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Bollywood Museum-Architectural Thesis. BOLLYWOOD MUSEUM, MUMBAI The museum for Indian cinema referred to as BOLLYWOOD MUSEUM, is an initiative by Ministry of film and broadcasting, Govt. of India to celebrate 100 years of title, Indian Cinema. The aim of project is to enlighten the people and future generations about the glory of our cinema industry and enlighten them about the people who made our country the largest cinema industry of world. Youth Drug Essay? As per the brief from the ministry, the major exhibits in the museum would be: Artefacts, equipments like Cameras, Editing, Recording Machines, Projectors etc. Page Of Research Paper Apa? Costumes, Photographs and other material are proposed to be kept in the Museum. Build World Essay? The properties, dresses, sets, tapes, vintage equipment, posters, copies of important films, prints, promotional leaflets, developing equipment books, biographies, sound tracks, trailers, transparencies, Cinema magazines, statistics covering film distribution etc. to title page of research be displayed in a systematic arrangement depicting the history in a chronological manner, will be procured through donations and also by purchase. There will also be a Museum shop which will sell the copies/photographs etc. of the vintage items, books and booklets on statement worksheets the work of noted film makers and mementoes.

The site chosen for the project is in the premises of the Film division office on Pedder road in south Mumbai. Title Page Paper? The site consists of existing office buildings, a library building in dilapidated condition which would be replaced by a new building in the design and a century old construction known as Gulshan Mahal. The rejuvenation of this building forms the major architectural concern for the project. Flq Essay? This building awarded with Urban Heritage award in title page of research paper, 2001 was formly used as a shooting set and now would form the main component of the hero and why complex design. The building would be rejuvenated with an active plaza in front of it. The design of the museum was evolved from the basic unit of page apa, film industry… the reel. The form of the building was inspired from the spooling film over the reels. The circulation of the museum aims at giving the visitor a complete route of the Indian cinema industry from production to people, evolution to screening. The route of circulation defines the shape of building. All the three areas were made approachable through the same plaza from the drop off point.

The drop off point amidst the three building complexes was intended to give the visitor a feeling of apparently entering the on the future of democracy building from the title of research apa car. The design of the complex was made to frame the reason essays in literary Gulshan Mahal in the new building, as viewed from the drop off point. The visitor is given a grand welcome in the museum building with a grand atrium with a skylight on top which introduces light inside and hence visually adds to the volume of the space. Paper? The museum galleries were designed as per the given requirement of the exhibit by the ministry. The exhibits were divided as per their use in industry and its impact. Apart from the given requirements, some new galleries were introduced.

The circulation of the building starts with the introduction gallery and with each changing exhibit area, the flq essay level rises upto 1m and hence viewing the different stages of production of a movie, the visitor reaches the higher level of page, building exhibiting the costumes and props used in essay, the industry. from where it moves to the other part of the building through a connecting bridge exhibiting the life and works pf Dadasaheb Phulke known as the father of the Indian Cinema. The similar concept of rising levels with the exhibits apply for the subsequent exhibition of the changing trends in the movies. Reaching the higher level, the visitor passes through the gallery exhibiting the life and works of film makers which connects the library building to the commercial building. Repeating the concept of rising levels, with music and dance galleries, the visitor reaches back to the museum complex through the gallery of life of actors/actresses. The highest level houses the screening area which intend to screen the rare and special movies or may be used while film festivals. he route of the museum acts like the film spooling over the three reels of title, musum, library and commercial building and flq essay, thus defines the overall shape of the museum. The rising levels, connecting bridges give it its dynamic shape.

The central plaza in front of the Gulshan Mahal is intended to add activity in the complex making it more lively and title page paper, thus gives a welcoming approach to thesis worksheets the Urban Heritage building which has lost its importance over of research apa time. Build A Better World Essay? This building shall be retained as a live shooting set which would act as a museum for the equipments used during shooting. An informal seating space in title page of research, the plaza is flq essay, planned to address the paper groups educating them about the worksheets place and the industry. The concept behind the planning of Bollywood museum is to create a sculpture that relates to the industry it is exhibiting with interesting twists and turns which adhere to our masala Indian Movies. #8212;#8212;#8212;#8212;#8212;#8212;#8212;#8212;#8212;#8212;#8212;#8212;#8212;#8212; [ 1 ]. Source: NATIONAL MUSEUM OF INDIAN CINEMA Ministry of Information #038; Broadcasting Government of title, India Films Division Complex 24-Dr. G. Deshmukh Marg, Mumbai-400 026.

Email : [emailprotected] org / website : www. filmsdivision. org. Haven’t found what you want? 12-22 Newhall St, Birmingham B3 3AS, UK [emailprotected] Hi there, would you like to get such a paper? How about receiving a customized one?

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Mina And Lucy In Dracula Essays and Research Papers. ?In the paper apa, novel, Dracula , by Bram Stoker, we are introduced to two specific ladies that are essential to the essence of thesis worksheets this gothic, horror . Page Paper Apa! novel. These two women are Mina Harker and Lucy Westenra. The purpose for on the these two women was for Stoke to clearly depict the two types of page of research apa women: the innocent and the contaminated. In the beginning, the reason and romanticism essays criticism, women were both examples of the stereotypical flawless women of this time period.

However, as the novel seems to progress, major differences are bound to arise. Abraham Van Helsing , Count Dracula , Dracula 1133 Words | 3 Pages. Mina Harker; A Strong Character A strong character is one who possesses many qualities such as being selfless, courageous and sacrificial. . Dracula written by Bram Stoker portrays the of research apa, young and witty Mina Harker. She is the best example to fit the description of youth drug essay a strong character. Mina starts off as a young school mistress who is engaged. As the plot progresses, her normal life changes and she is faced with many challenges that she overcomes, that show that she is the strongest personality. Abraham Van Helsing , Count Dracula , Dracula 1112 Words | 3 Pages.

Explore the Presentation of Mina Harker in paper Dracula Explore the presentation of Mina Most critics would safely agree that “ Dracula ” is and romanticism essays, a novel that dramatically presents the page paper apa, role . of the female in thesis Victorian society. Bram Stoker was writing this novel at the end of the title, nineteenth century when Victorian women were placed into three distinct categories, all three relating to their sexual behaviour. She was either a virgin, so pure and innocent; a mature wife or mother; or if she was neither of these she was considered a “loose woman” and so was neglected. Abraham Van Helsing , Count Dracula , Dracula 827 Words | 3 Pages. woman chose to stay single, as she would be pitied and on the in india dubbed a “whore”. Lucy Westenra is title of research apa, one of the main characters in the novel, . Dracula by Bram Stoker. Essay! Lucy is a beautiful young lady whose innocence and virtuous being draws three suitors to her. Although, this portrayed innocence is not the only thing that is title page paper apa, drawing these men towards her. Youth Drug! Lucy has a sexual appeal to title page of research paper her personality, much different than her best friend Mina Murray and and romanticism in literary the typical Victorian woman.

This sense of sexual desire will. Abraham Van Helsing , Count Dracula , Dracula 964 Words | 3 Pages. Dracula Bram Stoker's Dracula is one of the most renowned British novels of all time. It has left its marks on many aspects . of literature and film. Many thematic elements are present throughout the story and title of research apa have been interpreted in many ways. Stoker uses his characters to manifest the themes that he wishes to imply. Three themes that present themselves throughout the book are the youth drug, theme of Christian Redemption, science and page paper apa technology, and sexual expression. Christian Redemption is shown. Abraham Van Helsing , Dracula , John Seward 1607 Words | 4 Pages. ‘in Dracula, Lucy Represents a 19th Century Ideal of Femininity, Whereas Mina Embodies a More Modern View of the Role of Women’.

‘In Dracula , Lucy represents a 19th century ideal of femininity, whereas Mina embodies a more modern view of the and romanticism in literary criticism, . role of title page of research paper apa women’. To what extent do you agree? Stoker’s presentation of the differences between Mina and Lucy provokes the drug, debate about whether Lucy is intended to represent a traditional female role, with Mina being her modern counterpart. A typical depiction of life for a 19th century woman involved staying at title page of research apa, home to look after their families; whereas, 20th century women secured. 19th century , Bram Stoker , Dracula 1627 Words | 5 Pages. Novel Dracula Bram Stoker, the author of Dracula as well as a Victorian man, includes religious elements in the book which . explains the qualities of good and evil in the Victorian era London. Characters in the novel are Count Dracula , Jonathan Harker, Quincy Morris, Dr. Van Helsing, Mina Harker, and Lucy . Jonathan on his way to Dracula’s castle is the thesis, first character introduced. He is the husband of Mina , and the other men help him tremendously to of research save the town from the evil Dracula . Lucy is a dilapidated. Abraham Van Helsing , Count Dracula , Dracula 1020 Words | 3 Pages. Damnation As several characters note in the novel, a person's physical life is of secondary importance to the person's eternal life, which can be . Future In India! jeopardized if the person is made evil by a vampire like Dracula . Professor Van Helsing says, when he is explaining why they must kill the vampire Lucy , But of the most blessed of all, when this now Un-Dead be made to rest as true dead, then the soul of the poor lady whom we love shall again be free.

Even characters that are of questionable goodness. Abraham Van Helsing , Bram Stoker , Count Dracula 2087 Words | 6 Pages. ?My first posting East-West conflict and anxiety relating to imperial western power is at the heart of title apa Dracula . The main male . characters belong to different age groups, education levels and professions. Mr Harker is a solicitor who offers assistance with purchasing properties. Arthur Holmwood later acquires the title Lord Goldaming. Van Helsing a Dutch physician and your hero essay Professor is well versed in the supernatural but employs the paper, Scientific method. Dr. John Seward, a psychiatrist and a head. Abraham Van Helsing , Dracula , John Seward 745 Words | 3 Pages. Redemption in Dracula ” she examines the theme of the stark contrasts between pure and unclean.

Pollution in flq essay the sense the writer was going for . Title Page Paper! does not mean landfills and gas guzzlers, but when the unclean taints the pure. Going beyond the cooperative a better essay, surface definition, the book Dracula has many instances of contrasting values surrounding the thoughts of of research apa purity. The ideas of good and evil, life and death, new and old, and civilization and savagery are examined throughout the novel. Dracula as a whole is. Abraham Van Helsing , Bram Stoker , Dracula 913 Words | 3 Pages. English 9 20 March 2009 Dracula MLA Expository Essay The novel Dracula is definitely portrays a strong example of a . gothic novel. Dracula also has all of the characteristics of future in india a gothic novel as well. Bram Stoker’s Dracula has all of the classic elements of title page paper apa a Gothic novel. The setting of the novel is a dark crumbling castle, the tone is mysterious, there is a villainous character, and there is the flq essay, sense that the page paper, hero is struggling against an inescapable fate.

Dracula is novel in which shows. Abraham Van Helsing , Bram Stoker , Dracula 870 Words | 3 Pages. Lucy Westerna and Mina Harker are the only two female characters Bram Stoker describes in detail in the novel . Dracula . And Romanticism Essays In Literary Criticism! Lucy and Mina are two of the three characters that the reader sees becoming a vampire, and both characters are narrators. It is clear that these two play a very important role in of research paper the novel. Their actions have a huge effect on the way the essay of democracy in india, novel unfolds.

Lucy and Mina have many differences and similarities in representing the page apa, Victorian women. Build A Better! Lucy represents all of the evil traits. Count Dracula , Dracula , Mina Harker 1057 Words | 3 Pages. “To what extent do the themes of Dracula reflect the social, cultural and historical context in which the novel is set? “ In one’s novel, . themes successfully assist to highlight the social, cultural and historical context in which can impact the title page of research apa, experience one can face. In ‘ Dracula ’ by Bram Stoker we are confronted by three protagonist who are un aware of the reason and romanticism essays, fact that vampires are lurking around, they experience various attacks and title of research apa shocking discoveries which leads them to a new concept on the world. Abraham Van Helsing , Count Dracula , Dracula 1445 Words | 4 Pages. Texts such as the novel Dracula , and the film Interview with the Vampire, are often shaped by the values and attitudes within society at the . particular time in which it was created. As a result, the context plays a major role in the construction of a text. In Dracula , a novel in epistolary format set and published in a better 1897 by title of research paper Bram Stoker, not only do the concepts of sexuality, religion, family, technology, class and gender roles reflect the way they were viewed in the Victorian era, but the thesis, actual. British Empire , Dracula , Neo-Victorian 1574 Words | 4 Pages.

Dracula , by Bram Stoker, is a classic gothic novel, originally published in 1897. The novel focuses on a group of men following and, . ultimately, killing a vampire named Dracula . The readers learn fairly early in the book that vampires have supernatural powers and limitations they face. When Jonathan Harker, the first character met in the novel, goes to Dracula’s castle, he witnesses most of Dracula’s strengths and weaknesses. A few chapters in, the readers meet a bug-eating mental patient named Renfield. Bram Stoker , Count Dracula , Dracula 909 Words | 3 Pages. Stoker’s novel, Dracula is a piece of gothic literature in which Count Dracula inflicts grief and title of research paper pain upon mortal men by . attempting to charm and on the of democracy steal their women, eventually turning them into vampires. Stoker portrays women as unintelligent beings who will follow the Count because of his apparent charm, strength, and stereotypical beauty. The Count is a dark, beautiful, and mysterious man, and page apa this covers up the evil that he has committed and the amount of lives he has taken. In Dracula , Stoker uses. Dracula , Female , Gender 1481 Words | 4 Pages.

Analysis of Gothic Texts Dracula (Novel) Bibliographical Information: Composer: Bram Stocker Published Text Name: Dracula . Date Published: May 1897 Publisher Details: First published by Archibald Constable and Company 1897 This edition Published in Penguin Classic 1993 Question 1: Describe the subject matter, i.e. Worksheets! explain what the page apa, text is about. Dracula is an appealing text that has been loved for many years because one of its main themes is a great human conflict, the fight between good. Bram Stoker , Count Dracula , Dracula 1112 Words | 3 Pages. Dracula Summary Dracula is an thesis statement epistolary novel, meaning that is composed from letters, journal and diary entries, telegrams, . and newspaper clippings. Jonathan Harker, Mina Murray (later Mina Harker), and Dr. Seward write the largest contributions to the novel‹although the writings of Lucy Westenra and Abraham Van Helsing constitute some key parts of the book.

The novel is meant to have a slightly journalistic feel, as it is a harrowing account supposedly written by the people who witnessed the. Abraham Van Helsing , Count Dracula , Dracula 1037 Words | 3 Pages. Evil has long been expressed through movies and books throughout history. Batman beating the Joker, Spiderman banishing the Green Goblin, and Arthur and the . Title Apa! guys defeating Dracula are all examples of literature based on the theme Good vs. Drug Abuse! Evil. In Bram Stokers, Dracula , Jonathan Harker represents the title page of research paper apa, good, while the vampire, Dracula , represents the evil antagonist. Your Hero! One thing these four pieces share is that evil never fully overcomes good. They all start off as regular human beings, or on the good side. Count Dracula , Dracula , Gothic fiction 785 Words | 3 Pages. in both the film and the novel, but major alterations are made in the film to of research paper apa make it more exciting, attention grasping, and addicting. Dracula . by Bram Stoker is just another novel made into the film Bram Stoker’s Dracula by Francis Ford Coppola.

Distinct changes take place from the build a better essay, novel on paper to the film on title page of research paper the screen. The characters of Dracula , Lucy , and youth drug abuse Mina tend to page paper share some of the same characteristics in both the film and novel, but the movie changes aspects of the characters to be more sensational. Abraham Van Helsing , Count Dracula , Dracula 2106 Words | 5 Pages. ?Discuss how Bram Stoker portrays femininity in your hero Dracula ? Bram Stoker uses both the female and the male characters to title paper apa present femininity in . Dracula . Stoker uses characters like Dracula to explore the sexuality of women and to express the idea that it is morally wrong and dangerous for future of democracy in india a woman to be voluptuous and if she is, she will suffer the consequences. Additionally, the two most important female characters in Dracula , Mina Murray and Lucy Westenra, are used by Stoker to title page of research paper present different female. Abraham Van Helsing , Count Dracula , Dracula 1700 Words | 3 Pages. Dangers of Female Sexuality (Dracula) Written in the late 19th century Brom Stokers Dracula the danger of female sexuality was put on on the future display. Brom stokers Dracula . dealt a lot with Victorian women and how they were belittle. Title Paper! There were certain standards women had to meet to be considered Victorian women. In the cooperative enterprises world essay, Victorian society women had very narrow gender roles.

There were two paths a women could take she could be pure and virginal which would include being a mother and page of research paper apa a wife. Or you were regarded to as a whore or expendable to the. Abraham Van Helsing , Dracula , John Seward 1041 Words | 3 Pages. ?Bisexuality in Dracula Everyone needs a role model, someone they look up to, monsters included. Of Democracy In India! Mitchell Lewis quoted “In other words, . Dracula is portrayed as a monster not only because he is a vampire but also because he crosses the page, line in terms of reason essays in literary criticism gender, causing others to do so as well.” Sexuality and gender are the main topics and arguments in Bram Stoker’s novel Dracula . Dracula , along with the women vampires who look up to him are all expressed as bisexual because they are attracted to. Count Dracula , Dracula , Mina Harker 992 Words | 4 Pages. Unseen Forces: Lesbian Relationships in Stoker's Dracula and Coppola's Bram Stoker's Dracula. blood-sucking Transylvanian man, upon diving deeper into title page of research paper apa, Bram Stoker's novel Dracula , one can find issues of female sexuality, homoeroticism, . and gender roles.

Many read Dracula as an entertaining story full of scary castles, seductive vampires, and mysterious forces, yet at the same time, they are being bombarded with descriptions of sex, images of rape, and homosexual relationships. In Francis Coppola's Bram Stoker's Dracula , Stoker's presentation of homoeroticism is flq essay, taken, reworked, and page of research paper presented. Abraham Van Helsing , Dracula , Love 1814 Words | 5 Pages. ? Dracula By Emily Braren Block 3 Dracula has multi-personalities in the novel Dracula , such as charming when . he needed to be charming; and then cruel, nasty, and hostile, at build essay, other times. Dracula’s “force”, you could say, had effect on the personalities of several people. Of Research Apa! Dracula’s main themes he brought out in people were the who is hero and why, kind, noble, and brave sides of title page of research people, and the more unpleasant sides of people, such as the vicious, easily disliked, and possessed sides of people. The person who. Abraham Van Helsing , Count Dracula , Dracula 1126 Words | 3 Pages. are very few ways for abuse essay the transformation Burgess describes to page paper apa occur, however in Dracula , Bram Stoker uses symbolism to recreate the change from . goodness to evil.

In his novel Dracula , Bram Stoker uses Bloodlines, Blood Transfusions, and the idea of Life vs. Death to fashion blood into a symbol of Good versus Evil. Throughout Dracula the author uses the idea of bloodline to show symbolism of “Good vs. Evil”. Count Dracula , the fictional character Bram Stoker creates for his novel, is based on your hero and why an actual. Blood transfusion , Bram Stoker , Count Dracula 920 Words | 3 Pages. The Role of Characters in Dracula and Carmilla. The Role Of Characters In Dracula and Carmilla February 16th, 2009 EN-102-69 Professor Kaplan Essay 1 – Final Draft Acknowledgements . This paper would not have been possible without the help of title apa many people.

Firstly, I would like to thank my classmates for all of their inputs and perspectives, in class discussions, thread discussions and essay future of democracy in india their papers, which helped me gain a complete understanding of the title of research, two stories. I would also like to flq essay thank my peer edit partners Joey and Michele who provided. Abraham Van Helsing , Bram Stoker , Dracula 1588 Words | 4 Pages. Oral Dracula from a Reader and Femminist Perspective. Bram Stokers Dracula an oral presentation Good Morning/Afternoon Today I will review Bram stokers' 1897 novel Dracula , the . approaches I will be using to reviewing the novel include the world centred approach, and the reader response approach exploring the themes of title reader positioning and the authors intented reading and worksheets reader, then focusing on the world centred approach of the feministtheory. reader centred -attention on the reader -different readers from different social, cultural, religious. Abraham Van Helsing , Count Dracula , Dracula 1443 Words | 5 Pages. types of page of research apa literature, violence exists to hero essay enhance the reader's interest in order to page paper add a sense of who is hero and why essay excitement or conflict to a novel. Paper Apa! This statement withholds . much truthfulness due to the fact that without violence in youth drug abuse a piece of title paper literature such as Dracula by Bram Stoker, the plot would not have the same impact if it were lacking violence. So to holds true to that of the youth drug, movie.

The movie bares different characteristics then that of the book. Title Of Research Paper Apa! First off, the whole ordeal with the wolf escaping and jumping. Abraham Van Helsing , Dracula , John Seward 1290 Words | 3 Pages. Destabilizing Gender Norms in Dracula. EN 2300 (W) / TUT05 March 29th , 2010 Destabilizing Gender Norms in Dracula In Bram Stoker’s Dracula , characters interact . with each other in a number of enterprises different ways. Over the years this has lead to many different readings of Stoker’s novel, and title paper it is one of the reasons that Dracula has survived for so many years as a noted literary text. In examining the characters, a multiplicity of layers seems to youth drug essay unravel themselves, one of which being the interesting relation they all have to one another. Abraham Van Helsing , Count Dracula , Dracula 2358 Words | 7 Pages. Dracula: An Epitome of the Gothic Novel.

Alex Prather Weems British Literature August 9, 2010 Dracula , by Bram Stoker, is quite the epitome of the gothic novel. Towards the . beginning of the story, the title paper apa, setting takes place in an old and ominous castle, which is highly characteristic of gothic literature. Harker’s tribulation begins when “the driver was in who is and why the act of pulling up the horses in the courtyard of a vast ruined castle,” (Stoker 18). There is also a gloomy and menacing tone given to the setting of the novel, as in most pieces. Abraham Van Helsing , Count Dracula , Dracula 2422 Words | 6 Pages. ? Katelyn Poniatowski Professor Kanicki English 212 18 November 2013 Dracula Film and Movie Comparison Most anyone will say that a book . is title page apa, always better than a movie. Statement! This is simply due to the fact that it is title page of research, impossible to fit every detail that a book can hold into a two-hour long movie.

I was beyond surprised to discover that this was not the case when comparing Bram Stoker’s Dracula novel and Bram Stoker’s Dracula the movie. I found myself preferring the movie rendition. There were many. Bram Stoker , Dracula , English-language films 897 Words | 4 Pages. The Portrayal of the Feminine in and why Stoker’s Dracula. Discuss the portrayal of the feminine in Stoker’s Dracula In Dracula , Stoker portrays the typical women: The new woman, the title page apa, . femme fatale and the damsel in distress, all common concepts in gothic literature.

There are three predominant female roles within Dracula : Mina Murray, Lucy Westenra and the three vampire brides, all of which possess different attributes and play different roles within the novel. Youth Drug Essay! It is title of research apa, apparent that the feminine portrayal within this novel, especially the sexual nature. Abraham Van Helsing , Count Dracula , Dracula 1379 Words | 4 Pages. the asylum. Who Is Hero! Renfield admits to being visited by Dracula , who had appeared in title of research paper apa a mist outside the asylum. Enterprises Essay! After much attempt to resist the Count, . Renfield was associated with Dracula for a period of time after he was promised several lives. Of Research Apa! Upon the presence of Mina Harker, Renfield notices that she appears extremely pale and seems to have lost alot of blood. This allows him to conclude and warn Seward and Van Helsing that Dracula had been visiting Mina . Prior to the moment Renfield was found on reason essays criticism the. Abraham Van Helsing , Count Dracula , Dracula 926 Words | 3 Pages. horror novel, Dracula , focuses on superstitions that occurred in the modern Eastern Europe.

In modern society, unexplained theories such as . Of Research! superstition and religion are considered dubious and aberrant. Flq Essay! For example, myths and the supernatural are considered irrational because one can’t prove it mechanically or scientifically. Title Page Apa! In Dracula , most of the future in india, characters are modern people who are narrow minded and clueless about the reality of the world. As Jonathan, Mina , Van Helsing, Lucy , and Dr.Seward. Abraham Van Helsing , Count Dracula , Dracula 1217 Words | 3 Pages. Elements of Romanticism in Stoker's Dracula. monster in his novel, Dracula . Stoker uses a series of letters and journal entries to tell the story form a first person point of view. The . Count, for whom the book is named, seems to be invincible to page paper mere man.

Stoker uses his character of Dracula to reflect the elements of romanticism through his supernatural powers, a fascination with youth and innocence, and thesis imagery. Title Of Research Paper Apa! Dracula seems to possess unexplainable supernatural powers. Youth Drug Abuse Essay! When Jonathan Harker is traveling to castle Dracula , he is unaware that. Count Dracula , Dracula , Jonathan Harker 832 Words | 3 Pages. The Erotic and Sexual Nature of Dracula. Running head: The Erotic and Sexual Nature of Dracula The Erotic and title page of research paper apa Sexual Nature of Dracula Kimberly Irish Axia College of . University of Phoenix 1 Abstract Dracula , is the king of the vampires. Since Bram Stoker's novel was published a fascination with vampires has boomed. Essays In Literary Criticism! In its wake there have been countless books, films and research on Dracula . One often overlooked element in the ' Dracula universe' is the use of erotic and sexual references. Page Of Research Apa! These references are sometimes subtle and.

Bram Stoker , Count Dracula , Dracula 1250 Words | 4 Pages. Dracula: Perception on flq essay Death and title of research Illness during the Victorian Era. ?Eun-Ah Lee Professor L. Essays In Literary Criticism! Tromly ENGL 1200 A01 5 April 2013 The Effect of Supernatural Aspects on the Victorian Society Bram Stoker's . Dracula , presents an interesting perspective on death and illness in the Victorian period. This can be viewed as a creativity on Stoker's part, or as a form of page of research paper apa religious or social commentary on his changing era. There are several flaws presented throughout the novel as the plot unfolds, which are: characters in the novel dismiss the old traditional belief of the. Abraham Van Helsing , Count Dracula , Dracula 1794 Words | 5 Pages. An Analysis of Bram Stoker’s Dracula. Quarter 2 Dracula Bram Stoker 9 December 2012 Dracula In a world with diverse beliefs and increasing technology, we as . people tend to be place in a game of flq essay tug of title page of research paper apa war. Struggling to live a traditionally religious and modest life rather than falling for the life of crime, sin, and worksheets all forms of temptations. Bram Stoker’s novel Dracula developed a storyline that expresses the actions and life styles that the people of the 19th century were experiencing. Throughout the chapters we go from grueling.

Abraham Van Helsing , Bram Stoker , Count Dracula 2371 Words | 6 Pages. Subverted 19th Century Traditional Social Mores and title paper Norms in Dracula. Mores and Norms in Dracula Bram Stoker’s Dracula remains one of the more recognizable novels of its genre despite being . published in 1897. Statement! A classic horror story which has been retold and produced over title page paper, and over your and why, again since its original publication, Dracula was especially disturbing when it originally was released because of how Stoker attacks Victorian era social mores and norms throughout the entire novel. Stoker subverts traditional 19th Century social mores and norms in page of research paper Dracula through the portrayal. Abraham Van Helsing , Dracula , Gender role 1059 Words | 3 Pages.

Victorian Women in Dracula by Bram Stroker and Macbeth by who is your hero and why William Shakespeare. Throughout Bram Stokers novel Dracula and William Shakespeare's tragedy Macbeth, the female characters Mina , Lucy , . and Lady Macbeth represent the title paper apa, negative and flq essay positive aspects of the presence of women in certain situations. Throughout the entire novel, Mina possesses a good heart and great respect for her husband. Page Of Research Apa! Dracula influences Lucy all the way to her death and into hero and why, her after life as a vampire. Lady Macbeth is the true essence of evil because she only adds more fuel to of research the flames. Who Is Your Hero Essay! Lady. Abraham Van Helsing , Dracula , Macbeth 1559 Words | 5 Pages. Such a Beast: Sexuality and Humanization in Dracula. Over the course of cinematic history, many filmmakers have attempted to recreate the title page of research paper, chilling, unprecedented world of Bram Stoker’s Dracula . . Arguably very few have succeeded, for the majority of directors tend to avoid the pervasive sexuality inherent in the novel. It is a difficult task to achieve, considering the blatant imagery surrounding sex and who is hero and why essay vampirism, such as the reproduction following a vampiric encounter and the phallocentric nature of the violence committed both by and against these. Abraham Van Helsing , Count Dracula , Dracula 1624 Words | 5 Pages.

Transformation of Dracula Dracula is a timeless novel written by Bram Stoker and to title this day remains a thrilling read about flq essay . good vs evil in the form of Van Helsing and his companions pitted against the supernatural forces of Count Dracula , the page paper apa, vampire from Transylvania. Not only was this novel about good vs. evil but upon inspection found to have many themes and views relevant to the time it was written. This caused it to be a huge success of its time and in essay on the future in india 1922 the German director Murnau seeing. Abraham Van Helsing , Bram Stoker , Count Dracula 849 Words | 3 Pages. Vampirism and Sexuality, the story Dracula, by Bram Stoker. women in the story Dracula , by Bram Stoker, is seen as one that defines the role of women in society during the nineteenth century. During this . Title Of Research Apa! time in Victorian England, women held a role that required them to behave in a certain way. The norm of flq essay this time entails her to of research apa be the ideal image of purity and modesty. Women of this era had to flq essay live as an title of research virgin wife figure of purity, and if unable to fulfill this role, she would be seen as a whore. However, the effect that the count Dracula has on the women. Abraham Van Helsing , Blood , Blood transfusion 1425 Words | 4 Pages.

Dracula Write an essay future of democracy in india essay on title page of research paper the representation of the themes of Good and Evil in Bram Stoker's Dracula . Build Essay! . Dracula is a story about the perennial battle between good and title paper apa evil involving Dracula as the and romanticism essays criticism, antagonist. This war dates back as far as God versus the of research apa, Devil or the Wicked Witch of the West and the Good Witch in your and why essay Oz. Of Research Paper Apa! It is black and white, right? But wait, wasn’t it God who drowned the entire human population at one point and killed every Egyptian firstborn son at another. Was Lucifer a revolutionary. Abraham Van Helsing , Count Dracula , Dracula 2274 Words | 6 Pages. Discuss the build a better world, atmosphere of the first three chapters of Dracula and examine what you think are the key themes that have been raised in the book . so far? The opening chapter of the novel is told from the point of view of Jonathan Harker, in the form of his journal.

Harker is a young solicitor (lawyer) from of research apa, England, who is sent by essays criticism his employer to the castle of Count Dracula , in Transylvania. Harker's been given the assignment to of research apa arrange the purchase of a property in London for the Count. He plans to. Abraham Van Helsing , Count Dracula , Dracula 1584 Words | 5 Pages. that we are older, and supposedly wiser, we understand that there are multiple influences, mainly after effects, concerned in reason and romanticism criticism judging what is called good . or bad and some examples of of research paper this is shown in Bram Stoker's Dracula . It is the characters in this book, Jonathan Harker, Mina Murray, Dr.

Van Helsing, Dr. Seward, as well as many more, that show us that actions are judged as good or bad through many factors, including religion, society, and morals, but it is ultimately determined by the effects. Abraham Van Helsing , Dracula , John Seward 1515 Words | 4 Pages. which is a reconstruction of Dracula , a novel by Bram Stoker, and Nosferatu a film directed by F.W. And Romanticism Essays! Murnau. The use of intertexuality in page of research apa Shadow . of the Vampire is a key aspect which allows it to echo; themes, the gothic mode and thesis issues that are present in the other two texts. Page Of Research! Through a clear pastiche, Merhige produces a new text from the enterprises a better world, old. Title Page Of Research Apa! Immortality is a key theme which has been subverted from the physical sense through sucking blood, as it’s represented in Dracula , to the spiritual sense through.

Abraham Van Helsing , Bram Stoker , Count Dracula 1237 Words | 3 Pages. In Bram Stoker's Dracula , the most blatant and flq essay powerful symbol is blood. Title Page Of Research Apa! He takes the blood that means so much to the believers of this legend . and has it represent more than even they could imagine. Blood is the essay future of democracy, main object associated with vampires and vampirism. From a mythical standpoint, it is the basis of life for the vampires as they feed off of the blood of young, vibrant souls. From a more scientific standpoint blood is title page of research, what would drip out of the corpse's mouth when family members would dig. Abraham Van Helsing , Dracula , John Seward 1246 Words | 3 Pages. Dracula and Nosfertu Comparative Essay. In 1979 after countless film adaptations, the story of youth Dracula found itself in the hands of Werner Herzog, a German film maker, who was . Page Of Research! determined to bring life into a tale already told. Drug! What began as a re-imagining of the classic silent film, Nosferatu, soon became a work of art of its own.

Nosferatu The Vampyre was an excellent adaptation of the novel Dracula that not only stayed true to page paper its source material, but also explored a different side of the iconic vampire. It consistently plays homage. Abraham Van Helsing , Bram Stoker , Dracula 1231 Words | 3 Pages. Bram Stoker's Dracula: a Struggle to Maintain Victorian Upper and Middle Class. The Victorian men and women conveyed in Bram Stoker's Dracula are pure and virtuous members of the upper and middle class. However, hiding . behind this composed and civilized conception of England lies a dark and turbulent underbelly. This underbelly is the lumpenproletariat, whom Karl Marx defined as the lowest and most degraded section of the proletariat; the ?down and outs' who make no contribution to reason in literary criticism the workers cause. Page! Victorian culture discriminated against these vagrants, who were seen.

Abraham Van Helsing , Bourgeoisie , Dracula 1872 Words | 5 Pages. Compare/Contrast of Bram Stoker's Dracula and Polidori's the Vampyre. Comparison and Contrast of Bram Stoker’s Dracula and Polidori’s The Vampyre While Bram Stoker’s Dracula and Polidori’s The . Vampyre share some minor details, mostly regarding the basics of vampires and the location and reason in literary criticism date in which the stories take place, the majority of the stories differ greatly. The Vampyre was published almost a hundred years earlier, so it is easy to see how some details of that story can be seen in Dracula . Bram Stoker no doubt must have used The Vampyre as an title page of research apa influence. Abraham Van Helsing , Count Dracula , Dracula 1977 Words | 5 Pages.

?Homosexuality in Dracula The legendary novel Dracula is enterprises a better world, gothic, bloody and oozing with sexuality. Bram Stoker's vampiric plot . Of Research! reflects his ideology and experience and Dracula received a lot of attention from critics who showed various complex interpretations. Thesis Worksheets! During this course we have looked at critical essays that looked in depth at different scenes in title page apa Dracula and we drew different images from critics' interpretations, which were built on their understanding of these scenes. And Romanticism Criticism! Most of these critics. Abraham Van Helsing , Dracula , Homosexual behavior in animals 2268 Words | 6 Pages. Liminality in Dracula “Liminal entities are neither here nor there; they are betwixt and between the positions assigned and arrayed by title page apa law, . custom, convention, and ceremonial” (Turner, The Ritual Process 95). Arnold van Gennep’s original concept of liminality is your hero and why, a central theme to Bram Stoker’s Dracula . It provides depth and understanding behind many of the superstitious beliefs and occurrences throughout the title page of research paper, novel. Liminality is the threshold and the presence of an in between state occurring within. Abraham Van Helsing , Count Dracula , Dracula 1359 Words | 4 Pages.

Use Of The Diary Form Narrative in The Novel Dracula The Irish author, Bram Stoker, was a creative and intellectual writer, and as . such, wrote the gothic novel Dracula in who is hero the diary form of narrative. This was a good choice of how to write the apa, novel since it was very beneficial to the plot of Dracula . Examples of how the diary form is beneficial to Dracula are seen in enterprises build a better his writing and apa book, as I will now commence in telling you. One of the greatest benefits of the diary narrative. Abraham Van Helsing , Bram Stoker , Dracula 970 Words | 3 Pages. streets, waterways, recurring rainy weather, interesting European architecture, and mystique, London is the thesis, perfect location for Bram Stoker's . Dracula . Title Page Of Research Paper Apa! London: The capital of Great Britain, and the center of attention in the nineteenth century, due to worksheets the many incidents that were going on at the of research, time. The novel includes many daunting scenes, such as when Dracula heaves a sack withholding a deceased child before three female vampires. It is no surprise why he choose London to be the setting of his novel. Bram Stoker , Dracula , Jonathan Harker 1171 Words | 4 Pages. novel, Dracula , Stoker portrays many different aspects of women’s roles in the nineteenth century.

Women had a strictly defined role within the . era; there was no thought of equality, no thought that women could liberate themselves sexually. Flq Essay! Stoker uses women in this novel to critique against women’s liberation. Stoker’s portrayal of title paper apa women makes the novel seem like a fantasy. Women are primarily objects of delicate beauty who occasionally need to be rescued from essay future in india, danger. In the title of research paper, novel Mina Murray is. Abraham Van Helsing , Count Dracula , Dracula 573 Words | 2 Pages. Dracula reflects both Bram Stoker’s context and his interest in controversial ideas.

Use ‘ Dracula ’ and ‘Van Helsing’ to . demonstrate what concepts and concerns have endured and how they have been represented in both texts. JUSTIN LIANG Dracula ( novel) written by Bram stoker is a text which reflects its English Victorian era context, where gender roles were repressed and on the future in india science and religion had a conflicting relationship. Title Page Paper Apa! Van Helsing (Stephen Summers) is a contemporary reproduction which demonstrates. Abraham Van Helsing , Bram Stoker , Count Dracula 949 Words | 3 Pages. people perceive other’s at a time also contributes majorly to the development of modernity. Bram Stoker’s novel ‘ Dracula ’ and David Goyer’s . film ‘Blade Trinity’ contrast significantly as a result of difference in essay on the future of democracy in india context. Weaponry had developed immensely over title of research, the two stories to thesis worksheets cater for the advancements from one classic vampire to a fresh, modern, powerful one.

The story of ‘ Dracula ’, set in Victorian times, consists of the simple, almost primitive weaponry, particularly ones of a superstitious. Blade: Trinity , Bram Stoker , David S. Goyer 1532 Words | 4 Pages. New Texts for title page of research paper apa New Contexts: Bram Stokers Dracula vs Interview with the Vampire. Bram Stoker - Dracula – 1897 Neil Jordan – Interview With The Vampire – 1994 “So there are no Vampires in Transylvania, no Count . Dracula ? All fictions my friend, fictions of a demented Irishman” Good morning students and welcome to my class on New Texts for New Contexts. I just quoted Neil Jordan’s film Interview with the Vampire. Flq Essay! This modern appropriation of Bram Stokers traditional Dracula narrative is the perfect example of how composers keep texts alive. Stokers Dracula written in 1897 is.

Abraham Van Helsing , Bram Stoker , Count Dracula 1527 Words | 4 Pages.

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12 Ways To Make Your Resume Stand Out. For any given job opening, HR personnel and hiring managers are deluged with resumes. Since they donЂ™t have the time or resources to interview everyone, they are always looking for ways to weed out candidates as quickly as possible. In fact, some merely glance at each resume before deciding whether to toss it in the yes or no pile. Page Of Research Apa. So, it's imperative that you make those few seconds count. Here are 12 ways to make your resume stand out: 1. Incorporate industry keywords and buzzwords into your resume, but donЂ™t overdo it. Use words and flq essay phrases like a ccomplished, developed, managed, and team player in title, the natural language of the document, says Lisa Rangel, managing director of cooperative a better world ChameleonResumes.com. ЂњIf your resume makes it through the filtering system, but it is evident to the reader that you were successful because of of research paper apa 'keyword stuffing,' the reader will feel you just gamed the system and will place your resume in thesis statement worksheets, the ЂnoЂ™ pile.Ђќ.

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Use what you need to, but do not make it unnecessarily long.. 12. Supplement your resume with a cover letter. About half of all HR reps say they won't even read a resume if the on the in india, candidate hasnЂ™t submitted a cover letter. So, unless the title page of research paper apa, employer explicitly says they donЂ™t want a cover letter, write one.

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Essay: English language teachers’ perceptions of an activity to elicit beliefs. In this small-scale study six English teachers working at a Turkish private middle school elicited their own teacher beliefs using an adapted version of a repertory grid as proposed by Donaghue (2003). The repertory grid was introduced and used in title paper apa, a session in essay on the future in india, which the participants individually generated their constructs and compared them with another teacher. The participants were asked to write an evaluation of the activity as an instrument to elicit beliefs. Furthermore a semi-structured interview was conducted which aimed to detect the participant’s perceptions of the activity and to shed further light on the value of this instrument. Conclusions about the applicability of the of research, repertory grid technique and, in particular, the instrument used in this study in second language teacher education and teacher development are drawn. Key words: Teacher beliefs, ELT, Elicitation Technique, Teacher Education, Professional Development. It is essay future widely accepted that people’s beliefs have an page of research impact on their behaviour. Thought and thesis worksheets, action are interactively related: ‘What people think, believe, and feel affects how they behave’ (Bandura, 1986, p. 25).

Reviewing the relevant literature, Gabillon (2012) has recently explicated the of nature foreign language teacher beliefs and title of research paper, their influence on thesis, teaching practice in a set of five dichotomies: (1) teacher beliefs are personal as they represent an individual understanding and interpretation of teaching practice and social, as the understanding and of research apa, interpretation is shaped in a social and cultural context; (2) teacher beliefs are practical and theoretical in a way that theoretical knowledge (e.g. Thesis Worksheets. teaching methods or learning theories) is page of research paper apa interpreted and youth abuse essay, modified in the light of practical knowledge (i.e. experienced knowledge) to fit it to teacher beliefs; (3) there are teacher beliefs that are implicit, i.e. unconscious and page apa, difficult to essay on the of democracy in india verbalise, and those ones being explicit, i.e. teachers are able to verbalize them, to provide a rationale and to relate them to previous experience (professional or life experience); (4) teacher beliefs are dynamic, i.e. open to change; however, it is uncontested that teacher beliefs are not easily changed and deep-rooted key beliefs or core beliefs might be resistant; (5) teacher beliefs are systematic, i.e. there are belief factors that are organised around themes rather systematically so that practice is linked to the belief system, while other belief factors are complex organised and indeed contain conflicting perceptions which cause a mismatch between beliefs and practice. Borg (2006; 2003) has coined the term teacher cognition referring to the ‘unobservable cognitive dimension of teaching ‘ what teachers know, believe and think’ (ibid, p. Of Research Paper. 81). As such, teacher cognition plays an essential role in the practice of flq essay, teaching and teacher education. Of Research Apa. It is shaped by statement schooling (the teacher’s experience gained when she was a pupil/student) and professional coursework (the teacher’s experience gained in teacher education programs). Furthermore, teacher cognition is in dependence to contextual factors (physical conditions, material, curriculum etc. faced in the institutional context the page, teacher is essays in literary employed in), and own classroom practice (which shapes cognition unconsciously, or consciously through reflection). Teacher cognition stands in an interactional relation to teacher learning and practice as it both informs them and page of research paper, is informed through them.

It is important to uncover teachers’ beliefs in order to initiate reflection on own teaching and, consequently, to who is your and why facilitate professional development. When teacher beliefs remain undetected or are ignored, teacher training and professional development programs are likely to be ineffective because input (e.g. new approaches or techniques) cannot be connected to of research paper apa existing teacher beliefs; consequently, new content is unlikely to be transferred into classroom practice (Freeman, 2002; V??lez-Rend??n, 2002). Uncovering beliefs and assumptions is, however, difficult since they might be subconscious or it might be challenging to and romanticism essays articulate them (Donaghue, 2003). Furthermore teacher beliefs might consist of espoused theories which are in contrast to theories in action (Williams Burden, 1997). Among other instruments, the use of belief inventories (e.g. Richards Lockhart, 1996, pp. 48-51) or awareness raising activities (e.g. Taggart Wilson, 2005; Roberts, 1998; Wallace, 1991) have been suggested to explore teacher beliefs.

Donaghue (2003) has introduced an page paper apa adapted version of the repertory grid technique to elicit teacher beliefs and in literary criticism, assumptions (see Appendix A). Instead of using given constructs (as in questionnaires), in repertory grids participants develop and articulate their own, personal constructs. The instrument developed by title page paper Donaghue is loosely based on Kelly’s (1991) theory of personal construct, according to which an individual makes sense of the world by generating constructs which shape an individual’s personal theory. Constructs are viewed as ‘dichotomous abstractions’ (ibid., p. 75), i.e. individuals perceive elements of their experience in such a way that they ‘never affirm anything without simultaneously denying something’ (Fransella, Bell Bannister, 2004, p.7). For example, an effective teacher might be considered as someone who motivates students, while an ineffective teacher might be considered to be teaching without motivating students (example taken from Roberts, 1998, p. Your Hero Essay. 31). Accordingly, in the repertory grid activity proposed by Donaghue (2003) the of research, participants are asked to compare three different people and to affirm a construct in which two persons are alike, and the third is different. The adapted version of the repertory grid was developed as an instrument to be used as an awareness-raising activity at cooperative enterprises world the beginning of title of research, courses in teacher training or professional development. It aims at informing participants about their (often covert) beliefs and assumptions about language teaching. Differently from other repertory grids it does not contain a scale through which participants indicate how near a construct is and why related to an element.

For this reason, conclusion from results of the instrument must be drawn with caution. Title Of Research Apa. It is enterprises a better rather ‘a catalyst to thought and reflection’ (Donaghue, 2003, p. 350) than a research tool to gain generalisable results. Consequently, this study is concerned with the applicability of the instruments and not with the gained beliefs themselves. The study sought to find out how the adapted repertory grid by Donaghue (2003) was perceived as an instrument to elicit teacher beliefs by six teachers at title page of research paper a Turkish middle school. Youth. For this reason, the page paper apa, participants were asked to evaluate the drug abuse, instrument and it was intended to find out to what dimensions of teacher cognition the participants related their own beliefs to. Page Apa. It was assumed that the build a better essay, participants’ comments might be understood as an indicator for evaluating in how far the instrument is capable of initiating reflective thinking. No less importantly, the participants’ perceptions might contribute to developing the instrument.

Following these considerations the study sought to answer the following questions: 1. How do the participants evaluate the elicitation technique used in this study? 2. How do the title paper apa, participants perceive the elicitation technique for their professional development? The participants in this study were six teachers at essay in india a private middle school in a southeastern city in page of research paper apa, Turkey. The pupils attending the drug abuse, school come from families belonging to the middle and upper middle class. In order to get some background information, the participants were asked to page fill in repertory grid evaluation form (Appendix B), which requested besides an evaluation of the activity some biographical information. Background of the Participants in the Study. Participant Sex Age Qualification Teaching experience. 1 female 33 bachelor 11 years. 2 male 45 bachelor 17 years.

3 female 27 bachelor 4 years. 4 female 29 bachelor 7 years. 5 female 29 bachelor 4 years. 6 male 32 bachelor 6 years. Table 1 shows that all participants have a bachelor’s degree in ELT and vary in teaching experience as evidenced by the years of reason essays criticism, teaching. Participants 1, 3 and 5 have had exclusively worked at private schools while participant 4 had worked at a private teaching institution (dershane) for five years and participant 6 at a public school for three years before they started their current job at the private school. Participant 2 is of Syrian nationality. He had worked at state schools abroad (e.g. Apa. Kuwait), and cooperative enterprises build, has been working at the private school for paper apa two years. Data Collection Procedures and Tools.

The participants were invited to a session in which the abuse essay, activity was carried out. The activity procedure followed these steps (cf. Donaghue, 2003, p. 347f.): 1. The researcher introduces the aim of the study and explains all steps. He also introduces the page paper apa, repertory grid activity and explains the concept of personal constructs.

2. Participants are divided into future of democracy in india, pairs. Each pair receives one set of cards containing the elements of the grid (cf. Appendix A). They think of a real person that matches the element best. Participant A writes the name of the page, person at reason and romanticism essays in literary criticism the top of the card, participant B writes it at the bottom. For confidentiality, the participants are allowed to write a pseudonym if the partner knows the title, person. An example is given in Figure 1. A teacher you learned well with. Figure 1. Card used in repertory grid activity (sample) 3. Cards are shuffled. Each participant is flq essay given a grid (Appendix A).

Pairs choose three cards at random, and individually think how two persons are similar and one is different writing their personal constructs in the ‘construct’ column. Participants put a tick to page of research the elements that are the same and a cross to essay of democracy the one that is different. 4. Pairs compare their constructs and title paper apa, discuss. 5. Pairs return the cards, shuffle them and reason essays in literary criticism, repeat steps 3 and 4 (Donaghue, 2003, suggests 6 turns). Repertory Grid Evaluation. At the end of the session, the participants were asked to evaluate the repertory grid by completing the Repertory Grid Evaluation Form (see Appendix B). Each participant was interviewed separately. The aim of the semi-structured interview was to find out if the repertory grid activity had initiated a reflective process in each of the title page of research paper, participants. For this purpose, the participants were invited to comment on criticism, their beliefs (see questions in Appendix C). The interviews were hold in English and audio-recorded. The interviews were then transcribed to prepare them for the data analysis.

During the repertory grid activity the researcher took field notes in order to document how the participants responded to the activity. Four types of data were collected during the page paper, study: the drug abuse essay, repertory grids, the field notes, the repertory grid evaluation and the transcription of the semi-structured interview. The repertory grids were not analysed in order to detect the participants’ beliefs; it was not assumed that they were valid tools to title of research paper apa research the participants’ teacher beliefs (cf. the related remarks in the introduction of this paper). The data gained from the other data collection tools were analysed through content analysis in order to your and why answer the research questions. For this purpose, coding categories were established after initial coding (Saldana, 2009).

The coding categories were attributed to six themes: repertory grid evaluation, schooling, professional coursework, contextual factors, classroom practice and suggestions. This section is organised as follows: It starts with the participants’ general evaluation of the of research apa, repertory grid activity using data both from the repertory grid evaluation form and the interview as there were overlaps in the data coming from both collection tools. Flq Essay. Then, it is page of research apa reported how the teachers related the activity to their learning experience (schooling and statement worksheets, professional coursework) as well as past and current contexts and page apa, classroom practices. The participants’ views on how to use the elicited beliefs and suggestions on how to develop the instrument conclude this section. How did the participants evaluate the repertory grid activity in general?

All the flq essay, participants gave positive comments on page of research, the activity in the repertory grid evaluation form, and these perceptions were repeated and accentuated in the interviews. The evaluations can be summarised under three categories: its usefulness as an elicitation tool, its (potential) value as part of professional development, and who is your and why essay, its quality as an enjoyable activity. The activity as an Elicitation Tool. The participants regarded the tool as a powerful instrument to elicit beliefs as the elicitation process is based on real people the participants are familiar with. Participant 1, for example, stated that she was not aware of the importance of social skills for teaching before the activity: I didn’t think about some of the qualities of my teachers, my colleagues (…) I didn’t think that my colleagues are cheerful persons or friendly persons. (…) For teaching being helpful, being kind to the students, listening to them carefully [are important] (Interview, participant 1). Two participants emphasised that that the procedure helped them to formulate honest answers; a teacher noted: I felt that I was giving away my experiences about my job (Repertory Grid Evaluation Form, participant 6).

Two participants pointed to the part during the activity when the teachers shared their constructs with a partner. They recognised sharing beliefs as a central point of the activity as the following excerpt from the interview illustrates: I learned much from the activity because one of my colleagues wrote interesting constructs and by the way I learned them and I think this activity is something like a psychological test, but not individual-psychological, it’s just prepared for the profession and our experiences (Interview, participant 6). While the responses in the previous paragraph indicate the page of research paper apa, usefulness of the activity as an elicitation tool, the activity was also perceived as incentive to reflection, i.e. it was perceived as going beyond a mere verbalisation of reason essays, beliefs and, thus, as potentially contributing to page apa professional development: You think, you remember and you evaluate yourself and the other person (Interview, participant 3). Since the in literary, elicitation of constructs is combined with comparison of three teachers (the elements), the activity forced the participants to challenge ideas. Participant 2 illustrates this by discussing a personality trait that is title paper apa negatively connoted, but in youth abuse, fact might be valuable as a quality of a teacher: In my point of view I think I have to of research apa think again and again of so many things; for example one of the characteristics of the essay future of democracy, teacher I ticked ‘ a strict teacher, for page paper example, I learned a lot from a strict teacher in the past; he never laughed, but really I loved him very much, although he was not so friendly with the abuse, students, but as a teacher he was a good teacher. So, sometimes like parents, I think there doesn’t have to be laughing all the page, time with the kids in order to teach them. Sometimes we have to be strict a little bit. Of course, we have to be patient, kind, friendly and so on.

But some of the characteristics we will consider as bad characteristics, they are very useful for us teachers (Interview, participant 2). Participant 1 pointed to a further advantage of the activity: She said that she had difficulties to criticise other people or to be criticised. As the activity helped her to essays in literary find own weaknesses, she concluded that it might be suitable for title page of research apa people having problems with criticism. Two participants perceived the activity as enjoyable, as expressed in this excerpt: Also it was enjoyable because it made me think of the past and essays criticism, sometimes I laughed at those days (Repertory Grid Evaluation Form, participant 1). The enjoyment the participants found can be confirmed by page paper apa the researcher’s observations of the teachers’ active participation in the activity and the willingness to enterprises a better elaborate on their constructs in title page, the interviews; the following comment indicates that the reason, feeling of enjoyment was linked to the perception of contributing to professional development: It was enjoyable. I liked being a participant in such an activity. I want to make another one, not just repertory grid, another scientific one. I want to be a participant for my profession (Interview, participant 6).

What did the participants relate their beliefs to? A major aim of the interview was to page apa find out to what areas in their past experience and/or current situation the essay on the in india, participants would relate their beliefs to. It was assumed that areas mentioned by title the participants would match those in the framework suggested by Borg (2003, p. 82), who sees teacher beliefs (as a subcategory in the all-embracing notion of teacher cognition) generated through schooling, professional coursework, contextual factors and who is hero and why essay, classroom practice. Title Apa. The second question of the interview asked for essays in literary criticism the sources of the beliefs, but did not direct the participants to any of the areas teacher cognitions are located in. Table 2 displays to what areas the participants attributed their beliefs of their own accord.

Participant’s Initial Attribution of Beliefs to title page apa Areas. participant area mentioned initially. 1 professional coursework. 2 contextual factors. 3 contextual factors. 5 contextual factors. 6 professional coursework. Table 2 shows that different teachers came up with different references for their beliefs when asked initially. This does not mean that there were not any other sources for their beliefs, but those ones were asked directly in the course of the drug essay, interview; it can be assumed that particularly contextual factors mentioned by participants 2, 3 and 5 were foregrounded for of research paper these teachers as they focused on build a better world essay, them extensively during the interview. The participants’ perceptions are reported in more detail in the following sections. Schooling was mentioned by using a concrete example by participant 4, who said that her belief that teachers should be friendly was generated by her 7th grade English teacher who made her like learning English.

She also talked about one of her teachers who the pupils made fun of because of her glasses. The participant concluded that physical appearance played a role in teaching. Two participants argued that the view of schooling experience had been changed as they now appreciated teacher practice (observed in their teachers in childhood) they had not appreciated when they were children. These responses suggest that schooling experience can be modified through teaching experience; in a way, the teachers critically reflected their own beliefs they had when they were younger. Even though mentioned, professional coursework was not highlighted in the interviews; on enquiry, the participants did not deny an influence of teacher education on their beliefs but they did not exemplify it, for example by referring to their constructs in the repertory grid.

Participant 4 mentioned the name of one of her academic teachers at university who. taught a lot of page paper apa, things, he taught me to teach, he taught me how to behave towards the students. We learned by living, by reason and romanticism essays acting (Interview, participant 3). This response, particularly the last sentence, indicates the importance of not only content but also of method in teacher education. In the page of research, interviews, contextual factors were most prominently elaborated on.

The participants claimed that their beliefs and assumptions were shaped by cultural norms and their immediate environment (parents, friends, colleagues), and flq essay, that the context of page of research, private school had an on the of democracy in india influence on teacher behaviour and, consequently, teaching practice. Two participants addressed the impact of culture; in their explanations they did not only refer to the teacher profession. The following excerpt summarises the responses: I think our beliefs come from our experiences, this is one of the sources ‘ one of them is our home. That is page very important: How did our parents teach us in the past? The morals, the ethics and essay future of democracy in india, something like that; one source is our experience in title paper, life in general; one of flq essay, them is our culture. For example, we are Muslims, our culture is different from that of others, from Jews or Christians or other people; one of them comes from our close friends ‘ the people we love. Sometimes we find good beliefs we didn’t believe in page of research apa, the past (Interview, participant 2). The excerpt illustrates that the emergence of teacher beliefs is perceived as not restricted to the immediate school context. Virtually all areas of life can contribute to professional beliefs.

A further contextual factor mentioned by the participants was the context of thesis statement worksheets, private school which was contrasted with public schools. Participant 5 said that state school teachers were sometimes ineffective, and page of research paper apa, she linked her belief to youth drug abuse essay a variety of conditions. According to paper her, public school teachers do not care about their students’ success as they rather transmit knowledge, i.e. grammar, than teaching the four language skills; they are not supervised by principals and parents do not come to school and reason and romanticism criticism, ask about their children’s progress; additionally, public school teachers are ‘relaxed’ as concerns salary, which contributed to their attitude of page paper, indifference towards their profession. In a similar vein participant 3 pointed to the reduced amount of class hours and restricted use of material in public schools on the one hand and the willingness of drug essay, private school students to learn English on the other hand. Title Of Research Paper. Participant 1 said that she tried to do her best because she worked at flq essay a private school. What all these voices have in common is the conviction that contextual factors influence teacher beliefs and it can be concluded that beliefs generated through contextual factors affect teaching practice. Similar as for schooling and professional coursework, the participants did not come up with concrete examples how their beliefs interacted with their own classroom practice. From a general perspective, participant 1 (a rather experienced teacher) described classroom practice as having an ongoing impact on beliefs and assumptions and paper, consequently on teaching practice. She claimed she adapted her beliefs as a response to change in student behaviour: I change my ideas because every generation is different (…) I have to change my style, my ideas, my behaviour almost every year. So I have to be careful about cooperative a better world essay everything during the title of research, lesson, after lesson and before lesson.

So, they change my ideas, I can say day by day (Interview, participant 1). What suggestions did the statement worksheets, participants make on how to use the elicited beliefs and to develop the activity? The participants did not come up with ideas on how to title use the elicited beliefs in a separate follow-up activity; however, they stated that this activity would help them as a reminder of what to do and how to behave in in literary, the teacher profession. The participants mainly saw the activity as a starter to reflect and to challenge own teacher beliefs. Some of the suggestions to develop the activity in of research paper, the next section can also be understood as follow-up activities to be carried out in flq essay, the session. Participant 1 suggested adding a task in which the title paper, participants summarise their strengths and weaknesses after the activity in a sentence. Essay Of Democracy In India. As mentioned above she perceived herself as a person that has difficulties in criticising and being criticised, and she linked her suggestion to that perception. Page Paper Apa. She also suggested applying an instrument to elicit learner beliefs to get the view from the other side of the classroom. Similarly, participant 4 suggested finding out about beliefs of public school teachers and youth essay, even people from other than school contexts to get outsider views.

To elicit beliefs of page of research paper, teachers coming from different contexts was also suggested by participant 3 who held strong beliefs that the flq essay, contextual factors at public school had the potential to ‘produce’ ineffective teachers. Participant 2 reflected how outcomes of the title apa, activity could be utilised in the classroom: Maybe we could add something to it [the activity], for example how to make your students better, how to make them better students every day (…). You can improve yourself, but you also have to think of the other part, I mean the students. How can we attract our students more? Sometimes some teachers are excellent teachers, but unfortunately they cannot attract the attention of all of their students, so maybe the suggestions of the colleagues can help us to do this (Interview, participant 2). Obviously, he referred to the part of the who is and why essay, activity in title page paper apa, which the partners share their beliefs.

His comment indicates the need to work with the worksheets, beliefs, not only by of research paper apa confirming or questioning them but also by transforming reflection on teacher beliefs into instructional practice. As regards the procedure, participant 6 suggested carrying out the activity not in written form by writing down constructs and putting ticks and crosses, but orally as interviews. That means teachers research their colleagues’ beliefs and elicit beliefs in and romanticism, dialogic form, and page of research, write their constructs afterwards. Statement. This suggestion is remarkable as the participant recognised the repertory grid technique as a form of interview (cf. Fransella et al, 2004, p. 5: ‘The grid is perhaps best regarded as a particular form of title paper, structured interview’). So far the participants’ perceptions of the repertory grid have been reported. In the following section, conclusions are drawn and implications for second language teacher education are discussed.

This study was carried out to explore the elicitation process six middle school teachers at a Turkish private school went through. The participants evaluated the elicitation tool and statement, reflected on their beliefs and the elicitation process. The elicitation tool, which was an adapted version of the of research, repertory grid, was positively evaluated as the participants perceived it as capable of essay future of democracy in india, eliciting beliefs and acting as incentive to reflection about own beliefs. Of Research Paper. This is in statement, line with the participant feedback reported in the study by Donaghue (2003). It qualifies the instrument for further application, e.g. in title page paper, pre-service or in-service. Flq Essay. The fact that the activity was perceived as enjoyable is of particular relevance as the page paper apa, willingness of teachers to participate in professional development is not a matter of course (Karaaslan, 2003).

It was seen that the participants in this study gave a variety of explanations and references while they were talking about the activity and their beliefs. However, some participants had more to say than others and different participants focused on who is your hero and why, different issues. This is not surprising when the ‘inconsistency’ of teacher beliefs as a personal construct (that is e.g. Title Page Paper Apa. strongly linked to an experienced anecdote or mentally presented as an abstract idea) is taken under consideration, and it is also not surprising that, independently from thesis statement worksheets each other, participants related their beliefs to the same issues (e.g. culture or private school context) as beliefs do not emerge in a void but in a context that teachers share (Pajares, 1992; Gabillon, 2012). Donaghue (2003) addresses the question of what to do with the elicited beliefs as a crucial point. Title Page Of Research Paper Apa. She reports that a trainer in her study had the participants sort the constructs into positive and negative ones. Of Democracy In India. One of the participants in the current study suggested writing in a sentence what own strengths and weaknesses emerged from the activity. From my own considerations, which however emerged not before the data analysis, participants could classify beliefs and label the emerging categories (labels might be ‘interpersonal traits’, ‘classroom management’, ‘approaches’. These labels, or themes, then, can be operationalised in a following course to trace changes in constructs under a theme or, for instance, in order to research in how far beliefs match teaching practices (cf. Farell Bennis, 2013, who summarise statement beliefs under themes). Title Of Research. From my personal experience I have gained in this study, I believe it is inevitable to contrast the beliefs with what research has to on the future say about them. There has been an page paper ongoing discussion on to what extent second language teacher education should provide a theoretical knowledge basis and to what extent it should be guided by reflective practice (Thompson Pascal, 2013; Lawes, 2003; Day, 1993).

In fact, reflective practice is necessary to make theoretical knowledge accessible and theoretical knowledge is necessary to evaluate practical reflection. The instrument dealt with in this study can contribute to bring reflection and theory together. Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and hero, action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall. Borg, S. (2003). Teacher cognition in language teaching: A review of research on what language teachers think, know, believe and do. Page Of Research Apa. Language Teaching 36(2), 81-109.

Borg, S. (2006). Reason And Romanticism Essays In Literary. Teacher cognition and language education. Research and practice. London: Continuum. Day, R. (1993). Of Research Paper Apa. Models and the knowledge base of second language teacher education. University of Hawaii’s Working Papers in criticism, ESL, 11(2), 1’13.

Donaghue, H. (2003). An instrument to title page apa elicit teachers’ beliefs and assumptions. ELT Journal 57(4), 344-351. Fransella, F. Bell, R., Bannister, D. (2004). Flq Essay. A manual for repertory grid technique. (2nd ed.), West Sussex: John Wiley Sons, Ltd. Freeman, D. (2002).

The hidden side of the work: Teacher knowledge and learning to teach. Page Of Research Paper. Language Teacher 35(1), 1-13. Gabillon, Z. (2012). Who Is Your Hero And Why. Revisiting foreign language teacher beliefs. Frontiers of Language and Teaching 3, 190-203.

Karaaslan, A. D. (2003). Teachers’ perceptions of self-initiated professional development: a case study on Ba??kent University English language teachers (Unpublished MA dissertation.) Ba??kent University, Ankara. Retrieved 21 January, 2014 from: http://etd.lib.metu.edu.tr/upload/1217736/index.pdf. Kelly, G. A. (1991). The psychology of personal constructs (Vol. 1: A theory of personality). London: Routledge. Lawes, S. Title Page Paper. (2003). What, when, how and why? Theory and drug abuse essay, foreign language teaching.

Language Learning Journal 28, 22-28. Pajares, M. F. (1992). Teachers’ beliefs and educational research: cleaning up a messy construct. Review of Educational Research 62(3), 307-332. Roberts, J. (1998). Language teacher education. New York: Arnold. Saldana, J. (2009). The coding manual for qualitative researchers. Los Angeles, CA: Sage. Taggart, G.L., Wilson A.P. (2005).

Promoting reflective thinking in teachers. 50 action strategies. Thousand Oaks, California: Corwin Press. Thompson, N. Title Of Research. Pascal, J. (2012). Developing critically reflective practice. Who Is Hero. Reflective Practice: International and Multidisciplinary Perspectives 13(2), 311-325. V??lez-Rend??n, G. Of Research Paper. (2002). Second language teacher education: A review of the literature. Foreign Language Annals 35(4), 457-467. Wallace, M. J. (1991). Training foreign language teachers.

A reflective approach. Thesis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. William, M., Burden, R.L. Title Of Research Paper Apa. (1997). Psychology for language teachers: a social constructivist approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Appendix A: Repertory Grid. Construct A colleague you consider a good teacher A colleague you consider ineffective A teacher you learned well with A teacher you didn’t learn well with Your present self as a teacher Your ideal self as a teacher. Appendix B: Repertory Grid Evaluation. Repertory Grid Evaluation.

The aim of this study is to thesis statement worksheets have you evaluate a tool to elicit your beliefs and assumptions. Please fill in the requested information. Your responses and biographical information will remain anonymous and they will be used for this research only. Thank you for your cooperation. Academic qualification: ….. Page Of Research Apa. Bachelor’s degree ….. Master’s degree.

….. Doctorate degree Other; please specify. Number of years of teaching experience: ….. years. Number of years teaching at private/state school: ….. years. Please evaluate the repertory grid activity by answering this question: What do you think of this activity’? Appendix C: Semi-structured interview.

1. Did this activity help you uncover and reflect on your attitude and beliefs about teaching? 2. Do you have an idea where your beliefs come from?/What are the sources for thesis your beliefs? 2.1. Title Page Apa. Can you identify beliefs coming from your own experience as a pupil/student? 2.2. Can you identify beliefs coming from your teacher education? 2.3. Cooperative Enterprises Build A Better Essay. Can you identify beliefs coming from your own classroom experience? 2.4. Can you identify beliefs coming from your experience as a teacher at (name of the school)?

3. What do we do with the constructs after they have been elicited? (Explanation: The activity was originally developed to elicit teacher beliefs at title page the beginning of a development course) 4. Youth Abuse. Do you have any suggestions on how the activity could be changed or modified? Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Education essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and title page apa, we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Education work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Education essay was submitted to us by a student in order to on the future in india help you with your studies.

This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to title page paper provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay: English language teachers’ perceptions of an essay future in india activity to elicit beliefs . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/essays/education/essay-english-language-teachers-perceptions-of-an-activity-to-elicit-beliefs/ [03-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on the link below to title page apa request removal: 13-09-17 - Management strategies on flq essay, learner discipline 27-05-17 - The challenges of trilingual education in Kazakhstan 24-05-17 - Motivation and speaking skills 03-05-17 - Academic libraries 25-04-17 - Clinical education 18-02-17 - Instructional Simulation 21-12-16 - Motivation of teachers - Teaching foreign languages in Romania – the rank of the ESL 11-11-16 - ETHICS FOR LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE (LIS) PROFESSIONALS 26-08-16 - INITIATING IMPROVISATION (USED AND UNUSED MATERIAL) WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF ART EDUCATION PRACTICE. We offer professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and coursework writing service.

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Take passports, credit card numbers or other form of ID at the beginning of a stay to avoid it. You need to have a protocol in place for your, rude guests who stay up later making lots of title paper noise, and who is essay disturbing other guests. Find a way to handle them without insulting them. Sharing your home with strangers can be very wearing - emotionally as well as physically. Give yourself plenty of page time away from the house when you can, and find time to and romanticism criticism, enjoy the company of your partner, if you're working with one, away from the business. Laundry and electricity bills will creep up on you. Talk to non-competitor BBs (perhaps in other parts of the of research UK) who are roughly the thesis worksheets same size as you to make estimates. Think ahead. If you're planning on having children (or more children!) in the next few years, you'll need to make sure you have rooms ready for them in title of research paper the property you purchase now - even if those rooms won't be used for a few years.

Competition can be killer in who is top tourist destinations. How will you market yourself to title page apa, get heard over other BBs? How will you differentiate and your find a competitive edge? Use what's out there to help you. Software like Smarta Business Builder will make it easier to keep track of all aspects of title paper apa your business. Other resources include:

To help you on your business journey, we've created Smarta Business Builder, the complete online tools package for cooperative enterprises build a better essay, growing your business. Website Builder, Business Plans, Accounting Software, Legal Documents and Email - all in one place - from title just ?20 per a better world essay month with no contract! Try it out today. Smarta Business Builder is Smarta's online solution offering a carefully picked selection of online tools to help business owners manage and grow their businesses. Title Page Paper! Smarta Business Builder also offers a dedicated and thesis statement worksheets knowledgeable Support Team always on-hand to support our customers. Smarta Business Builder TM is powered by Smarta Apps, which is a service of Smarta Enterprises Limited, a company registered in England and Wales under company no. 06643570 and with a registered office at title page apa No.1 Croydon, 7th Floor, 12-16 Addiscombe Road, Croydon, CR0 0XT, United Kingdom.

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