the middle) 20:30 – 22:30 – Edit and improve – extremely important step, so take time with this 22:30 – 23:00 – Print and prepare ready for the morning 23:00 – (morning) – If you've not finished by this point, don't worry – completing in time is still possible. Just make sure you've eaten well and have enough energy to last you until the early hours of the morning. Also remember to schedule in the glass theme of escape a few breaks – you need to spend the whole 24 hours productively, and you can't be on form for a full day without short breaks to rest your eyes (and your brain!). These breaks should be active – give your eyes a rest from the writing screen and get outside to stretch. We recommend a ten minute break at least every 1.5 hours . If you've been given a choice of essay, essay questions, you should choose the one you feel most strongly about, or have the most knowledge about (i.e the topics you actually went to valerie dissertation the lectures for!). 24 hours before deadline is not the time to learn a new topic from scratch – no matter how much easier the question seems! Also, beware of menagerie theme of escape, questions that seem easy at paper writing first glance, as often you'll find that the shorter questions or the ones using the the glass menagerie theme of escape essay most straight-forward language can be the writing hardest ones to tackle.
Next, decide your approach. How are you going to tackle the question? When time is of escape limited, it is important to choose to write about things you are confident in. Remember that it's your essay and as long as you relate your argument to personal nursing philosophy statement the question and theme of escape, construct a clear, well supported argument, you can take it in any direction you choose. Paper. Use this to your advantage! You may need to Google around the the glass menagerie theme of escape essay topic to get a clear idea of what's already been said on writing in first person your chosen argument, but limit this research time to 20 minutes or you could be there all day…and no checking facebook!
Now, type out the glass menagerie theme of escape, 3-5 key points that you'll aim to tackle in your argument, and underneath these use bullet points to list all the information and opinions, supporting arguments or quotes you have for each point. Start with the statement most obvious argument , as this will provide something to link your other points back to menagerie essay – the key to who is and why a good essay. Once you've done this, you'll now find you have a detailed outline of the body of your essay, and it'll be a matter of filling in between the lines of each bullet point. This method is perfect for writing against the clock, as it ensures you stay focused on menagerie your question and argument without going off in best essay service any tangents. Credit: Steve Czajka – Flickr. Sometimes the introduction can be the most difficult part to write, but that's because it's also the the glass theme of escape essay most important part! Don't worry too much about essay service online making it sound amazing at this point – just get stuck into introducing your argument in response to the glass menagerie essay your chosen question and telling the reader how you will support it. You can go back and make yourself sound smarter later on when you're at francisco the editing stage. Create something of a mini-outline in your introduction so you signpost exactly what it is you're planning to argue. The Glass Menagerie Of Escape Essay. Don't use the introduction as a space to improving skills throw in the glass of escape essay random references to things that are vaguely relevant.
When in doubt, leave it out! Credit: Photo Monkey. Now it's time to gather outside information and quotes to essay support your arguments. It's important to limit the time you spend on this, as it is easy to get distracted when Google presents you with copious amounts of theme of escape essay, irrelevant information. Who Is Your And Why. However, you will find your essay easy to write if you're armed with lots of relevant info, so use your judgement on this one. Choose search keywords wisely and menagerie of escape, copy and paste key ideas and quotes into a separate 'Research' document. If using reference books rather than online, give yourself ten minutes to get anything that looks useful from the library, skip to chapters that look relevant and remember to nursing education philosophy use the index!
Paraphrase your main arguments to give the essay your own voice and theme essay, make clear to yourself which words are yours and which are someone else's. Plagiarism is serious and could get you a big fat F for your essay if you don't cite properly – after all this hard work! Alternatively, use Google Books to find direct quotes without spending time going through useless paragraphs. There's no time to read the full book, but this technique gives the essay online impression that you did! While you gather quotes, keep note of your sources – again, don't plagiarise! Compiling your list of citations (if necessary) as you work saves panicking at the end. Take quotes by other authors included in the book you're reading. If you look up the references you will find the original book (already credited) which you can then use for the glass menagerie your own references.
This way it looks like you have read more books than you have, too. Sneaky! Also, if you're using Microsoft Word (2008 or later) to write your essay, make use of the automatic referencing system. Who Is Your And Why Essay. Simply enter the details of sources as you go along, and it will automatically create a perfect bibliography or works cited page at the end. This tool is AMAZING and could save you a lot of extra work typing out menagerie theme of escape, your references and personal education philosophy statement, bibliography. Credit: Rainer Stropek – Flickr. Get typing! Now it's just a matter of beefing out the glass menagerie of escape, your outline until you reach the word limit! Get all your content down and don't worry too much about writing style.
You can make all your changes later, and it's much easier to think about style once you have everything you want to say typed up first. More ideas could occur to you as you go along, so jot these ideas down on a notepad – they could come in handy if you need to essay in first person make up the word count later! Use the research you gathered earlier to support the theme of escape essay key ideas you set out in your outline in a concise way until you have reached around 2,500(ish) words. If you're struggling to reach the word limit, don't panic. Pick out a single point in your argument that you feel hasn't been fully built upon and head back to your research. Philosophy. There must be an additional quote or two that you could through in to make your point even clearer. Imagine your essay is a bit like a kebab stick: The meat is your essential points and theme of escape, you build on them and build around each piece of meat with vegetables (quotes or remarks) to make the full kebab… time for a dinner break? Ensure that all the points you wanted to explore are on paper (or screen) and explained fully. Are all your facts correct? Make things more wordy (or less, depending on your circumstance) in your essay order to hit your word limit. You should also check that your essay flows nicely.
Are your paragraphs linked? Does it all make sense? Do a quick spell check and make sure you have time for essay potential printer issues. We've all been there! A lot of students overlook the importance of essay writing online, spelling and grammar. It differs from uni to uni, subject to subject and tutor to tutor, but generally your writing style, spelling and grammar can account for up to the glass menagerie of escape 10-20% of your grade.
Make sure you edit properly! If you take your time to nail this then you could already be 1/4 of the personal education way to passing! While completing essays 24 hours before the deadline is menagerie theme essay far from thinking skills, recommended and menagerie theme of escape essay, unlikely to hero and why essay get you the best grades you've ever gotten (try our top tips for getting a first if that's your goal), this guide should at least prevent tears in the library (been there) and the need for any extensions. Remember, this is a worst case scenario solution and not something you should be making a habit of! Now, why are you still reading? We all know you've got work to do!
Good luck! Exams coming up? Check out our guide on how to revise in one day too. The Glass Essay. If you're starting to feel the pressure mounting up, we've also got some great tips for beating exam stress, too. If you have any great tips you think we've missed, we'd love to who is essay hear them – use the menagerie theme essay comments section below! Earn ?20 Amazon Vouchers. Win ?250 Nando’s Vouchers! Free* Domino’s pizza. Win a ?100 Ticketmaster voucher. 40 easy ways to make money quickly. How to start a website in 20 minutes.
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